Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Common Name(s)

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that may develop after a terrifying ordeal, typically involving physical harm or the threat of physical harm. Symptoms of PTSD may appear as early as three months after the traumatic event, but usually appear after one year. PTSD symptoms are grouped into four types: intrusive memories, avoidance, negative changes in thinking and mood, and changes in emotional reactions. Some specific examples of PTSD symptoms are flashbacks, emotional numbness, irritability, trouble sleeping, and difficulty maintaining close relationships. PTSD symptoms can vary, especially with time. PTSD symptoms may be felt during periods of stress or when other experiences are a reminder of the traumatic event. Symptoms must carry on for more than a month to be considered PTSD. A psychiatrist or psychologist can diagnose PTSD after discussing symptoms and specific concerning thoughts with the patient. To be diagnosed the person must have all of the following symptoms for a least one-month: re-experiencing symptom, avoidances symptoms, and extreme mood changes. PTSD may also be coupled with other mental conditions such as depression, substance abuse or other anxiety disorders. The primary treatment for PTSD is psychotherapy, but often medication is also used. Psychotherapy usually includes exposure therapy and cognitive therapy, which helps you recognize the ways of thinking. Medications used to treat PTSD include antidepressants, anti-anxiety medications and other medications to address insomnia and nightmares.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" for support, advocacy or research.

National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

Last Updated: 29 Jan 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" for support, advocacy or research.

National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

http://www.nami.org

Last Updated: 29 Jan 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" returned 265 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Social capital and chronic post-traumatic stress disorder among survivors of the 2007 earthquake in Pisco, Peru.
 

Author(s): Elaine C Flores, Andres M Carnero, Angela M Bayer

Journal: Soc Sci Med. 2014 Jan;101():9-17.

 

This study aimed to evaluate the association between chronic Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and both structural and cognitive social capital in adult survivors of the 2007 earthquake in Pisco, Peru. Cognitive social capital measures trust, sense of belonging and interpersonal ...

Last Updated: 24 Feb 2014

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Post-traumatic stress disorder and urban violence: an anthropological study.
 

Author(s): Juliana Da Silva-Mannel, Sérgio Baxter Andreoli, Denise Martin

Journal:

 

The study aimed to understand how "distress" is experienced by patients with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in the social-cultural context of São Paulo, Brazil, an urban environment marked by social inequality and high levels of violence. A qualitative study was conducted ...

Last Updated: 28 Nov 2013

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White matter microstructure alterations: a study of alcoholics with and without post-traumatic stress disorder.
 

Author(s): Caitlin A Durkee, Joelle E Sarlls, Daniel W Hommer, Reza Momenan

Journal:

 

Many brain imaging studies have demonstrated reductions in gray and white matter volumes in alcoholism, with fewer investigators using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to examine the integrity of white matter pathways. Among various medical conditions, alcoholism and post-traumatic ...

Last Updated: 22 Nov 2013

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" returned 53 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Neuroticism and post-traumatic stress disorder: a meta-analytic study].
 

Author(s): Fabiola B Soler-Ferrería, Julio Sánchez-Meca, José Manuel López-Navarro, Fernando Navarro-Mateu

Journal: Rev. Esp. Salud Publica. ;88(1):17-36.

 

There are conflicting results on the role of neuroticism as a risk factor for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The objectives of this study were to estimate the magnitude and direction of the association between neuroticism and PTSD, and to analyze the influence of different ...

Last Updated: 14 Apr 2014

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Work-related post-traumatic stress disorder.
 

Author(s): M Skogstad, M Skorstad, A Lie, H S Conradi, T Heir, L Weisæth

Journal: Occup Med (Lond). 2013 Apr;63(3):175-82.

 

Work-related post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an important condition encountered by many occupational health practitioners.

Last Updated: 8 Apr 2013

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Recent progress in understanding the pathophysiology of post-traumatic stress disorder: implications for targeted pharmacological treatment.
 

Author(s): Christopher R Bailey, Elisabeth Cordell, Sean M Sobin, Alexander Neumeister

Journal: CNS Drugs. 2013 Mar;27(3):221-32.

 

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common and chronic anxiety disorder that can result after exposure to a traumatic event. Though our understanding of the aetiology of PTSD is incomplete, several neurobiological systems have been implicated in the pathophysiology and vulnerability ...

Last Updated: 20 Mar 2013

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

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There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Acupuncture for Sleep Disturbances in OEF/OIF Veterans With Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder; Sleep Disturbance

 

Last Updated: 27 Sep 2013

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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and Neural Mechanisms Involved in Its Treatment
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Post Traumatic Stress Disorders

 

Last Updated: 26 Jan 2010

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Early Prevention of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

 

Last Updated: 3 Dec 2013

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