Emphysema

Common Name(s)

Emphysema

Emphysema gradually damages the air sacs in your lungs, making you progressively more short of breath. These sacs are clustered like bunches of grapes. In emphysema, the inner walls of the sacs weaken and eventually rupture, creating one larger air space instead of many small ones. This reduces the surface area that may be used to collect oxygen, leading to a decrease in the amount of oxygen that reaches your bloodstream. The only symptom usually associated with emphysema is shortness of breath, and may not occur until years after the damage to the air sacs begins. See a doctor if you’ve had unexplained shortness of breath for several months, particularly if it’s getting worse or interfering with your daily activities. Together with chronic bronchitis, emphysema is one component of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD).

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Emphysema" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Emphysema" returned 779 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Images in clinical medicine. Gastric emphysema.
 

Author(s): Ulises Garza, Christopher Gayer

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2014 May;370(22):e33.

 

Last Updated: 29 May 2014

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Internet access and use by COPD patients in the National Emphysema/COPD Association Survey.
 

Author(s): Carlos H Martinez, Beth L St Jean, Craig A Plauschinat, Barbara Rogers, Julen Beresford, Fernando J Martinez, Caroline R Richardson, Meilan K Han

Journal:

 

Technology offers opportunities to improve healthcare, but little is known about Internet use by COPD patients. We tested two hypotheses: Internet access is associated with socio-demographic disparities and frequency of use is related to perceived needs.

Last Updated: 29 Apr 2014

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Thoracic gas compression during forced expiration in patients with emphysema, interstitial lung disease and obesity.
 

Author(s): Päivi L Piirilä, Ulla Hodgson, Tomi Wuorimaa, Hans-Jürgen Smith, Anssi R A Sovijärvi

Journal:

 

Dynamic gas compression during forced expiration has an influence on conventional flow-volume spirometry results. The extent of gas compression in different pulmonary disorders remains obscure. Utilizing a flow plethysmograph we determined the difference between thoracic and mouth ...

Last Updated: 14 Mar 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Emphysema" returned 82 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Cardiovascular function in pulmonary emphysema.
 

Author(s): Dina Visca, Marina Aiello, Alfredo Chetta

Journal: Biomed Res Int. 2013 ;2013():184678.

 

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and chronic cardiovascular disease, such as coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, and cardiac arrhythmias, have a strong influence on each other, and systemic inflammation has been considered as the main linkage between them. ...

Last Updated: 25 Dec 2013

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Compressed air blast injury with palpebral, orbital, facial, cervical, and mediastinal emphysema through an eyelid laceration: a case report and review of literature.
 

Author(s): Takahiro Hiraoka, Tomohiro Ogami, Fumiki Okamoto, Tetsuro Oshika

Journal:

 

To the best of our knowledge, only 14 cases of orbital or periorbital compressed air injuries from air guns or hoses have been reported in the literature.

Last Updated: 17 Jan 2014

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Establishing normal reference values in quantitative computed tomography of emphysema.
 

Author(s): Benjamin M Smith, Robert Graham Barr

Journal: J Thorac Imaging. 2013 Sep;28(5):280-3.

 

Quantitative computed tomography (QCT) can provide reliable and valid measures of lung structure and volumes. Similar to lung function measured by spirometry, lung measures obtained by QCT vary by demographic and anthropomorphic factors including sex, race/ethnicity, and height in ...

Last Updated: 22 Aug 2013

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Endoscopic Lung Volume Reduction in Patients With Advanced Emphysema Due to alpha1 Antitrypsin Deficiency
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hereditary Emphysema (Alpha 1-antitrypsin Deficiency)

 

Last Updated: 19 May 2011

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Management of Patients With Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency Associated Emphysema
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Alpha 1-Antitrypsin Deficiency; Emphysema

 

Last Updated: 6 Dec 2010

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