Stillbirth

Common Name(s)

Stillbirth, Stillborn

A stillbirth occurs when a developing fetus dies during the pregnancy before it is born. A mother may suspect that something is wrong with her pregnancy if the fetus stops moving and kicking, but a stillbirth can only be confirmed by a doctor or midwife and an ultrasound. An ultrasound is a test that allows a trained medical professional to see the baby in the womb. If a heartbeat cannot be found on the ultrasound (after 7 weeks of gestation), this indicates in most cases that the fetus has died. The pregnancy loss is considered a stillbirth if the pregnancy ends after 20 weeks.

Stillbirths occur in about 1 in 160 pregnancies and can be caused by problems with the chromosomes of the developing fetus, infections, problems with the placenta (the organ connecting the fetus to the wall of the uterus), and health problems in the mother such as high blood pressure or diabetes. Certain viral infections and medications may also increase the risk of a stillbirth. Many times the cause of a stillbirth is not known.

Stillbirths can often be overwhelming for parents and families, so it is important to talk to your obstetrician, family doctor, or midwife for additional information. They may suggest you speak with a genetic counselor if a chromosome abnormality or other genetic condition is suspected. Support groups are also a great resource of support and information and can help connect you to other families who have experienced a stillbirth.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stillbirth" for support, advocacy or research.

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Mommies Enduring Neonatal Death

M.E.N.D. (Mommies Enduring Neonatal Death) is a Christian, non-profit organization that reaches out to families who have suffered the loss of a baby through miscarriage, stillbirth, or early infant death.

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stillbirth" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Mommies Enduring Neonatal Death

M.E.N.D. (Mommies Enduring Neonatal Death) is a Christian, non-profit organization that reaches out to families who have suffered the loss of a baby through miscarriage, stillbirth, or early infant death.

http://www.mend.org

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

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General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Stillbirth" returned 245 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Stillbirth should be given greater priority on the global health agenda.
 

Author(s): Zeshan U Qureshi, Joseph Millum, Hannah Blencowe, Maureen Kelley, Edward Fottrell, Joy E Lawn, Anthony Costello, Tim Colbourn

Journal:

 

Last Updated: 24 Sep 2015

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Cesarean Section and Subsequent Stillbirth, Is Confounding by Indication Responsible for the Apparent Association? An Updated Cohort Analysis of a Large Perinatal Database.
 

Author(s): Stephen Wood, Sue Ross, Reg Sauve

Journal:

 

Several studies and a recent meta-analysis have suggested that previous Cesarean section may increase the risk of stillbirth in a subsequent pregnancy. Given the high rates of Cesarean section in contemporary obstetric practice, this is of considerable public health importance. We ...

Last Updated: 3 Sep 2015

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An international internet survey of the experiences of 1,714 mothers with a late stillbirth: the STARS cohort study.
 

Author(s): Jane Warland, Louise M O'Brien, Alexander E P Heazell, Edwin A Mitchell,

Journal:

 

Stillbirth occurring after 28 weeks gestation affects between 1.5-4.5 per 1,000 births in high-income countries. The majority of stillbirths in this setting occur in women without risk factors. In addition, many established risk factors such as nulliparity and maternal age are not ...

Last Updated: 15 Aug 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Stillbirth" returned 24 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Exploring the intangible economic costs of stillbirth.
 

Author(s): Chidubem B Ogwulu, Louise J Jackson, Alexander E P Heazell, Tracy E Roberts

Journal:

 

Compared to other pregnancy-related events, the full cost of stillbirth remains poorly described. In the UK one in every 200 births ends in stillbirth. As a follow-up to a recent study which explored the direct costs of stillbirth, this study aimed to explore the intangible costs ...

Last Updated: 1 Sep 2015

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Obstetric fistula in low-resource countries: an under-valued and under-studied problem--systematic review of its incidence, prevalence, and association with stillbirth.
 

Author(s): Karen D Cowgill, Jennifer Bishop, Amanda K Norgaard, Craig E Rubens, Michael G Gravett

Journal:

 

Obstetric fistula (OF) is a serious consequence of prolonged, obstructed labor in settings where emergency obstetric care is limited, but there are few reliable, population-based estimates of the rate of OF. Stillbirth (SB) is another serious consequence of prolonged, obstructed labor, ...

Last Updated: 26 Aug 2015

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Risk of recurrent stillbirth: systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Kathleen Lamont, Neil W Scott, Gareth T Jones, Sohinee Bhattacharya

Journal:

 

To determine the risk of recurrent stillbirth.

Last Updated: 25 Jun 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

The Midlands and North of England Stillbirth Study
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stillbirth.

 

Last Updated: 30 Nov 2015

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Promoting Awareness Fetal Movements to Reduce Fetal Mortality Stillbirth, a Stepped Wedge Cluster Randomised Trial.
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Decreased Fetal Movements Affecting Care of Mother; Pregnancy; Stillbirth

 

Last Updated: 3 Dec 2015

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Group B Streptococcus (GBS) Associated Stillbirths in a High Burden Setting
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stillbirth

 

Last Updated: 9 Jan 2015

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