Stillbirth

Common Name(s)

Stillbirth, Stillborn

A stillbirth occurs when a developing fetus dies during the pregnancy before it is born. A mother may suspect that something is wrong with her pregnancy if the fetus stops moving and kicking, but a stillbirth can only be confirmed by a doctor or midwife and an ultrasound. An ultrasound is a test that allows a trained medical professional to see the baby in the womb. If a heartbeat cannot be found on the ultrasound (after 7 weeks of gestation), this indicates in most cases that the fetus has died. The pregnancy loss is considered a stillbirth if the pregnancy ends after 20 weeks.

Stillbirths occur in about 1 in 160 pregnancies and can be caused by problems with the chromosomes of the developing fetus, infections, problems with the placenta (the organ connecting the fetus to the wall of the uterus), and health problems in the mother such as high blood pressure or diabetes. Certain viral infections and medications may also increase the risk of a stillbirth. Many times the cause of a stillbirth is not known.

Stillbirths can often be overwhelming for parents and families, so it is important to talk to your obstetrician, family doctor, or midwife for additional information. They may suggest you speak with a genetic counselor if a chromosome abnormality or other genetic condition is suspected. Support groups are also a great resource of support and information and can help connect you to other families who have experienced a stillbirth.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stillbirth" for support, advocacy or research.

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Mommies Enduring Neonatal Death

M.E.N.D. (Mommies Enduring Neonatal Death) is a Christian, non-profit organization that reaches out to families who have suffered the loss of a baby through miscarriage, stillbirth, or early infant death.

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stillbirth" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Mommies Enduring Neonatal Death

M.E.N.D. (Mommies Enduring Neonatal Death) is a Christian, non-profit organization that reaches out to families who have suffered the loss of a baby through miscarriage, stillbirth, or early infant death.

http://www.mend.org

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Stillbirth" returned 250 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Identification of factors associated with stillbirth in the Indian state of Bihar using verbal autopsy: A population-based study.
 

Author(s): Rakhi Dandona, G Anil Kumar, Amit Kumar, Priyanka Singh, Sibin George, Mohammad Akbar, Lalit Dandona

Journal:

 

India was estimated to have the largest numbers of stillbirths globally in 2015, and the Indian government has adopted a target of <10 stillbirths per 1,000 births by 2030 through the India Newborn Action Plan (INAP). The objective of this study was to use verbal autopsy interviews ...

Last Updated: 1 Aug 2017

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Factors associated with post-cesarean stillbirth in 12 hospitals in Benin: a cross-sectional.
 

Author(s): Virginie Mongbo, Edgard-Marius Ouendo, Victoire Agueh, Alphonse Kpozèhouen, Ghislain Sopoh, Jacques Saïzonou, Isabelle Godin

Journal:

 

In spite of free caesarean section applied in Benin since 2009, high rates of stillborn babies continue to be recorded. This study aimed to determine the factors associated with post-caesarean stillborn in Benin.

Last Updated: 15 Mar 2017

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Customised and Noncustomised Birth Weight Centiles and Prediction of Stillbirth and Infant Mortality and Morbidity: A Cohort Study of 979,912 Term Singleton Pregnancies in Scotland.
 

Author(s): Stamatina Iliodromiti, Daniel F Mackay, Gordon C S Smith, Jill P Pell, Naveed Sattar, Debbie A Lawlor, Scott M Nelson

Journal:

 

There is limited evidence to support the use of customised centile charts to identify those at risk of stillbirth and infant death at term. We sought to determine birth weight thresholds at which mortality and morbidity increased and the predictive ability of noncustomised (accounting ...

Last Updated: 31 Jan 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Stillbirth" returned 33 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Cause of and factors associated with stillbirth: a systematic review of classification systems.
 

Author(s): Mamuda Aminu, Sarah Bar-Zeev, Nynke van den Broek

Journal: Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2017 May;96(5):519-528.

 

An estimated 2.6 million stillbirths occur worldwide each year. A standardized classification system setting out possible cause of death and contributing factors is useful to help obtain comparative data across different settings. We undertook a systematic review of stillbirth classification ...

Last Updated: 15 Mar 2017

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Prospective risk of stillbirth and neonatal complications in twin pregnancies: systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Fiona Cheong-See, Ewoud Schuit, David Arroyo-Manzano, Asma Khalil, Jon Barrett, K S Joseph, Elizabeth Asztalos, Karien Hack, Liesbeth Lewi, Arianne Lim, Sophie Liem, Jane E Norman, John Morrison, C Andrew Combs, Thomas J Garite, Kimberly Maurel, Vicente Serra, Alfredo Perales, Line Rode, Katharina Worda, Anwar Nassar, Mona Aboulghar, Dwight Rouse, Elizabeth Thom, Fionnuala Breathnach, Soichiro Nakayama, Francesca Maria Russo, Julian N Robinson, Jodie M Dodd, Roger B Newman, Sohinee Bhattacharya, Selphee Tang, Ben Willem J Mol, Javier Zamora, Basky Thilaganathan, Shakila Thangaratinam,

Journal:

 

To determine the risks of stillbirth and neonatal complications by gestational age in uncomplicated monochorionic and dichorionic twin pregnancies.

Last Updated: 7 Sep 2016

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Systematic review to understand and improve care after stillbirth: a review of parents' and healthcare professionals' experiences.
 

Author(s): Alison Ellis, Caroline Chebsey, Claire Storey, Stephanie Bradley, Sue Jackson, Vicki Flenady, Alexander Heazell, Dimitrios Siassakos

Journal:

 

2.7 million babies were stillborn in 2015 worldwide; behind these statistics lie the experiences of bereaved parents. The first Lancet series on stillbirth in 2011 described stillbirth as one of the "most shamefully neglected" areas of public health, recommended improving interaction ...

Last Updated: 26 Jan 2016

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Revealed Versus Concealed Cerebroplacental Ratio
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stillbirth

 

Last Updated: 15 Sep 2016

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Saving Babies' Lives Project Impact and Results Evaluation: a Mixed Methodology Study
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stillbirth

 

Last Updated: 26 Jul 2017

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Preventing Preterm Birth in Zambia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Pregnancy; Stillbirth; Preterm Birth

 

Last Updated: 17 Nov 2016

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