Prostatitis

Common Name(s)

Prostatitis

Prostatitis is a condition in which there is inflammation of the prostate. The prostate is a reproductive gland that is about the size of a walnut and is found underneath the bladder in males. The urethra, a tube that carries urine and semen, runs through the prostate. The prostate is important for normal ejaculation and the production of fluid that supports sperm survival. Prostatitis is divided into multiple types based on the cause, duration, and symptoms. The inflammation of the prostate may be caused by infection or may not have a specific cause (idiopathic). Prostatitis can range in duration from a few weeks to the lifetime of an affected individual.

Individuals affected by prostatitis often experience pain in the lower abdomen or back. Individuals may experience frequent urge to urinate, difficulty urinating, or blood in their urine (hematuria). Other symptoms include sexual dysfunction, pelvic pain, fatigue, depression, and other general health problems. Prostatitis is usually diagnosed by urine samples, examination of the prostate gland, and imaging studies.

Prostatitis is most common in young to middle aged men, although it can affect men of any age. Men with a history of urinary tract infections, urinary tract abnormalities, or prior surgical procedures in the lower abdomen are more likely to be affected. Other known risk factors include stress, irregular sexual activity, engaging in anal intercourse, dehydration, and pelvic trauma. Complications of prostatitis include infertility, severe infection, and urinary disorders. Prostatitis does not lead to prostate cancer.

Treatment for prostatitis depends on the specific type. Medications such as anti-inflammatory drugs and muscle relaxants may be used to treat prostatitis. Other treatment measures include proper hydration, hot baths, and relaxing while urinating. If you have been diagnosed with prostatitis, talk to your doctor about the most appropriate treatment options.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Prostatitis" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Prostatitis" returned 266 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Diagnostic accuracy of urinary prostate protein glycosylation profiling in prostatitis diagnosis.
 

Author(s): Tijl Vermassen, Charles Van Praet, Filip Poelaert, Nicolaas Lumen, Karel Decaestecker, Piet Hoebeke, Simon Van Belle, Sylvie Rottey, Joris Delanghe

Journal:

 

Although prostatitis is a common male urinary tract infection, clinical diagnosis of prostatitis is difficult. The developmental mechanism of prostatitis is not yet unraveled which led to the elaboration of various biomarkers. As changes in asparagine-linked-(N-)-glycosylation were ...

Last Updated: 3 Nov 2015

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Lifestyle and Risk of Chronic Prostatitis/Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome in a Cohort of United States Male Health Professionals.
 

Author(s): Ran Zhang, Siobhan Sutcliffe, Edward Giovannucci, Walter C Willett, Elizabeth A Platz, Bernard A Rosner, Jordan D Dimitrakoff, Kana Wu

Journal: J. Urol.. 2015 Nov;194(5):1295-300.

 

Although chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome is a prevalent urological disorder among men of all ages, its etiology remains unknown. Only a few previous studies have examined associations between lifestyle factors and chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome, ...

Last Updated: 19 Oct 2015

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Effects of different Chinese herbal prescriptions on cytokines in au- toimmune prostatitis rats.
 

Author(s): Song Guohong, Zhang Qiumei, Pang Baozhen, He Lijuan, Saimaiti Julaiti, Tulahong Aisikeer, Gao Xuan, You Lina, Wuxiuer Reyihan, Zhou Wentao, Pang Qingyang

Journal: J Tradit Chin Med. 2015 Apr;35(2):211-7.

 

To observe and compare the effects of Chinese herbal prescriptions for promoting blood circulation, clearing heat, removing toxicity, and dispersing stagnated liver-Qi on cytokines in mode rats with experimental autoimmune prostatitis (EAP) to provide an experimental basis for the ...

Last Updated: 15 May 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Prostatitis" returned 38 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The effect of chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) on semen parameters in human males: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Weihua Fu, Zhansong Zhou, Shijian Liu, Qianwei Li, Jiwei Yao, Weibing Li, Junan Yan

Journal:

 

Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is one of the risk factors of impaired male fertility potential. Studies have investigated the effect of CP/CPPS on several semen parameters but have shown inconsistent results. Hence, we performed a systematic literature ...

Last Updated: 18 Apr 2014

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The role of prostatitis in prostate cancer: meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Junyi Jiang, Jinyi Li, Zhang Yunxia, Hong Zhu, Junjiang Liu, Chris Pumill

Journal:

 

Use systematic review methods to quantify the association between prostatitis and prostate cancer, under both fixed and random effects model.

Last Updated: 6 Jan 2014

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Prostatitis: prevalence, health impact and quality improvement strategies.
 

Author(s): Pranav Bajpayee, Kaushal Kumar, Sakshee Sharma, Naveen Maurya, Peeyush Kumar, Rajendra Singh, Champa Lal

Journal: Acta Pol Pharm. ;69(4):571-9.

 

Since its identification as a discrete entity, prostatitis has been a crippling and dreadful disease for the males and from then till date it is well recognized that it has continuously eluded the urologists and the practitioners and the patients were generally avoided. But the newer ...

Last Updated: 10 Aug 2012

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Laparoscopic Prostatectomy for Chronic Prostatitis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Prostatitis; Chronic Prostatitis With Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome

 

Last Updated: 29 Apr 2011

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Etiology Study of Prostatitis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Prostatitis

 

Last Updated: 10 Dec 2015

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Efficacy Study of Tamsulosin and Tolterodine Treatment for Chronic Prostatitis
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Prostatitis

 

Last Updated: 4 Jun 2009

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