Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Common Name(s)

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that may develop after a terrifying ordeal, typically involving physical harm or the threat of physical harm. Symptoms of PTSD may appear as early as three months after the traumatic event, but usually appear after one year. PTSD symptoms are grouped into four types: intrusive memories, avoidance, negative changes in thinking and mood, and changes in emotional reactions. Some specific examples of PTSD symptoms are flashbacks, emotional numbness, irritability, trouble sleeping, and difficulty maintaining close relationships. PTSD symptoms can vary, especially with time. PTSD symptoms may be felt during periods of stress or when other experiences are a reminder of the traumatic event. Symptoms must carry on for more than a month to be considered PTSD. A psychiatrist or psychologist can diagnose PTSD after discussing symptoms and specific concerning thoughts with the patient. To be diagnosed the person must have all of the following symptoms for a least one-month: re-experiencing symptom, avoidances symptoms, and extreme mood changes. PTSD may also be coupled with other mental conditions such as depression, substance abuse or other anxiety disorders. The primary treatment for PTSD is psychotherapy, but often medication is also used. Psychotherapy usually includes exposure therapy and cognitive therapy, which helps you recognize the ways of thinking. Medications used to treat PTSD include antidepressants, anti-anxiety medications and other medications to address insomnia and nightmares.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" for support, advocacy or research.

National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

Last Updated: 29 Jan 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" for support, advocacy or research.

National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

http://www.nami.org

Last Updated: 29 Jan 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" returned 283 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Challenges to be overcome using population-based sampling methods to recruit veterans for a study of post-traumatic stress disorder and traumatic brain injury.
 

Author(s): Peter J Bayley, Jennifer Y Kong, Drew A Helmer, Aaron Schneiderman, Lauren A Roselli, Stephanie M Rosse, Jordan A Jackson, Janet Baldwin, Linda Isaac, Michael Nolasco, Marc R Blackman, Matthew J Reinhard, John Wesson Ashford, Julie C Chapman,

Journal:

 

Many investigators are interested in recruiting veterans from recent conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq with Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and/or Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Researchers pursuing such studies may experience problems in recruiting sufficient numbers unless ...

Last Updated: 16 Apr 2014

Go To URL
Social capital and chronic post-traumatic stress disorder among survivors of the 2007 earthquake in Pisco, Peru.
 

Author(s): Elaine C Flores, Andres M Carnero, Angela M Bayer

Journal: Soc Sci Med. 2014 Jan;101():9-17.

 

This study aimed to evaluate the association between chronic Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and both structural and cognitive social capital in adult survivors of the 2007 earthquake in Pisco, Peru. Cognitive social capital measures trust, sense of belonging and interpersonal ...

Last Updated: 24 Feb 2014

Go To URL
Influence of post-traumatic stress disorder on neuroinflammation and cell proliferation in a rat model of traumatic brain injury.
 

Author(s): Sandra A Acosta, David M Diamond, Steven Wolfe, Naoki Tajiri, Kazutaka Shinozuka, Hiroto Ishikawa, Diana G Hernandez, Paul R Sanberg, Yuji Kaneko, Cesar V Borlongan

Journal:

 

Long-term consequences of traumatic brain injury (TBI) are closely associated with the development of severe psychiatric disorders, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), yet preclinical studies on pathological changes after combined TBI with PTSD are lacking. In the present ...

Last Updated: 18 Dec 2013

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" returned 55 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Neuroticism and post-traumatic stress disorder: a meta-analytic study].
 

Author(s): Fabiola B Soler-Ferrería, Julio Sánchez-Meca, José Manuel López-Navarro, Fernando Navarro-Mateu

Journal: Rev. Esp. Salud Publica. ;88(1):17-36.

 

There are conflicting results on the role of neuroticism as a risk factor for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The objectives of this study were to estimate the magnitude and direction of the association between neuroticism and PTSD, and to analyze the influence of different ...

Last Updated: 14 Apr 2014

Go To URL
Screening for post-traumatic stress disorder after injury in the pediatric emergency department--a systematic review protocol.
 

Author(s): Jeffrey Odenbach, Amanda Newton, Rebecca Gokiert, Cathy Falconer, Craig Courchesne, Sandra Campbell, Sarah J Curtis

Journal:

 

Pediatric injury is highly prevalent and has significant impact both physically and emotionally. The majority of pediatric injuries are treated in emergency departments (EDs), where treatment of physical injuries is the main focus. In addition to physical trauma, children often experience ...

Last Updated: 7 Mar 2014

Go To URL
Work-related post-traumatic stress disorder.
 

Author(s): M Skogstad, M Skorstad, A Lie, H S Conradi, T Heir, L Weisæth

Journal: Occup Med (Lond). 2013 Apr;63(3):175-82.

 

Work-related post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an important condition encountered by many occupational health practitioners.

Last Updated: 8 Apr 2013

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Kappa Opioid Receptor Imaging in Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD); Trauma

 

Last Updated: 10 Sep 2014

Go to URL
Cannabinoid Control of Fear Extinction Neural Circuits in Post-traumatic Stress Disorder
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

 

Last Updated: 12 Nov 2014

Go to URL
Perioperative Propranolol in Patients With Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Post-traumatic Stress Disorder

 

Last Updated: 20 May 2014

Go to URL