Choroiditis is a condition characterized by inflammation or swelling of the choroid of the eye. The choroid is the layer of the eye that contains many capillaries (blood vessels) as well as the dark pigment melanin. It lies behind the retina which is the light sensitive part of the eye. The blood vessels of the choroid help carry oxygen and nutrients to the retina. Melanin helps stop uncontrolled reflection in the eye. Choroiditis usually only affects one eye. Symptoms may include trouble seeing out of one eye, redness or pain, floating black spots, blurred or worsening vision, sensitivity to light or excessive tearing. Often choroiditis is caused by toxoplasmosis or cytomegalovirus. Other causes may include syphilis, tuberculosis, and West Nile virus.
Eye exams may be used for diagnosis of choroiditis. Treatment options may include various medications like antibiotics and corticosteroids. If you are diagnosed with choroiditis talk with your doctor and ophthalmologist (medical eye specialist) about the most current treatment options.