Stillbirth

Common Name(s)

Stillbirth, Stillborn

A stillbirth occurs when a developing fetus dies during the pregnancy before it is born. A mother may suspect that something is wrong with her pregnancy if the fetus stops moving and kicking, but a stillbirth can only be confirmed by a doctor or midwife and an ultrasound. An ultrasound is a test that allows a trained medical professional to see the baby in the womb. If a heartbeat cannot be found on the ultrasound (after 7 weeks of gestation), this indicates in most cases that the fetus has died. The pregnancy loss is considered a stillbirth if the pregnancy ends after 20 weeks.

Stillbirths occur in about 1 in 160 pregnancies and can be caused by problems with the chromosomes of the developing fetus, infections, problems with the placenta (the organ connecting the fetus to the wall of the uterus), and health problems in the mother such as high blood pressure or diabetes. Certain viral infections and medications may also increase the risk of a stillbirth. Many times the cause of a stillbirth is not known.

Stillbirths can often be overwhelming for parents and families, so it is important to talk to your obstetrician, family doctor, or midwife for additional information. They may suggest you speak with a genetic counselor if a chromosome abnormality or other genetic condition is suspected. Support groups are also a great resource of support and information and can help connect you to other families who have experienced a stillbirth.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stillbirth" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Mommies Enduring Neonatal Death

M.E.N.D. (Mommies Enduring Neonatal Death) is a Christian, non-profit organization that reaches out to families who have suffered the loss of a baby through miscarriage, stillbirth, or early infant death.

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stillbirth" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Mommies Enduring Neonatal Death

M.E.N.D. (Mommies Enduring Neonatal Death) is a Christian, non-profit organization that reaches out to families who have suffered the loss of a baby through miscarriage, stillbirth, or early infant death.

http://www.mend.org

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Stillbirth" returned 246 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Factors associated with post-cesarean stillbirth in 12 hospitals in Benin: a cross-sectional.
 

Author(s): Virginie Mongbo, Edgard-Marius Ouendo, Victoire Agueh, Alphonse Kpozèhouen, Ghislain Sopoh, Jacques Saïzonou, Isabelle Godin

Journal:

 

In spite of free caesarean section applied in Benin since 2009, high rates of stillborn babies continue to be recorded. This study aimed to determine the factors associated with post-caesarean stillborn in Benin.

Last Updated: 15 Mar 2017

Go To URL
Stillbirth in dichorionic twins discordant for major and minor anomaly, followed by asynchronous delivery - a rare occurrence. Case presentation.
 

Author(s): George Lucian Zorilă, Marius Cristian Marinaş, Maria Florea, Ciprian LaurenŢiu Pătru, Roxana Cristina Drăguşin, Răzvan Grigoraş Căpitănescu, Marian Valentin Zorilă, Roxana Eugenia Zăvoi, Cristiana Eugenia Simionescu, Dominic Gabriel Iliescu, Ştefania Tudorache

Journal: Rom J Morphol Embryol. 2016 ;57(3):1117-1123.

 

The single stillbirth long-term intrauterine retention in dichorionic twin pregnancy is rarely reported. Also, the birth of a fetus is followed in most cases by immediate expulsion of the second twin. We hereby present an unusual case of asynchronous delivery of dichorionic twins, ...

Last Updated: 21 Dec 2016

Go To URL
Factors associated with the grief after stillbirth: a comparative study between Brazilian and Canadian women.
 

Author(s): Gisele Ferreira Paris, Francine de Montigny, Sandra Marisa Pelloso

Journal: Rev Esc Enferm USP. ;50(4):546-553.

 

To verify the association between complicated grief and sociodemographic, reproductive, mental, marital satisfaction, and professional support characteristics in women after stillbirth.

Last Updated: 29 Sep 2016

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Stillbirth" returned 32 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Prospective risk of stillbirth and neonatal complications in twin pregnancies: systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Fiona Cheong-See, Ewoud Schuit, David Arroyo-Manzano, Asma Khalil, Jon Barrett, K S Joseph, Elizabeth Asztalos, Karien Hack, Liesbeth Lewi, Arianne Lim, Sophie Liem, Jane E Norman, John Morrison, C Andrew Combs, Thomas J Garite, Kimberly Maurel, Vicente Serra, Alfredo Perales, Line Rode, Katharina Worda, Anwar Nassar, Mona Aboulghar, Dwight Rouse, Elizabeth Thom, Fionnuala Breathnach, Soichiro Nakayama, Francesca Maria Russo, Julian N Robinson, Jodie M Dodd, Roger B Newman, Sohinee Bhattacharya, Selphee Tang, Ben Willem J Mol, Javier Zamora, Basky Thilaganathan, Shakila Thangaratinam,

Journal:

 

To determine the risks of stillbirth and neonatal complications by gestational age in uncomplicated monochorionic and dichorionic twin pregnancies.

Last Updated: 7 Sep 2016

Go To URL
Systematic review to understand and improve care after stillbirth: a review of parents' and healthcare professionals' experiences.
 

Author(s): Alison Ellis, Caroline Chebsey, Claire Storey, Stephanie Bradley, Sue Jackson, Vicki Flenady, Alexander Heazell, Dimitrios Siassakos

Journal:

 

2.7 million babies were stillborn in 2015 worldwide; behind these statistics lie the experiences of bereaved parents. The first Lancet series on stillbirth in 2011 described stillbirth as one of the "most shamefully neglected" areas of public health, recommended improving interaction ...

Last Updated: 26 Jan 2016

Go To URL
From grief, guilt pain and stigma to hope and pride - a systematic review and meta-analysis of mixed-method research of the psychosocial impact of stillbirth.
 

Author(s): Christy Burden, Stephanie Bradley, Claire Storey, Alison Ellis, Alexander E P Heazell, Soo Downe, Joanne Cacciatore, Dimitrios Siassakos

Journal:

 

Despite improvements in maternity healthcare services over the last few decades, more than 2.7 million babies worldwide are stillborn each year. The global health agenda is silent about stillbirth, perhaps, in part, because its wider impact has not been systematically analysed or ...

Last Updated: 20 Jan 2016

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Revealed Versus Concealed Cerebroplacental Ratio
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stillbirth

 

Last Updated: 15 Sep 2016

Go to URL
Comparative Evaluation of IRM and Autopsy in the Evaluation of Intra Uterine Fetal Death
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Spontaneous Intra Uterine Fetal Death

 

Last Updated: 15 Jun 2016

Go to URL
Preventing Preterm Birth in Zambia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Pregnancy; Stillbirth; Preterm Birth

 

Last Updated: 17 Nov 2016

Go to URL