HIV

Common Name(s)

HIV

Human immunodeficiency virus or HIV is a viral infection of the immune system. Acquired immune deficiency disease (AIDS) is the umbrella term used to describe the final stage of an HIV infection. HIV is a sexually transmitted infection, but HIV can also be transmitted by contaminated hypodermic needles and blood transfusions, as well as from mother to child during pregnancy, delivery, and breastfeeding. Early symptoms of an HIV infection include fever, rash, night sweats, headaches, sore throat, fatigue, and a general feeling of having the flu, but many individuals who are HIV positive do not have any symptoms. This is because the virus has a latency stage, also known as the chronic phase. The virus can lay dormant inside your cells for years. HIV is a human retrovirus. The term retrovirus means that the virus can replicate inside a human cell. The retrovirus is an RNA virus; it converts itself into DNA and inserts itself into the cell’s genome. Once it is part of the cell’s genetic code, the virus is then produced by the cell’s replication machinery. Once enough of the virus has been produced within the cell, the cell dies and releases the virus into the body. HIV attacks the cells of your immune system, specifically the CD4 cells. CD4 cells include T helper cells, monocytes, macrophages, and dendritic cells. The virus decreases the number CD4 cells in the body, therefore diminishing the body’s ability to fight infection. Once your number of CD4 cells has fallen below 200 per cubic millimeter of blood, you will be diagnosed with AIDS. There is no cure for an HIV infection or AIDS. There are treatments that can suppress the HIV virus and help to slow the progression of the disease.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "HIV" for support, advocacy or research.

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The STD Project

Established in April of 2012 during STD Awareness Month, The STD Project is a multi-award-winning independent website and progressive movement eradicating STD stigma by facilitating and encouraging awareness, education, and acceptance through story-telling and resource recommendations. We are taking steps toward modern-day sexual health and prevention by advocating for conscientious and informed decisions.

Last Updated: 11 Jul 2016

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The Well Project

The Well Project is a non-profit organization whose mission is to change the course of the HIV/AIDS pandemic through a unique and comprehensive focus on women and girls. The Well Project advocates that every woman and girl should have access to quality, up-to-date information about HIV/AIDS.

Last Updated: 20 May 2014

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "HIV" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
The STD Project

Established in April of 2012 during STD Awareness Month, The STD Project is a multi-award-winning independent website and progressive movement eradicating STD stigma by facilitating and encouraging awareness, education, and acceptance through story-telling and resource recommendations. We are taking steps toward modern-day sexual health and prevention by advocating for conscientious and informed decisions.

http://www.thestdproject.com/

Last Updated: 11 Jul 2016

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The Well Project

The Well Project is a non-profit organization whose mission is to change the course of the HIV/AIDS pandemic through a unique and comprehensive focus on women and girls. The Well Project advocates that every woman and girl should have access to quality, up-to-date information about HIV/AIDS.

http://www.thewellproject.org/

Last Updated: 20 May 2014

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "HIV" returned 42664 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The end of HIV: Still a very long way to go, but progress continues.
 

Author(s): Steven G Deeks, Sharon R Lewin, Linda-Gail Bekker

Journal:

 

In an Editorial accompanying PLOS Medicine's Special Issue on Advances in Prevention, Treatment and Cure of HIV/AIDS, Guest Editors Steven Deeks, Sharon Lewin, and Linda-Gail Bekker discuss priorities in the field and the content of the issue.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Scale-Up of Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision Services for HIV Prevention - 12 Countries in Southern and Eastern Africa, 2013-2016.
 

Author(s): Jonas Z Hines, Onkemetse Conrad Ntsuape, Kananga Malaba, Tiruneh Zegeye, Kennedy Serrem, Elijah Odoyo-June, Rose Kolola Nyirenda, Wezi Msungama, Kondwani Nkanaunena, Jotamo Come, Marcos Canda, Herminio Nhaguiombe, Ella K Shihepo, Brigitte L T Zemburuka, Gram Mutandi, Emmanuel Yoboka, André H Mbayiha, Hilda Maringa, Alfred Bere, J Joseph Lawrence, Gissenge J I Lija, Daimon Simbeye, Kokuhumbya Kazaura, Ramadhani S Mwiru, Stella Alamo Talisuna, Joseph Lubwama, Geoffrey Kabuye, James Exnobert Zulu, Omega Chituwo, Maybin Mumba, Sinokuthemba Xaba, John Mandisarisa, Brittney N Baack, Lawrence Hinkle, Jonathan M Grund, Stephanie M Davis, Carlos Toledo

Journal:

 

Countries in Southern and Eastern Africa have the highest prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the world; in 2015, 52% (approximately 19 million) of all persons living with HIV infection resided in these two regions.* Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Treatment eligibility and retention in clinical HIV care: A regression discontinuity study in South Africa.
 

Author(s): Jacob Bor, Matthew P Fox, Sydney Rosen, Atheendar Venkataramani, Frank Tanser, Deenan Pillay, Till Bärnighausen

Journal:

 

Loss to follow-up is high among HIV patients not yet receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART). Clinical trials have demonstrated the clinical efficacy of early ART; however, these trials may miss an important real-world consequence of providing ART at diagnosis: its impact on retention in care.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "HIV" returned 4078 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Review of toxoplasmosis in Morocco: seroprevalence and risk factors for toxoplasma infection among pregnant women and HIV- infected patients.
 

Author(s): Majda Laboudi

Journal:

 

Toxoplasmosis is a disease caused by a protozoal parasite: Toxoplasma gondii. This infection can cause severe illness when the organism is contracted congenitally or when it is reactivated in immunosuppressed people. In this paper we review for the first time prevalence and risk factors ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Prospects for passive immunity to prevent HIV infection.
 

Author(s): Lynn Morris, Nonhlanhla N Mkhize

Journal:

 

In a Perspective, Lynn Morris and Nonhlanhla Mkhize discuss the prospects for broadly neutralizing antibodies to be used in preventing HIV infection.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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A systematic review of emergency department based HIV testing and linkage to care initiatives in low resource settings.
 

Author(s): Bhakti Hansoti, Gabor D Kelen, Thomas C Quinn, Madeleine M Whalen, Taylor T DesRosiers, Steven J Reynolds, Andrew Redd, Richard E Rothman

Journal:

 

Only 45% of people currently living with HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa are aware of their HIV status. Unmet testing needs may be addressed by utilizing the Emergency Department (ED) as an innovative testing venue in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). The purpose of this ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Community-based Distribution of Oral HIV Self-testing Kits
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: HIV Seropositivity

 

Last Updated: 14 Dec 2016

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Safety and Immune Response to a Clade C DNA HIV Vaccine
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: HIV Infections

 

Last Updated: 28 Dec 2016

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Safety and Immunogenicity of Clade C ALVAC and gp120 HIV Vaccine
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: HIV Infections

 

Last Updated: 13 Sep 2017

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