Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Common Name(s)

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, PTSD

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that may develop after a terrifying ordeal, typically involving physical harm or the threat of physical harm. Symptoms of PTSD may appear as early as three months after the traumatic event, but usually appear after one year. PTSD symptoms are grouped into four types: intrusive memories, avoidance, negative changes in thinking and mood, and changes in emotional reactions. Some specific examples of PTSD symptoms are flashbacks, emotional numbness, irritability, trouble sleeping, and difficulty maintaining close relationships. PTSD symptoms can vary, especially with time. PTSD symptoms may be felt during periods of stress or when other experiences are a reminder of the traumatic event. Symptoms must carry on for more than a month to be considered PTSD. A psychiatrist or psychologist can diagnose PTSD after discussing symptoms and specific concerning thoughts with the patient. To be diagnosed the person must have all of the following symptoms for a least one-month: re-experiencing symptom, avoidances symptoms, and extreme mood changes. PTSD may also be coupled with other mental conditions such as depression, substance abuse or other anxiety disorders. The primary treatment for PTSD is psychotherapy, but often medication is also used. Psychotherapy usually includes exposure therapy and cognitive therapy, which helps you recognize the ways of thinking. Medications used to treat PTSD include antidepressants, anti-anxiety medications and other medications to address insomnia and nightmares.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" for support, advocacy or research.

National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" for support, advocacy or research.

National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

http://www.nami.org

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" returned 374 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Late-onset secondary nocturnal enuresis in adolescents associated with post-traumatic stress disorder developed after a traffic accident.
 

Author(s): Serkan Akan, Ahmet Ürkmez, Caglar Yildirim, Aytac Sahin, Özgür Haki Yüksel, Ayhan Verit

Journal:

 

Secondary nocturnal enuresis is generally seen between 5 and 7 years of age and it is rarely encountered when compared with the primary incontinence. Patients with suggested diagnosis of secondary nocturnal enuresis should be examined for neurological and spinal anomalies and diabetes ...

Last Updated: 2 Oct 2015

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Epigenetic and genetic variation at SKA2 predict suicidal behavior and post-traumatic stress disorder.
 

Author(s): Z Kaminsky, H C Wilcox, W W Eaton, K Van Eck, V Kilaru, T Jovanovic, T Klengel, B Bradley, E B Binder, K J Ressler, A K Smith

Journal:

 

Traumatic stress results in hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis abnormalities and an increased risk to both suicidal behaviors and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Previous work out of our laboratory identified SKA2 DNA methylation associations with suicidal behavior in ...

Last Updated: 26 Aug 2015

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REM desensitization as a new therapeutic method for post-traumatic stress disorder: a randomized controlled trial.
 

Author(s): Khodabakhsh Ahmadi, Majid Hazrati, Mohammadjavad Ahmadizadeh, Sima Noohi

Journal: Acta Med Indones. 2015 Apr;47(2):111-9.

 

to evaluate potential efficacy of a new therapeutic approach in posttraumatic stress disorder in comparison with eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR), a standard treatment approach and controls.

Last Updated: 11 Aug 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" returned 74 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Post-traumatic stress disorder.
 

Author(s): Jonathan I Bisson, Sarah Cosgrove, Catrin Lewis, Neil P Robert

Journal:

 

Last Updated: 27 Nov 2015

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Comorbidity between post-traumatic stress disorder and major depressive disorder: alternative explanations and treatment considerations.
 

Author(s): Janine D Flory, Rachel Yehuda

Journal: Dialogues Clin Neurosci. 2015 Jun;17(2):141-50.

 

Approximately half of people with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) also suffer from Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). The current paper examines evidence for two explanations of this comorbidity. First, that the comorbidity reflects overlapping symptoms in the two disorders. Second, ...

Last Updated: 6 Aug 2015

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Implementation of integrated therapies for comorbid post-traumatic stress disorder and substance use disorders in community substance abuse treatment programs.
 

Author(s): Therese K Killeen, Sudie E Back, Kathleen T Brady

Journal: Drug Alcohol Rev. 2015 May;34(3):234-41.

 

The high prevalence of trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in individuals with substance use disorders (SUDs) presents a number of treatment challenges for community treatment providers and programs in the USA. Although several evidence-based, integrated therapies for ...

Last Updated: 6 May 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Neuromodulation for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

 

Last Updated: 26 Jan 2016

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Sudarshan Kriya Yoga (SKY) in Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: a Feasibility Study
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

 

Last Updated: 21 Apr 2016

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Cannabinoid Control of Fear Extinction Neural Circuits in Post-traumatic Stress Disorder
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

 

Last Updated: 7 Dec 2015

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