Amelogenesis imperfecta, hypocalcification type is a disease that affects the enamel on the teeth. It causes the enamel to have a cheese like texture, which leads to weakening of the teeth. This leads to chewing difficulties and tooth sensitivity. With this disease it is also possible that the teeth collect supragingival calculus, which are hardened pieces of plaque that form from minerals and saliva. Amelogenesis imperfecta is hereditary, so it is passed on from parents to their children in the genes. The effects are usually seen early in life, when children begin developing teeth.
There is no treatment for the disease, but various oral surgeries can be performed in order to replace teeth, re-shape teeth, and provide veneers (coverings for the teeth). Other common courses of action are bleaching the teeth to give them a uniform color, wearing braces in order to straighten the teeth, or having gum surgery in order to re-shape the gum line. All of these options are cosmetic, but many of them (specifically replacing teeth or getting veneers) can prolong the life of teeth and help with symptoms like difficulty chewing and sensitivity. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with this condition, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.
Description Last Updated: Jun 04, 2018