Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD) is a chronic lung condition that affects newborn babies, specifically premature and low birth weight babies. Premature infants have fragile, often under developed, lungs that become irritated or injured easily and are in need of a breathing machine. Symptoms to look for in a baby include bluish skin (cyanosis), flaring of nostrils, rapid/shallow breathing, and grunting sounds. Infants with BPD are cared for in the NICU with oxygen therapy/ventilators and proper fluid and nutrient uptake for weeks to months in the hospital. Because these babies are at a greater risk for severe and repeated respiratory infections, it is important to take additional precautions such as limiting contact with those who may be infected by a respiratory virus and washing your hands before touching the baby.