Stillbirth

Common Name(s)

Stillbirth, Stillborn

A stillbirth occurs when a developing fetus dies during the pregnancy before it is born. A mother may suspect that something is wrong with her pregnancy if the fetus stops moving and kicking, but a stillbirth can only be confirmed by a doctor or midwife and an ultrasound. An ultrasound is a test that allows a trained medical professional to see the baby in the womb. If a heartbeat cannot be found on the ultrasound (after 7 weeks of gestation), this indicates in most cases that the fetus has died. The pregnancy loss is considered a stillbirth if the pregnancy ends after 20 weeks.

Stillbirths occur in about 1 in 160 pregnancies and can be caused by problems with the chromosomes of the developing fetus, infections, problems with the placenta (the organ connecting the fetus to the wall of the uterus), and health problems in the mother such as high blood pressure or diabetes. Certain viral infections and medications may also increase the risk of a stillbirth. Many times the cause of a stillbirth is not known.

Stillbirths can often be overwhelming for parents and families, so it is important to talk to your obstetrician, family doctor, or midwife for additional information. They may suggest you speak with a genetic counselor if a chromosome abnormality or other genetic condition is suspected. Support groups are also a great resource of support and information and can help connect you to other families who have experienced a stillbirth.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stillbirth" for support, advocacy or research.

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Mommies Enduring Neonatal Death

M.E.N.D. (Mommies Enduring Neonatal Death) is a Christian, non-profit organization that reaches out to families who have suffered the loss of a baby through miscarriage, stillbirth, or early infant death.

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stillbirth" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Mommies Enduring Neonatal Death

M.E.N.D. (Mommies Enduring Neonatal Death) is a Christian, non-profit organization that reaches out to families who have suffered the loss of a baby through miscarriage, stillbirth, or early infant death.

http://www.mend.org

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

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General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Stillbirth" returned 240 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Stillbirth should be given greater priority on the global health agenda.
 

Author(s): Zeshan U Qureshi, Joseph Millum, Hannah Blencowe, Maureen Kelley, Edward Fottrell, Joy E Lawn, Anthony Costello, Tim Colbourn

Journal:

 

Last Updated: 24 Sep 2015

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Air pollution and stillbirth risk: exposure to airborne particulate matter during pregnancy is associated with fetal death.
 

Author(s): Emily DeFranco, Eric Hall, Monir Hossain, Aimin Chen, Erin N Haynes, David Jones, Sheng Ren, Long Lu, Louis Muglia

Journal:

 

To test the hypothesis that exposure to fine particulate air pollution (PM2.5) is associated with stillbirth.

Last Updated: 21 Mar 2015

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Recommendations for preventing stillbirth: a regional population-based study in Japan during 2007-2011.
 

Author(s): Shigeki Koshida, Tetsuo Ono, Shunichiro Tsuji, Takashi Murakami, Kentaro Takahashi

Journal: Tohoku J. Exp. Med.. 2015 ;235(2):145-9.

 

The perinatal mortality rate in Japan has recently been at the lowest level in the world. However, the perinatal mortality rate of Shiga prefecture has been continuously higher than the Japanese average. The reason for this has not yet been explained. The perinatal mortality rate ...

Last Updated: 9 Mar 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Stillbirth" returned 21 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Risk of recurrent stillbirth: systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Kathleen Lamont, Neil W Scott, Gareth T Jones, Sohinee Bhattacharya

Journal:

 

To determine the risk of recurrent stillbirth.

Last Updated: 25 Jun 2015

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Elevated risk of stillbirth in males: systematic review and meta-analysis of more than 30 million births.
 

Author(s): Debapriya Mondal, Tamara S Galloway, Trevor C Bailey, Fiona Mathews

Journal:

 

Stillbirth rates have changed little over the last decade, and a high proportion of cases are unexplained. This meta-analysis examined whether there are inequalities in stillbirth risks according to sex.

Last Updated: 27 Nov 2014

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First- and second-trimester tests to predict stillbirth in unselected pregnant women: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): A Conde-Agudelo, S Bird, S H Kennedy, J Villar, A T Papageorghiou

Journal: BJOG. 2015 Jan;122(1):41-55.

 

Several biophysical and biochemical tests have been proposed to predict stillbirth but their predictive ability remains unclear.

Last Updated: 30 Dec 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

The Midlands and North of England Stillbirth Study
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stillbirth.

 

Last Updated: 30 Nov 2015

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Promoting Awareness Fetal Movements to Reduce Fetal Mortality Stillbirth, a Stepped Wedge Cluster Randomised Trial.
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Decreased Fetal Movements Affecting Care of Mother; Pregnancy; Stillbirth

 

Last Updated: 3 Dec 2015

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Group B Streptococcus (GBS) Associated Stillbirths in a High Burden Setting
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stillbirth

 

Last Updated: 9 Jan 2015

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