Stillbirth

Common Name(s)

Stillbirth, Stillborn

A stillbirth occurs when a developing fetus dies during the pregnancy before it is born. A mother may suspect that something is wrong with her pregnancy if the fetus stops moving and kicking, but a stillbirth can only be confirmed by a doctor or midwife and an ultrasound. An ultrasound is a test that allows a trained medical professional to see the baby in the womb. If a heartbeat cannot be found on the ultrasound (after 7 weeks of gestation), this indicates in most cases that the fetus has died. The pregnancy loss is considered a stillbirth if the pregnancy ends after 20 weeks.

Stillbirths occur in about 1 in 160 pregnancies and can be caused by problems with the chromosomes of the developing fetus, infections, problems with the placenta (the organ connecting the fetus to the wall of the uterus), and health problems in the mother such as high blood pressure or diabetes. Certain viral infections and medications may also increase the risk of a stillbirth. Many times the cause of a stillbirth is not known.

Stillbirths can often be overwhelming for parents and families, so it is important to talk to your obstetrician, family doctor, or midwife for additional information. They may suggest you speak with a genetic counselor if a chromosome abnormality or other genetic condition is suspected. Support groups are also a great resource of support and information and can help connect you to other families who have experienced a stillbirth.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stillbirth" for support, advocacy or research.

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Mommies Enduring Neonatal Death

M.E.N.D. (Mommies Enduring Neonatal Death) is a Christian, non-profit organization that reaches out to families who have suffered the loss of a baby through miscarriage, stillbirth, or early infant death.

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stillbirth" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Mommies Enduring Neonatal Death

M.E.N.D. (Mommies Enduring Neonatal Death) is a Christian, non-profit organization that reaches out to families who have suffered the loss of a baby through miscarriage, stillbirth, or early infant death.

http://www.mend.org

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Stillbirth" returned 263 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Double burden of tragedy: stillbirth and obstetric fistula.
 

Author(s): Saifuddin Ahmed, Erin Anastasi, Laura Laski

Journal: Lancet Glob Health. 2016 Feb;4(2):e80-2.

 

Last Updated: 29 Jan 2016

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Socioeconomic inequalities in stillbirth rates in Europe: measuring the gap using routine data from the Euro-Peristat Project.
 

Author(s): Jennifer Zeitlin, Laust Mortensen, Caroline Prunet, Alison Macfarlane, Ashna D Hindori-Mohangoo, Mika Gissler, Katarzyna Szamotulska, Karin van der Pal, Francisco Bolumar, Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen, Helga Sól Ólafsdóttir, Wei-Hong Zhang, Béatrice Blondel, Sophie Alexander,

Journal:

 

Previous studies have shown that socioeconomic position is inversely associated with stillbirth risk, but the impact on national rates in Europe is not known. We aimed to assess the magnitude of social inequalities in stillbirth rates in European countries using indicators generated ...

Last Updated: 26 Jan 2016

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National, regional, and worldwide estimates of stillbirth rates in 2015, with trends from 2000: a systematic analysis.
 

Author(s): Hannah Blencowe, Simon Cousens, Fiorella Bianchi Jassir, Lale Say, Doris Chou, Colin Mathers, Dan Hogan, Suhail Shiekh, Zeshan U Qureshi, Danzhen You, Joy E Lawn,

Journal: Lancet Glob Health. 2016 Feb;4(2):e98-e108.

 

Previous estimates have highlighted a large global burden of stillbirths, with an absence of reliable data from regions where most stillbirths occur. The Every Newborn Action Plan (ENAP) targets national stillbirth rates (SBRs) of 12 or fewer stillbirths per 1000 births by 2030. We ...

Last Updated: 29 Jan 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Stillbirth" returned 31 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Systematic review to understand and improve care after stillbirth: a review of parents' and healthcare professionals' experiences.
 

Author(s): Alison Ellis, Caroline Chebsey, Claire Storey, Stephanie Bradley, Sue Jackson, Vicki Flenady, Alexander Heazell, Dimitrios Siassakos

Journal:

 

2.7 million babies were stillborn in 2015 worldwide; behind these statistics lie the experiences of bereaved parents. The first Lancet series on stillbirth in 2011 described stillbirth as one of the "most shamefully neglected" areas of public health, recommended improving interaction ...

Last Updated: 26 Jan 2016

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From grief, guilt pain and stigma to hope and pride - a systematic review and meta-analysis of mixed-method research of the psychosocial impact of stillbirth.
 

Author(s): Christy Burden, Stephanie Bradley, Claire Storey, Alison Ellis, Alexander E P Heazell, Soo Downe, Joanne Cacciatore, Dimitrios Siassakos

Journal:

 

Despite improvements in maternity healthcare services over the last few decades, more than 2.7 million babies worldwide are stillborn each year. The global health agenda is silent about stillbirth, perhaps, in part, because its wider impact has not been systematically analysed or ...

Last Updated: 20 Jan 2016

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Contact with the baby following stillbirth and parental mental health and well-being: a systematic review.
 

Author(s): Julie M Hennegan, Jane Henderson, Maggie Redshaw

Journal:

 

To collate and critically appraise extant evidence for the impact of contact with the stillborn infant on parental mental health, well-being and satisfaction.

Last Updated: 28 Nov 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Group B Streptococcus (GBS) Associated Stillbirths in a High Burden Setting
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stillbirth

 

Last Updated: 9 Jan 2015

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Promoting Awareness Fetal Movements to Reduce Fetal Mortality Stillbirth, a Stepped Wedge Cluster Randomised Trial.
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Decreased Fetal Movements Affecting Care of Mother; Pregnancy; Stillbirth

 

Last Updated: 2 Nov 2016

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Revealed Versus Concealed Cerebroplacental Ratio
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stillbirth

 

Last Updated: 15 Sep 2016

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