Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Common Name(s)

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, PTSD

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that may develop after a terrifying ordeal, typically involving physical harm or the threat of physical harm. Symptoms of PTSD may appear as early as three months after the traumatic event, but usually appear after one year. PTSD symptoms are grouped into four types: intrusive memories, avoidance, negative changes in thinking and mood, and changes in emotional reactions. Some specific examples of PTSD symptoms are flashbacks, emotional numbness, irritability, trouble sleeping, and difficulty maintaining close relationships. PTSD symptoms can vary, especially with time. PTSD symptoms may be felt during periods of stress or when other experiences are a reminder of the traumatic event. Symptoms must carry on for more than a month to be considered PTSD. A psychiatrist or psychologist can diagnose PTSD after discussing symptoms and specific concerning thoughts with the patient. To be diagnosed the person must have all of the following symptoms for a least one-month: re-experiencing symptom, avoidances symptoms, and extreme mood changes. PTSD may also be coupled with other mental conditions such as depression, substance abuse or other anxiety disorders. The primary treatment for PTSD is psychotherapy, but often medication is also used. Psychotherapy usually includes exposure therapy and cognitive therapy, which helps you recognize the ways of thinking. Medications used to treat PTSD include antidepressants, anti-anxiety medications and other medications to address insomnia and nightmares.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" for support, advocacy or research.

National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" for support, advocacy or research.

National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

http://www.nami.org

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" returned 307 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Propranolol, post-traumatic stress disorder, and intensive care: incorporating new advances in psychiatry into the ICU.
 

Author(s): Andrew John Gardner, John Griffiths

Journal:

 

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common complication of an ICU admission. Rarely is there a continuation of care, which is aimed at screening for and treating this debilitating disease. Current treatment options for PTSD are held back by inconsistent efficacy, poor evidence, ...

Last Updated: 12 Feb 2015

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Post-traumatic stress disorder in parents of children hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU): medical and demographic risk factors.
 

Author(s): Anna Aftyka, Beata Rybojad, Ilona Rozalska-Walaszek, Patryk RzoƱca, Ewa Humeniuk

Journal: Psychiatr Danub. 2014 Dec;26(4):347-52.

 

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among parents of neonates hospitalized in the Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU) stays an underestimated problem. We determined the incidence of PTSD in parents and pointed out medical and demographic risk factors for PTSD in neonates hospitalized in the NICU.

Last Updated: 7 Nov 2014

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Trauma, post-traumatic stress disorder and psychiatric disorders in a middle-income setting: prevalence and comorbidity.
 

Author(s): Sarah Dorrington, Helena Zavos, Harriet Ball, Peter McGuffin, Fruhling Rijsdijk, Sisira Siribaddana, Athula Sumathipala, Matthew Hotopf

Journal: Br J Psychiatry. 2014 Nov;205(5):383-9.

 

Most studies of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) have focused on 'high-risk' populations defined by exposure to trauma.

Last Updated: 4 Nov 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" returned 62 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Traumatic stress, oxidative stress and post-traumatic stress disorder: neurodegeneration and the accelerated-aging hypothesis.
 

Author(s): M W Miller, N Sadeh

Journal: Mol. Psychiatry. 2014 Nov;19(11):1156-62.

 

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with elevated risk for a variety of age-related diseases and neurodegeneration. In this paper, we review evidence relevant to the hypothesis that chronic PTSD constitutes a form of persistent life stress that potentiates oxidative ...

Last Updated: 27 Oct 2014

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Patient-reported outcomes in post-traumatic stress disorder. Part II: focus on pharmacological treatment.
 

Author(s): Hans-Peter Kapfhammer

Journal: Dialogues Clin Neurosci. 2014 Jun;16(2):227-37.

 

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may be associated with long-lasting psychological suffering, distressing psychosocial disability, markedly reduced health-related quality of life, and increased morbidity and mortality in a subgroup of individuals in the aftermath of serious traumatic ...

Last Updated: 25 Aug 2014

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Patient-reported outcomes in post-traumatic stress disorder. Part I: focus on psychological treatment.
 

Author(s): Patricia d'Ardenne, Sarah Heke

Journal: Dialogues Clin Neurosci. 2014 Jun;16(2):213-26.

 

Since 2000, patient reports have contributed significantly to the widening diagnostic criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder, notably with the inclusion of complex, repeated, and indirect threat to people who develop symptoms. This paper describes and explains why patient reports ...

Last Updated: 25 Aug 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Trial of Oral SNC-102 in Subjects With Combat-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders; Posttraumatic Stress Disorders; Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic; Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders, Combat-related

 

Last Updated: 9 Mar 2015

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Neuromodulation for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

 

Last Updated: 24 Feb 2015

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Cannabinoid Control of Fear Extinction Neural Circuits in Post-traumatic Stress Disorder
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

 

Last Updated: 16 Jan 2015

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