Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Common Name(s)

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, PTSD

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that may develop after a terrifying ordeal, typically involving physical harm or the threat of physical harm. Symptoms of PTSD may appear as early as three months after the traumatic event, but usually appear after one year. PTSD symptoms are grouped into four types: intrusive memories, avoidance, negative changes in thinking and mood, and changes in emotional reactions. Some specific examples of PTSD symptoms are flashbacks, emotional numbness, irritability, trouble sleeping, and difficulty maintaining close relationships. PTSD symptoms can vary, especially with time. PTSD symptoms may be felt during periods of stress or when other experiences are a reminder of the traumatic event. Symptoms must carry on for more than a month to be considered PTSD. A psychiatrist or psychologist can diagnose PTSD after discussing symptoms and specific concerning thoughts with the patient. To be diagnosed the person must have all of the following symptoms for a least one-month: re-experiencing symptom, avoidances symptoms, and extreme mood changes. PTSD may also be coupled with other mental conditions such as depression, substance abuse or other anxiety disorders. The primary treatment for PTSD is psychotherapy, but often medication is also used. Psychotherapy usually includes exposure therapy and cognitive therapy, which helps you recognize the ways of thinking. Medications used to treat PTSD include antidepressants, anti-anxiety medications and other medications to address insomnia and nightmares.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" for support, advocacy or research.

National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" for support, advocacy or research.

National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

http://www.nami.org

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" returned 297 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Post-traumatic stress disorder in parents of children hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU): medical and demographic risk factors.
 

Author(s): Anna Aftyka, Beata Rybojad, Ilona Rozalska-Walaszek, Patryk RzoƱca, Ewa Humeniuk

Journal: Psychiatr Danub. 2014 Dec;26(4):347-52.

 

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among parents of neonates hospitalized in the Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU) stays an underestimated problem. We determined the incidence of PTSD in parents and pointed out medical and demographic risk factors for PTSD in neonates hospitalized in the NICU.

Last Updated: 7 Nov 2014

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Maintaining the clinical relevance of animal models in translational studies of post-traumatic stress disorder.
 

Author(s): Hagit Cohen, Michael A Matar, Joseph Zohar

Journal: ILAR J. 2014 ;55(2):233-45.

 

The diagnosis of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is conditional on directly experiencing or witnessing a significantly threatening event and the presence of a certain minimal number of symptoms from each of four symptom clusters (re-experiencing, avoidance, negative cognition ...

Last Updated: 16 Sep 2014

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Resting-state hippocampal connectivity correlates with symptom severity in post-traumatic stress disorder.
 

Author(s): B T Dunkley, S M Doesburg, P A Sedge, R J Grodecki, P N Shek, E W Pang, M J Taylor

Journal:

 

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a serious mental health injury which can manifest after experiencing a traumatic life event. The disorder is characterized by symptoms of re-experiencing, avoidance, emotional numbing and hyper-arousal. Whilst its aetiology and resultant symptomology ...

Last Updated: 2 Sep 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" returned 59 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Patient-reported outcomes in post-traumatic stress disorder. Part II: focus on pharmacological treatment.
 

Author(s): Hans-Peter Kapfhammer

Journal: Dialogues Clin Neurosci. 2014 Jun;16(2):227-37.

 

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may be associated with long-lasting psychological suffering, distressing psychosocial disability, markedly reduced health-related quality of life, and increased morbidity and mortality in a subgroup of individuals in the aftermath of serious traumatic ...

Last Updated: 25 Aug 2014

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Patient-reported outcomes in post-traumatic stress disorder. Part I: focus on psychological treatment.
 

Author(s): Patricia d'Ardenne, Sarah Heke

Journal: Dialogues Clin Neurosci. 2014 Jun;16(2):213-26.

 

Since 2000, patient reports have contributed significantly to the widening diagnostic criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder, notably with the inclusion of complex, repeated, and indirect threat to people who develop symptoms. This paper describes and explains why patient reports ...

Last Updated: 25 Aug 2014

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Interactions between disordered sleep, post-traumatic stress disorder, and substance use disorders.
 

Author(s): Ryan Vandrey, Kimberly A Babson, Evan S Herrmann, Marcel O Bonn-Miller

Journal: Int Rev Psychiatry. 2014 Apr;26(2):237-47.

 

Disordered sleep is associated with a number of adverse health consequences and is an integral component of many psychiatric disorders. Rates of substance use disorders (SUDs) are markedly higher among individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and this relationship may ...

Last Updated: 4 Jun 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Trial of Oral SNC-102 in Subjects With Combat-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders; Posttraumatic Stress Disorders; Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic; Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders, Combat-related

 

Last Updated: 9 Mar 2015

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Neuromodulation for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

 

Last Updated: 24 Feb 2015

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Kappa Opioid Receptor Imaging in Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD); Trauma

 

Last Updated: 10 Sep 2014

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