Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Common Name(s)

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, PTSD

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that may develop after a terrifying ordeal, typically involving physical harm or the threat of physical harm. Symptoms of PTSD may appear as early as three months after the traumatic event, but usually appear after one year. PTSD symptoms are grouped into four types: intrusive memories, avoidance, negative changes in thinking and mood, and changes in emotional reactions. Some specific examples of PTSD symptoms are flashbacks, emotional numbness, irritability, trouble sleeping, and difficulty maintaining close relationships. PTSD symptoms can vary, especially with time. PTSD symptoms may be felt during periods of stress or when other experiences are a reminder of the traumatic event. Symptoms must carry on for more than a month to be considered PTSD. A psychiatrist or psychologist can diagnose PTSD after discussing symptoms and specific concerning thoughts with the patient. To be diagnosed the person must have all of the following symptoms for a least one-month: re-experiencing symptom, avoidances symptoms, and extreme mood changes. PTSD may also be coupled with other mental conditions such as depression, substance abuse or other anxiety disorders. The primary treatment for PTSD is psychotherapy, but often medication is also used. Psychotherapy usually includes exposure therapy and cognitive therapy, which helps you recognize the ways of thinking. Medications used to treat PTSD include antidepressants, anti-anxiety medications and other medications to address insomnia and nightmares.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" for support, advocacy or research.

National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" for support, advocacy or research.

National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

http://www.nami.org

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" returned 484 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Typhoon-Related Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Trauma Might Lead to Functional Integration Abnormalities in Intra- and Inter-Resting State Networks: a Resting-State Fmri Independent Component Analysis.
 

Author(s): Jun Ke, Li Zhang, Rongfeng Qi, Qiang Xu, Yuan Zhong, Tao Liu, Jianjun Li, Guangming Lu, Feng Chen

Journal: Cell. Physiol. Biochem.. 2018 ;48(1):99-110.

 

Functional connectivity studies based on region of interest approach suggest altered functional connectivity of the default mode network (DMN), executive control network (ECN), and salience network (SN). The aim of this study is to determine whether intranetwork and internetwork brain ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Quality of life and level of post-traumatic stress disorder among trauma patients: A comparative study between a regional and a university hospital.
 

Author(s): F B Danielsson, M Schultz Larsen, B Nørgaard, J M Lauritsen

Journal:

 

The aim of this study was to assess outcome in long-term quality of life (QoL) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among adult survivors of trauma. Secondary aim was to compare levels of the outcome with injury severity and specialization level of two trauma centres.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and severe maternal morbidity: is there an association?
 

Author(s): Carina R Angelini, Rodolfo C Pacagnella, Mary A Parpinelli, Carla Silveira, Carla B Andreucci, Elton C Ferreira, Juliana P Santos, Dulce M Zanardi, Renato T Souza, Jose G Cecatti

Journal: Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2018 ;73():e309.

 

To evaluate the occurrence of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder among women experiencing a severe maternal morbidity event and associated factors in comparison with those without maternal morbidity.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" returned 92 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Factors influencing the adoption of telemedicine for treatment of military veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder.
 

Author(s): Clemens Scott Kruse, James M Atkins, Tiffany D Baker, Estefania N Gonzales, Jennifer L Paul, Matthew Brooks

Journal: J Rehabil Med. 2018 May;50(5):385-392.

 

Military veterans returning from a combat zone often face mental health challenges as a result of traumatic experiences. The veteran in the United States has been underdiagnosed and underserved. Since its advancement in the 1990s, telemedicine has become a more prevalent means of ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Comparative efficacy and acceptability of psychotherapies for post-traumatic stress disorder in children and adolescents: study protocol for a systematic review and network meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Yuqing Zhang, Xinyu Zhou, Lining Yang, Sarah E Hetrick, John R Weisz, Pim Cuijpers, Jürgen Barth, Cinzia Del Giovane, Shuai Yuan, David Cohen, Donna Gillies, Xiaofeng Jiang, Teng Teng, Peng Xie

Journal:

 

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is common among children and adolescents who are exposed to trauma, and it is often associated with significant negative impacts on their psychosocial functioning and quality of life. Many types of psychotherapies have been found to be effective ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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A Systematic Review of Tumor Necrosis Factor-α in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Evidence from Human and Animal Studies.
 

Author(s): Serkan Hussein, Bethan Dalton, Gerd D Willmund, Mohammad A A Ibrahim, Hubertus Himmerich

Journal: Psychiatr Danub. 2017 Dec;29(4):407-420.

 

Growing evidence suggests a pathophysiological role of cytokines in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α is a key cytokine. Therefore, we performed a systematic review to examine the findings regarding TNF-α derived from both animal and human studies of PTSD.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Neuromodulation for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

 

Last Updated: 3 Nov 2017

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Striatal Dopamine Transporter Density in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Post-traumatic Stress Disorder

 

Last Updated: 11 Jul 2017

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Last Updated: 17 May 2018

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