Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Common Name(s)

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, PTSD

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that may develop after a terrifying ordeal, typically involving physical harm or the threat of physical harm. Symptoms of PTSD may appear as early as three months after the traumatic event, but usually appear after one year. PTSD symptoms are grouped into four types: intrusive memories, avoidance, negative changes in thinking and mood, and changes in emotional reactions. Some specific examples of PTSD symptoms are flashbacks, emotional numbness, irritability, trouble sleeping, and difficulty maintaining close relationships. PTSD symptoms can vary, especially with time. PTSD symptoms may be felt during periods of stress or when other experiences are a reminder of the traumatic event. Symptoms must carry on for more than a month to be considered PTSD. A psychiatrist or psychologist can diagnose PTSD after discussing symptoms and specific concerning thoughts with the patient. To be diagnosed the person must have all of the following symptoms for a least one-month: re-experiencing symptom, avoidances symptoms, and extreme mood changes. PTSD may also be coupled with other mental conditions such as depression, substance abuse or other anxiety disorders. The primary treatment for PTSD is psychotherapy, but often medication is also used. Psychotherapy usually includes exposure therapy and cognitive therapy, which helps you recognize the ways of thinking. Medications used to treat PTSD include antidepressants, anti-anxiety medications and other medications to address insomnia and nightmares.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" for support, advocacy or research.

National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" for support, advocacy or research.

National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

http://www.nami.org

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" returned 428 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Comorbidity of post-traumatic stress disorder and anxiety in flood survivors: Prevalence and shared risk factors.
 

Author(s): Wenjie Dai, Atipatsa C Kaminga, Hongzhuan Tan, Jieru Wang, Zhiwei Lai, Xin Wu, Yuan Xiong, Jing Deng, Aizhong Liu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Sep;96(36):e7994.

 

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and anxiety are both prevalent in trauma-related populations. However, comorbidity of these 2 psychiatric disorders has not been investigated in flood survivors. This study aimed to estimate the extent to which PTSD and anxiety co-occur in flood ...

Last Updated: 8 Sep 2017

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A case of enterobiasis presenting as post-traumatic-stress-disorder (PTSD): a curious case of the infection with predominant mental health symptoms, presenting for the first time in the settings of a refugee camp.
 

Author(s): Georgios Karamitros, Nikolaos Kitsos, Fotios Athanasopoulos

Journal:

 

Enterobiasis (oxyuriasis) is a common infection in human caused by Enterobius vermicularis (E. vermicularis), a human intestinal helminth. Because of the easy way of its transmission among people, it has an extremely high prevalence in overcrowded conditions, such as nurseries and ...

Last Updated: 18 Aug 2017

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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and other mental disorders in the general population after Lorca's earthquakes, 2011 (Murcia, Spain): A cross-sectional study.
 

Author(s): Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Diego Salmerón, Gemma Vilagut, Mª José Tormo, Guadalupe Ruíz-Merino, Teresa Escámez, Javier Júdez, Salvador Martínez, Karestan C Koenen, Carmen Navarro, Jordi Alonso, Ronald C Kessler

Journal:

 

To describe the prevalence and severity of mental disorders and to examine differences in risk among those with and without a lifetime history prior to a moderate magnitude earthquake that took place in Lorca (Murcia, Spain) at roughly the mid-point (on May 11, 2011) of the time interval ...

Last Updated: 20 Jul 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" returned 79 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Risk of relapse after antidepressant discontinuation in anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder: systematic review and meta-analysis of relapse prevention trials.
 

Author(s): Neeltje M Batelaan, Renske C Bosman, Anna Muntingh, Willemijn D Scholten, Klaas M Huijbregts, Anton J L M van Balkom

Journal:

 

Objectives To examine the risk of relapse and time to relapse after discontinuation of antidepressants in patients with anxiety disorder who responded to antidepressants, and to explore whether relapse risk is related to type of anxiety disorder, type of antidepressant, mode of discontinuation, ...

Last Updated: 14 Sep 2017

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Post-War Research on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Part II - 1989 onwards.
 

Author(s): Krzysztof Rutkowski, Edyta Dembińska

Journal: Psychiatr. Pol.. 2016 Oct;50(5):945-958.

 

The paper illustrates the research on post-traumatic disorders conducted in Kraków at the Department of Psychotherapy and the Department of Psychiatry of the Jagiellonian University Medical College after 1989. The political changes that occurred in Poland after 1989 allowed the research ...

Last Updated: 19 Dec 2016

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Post-War Research on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Part I. Research before 1989.
 

Author(s): Krzysztof Rutkowski, Edyta Dembińska

Journal: Psychiatr. Pol.. 2016 Oct;50(5):935-944.

 

The paper presents the post-war history of post-traumatic research conducted at the Department of Psychiatry of the Jagiellonian University and the analysis of the main research approaches and selected publications. The time after World War II passed in Poland in two directions: coping ...

Last Updated: 19 Dec 2016

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Neuromodulation for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

 

Last Updated: 27 Oct 2016

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Striatal Dopamine Transporter Density in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Post-traumatic Stress Disorder

 

Last Updated: 11 Jul 2017

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Last Updated: 25 Jul 2017

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