HIV

Common Name(s)

HIV

Human immunodeficiency virus or HIV is a viral infection of the immune system. Acquired immune deficiency disease (AIDS) is the umbrella term used to describe the final stage of an HIV infection. HIV is a sexually transmitted infection, but HIV can also be transmitted by contaminated hypodermic needles and blood transfusions, as well as from mother to child during pregnancy, delivery, and breastfeeding. Early symptoms of an HIV infection include fever, rash, night sweats, headaches, sore throat, fatigue, and a general feeling of having the flu, but many individuals who are HIV positive do not have any symptoms. This is because the virus has a latency stage, also known as the chronic phase. The virus can lay dormant inside your cells for years. HIV is a human retrovirus. The term retrovirus means that the virus can replicate inside a human cell. The retrovirus is an RNA virus; it converts itself into DNA and inserts itself into the cell’s genome. Once it is part of the cell’s genetic code, the virus is then produced by the cell’s replication machinery. Once enough of the virus has been produced within the cell, the cell dies and releases the virus into the body. HIV attacks the cells of your immune system, specifically the CD4 cells. CD4 cells include T helper cells, monocytes, macrophages, and dendritic cells. The virus decreases the number CD4 cells in the body, therefore diminishing the body’s ability to fight infection. Once your number of CD4 cells has fallen below 200 per cubic millimeter of blood, you will be diagnosed with AIDS. There is no cure for an HIV infection or AIDS. There are treatments that can suppress the HIV virus and help to slow the progression of the disease.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "HIV" for support, advocacy or research.

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The Well Project

The Well Project is a non-profit organization whose mission is to change the course of the HIV/AIDS pandemic through a unique and comprehensive focus on women and girls. The Well Project advocates that every woman and girl should have access to quality, up-to-date information about HIV/AIDS.

Last Updated: 20 May 2014

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "HIV" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
The Well Project

The Well Project is a non-profit organization whose mission is to change the course of the HIV/AIDS pandemic through a unique and comprehensive focus on women and girls. The Well Project advocates that every woman and girl should have access to quality, up-to-date information about HIV/AIDS.

http://www.thewellproject.org/

Last Updated: 20 May 2014

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "HIV" returned 34163 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Threading the Needle--How to Stop the HIV Outbreak in Rural Indiana.
 

Author(s): Steffanie A Strathdee, Chris Beyrer

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2015 Jul;373(5):397-9.

 

Last Updated: 30 Jul 2015

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[Term base for nursing practices with elderly women with HIV/AIDS].
 

Author(s): Márcia Cristina de Figueiredo Siqueira, Greicy Kelly Gouveia Dias Bittencourt, Maria Miriam Lima da Nóbrega, Jordana de Almeida Nogueira, Antonia Oliveira Silva

Journal: Rev Gaucha Enferm. 2015 Mar;36(1):28-34.

 

The aim of this study was to create a term base for nursing practices with elderly women with HIV/AIDS. This documental descriptive research was conducted at the Universidade Federal de Paraíba, from August 2012 to July 2013, based on a list of terms from the Integrated Plan to Combat ...

Last Updated: 23 Jun 2015

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Fulminant HHV-8 associated Castleman's disease in a non-HIV, Kaposi sarcoma patient with borderline hemophagocytic syndrome.
 

Author(s): Irena Barbarov, Maya Koren-Michowitz, Ginette Schiby, Orith Portnoy, David Livingstone, Gad Segal

Journal: Isr. Med. Assoc. J.. 2015 Apr;17(4):253-5.

 

Last Updated: 4 Jun 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "HIV" returned 3345 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

HIV, HCV, and Health-Related Harms Among Women Who Inject Drugs: Implications for Prevention and Treatment.
 

Author(s): Jenny Iversen, Kimberly Page, Annie Madden, Lisa Maher

Journal: J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr.. 2015 Jun;69 Suppl 2():S176-81.

 

Although an estimated 3.5 million women inject drugs globally, women are outnumbered 4 to one by men who inject drugs and are often ignored or overlooked in the development and delivery of prevention and treatment services for this population. This study aimed to identify key comorbidities ...

Last Updated: 18 May 2015

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Biomedical HIV Prevention Including Pre-exposure Prophylaxis and Opiate Agonist Therapy for Women Who Inject Drugs: State of Research and Future Directions.
 

Author(s): Kimberly Page, Judith Tsui, Lisa Maher, Kachit Choopanya, Suphak Vanichseni, Philip A Mock, Connie Celum, Michael Martin

Journal: J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr.. 2015 Jun;69 Suppl 2():S169-75.

 

Women who inject drugs (WWID) are at higher risk of HIV compared with their male counterparts as a result of multiple factors, including biological, behavioral, and sociostructural factors, yet comparatively little effort has been invested in testing and delivering prevention methods ...

Last Updated: 18 May 2015

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Substance Use and HIV Among Female Sex Workers and Female Prisoners: Risk Environments and Implications for Prevention, Treatment, and Policies.
 

Author(s): Steffanie A Strathdee, Brooke S West, Elizabeth Reed, Babak Moazan, Tasnim Azim, Kate Dolan

Journal: J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr.. 2015 Jun;69 Suppl 2():S110-7.

 

Female sex workers (FSWs) and female prisoners experience elevated HIV prevalence relative to the general population because of unprotected sex and unsafe drug use practices, but the antecedents of these behaviors are often structural in nature. We review the literature on HIV risk ...

Last Updated: 18 May 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

A Study to Investigate ALDOXORUBICIN in HIV-infected Subjects With Kaposi's Sarcoma
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Kaposi's Sarcoma; HIV+; HIV Positive; AIDS

 

Last Updated: 15 Dec 2014

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Efficiency of the Hepatitis B Sci-B-Vac Vaccine in HIV Positive Patients
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: HIV

 

Last Updated: 5 Oct 2011

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Enhancing Linkage to HIV Care for Newly Detected HIV-positive Persons in Ukraine
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: HIV

 

Last Updated: 26 May 2015

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