Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Common Name(s)

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, PTSD

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that may develop after a terrifying ordeal, typically involving physical harm or the threat of physical harm. Symptoms of PTSD may appear as early as three months after the traumatic event, but usually appear after one year. PTSD symptoms are grouped into four types: intrusive memories, avoidance, negative changes in thinking and mood, and changes in emotional reactions. Some specific examples of PTSD symptoms are flashbacks, emotional numbness, irritability, trouble sleeping, and difficulty maintaining close relationships. PTSD symptoms can vary, especially with time. PTSD symptoms may be felt during periods of stress or when other experiences are a reminder of the traumatic event. Symptoms must carry on for more than a month to be considered PTSD. A psychiatrist or psychologist can diagnose PTSD after discussing symptoms and specific concerning thoughts with the patient. To be diagnosed the person must have all of the following symptoms for a least one-month: re-experiencing symptom, avoidances symptoms, and extreme mood changes. PTSD may also be coupled with other mental conditions such as depression, substance abuse or other anxiety disorders. The primary treatment for PTSD is psychotherapy, but often medication is also used. Psychotherapy usually includes exposure therapy and cognitive therapy, which helps you recognize the ways of thinking. Medications used to treat PTSD include antidepressants, anti-anxiety medications and other medications to address insomnia and nightmares.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" for support, advocacy or research.

National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" for support, advocacy or research.

National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

http://www.nami.org

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" returned 407 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Incidence and risk factors for post-traumatic stress disorder in a population affected by a severe flood.
 

Author(s): A Fontalba-Navas, M E Lucas-Borja, V Gil-Aguilar, J P Arrebola, J M Pena-Andreu, J Perez

Journal: Public Health. 2017 Mar;144():96-102.

 

We aimed to study the risk of developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in people who resided in an affected area by an extremely severe flood, and sociodemographic risk factors associated with this condition.

Last Updated: 9 Mar 2017

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Secondary psychotic features in refugees diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder: a retrospective cohort study.
 

Author(s): Mette Nygaard, Charlotte Sonne, Jessica Carlsson

Journal:

 

A substantial amount of refugees (10-30%) suffer from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). In Denmark there are different facilities specialised in psychiatric treatment of trauma-affected refugees. A previously published case report from such a facility in Denmark shows that some ...

Last Updated: 6 Jan 2017

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Prediction of Possible Biomarkers and Novel Pathways Conferring Risk to Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.
 

Author(s): Kumaraswamy Naidu Chitrala, Prakash Nagarkatti, Mitzi Nagarkatti

Journal:

 

Post-traumatic stress disorder is one of the common mental ailments that is triggered by exposure to traumatic events. Till date, the molecular factors conferring risk to the development of PTSD is not well understood. In this study, we have conducted a meta-analysis followed by hierarchical ...

Last Updated: 20 Dec 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" returned 78 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Post-War Research on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Part II - 1989 onwards.
 

Author(s): Krzysztof Rutkowski, Edyta Dembińska

Journal: Psychiatr. Pol.. 2016 Oct;50(5):945-958.

 

The paper illustrates the research on post-traumatic disorders conducted in Kraków at the Department of Psychotherapy and the Department of Psychiatry of the Jagiellonian University Medical College after 1989. The political changes that occurred in Poland after 1989 allowed the research ...

Last Updated: 19 Dec 2016

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Post-War Research on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Part I. Research before 1989.
 

Author(s): Krzysztof Rutkowski, Edyta Dembińska

Journal: Psychiatr. Pol.. 2016 Oct;50(5):935-944.

 

The paper presents the post-war history of post-traumatic research conducted at the Department of Psychiatry of the Jagiellonian University and the analysis of the main research approaches and selected publications. The time after World War II passed in Poland in two directions: coping ...

Last Updated: 19 Dec 2016

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Psychological interventions for post-traumatic stress disorder in people living with HIV in Resource poor settings: a systematic review.
 

Author(s): Ruth Verhey, Dixon Chibanda, Jonathan Brakarsh, Soraya Seedat

Journal: Trop. Med. Int. Health. 2016 Oct;21(10):1198-1208.

 

Post-traumatic stress disorder is pervasive in low- and middle-income countries. There is evidence to suggest that post-traumatic stress disorder is more common among people living with HIV than non-infected matched controls. We carried out a systematic review of interventions for ...

Last Updated: 11 Aug 2016

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Neuromodulation for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

 

Last Updated: 27 Oct 2016

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Sudarshan Kriya Yoga (SKY) in Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: a Feasibility Study
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

 

Last Updated: 21 Apr 2016

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Striatal Dopamine Transporter Density in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Post-traumatic Stress Disorder

 

Last Updated: 11 Jul 2017

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