Stillbirth

Common Name(s)

Stillbirth, Stillborn

A stillbirth occurs when a developing fetus dies during the pregnancy before it is born. A mother may suspect that something is wrong with her pregnancy if the fetus stops moving and kicking, but a stillbirth can only be confirmed by a doctor or midwife and an ultrasound. An ultrasound is a test that allows a trained medical professional to see the baby in the womb. If a heartbeat cannot be found on the ultrasound (after 7 weeks of gestation), this indicates in most cases that the fetus has died. The pregnancy loss is considered a stillbirth if the pregnancy ends after 20 weeks.

Stillbirths occur in about 1 in 160 pregnancies and can be caused by problems with the chromosomes of the developing fetus, infections, problems with the placenta (the organ connecting the fetus to the wall of the uterus), and health problems in the mother such as high blood pressure or diabetes. Certain viral infections and medications may also increase the risk of a stillbirth. Many times the cause of a stillbirth is not known.

Stillbirths can often be overwhelming for parents and families, so it is important to talk to your obstetrician, family doctor, or midwife for additional information. They may suggest you speak with a genetic counselor if a chromosome abnormality or other genetic condition is suspected. Support groups are also a great resource of support and information and can help connect you to other families who have experienced a stillbirth.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stillbirth" for support, advocacy or research.

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Mommies Enduring Neonatal Death

M.E.N.D. (Mommies Enduring Neonatal Death) is a Christian, non-profit organization that reaches out to families who have suffered the loss of a baby through miscarriage, stillbirth, or early infant death.

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stillbirth" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Mommies Enduring Neonatal Death

M.E.N.D. (Mommies Enduring Neonatal Death) is a Christian, non-profit organization that reaches out to families who have suffered the loss of a baby through miscarriage, stillbirth, or early infant death.

http://www.mend.org

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

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General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Stillbirth" returned 253 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Prepregnancy Obesity and Risks of Stillbirth.
 

Author(s): Suzan L Carmichael, Yair J Blumenfeld, Jonathan Mayo, Emily Wei, Jeffrey B Gould, David K Stevenson, Gary M Shaw,

Journal:

 

We examined the association of maternal obesity with risk of stillbirth, focusing on whether the pattern of results varied by gestational age or maternal race-ethnicity or parity.

Last Updated: 15 Oct 2015

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Mothers' accounts of their stillbirth experiences and of their subsequent relationships with their living infant: an interpretative phenomenological analysis.
 

Author(s): A Meltem Üstündağ-Budak, Michael Larkin, Gillian Harris, Jacqueline Blissett

Journal:

 

Due to contradictory findings regarding the effects of seeing and holding stillborn infants on women's worsening mental health symptoms, there is a lack of clear of guidance in stillbirth bereavement care. Although some current research examines this phenomenon we are still not certain ...

Last Updated: 14 Oct 2015

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Stillbirth should be given greater priority on the global health agenda.
 

Author(s): Zeshan U Qureshi, Joseph Millum, Hannah Blencowe, Maureen Kelley, Edward Fottrell, Joy E Lawn, Anthony Costello, Tim Colbourn

Journal:

 

Last Updated: 24 Sep 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Stillbirth" returned 26 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Contact with the baby following stillbirth and parental mental health and well-being: a systematic review.
 

Author(s): Julie M Hennegan, Jane Henderson, Maggie Redshaw

Journal:

 

To collate and critically appraise extant evidence for the impact of contact with the stillborn infant on parental mental health, well-being and satisfaction.

Last Updated: 28 Nov 2015

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Counting every stillbirth and neonatal death through mortality audit to improve quality of care for every pregnant woman and her baby.
 

Author(s): Kate J Kerber, Matthews Mathai, Gwyneth Lewis, Vicki Flenady, Jan Jaap H M Erwich, Tunde Segun, Patrick Aliganyira, Ali Abdelmegeid, Emma Allanson, Nathalie Roos, Natasha Rhoda, Joy E Lawn, Robert Pattinson

Journal: BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2015 ;15 Suppl 2():S9.

 

While there is widespread acknowledgment of the need for improved quality and quantity of information on births and deaths, there has been less movement towards systematically capturing and reviewing the causes and avoidable factors linked to deaths, in order to affect change. This ...

Last Updated: 22 Sep 2015

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Exploring the intangible economic costs of stillbirth.
 

Author(s): Chidubem B Ogwulu, Louise J Jackson, Alexander E P Heazell, Tracy E Roberts

Journal:

 

Compared to other pregnancy-related events, the full cost of stillbirth remains poorly described. In the UK one in every 200 births ends in stillbirth. As a follow-up to a recent study which explored the direct costs of stillbirth, this study aimed to explore the intangible costs ...

Last Updated: 1 Sep 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

The Midlands and North of England Stillbirth Study
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stillbirth.

 

Last Updated: 30 Nov 2015

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Promoting Awareness Fetal Movements to Reduce Fetal Mortality Stillbirth, a Stepped Wedge Cluster Randomised Trial.
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Decreased Fetal Movements Affecting Care of Mother; Pregnancy; Stillbirth

 

Last Updated: 3 Dec 2015

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Group B Streptococcus (GBS) Associated Stillbirths in a High Burden Setting
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stillbirth

 

Last Updated: 9 Jan 2015

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