Prostatitis

Common Name(s)

Prostatitis

Prostatitis is a condition in which there is inflammation of the prostate. The prostate is a reproductive gland that is about the size of a walnut and is found underneath the bladder in males. The urethra, a tube that carries urine and semen, runs through the prostate. The prostate is important for normal ejaculation and the production of fluid that supports sperm survival. Prostatitis is divided into multiple types based on the cause, duration, and symptoms. The inflammation of the prostate may be caused by infection or may not have a specific cause (idiopathic). Prostatitis can range in duration from a few weeks to the lifetime of an affected individual.

Individuals affected by prostatitis often experience pain in the lower abdomen or back. Individuals may experience frequent urge to urinate, difficulty urinating, or blood in their urine (hematuria). Other symptoms include sexual dysfunction, pelvic pain, fatigue, depression, and other general health problems. Prostatitis is usually diagnosed by urine samples, examination of the prostate gland, and imaging studies.

Prostatitis is most common in young to middle aged men, although it can affect men of any age. Men with a history of urinary tract infections, urinary tract abnormalities, or prior surgical procedures in the lower abdomen are more likely to be affected. Other known risk factors include stress, irregular sexual activity, engaging in anal intercourse, dehydration, and pelvic trauma. Complications of prostatitis include infertility, severe infection, and urinary disorders. Prostatitis does not lead to prostate cancer.

Treatment for prostatitis depends on the specific type. Medications such as anti-inflammatory drugs and muscle relaxants may be used to treat prostatitis. Other treatment measures include proper hydration, hot baths, and relaxing while urinating. If you have been diagnosed with prostatitis, talk to your doctor about the most appropriate treatment options.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Prostatitis" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Prostatitis" returned 288 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

IMAGES IN CLINICAL MEDICINE. Emphysematous Prostatitis.
 

Author(s): Hsun-Shuan Wang, Ming-Chen Shih

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2016 Sep;375(9):879.

 

Last Updated: 1 Sep 2016

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Eviprostat has an identical effect compared to pollen extract (Cernilton) in patients with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome: a randomized, prospective study.
 

Author(s): Hiromichi Iwamura, Takuya Koie, Osamu Soma, Teppei Matsumoto, Atsushi Imai, Shingo Hatakeyama, Takahiro Yoneyama, Yasuhiro Hashimoto, Chikara Ohyama

Journal:

 

Previously reported results of a prospective, randomized placebo-controlled study showed that the pollen extract (Cernilton) significantly improved total symptoms, pain, and quality of life in patients with inflammatory prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) without severe ...

Last Updated: 8 Dec 2015

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IgG4-related prostatitis progressed from localized IgG4-related lymphadenopathy.
 

Author(s): Dujuan Li, Yunzhen Kan, Fangfang Fu, Shuhuan Wang, Ligang Shi, Jie Liu, Lingfei Kong

Journal:

 

Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a recently described inflammatory disease involving multiple organs. Prostate involvement with IgG4-RD is very rare. In this report, we describe a case of IgG4-related prostatitis progressed from localized IgG4-related lymphadenopathy. ...

Last Updated: 30 Nov 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Prostatitis" returned 44 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Systematic Review of Acupuncture for Chronic Prostatitis/Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome.
 

Author(s): Zongshi Qin, Jiani Wu, Jing Zhou, Zhishun Liu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Mar;95(11):e3095.

 

Acupuncture is a promising therapy for relieving symptoms in chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS), which affects >15% of adult men worldwide. The aim of the study was to assess the effects and safety of the use of acupuncture for CP/CPPS. MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL, ...

Last Updated: 18 Mar 2016

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The Effect of Chronic Prostatitis/Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome (CP/CPPS) on Erectile Function: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
 

Author(s): Xiang Chen, ZhiRui Zhou, XiaoChun Qiu, Bin Wang, JiCan Dai

Journal:

 

High prevalence of erectile dysfunction (ED) has been observed in patients with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS). However, whether or not CP/CPPS is a risk factor of ED remains unknown and controversial. Therefore, we conducted this systematic review and ...

Last Updated: 29 Oct 2015

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Diagnosis and treatment of bacterial prostatitis.
 

Author(s): Jerneja Videčnik Zorman, Mojca Matičič, Samo Jeverica, Tomaž Smrkolj

Journal: Acta Dermatovenerol Alp Pannonica Adriat. 2015 ;24(2):25-9.

 

Prostate inflammation is a common syndrome, especially in men under 50. It usually presents with voiding symptoms and pain in the genitourinary area, and sometimes as sexual dysfunction. Based on clinical and laboratory characteristics, prostatitis is classified as acute bacterial ...

Last Updated: 19 Jun 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Laparoscopic Prostatectomy for Chronic Prostatitis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Prostatitis; Chronic Prostatitis With Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome

 

Last Updated: 29 Apr 2011

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Etiology Study of Prostatitis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Prostatitis

 

Last Updated: 4 Jul 2016

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Efficacy Study of Tamsulosin and Tolterodine Treatment for Chronic Prostatitis
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Prostatitis

 

Last Updated: 4 Jun 2009

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