Small for Gestational Age

Common Name(s)

Small for Gestational Age, SGA

Small for Gestational Age (SGA) is a condition in which a developing fetus in the womb or an infant is smaller than normal for the baby’s gender and gestational age. Gestational age refers to the time period between conception and birth. It is typically measured in weeks and begins at the first day of the mother’s last menstrual cycle. SGA usually refers to a baby with a birthweight below the 10th percentile for babies of the same gestational age, meaning they are smaller than 90% of all babies of the same gestational age. SGA babies can either be proportionately small or have low weight and body mass, but normal length and size. SGA can be due to genetics or to fetal growth problems. SGA usually corresponds with intrauterine growth restriction, which occurs when the organs and tissues of the fetus cannot develop properly due to a lack of nutrients and oxygen. This condition can develop at any time during pregnancy and may be due to maternal disease, problems with the placenta, or chromosomal abnormalities. SGA may result in several problems at birth, including decreased oxygen levels, low Apgar scores, meconium aspiration, hypoglycemia, poor thermoregulation, and polycythemia, or too many red blood cells. SGA is typically diagnosed by ultrasound, Doppler flow, mother’s weight gain, and gestational assessment. Eating well and avoiding alcohol, drugs, and cigarettes may be helpful in preventing SGA.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Small for Gestational Age" for support, advocacy or research.

The MAGIC Foundation

The MAGIC Foundation Mission The MAGIC Foundation is a national non-profit organization created to provide support services for the families of children afflicted with a wide variety of chronic and/or critical disorders, syndromes and diseases that affect a child’s growth. Since its inception the Foundation has grown to include support services for adults who were also impacted by these disorders.

Last Updated: 7 Nov 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Small for Gestational Age" for support, advocacy or research.

The MAGIC Foundation

The MAGIC Foundation Mission The MAGIC Foundation is a national non-profit organization created to provide support services for the families of children afflicted with a wide variety of chronic and/or critical disorders, syndromes and diseases that affect a child’s growth. Since its inception the Foundation has grown to include support services for adults who were also impacted by these disorders.

http://www.magicfoundation.org

Last Updated: 7 Nov 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Small for Gestational Age" returned 0 free, full-text research articles on human participants.

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Small for Gestational Age" returned 0 free, full-text review articles on human participants.

 
 
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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Long-term Safety Follow-up After Growth Hormone Treatment of Short Children Born Small for Gestational Age
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Short Children Born Small for Gestational Age (SGA)

 

Last Updated: 29 Sep 2014

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Generic Database of Very Low Birth Weight Infants
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Infant, Newborn; Infant, Low Birth Weight; Infant, Small for Gestational Age; Infant, Premature

 

Last Updated: 26 Sep 2013

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Donor Milk vs. Formula in Extremely Low Birth Weight (ELBW) Infants
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Infant, Newborn; Infant, Small for Gestational Age; Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight

 

Last Updated: 26 Sep 2013

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