Prostatitis

Common Name(s)

Prostatitis

Prostatitis is a condition in which there is inflammation of the prostate. The prostate is a reproductive gland that is about the size of a walnut and is found underneath the bladder in males. The urethra, a tube that carries urine and semen, runs through the prostate. The prostate is important for normal ejaculation and the production of fluid that supports sperm survival. Prostatitis is divided into multiple types based on the cause, duration, and symptoms. The inflammation of the prostate may be caused by infection or may not have a specific cause (idiopathic). Prostatitis can range in duration from a few weeks to the lifetime of an affected individual.

Individuals affected by prostatitis often experience pain in the lower abdomen or back. Individuals may experience frequent urge to urinate, difficulty urinating, or blood in their urine (hematuria). Other symptoms include sexual dysfunction, pelvic pain, fatigue, depression, and other general health problems. Prostatitis is usually diagnosed by urine samples, examination of the prostate gland, and imaging studies.

Prostatitis is most common in young to middle aged men, although it can affect men of any age. Men with a history of urinary tract infections, urinary tract abnormalities, or prior surgical procedures in the lower abdomen are more likely to be affected. Other known risk factors include stress, irregular sexual activity, engaging in anal intercourse, dehydration, and pelvic trauma. Complications of prostatitis include infertility, severe infection, and urinary disorders. Prostatitis does not lead to prostate cancer.

Treatment for prostatitis depends on the specific type. Medications such as anti-inflammatory drugs and muscle relaxants may be used to treat prostatitis. Other treatment measures include proper hydration, hot baths, and relaxing while urinating. If you have been diagnosed with prostatitis, talk to your doctor about the most appropriate treatment options.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Prostatitis" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Prostatitis" returned 277 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Diagnostic accuracy of urinary prostate protein glycosylation profiling in prostatitis diagnosis.
 

Author(s): Tijl Vermassen, Charles Van Praet, Filip Poelaert, Nicolaas Lumen, Karel Decaestecker, Piet Hoebeke, Simon Van Belle, Sylvie Rottey, Joris Delanghe

Journal:

 

Although prostatitis is a common male urinary tract infection, clinical diagnosis of prostatitis is difficult. The developmental mechanism of prostatitis is not yet unraveled which led to the elaboration of various biomarkers. As changes in asparagine-linked-(N-)-glycosylation were ...

Last Updated: 3 Nov 2015

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Comparison of National Institutes of Health-Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index with International Index of Erectile Function 5 in Men with Chronic Prostatitis/Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome: A Large Cross-Sectional Study in China.
 

Author(s): Jingjing Gao, Pan Gao, Zongyao Hao, Zengrong Zhou, Jihong Liu, Hongjun Li, Junping Xing, Zhansong Zhou, Chunhua Deng, Liwen Deng, Qiang Wei, Xiansheng Zhang, Jun Zhou, Song Fan, Sheng Tai, Chen Yang, Kai Shi, Yuanyuan Huang, Zhangqun Ye, Chaozhao Liang

Journal: Biomed Res Int. 2015 ;2015():560239.

 

The purpose of the study is to evaluate the relationship between NIH-CPSI and IIEF-5 in Chinese men with CP/CPPS. A large cross-sectional and multicenter survey was conducted from July 2012 to January 2014. Men were recruited from urology clinics which were located at the five cities ...

Last Updated: 14 Aug 2015

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Altered resting state neuromotor connectivity in men with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome: A MAPP: Research Network Neuroimaging Study.
 

Author(s): Jason J Kutch, Moheb S Yani, Skulpan Asavasopon, Daniel J Kirages, Manku Rana, Louise Cosand, Jennifer S Labus, Lisa A Kilpatrick, Cody Ashe-McNalley, Melissa A Farmer, Kevin A Johnson, Timothy J Ness, Georg Deutsch, Richard E Harris, A Vania Apkarian, Daniel J Clauw, Sean C Mackey, Chris Mullins, Emeran A Mayer

Journal:

 

Brain network activity associated with altered motor control in individuals with chronic pain is not well understood. Chronic Prostatitis/Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome (CP/CPPS) is a debilitating condition in which previous studies have revealed altered resting pelvic floor muscle ...

Last Updated: 24 Jun 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Prostatitis" returned 42 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Diagnosis and treatment of bacterial prostatitis.
 

Author(s): Jerneja Videčnik Zorman, Mojca Matičič, Samo Jeverica, Tomaž Smrkolj

Journal: Acta Dermatovenerol Alp Pannonica Adriat. 2015 ;24(2):25-9.

 

Prostate inflammation is a common syndrome, especially in men under 50. It usually presents with voiding symptoms and pain in the genitourinary area, and sometimes as sexual dysfunction. Based on clinical and laboratory characteristics, prostatitis is classified as acute bacterial ...

Last Updated: 19 Jun 2015

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The effect of chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) on semen parameters in human males: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Weihua Fu, Zhansong Zhou, Shijian Liu, Qianwei Li, Jiwei Yao, Weibing Li, Junan Yan

Journal:

 

Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is one of the risk factors of impaired male fertility potential. Studies have investigated the effect of CP/CPPS on several semen parameters but have shown inconsistent results. Hence, we performed a systematic literature ...

Last Updated: 18 Apr 2014

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The role of prostatitis in prostate cancer: meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Junyi Jiang, Jinyi Li, Zhang Yunxia, Hong Zhu, Junjiang Liu, Chris Pumill

Journal:

 

Use systematic review methods to quantify the association between prostatitis and prostate cancer, under both fixed and random effects model.

Last Updated: 6 Jan 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Laparoscopic Prostatectomy for Chronic Prostatitis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Prostatitis; Chronic Prostatitis With Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome

 

Last Updated: 29 Apr 2011

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Etiology Study of Prostatitis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Prostatitis

 

Last Updated: 10 Dec 2015

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Efficacy Study of Tamsulosin and Tolterodine Treatment for Chronic Prostatitis
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Prostatitis

 

Last Updated: 4 Jun 2009

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