Emphysema

Common Name(s)

Emphysema

Emphysema gradually damages the air sacs in your lungs, making you progressively more short of breath. These sacs are clustered like bunches of grapes. In emphysema, the inner walls of the sacs weaken and eventually rupture, creating one larger air space instead of many small ones. This reduces the surface area that may be used to collect oxygen, leading to a decrease in the amount of oxygen that reaches your bloodstream. The only symptom usually associated with emphysema is shortness of breath, and may not occur until years after the damage to the air sacs begins. See a doctor if you’ve had unexplained shortness of breath for several months, particularly if it’s getting worse or interfering with your daily activities. Together with chronic bronchitis, emphysema is one component of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD).

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Emphysema" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Emphysema" returned 782 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Emphysema: time to say farewell to therapeutic nihilism.
 

Author(s): Zaid Zoumot, Simon Jordan, Nicholas S Hopkinson

Journal: Thorax. 2014 Nov;69(11):973-5.

 

Last Updated: 15 Oct 2014

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Lung volume reduction coil treatment for patients with severe emphysema: a European multicentre trial.
 

Author(s): Gaëtan Deslee, Karin Klooster, Martin Hetzel, Franz Stanzel, Romain Kessler, Charles-Hugo Marquette, Christian Witt, Stefan Blaas, Wolfgang Gesierich, Felix J F Herth, Juergen Hetzel, Eva M van Rikxoort, Dirk-Jan Slebos

Journal: Thorax. 2014 Nov;69(11):980-6.

 

The lung volume reduction (LVR) coil is a minimally invasive bronchoscopic nitinol device designed to reduce hyperinflation and improve elastic recoil in severe emphysema. We investigated the feasibility, safety and efficacy of LVR coil treatment in a prospective multicentre cohort ...

Last Updated: 15 Oct 2014

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Images in clinical medicine. Gastric emphysema.
 

Author(s): Ulises Garza, Christopher Gayer

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2014 May;370(22):e33.

 

Last Updated: 29 May 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Emphysema" returned 86 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Combined pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema: an increasingly recognized condition.
 

Author(s): Olívia Meira Dias, Bruno Guedes Baldi, André Nathan Costa, Carlos Roberto Ribeiro Carvalho

Journal: J Bras Pneumol. ;40(3):304-12.

 

Combined pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema (CPFE) has been increasingly recognized in the literature. Patients with CPFE are usually heavy smokers or former smokers with concomitant lower lobe fibrosis and upper lobe emphysema on chest HRCT scans. They commonly present with severe ...

Last Updated: 17 Jul 2014

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Subcutaneous emphysema--beyond the pneumoperitoneum.
 

Author(s): Douglas E Ott

Journal: JSLS. ;18(1):1-7.

 

Subcutaneous emphysema and gas extravasation outside of the peritoneal cavity during laparoscopy has consequences. Knowledge of the circumstances that increase the potential for subcutaneous emphysema is necessary for safe laparoscopy.

Last Updated: 31 Mar 2014

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In patients with extensive subcutaneous emphysema, which technique achieves maximal clinical resolution: infraclavicular incisions, subcutaneous drain insertion or suction on in situ chest drain?
 

Author(s): Charles H N Johnson, Sommer A Lang, Haris Bilal, Kandadai S Rammohan

Journal: Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg. 2014 Jun;18(6):825-9.

 

A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was: 'In patients with extensive subcutaneous emphysema, which technique achieves maximal clinical resolution: infraclavicular incisions, subcutaneous drain insertion or ...

Last Updated: 20 May 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Endoscopic Lung Volume Reduction in Patients With Advanced Emphysema Due to alpha1 Antitrypsin Deficiency
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hereditary Emphysema (Alpha 1-antitrypsin Deficiency)

 

Last Updated: 19 May 2011

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Management of Patients With Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency Associated Emphysema
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Alpha 1-Antitrypsin Deficiency; Emphysema

 

Last Updated: 6 Dec 2010

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