Chlamydia

Common Name(s)

Chlamydia

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) that can infect men and women. Chlamydia can do serious and permanent damage to a women's reproductive system, making it very difficult to get pregnant or have a healthy pregnancy. Symptoms in women include abnormal vaginal discharge and a burning feeling when urinating. Men with chlamydia may experience a discharge from their penis, a burning feeling when urinating, or pain and swelling in one or both testicles. Chlamydia is spread by having vaginal, anal, or oral sex with someone with chlamydia. Chlamydia can also be passed from a pregnant mother to her newborn during childbirth. The only true way of avoiding chlamydia is by not having vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Using latex condoms while having vaginal, anal, or oral sex can greatly decrease your chances of getting chlamydia. Being in a monogamous relationship with a partner who has been tested for STDs and has received results confirming they do not have chlamydia, is also another way to avoid getting the disease. Chlamydia can be cured with proper medication prescribed by your doctor. See your doctor if you think you may have chlamydia.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Chlamydia" for support, advocacy or research.

HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 3 Oct 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Chlamydia" for support, advocacy or research.

HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 3 Oct 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Chlamydia" returned 2944 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis genital infection among persons aged 14-39 years--United States, 2007-2012.
 

Author(s): Elizabeth Torrone, John Papp, Hillard Weinstock,

Journal: MMWR Morb. Mortal. Wkly. Rep.. 2014 Sep;63(38):834-8.

 

Infection with the bacterium, Chlamydia trachomatis (often termed "chlamydia") is the most frequently reported sexually transmitted infection in the United States. The urethra is the most common site of infection in males, and the urethra and cervix are most commonly infected in females. ...

Last Updated: 26 Sep 2014

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Chlamydia screening among females aged 15-21 years--multiple data sources, United States, 1999-2010.
 

Author(s): Karen W Hoover, Jami S Leichliter, Elizabeth A Torrone, Penny S Loosier, Thomas L Gift, Guoyu Tao,

Journal: MMWR Surveill Summ. 2014 Sep;63 Suppl 2():80-8.

 

Last Updated: 11 Sep 2014

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No indication for tissue tropism in urogenital and anorectal Chlamydia trachomatis infections using high-resolution multilocus sequence typing.
 

Author(s): Bart Versteeg, Martijn S van Rooijen, Maarten F Schim van der Loeff, Henry J C de Vries, Sylvia M Bruisten

Journal:

 

Previous studies showed that C. trachomatis strains found in MSM are different from those in heterosexuals. This study investigates whether the differences in strain distribution between MSM and heterosexuals are due to tissue tropism.

Last Updated: 2 Sep 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Chlamydia" returned 141 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Membrane vesicle production by Chlamydia trachomatis as an adaptive response.
 

Author(s): Kyla M Frohlich, Ziyu Hua, Alison J Quayle, Jin Wang, Maria E Lewis, Chau-wen Chou, Miao Luo, Lyndsey R Buckner, Li Shen

Journal:

 

Bacteria have evolved specific adaptive responses to cope with changing environments. These adaptations include stress response phenotypes with dynamic modifications of the bacterial cell envelope and generation of membrane vesicles (MVs). The obligate intracellular bacterium, Chlamydia ...

Last Updated: 24 Jun 2014

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Influence of the tryptophan-indole-IFN╬│ axis on human genital Chlamydia trachomatis infection: role of vaginal co-infections.
 

Author(s): Ashok Aiyar, Alison J Quayle, Lyndsey R Buckner, Shardulendra P Sherchand, Theresa L Chang, Arnold H Zea, David H Martin, Robert J Belland

Journal:

 

The natural history of genital Chlamydia trachomatis infections can vary widely; infections can spontaneously resolve but can also last from months to years, potentially progressing to cause significant pathology. The host and bacterial factors underlying this wide variation are not ...

Last Updated: 11 Jun 2014

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Evolution to a chronic disease niche correlates with increased sensitivity to tryptophan availability for the obligate intracellular bacterium Chlamydia pneumoniae.
 

Author(s): Wilhelmina M Huston, Christopher J Barker, Anu Chacko, Peter Timms

Journal: J. Bacteriol.. 2014 Jun;196(11):1915-24.

 

The chlamydiae are obligate intracellular parasites that have evolved specific interactions with their various hosts and host cell types to ensure their successful survival and consequential pathogenesis. The species Chlamydia pneumoniae is ubiquitous, with serological studies showing ...

Last Updated: 6 May 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Mecillinam for Treatment of Genital Chlamydia Infection
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Chlamydia Trachomatis Infection; Chlamydial Urethritis

 

Last Updated: 7 Mar 2014

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Time to Eradication of Mycoplasma Genitalium and Chlamydia Trachomatis After Treatment Commenced
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Urethritis; Cervicitis; Genital Mycoplasma Infection; Chlamydia Trachomatis

 

Last Updated: 12 Dec 2014

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Cepheid Rectal Sample Validation Study
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Gonorrhea; Chlamydia; Trichomonas

 

Last Updated: 12 Dec 2014

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