HIV

Common Name(s)

HIV

Human immunodeficiency virus or HIV is a viral infection of the immune system. Acquired immune deficiency disease (AIDS) is the umbrella term used to describe the final stage of an HIV infection. HIV is a sexually transmitted infection, but HIV can also be transmitted by contaminated hypodermic needles and blood transfusions, as well as from mother to child during pregnancy, delivery, and breastfeeding. Early symptoms of an HIV infection include fever, rash, night sweats, headaches, sore throat, fatigue, and a general feeling of having the flu, but many individuals who are HIV positive do not have any symptoms. This is because the virus has a latency stage, also known as the chronic phase. The virus can lay dormant inside your cells for years. HIV is a human retrovirus. The term retrovirus means that the virus can replicate inside a human cell. The retrovirus is an RNA virus; it converts itself into DNA and inserts itself into the cell’s genome. Once it is part of the cell’s genetic code, the virus is then produced by the cell’s replication machinery. Once enough of the virus has been produced within the cell, the cell dies and releases the virus into the body. HIV attacks the cells of your immune system, specifically the CD4 cells. CD4 cells include T helper cells, monocytes, macrophages, and dendritic cells. The virus decreases the number CD4 cells in the body, therefore diminishing the body’s ability to fight infection. Once your number of CD4 cells has fallen below 200 per cubic millimeter of blood, you will be diagnosed with AIDS. There is no cure for an HIV infection or AIDS. There are treatments that can suppress the HIV virus and help to slow the progression of the disease.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "HIV" for support, advocacy or research.

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The STD Project

Established in April of 2012 during STD Awareness Month, The STD Project is a multi-award-winning independent website and progressive movement eradicating STD stigma by facilitating and encouraging awareness, education, and acceptance through story-telling and resource recommendations. We are taking steps toward modern-day sexual health and prevention by advocating for conscientious and informed decisions.

Last Updated: 11 Jul 2016

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The Well Project

The Well Project is a non-profit organization whose mission is to change the course of the HIV/AIDS pandemic through a unique and comprehensive focus on women and girls. The Well Project advocates that every woman and girl should have access to quality, up-to-date information about HIV/AIDS.

Last Updated: 20 May 2014

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "HIV" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
The STD Project

Established in April of 2012 during STD Awareness Month, The STD Project is a multi-award-winning independent website and progressive movement eradicating STD stigma by facilitating and encouraging awareness, education, and acceptance through story-telling and resource recommendations. We are taking steps toward modern-day sexual health and prevention by advocating for conscientious and informed decisions.

http://www.thestdproject.com/

Last Updated: 11 Jul 2016

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The Well Project

The Well Project is a non-profit organization whose mission is to change the course of the HIV/AIDS pandemic through a unique and comprehensive focus on women and girls. The Well Project advocates that every woman and girl should have access to quality, up-to-date information about HIV/AIDS.

http://www.thewellproject.org/

Last Updated: 20 May 2014

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "HIV" returned 40142 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

HIV Field's Current Contours Show in Boston.
 

Author(s): Michael Dumiak

Journal: IAVI Rep. 2016 ;20(1):8-13, 15.

 

Last Updated: 15 Jun 2016

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Etiologic Agents and Antifungal Susceptibility of Oral Candidosis from Romanian patients with HIV-infection or type 1 diabetes mellitus.
 

Author(s): Bogdan Minea, Valentin Nastasa, Anna Kolecka, Magdalena Mares, Narcisa Marangoci, Irina Rosca, Mariana Pinteala, Monica Hancianu, Mihai Mares

Journal: Pol. J. Microbiol.. 2016 ;65(1):123-9.

 

This is the first Romanian investigation of oral candidosis in patients suffering of HIV-infection or type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Candida albicans was the dominant species in both types of isolates: n = 14 (46.7%) in T1DM, n = 60 (69.8%) in HIV. The most frequent non-albicans ...

Last Updated: 10 Jun 2016

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HIV-1 RNA quantification in CRF02_AG HIV-1 infection: too easy to make mistakes.
 

Author(s): Paola Tatarelli, Lucia Taramasso, Antonio Di Biagio, Laura Sticchi, Nicola Nigro, Renata Barresi, Claudio Viscoli, Bianca Bruzzone

Journal: New Microbiol.. 2016 Apr;39(2):150-2.

 

The number of patients newly infected by HIV-1 non-B subtypes and circulating recombinant forms (CRFs) is increasing worldwide, including in the western countries. We report on a primary HIV-1 infection in a Caucasian patient. A routine quantitative assay (Nuclisens EasyQ HIV-1 2.0, ...

Last Updated: 20 May 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "HIV" returned 3873 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Lateral flow urine lipoarabinomannan assay for detecting active tuberculosis in HIV-positive adults.
 

Author(s): Maunank Shah, Colleen Hanrahan, Zhuo Yu Wang, Nandini Dendukuri, Stephen D Lawn, Claudia M Denkinger, Karen R Steingart

Journal:

 

Rapid detection of tuberculosis (TB) among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a global health priority. HIV-associated TB may have different clinical presentations and is challenging to diagnose. Conventional sputum tests have reduced sensitivity in HIV-positive ...

Last Updated: 1 Jun 2016

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Dual Therapy Treatment Strategies for the Management of Patients Infected with HIV: A Systematic Review of Current Evidence in ARV-Naive or ARV-Experienced, Virologically Suppressed Patients.
 

Author(s): Jean-Guy Baril, Jonathan B Angel, M John Gill, Joseph Gathe, Pedro Cahn, Jean van Wyk, Sharon Walmsley

Journal:

 

We reviewed the current literature regarding antiretroviral (ARV)-sparing therapy strategies to determine whether these novel regimens can be considered appropriate alternatives to standard regimens for the initial treatment of ARV-naive patients or as switch therapy for those patients ...

Last Updated: 6 Feb 2016

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Pro-Inflammatory Markers in Relation to Cardiovascular Disease in HIV Infection. A Systematic Review.
 

Author(s): Alinda G Vos, Nikmah S Idris, Roos E Barth, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Diederick E Grobbee

Journal:

 

In the past years many inflammatory markers have been studied in association with clinically manifest cardiovascular disease (CVD) and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) in HIV-infected patients, to obtain insights in the increased cardiovascular risk observed in HIV infection. ...

Last Updated: 26 Jan 2016

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Efficiency of the Hepatitis B Sci-B-Vac Vaccine in HIV Positive Patients
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: HIV

 

Last Updated: 5 Oct 2011

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Last Updated: 23 Nov 2015

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Public Health Targeting of PrEP at HIV Positives' Bridging Networks
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: HIV

 

Last Updated: 18 Jul 2016

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