Stillbirth

Common Name(s)

Stillbirth, Stillborn

A stillbirth is when a developing fetus dies in the womb before it is born. A mother may suspect that something is wrong with her pregnancy if the fetus stops moving and kicking, but a stillbirth can only be confirmed by a doctor or midwife and an ultrasound. An ultrasound is a test that allows a trained medical professiona to see the baby in the womb. If a heartbeat cannot be found on the ultrasound (after 7 weeks of gestation), this indicates in most cases that the fetus has died. The pregnancy loss is considered a stillbirth if the pregnancy ends after 20 weeks. Stillbirths occur in about 1 in 160 pregnancies and can be caused by problems with the chromosomes of the developing fetus, infections, problems with the placenta (the organ connecting the fetus to the wall of the uterus), and health problems in the mother such as high blood pressure or diabetes. Stillbirths can often be overwhelming for parents and families, so it is important to talk to your obstetrician, family doctor, or midwife for additional information. They may suggest you speak with a genetic counselor if a chromsome abnromality or other genetic condition is suspected. Support groups are also a great resource of support and information and can help connect you to other families who have experienced a stillbirth.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stillbirth" for support, advocacy or research.

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Mommies Enduring Neonatal Death

M.E.N.D. (Mommies Enduring Neonatal Death) is a Christian, non-profit organization that reaches out to families who have suffered the loss of a baby through miscarriage, stillbirth, or early infant death.

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stillbirth" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Mommies Enduring Neonatal Death

M.E.N.D. (Mommies Enduring Neonatal Death) is a Christian, non-profit organization that reaches out to families who have suffered the loss of a baby through miscarriage, stillbirth, or early infant death.

http://www.mend.org

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Stillbirth" returned 172 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Use of antiepileptic drugs during pregnancy and risk of spontaneous abortion and stillbirth: population based cohort study.
 

Author(s): Bodil Hammer Bech, Maiken Ina Siegismund Kjaersgaard, Henrik Søndergaard Pedersen, Penelope P Howards, Merete Juul Sørensen, Jørn Olsen, Erik Thorlund Parner, Lars Henning Pedersen, Mogens Vestergaard, Jakob Christensen

Journal:

 

To determine whether use of antiepileptic drugs during pregnancy may increase the risk of spontaneous abortion or stillbirth.

Last Updated: 23 Aug 2014

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Maternal understanding of fetal movement in third trimester: a means for fetal monitoring and reducing stillbirth.
 

Author(s): B N Olagbuji, S Igbarumah, A A Akintayo, B A Olofinbiyi, P O Aduloju, O O Alao

Journal: Niger J Clin Pract. ;17(4):489-94.

 

Fetal movement, a sign of life, is widely considered as an indicator of fetal health status. Therefore, perceived alteration in regular fetal movement after the age of viability may signify impending adverse perinatal outcome.

Last Updated: 9 Jun 2014

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A qualitative study exploring women's beliefs about physical activity after stillbirth.
 

Author(s): Jennifer L Huberty, Jason Coleman, Katherine Rolfsmeyer, Serena Wu

Journal:

 

Research provides strong evidence for improvements in depressive symptoms as a result of physical activity participation in many populations including pregnant and post-partum women. Little is known about how women who have experienced stillbirth (defined as fetal death at 20 or more ...

Last Updated: 27 Jan 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Stillbirth" returned 14 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

A structured review and exploration of the healthcare costs associated with stillbirth and a subsequent pregnancy in England and Wales.
 

Author(s): Hema Mistry, Alexander E P Heazell, Oluwaseyi Vincent, Tracy Roberts

Journal:

 

In contrast to other pregnancy complications the economic impact of stillbirth is poorly understood. We aimed to carry out a preliminary exploration of the healthcare costs of stillbirth from the time of pregnancy loss and the period afterwards; also to explore and include the impact ...

Last Updated: 24 Dec 2013

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Caesarean delivery and subsequent stillbirth or miscarriage: systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Sinéad M O'Neill, Patricia M Kearney, Louise C Kenny, Ali S Khashan, Tine B Henriksen, Jennifer E Lutomski, Richard A Greene

Journal: PLoS ONE. 2013 ;8(1):e54588.

 

To compare the risk of stillbirth and miscarriage in a subsequent pregnancy in women with a previous caesarean or vaginal delivery.

Last Updated: 1 Feb 2013

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Infectious causes of stillbirth: a clinical perspective.
 

Author(s): Elizabeth M McClure, Donald J Dudley, Uma M Reddy, Robert L Goldenberg

Journal: Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Sep;53(3):635-45.

 

Untreated infection may cause stillbirth by several mechanisms, including direct fetal infection, placental damage, and severe maternal illness. Many bacteria, viruses, and protozoa have been associated with stillbirth. In developed countries, up to 24% of stillbirths have been attributed ...

Last Updated: 27 Jul 2010

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

The Midlands and North of England Stillbirth Study
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stillbirth.

 

Last Updated: 1 May 2014

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Antenatal Detection of Fetal Growth Restriction and Stillbirths Rate.
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Stillbirth; Intrauterine Growth Retardation; Infant, Small for Gestational Age

 

Last Updated: 26 Nov 2013

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Promoting Awareness Fetal Movements to Reduce Fetal Mortality Stillbirth, a Stepped Wedge Cluster Randomised Trial.
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Decreased Fetal Movements Affecting Care of Mother; Pregnancy; Stillbirth

 

Last Updated: 25 Jan 2013

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