Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Common Name(s)

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, PTSD

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that may develop after a terrifying ordeal, typically involving physical harm or the threat of physical harm. Symptoms of PTSD may appear as early as three months after the traumatic event, but usually appear after one year. PTSD symptoms are grouped into four types: intrusive memories, avoidance, negative changes in thinking and mood, and changes in emotional reactions. Some specific examples of PTSD symptoms are flashbacks, emotional numbness, irritability, trouble sleeping, and difficulty maintaining close relationships. PTSD symptoms can vary, especially with time. PTSD symptoms may be felt during periods of stress or when other experiences are a reminder of the traumatic event. Symptoms must carry on for more than a month to be considered PTSD. A psychiatrist or psychologist can diagnose PTSD after discussing symptoms and specific concerning thoughts with the patient. To be diagnosed the person must have all of the following symptoms for a least one-month: re-experiencing symptom, avoidances symptoms, and extreme mood changes. PTSD may also be coupled with other mental conditions such as depression, substance abuse or other anxiety disorders. The primary treatment for PTSD is psychotherapy, but often medication is also used. Psychotherapy usually includes exposure therapy and cognitive therapy, which helps you recognize the ways of thinking. Medications used to treat PTSD include antidepressants, anti-anxiety medications and other medications to address insomnia and nightmares.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" for support, advocacy or research.

National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" for support, advocacy or research.

National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

http://www.nami.org

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" returned 386 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Impact of Monochorionicity and Twin to Twin Transfusion Syndrome on Prenatal Attachment, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms.
 

Author(s): Berengere Beauquier-Maccotta, Gihad E Chalouhi, Anne-Laure Picquet, Aude Carrier, Laurence Bussières, Bernard Golse, Yves Ville

Journal:

 

Monochronioric (MC) twin pregnancies are considered as high-risk pregnancies with potential complications requiring in-utero interventions. We aimed to assess prenatal attachment, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depressive symptoms in MC pregnancies complicated ...

Last Updated: 12 Jan 2016

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DICER1 and microRNA regulation in post-traumatic stress disorder with comorbid depression.
 

Author(s): Aliza P Wingo, Lynn M Almli, Jennifer S Stevens, Jennifer J Stevens, Torsten Klengel, Monica Uddin, Yujing Li, Angela C Bustamante, Adriana Lori, Nastassja Koen, Dan J Stein, Alicia K Smith, Allison E Aiello, Karestan C Koenen, Derek E Wildman, Sandro Galea, Bekh Bradley, Elisabeth B Binder, Peng Jin, Greg Gibson, Kerry J Ressler

Journal:

 

DICER1 is an enzyme that generates mature microRNAs (miRNAs), which regulate gene expression post-transcriptionally in brain and other tissues and is involved in synaptic maturation and plasticity. Here, through genome-wide differential gene expression survey of post-traumatic stress ...

Last Updated: 4 Dec 2015

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Probable Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in Kenya and Its Associated Risk Factors: A Cross-Sectional Household Survey.
 

Author(s): Rachel Jenkins, Caleb Othieno, Raymond Omollo, Linnet Ongeri, Peter Sifuna, James Kingora Mboroki, David Kiima, Bernhards Ogutu

Journal:

 

This study aimed to assess the prevalence of probable post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and its associated risk factors in a general household population in Kenya. Data were drawn from a cross-sectional household survey of mental disorders and their associated risk factors. The ...

Last Updated: 31 Oct 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" returned 78 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Nature and Treatment of Comorbid Alcohol Problems and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Among American Military Personnel and Veterans.
 

Author(s): John P Allen, Eric F Crawford, Harold Kudler

Journal: Alcohol Res. 2016 ;38(1):133-40.

 

Many service members and veterans seeking treatment for alcohol problems also have post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This article considers the effectiveness of treating alcohol problems and PTSD simultaneously. The authors begin by summarizing the extent of excessive alcohol ...

Last Updated: 10 May 2016

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Post-traumatic stress disorder.
 

Author(s): Jonathan I Bisson, Sarah Cosgrove, Catrin Lewis, Neil P Robert

Journal:

 

Last Updated: 27 Nov 2015

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Comorbidity between post-traumatic stress disorder and major depressive disorder: alternative explanations and treatment considerations.
 

Author(s): Janine D Flory, Rachel Yehuda

Journal: Dialogues Clin Neurosci. 2015 Jun;17(2):141-50.

 

Approximately half of people with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) also suffer from Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). The current paper examines evidence for two explanations of this comorbidity. First, that the comorbidity reflects overlapping symptoms in the two disorders. Second, ...

Last Updated: 6 Aug 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Neuromodulation for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

 

Last Updated: 26 Jan 2016

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Sudarshan Kriya Yoga (SKY) in Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: a Feasibility Study
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

 

Last Updated: 21 Apr 2016

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Cannabinoid Control of Fear Extinction Neural Circuits in Post-traumatic Stress Disorder
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

 

Last Updated: 7 Dec 2015

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