Transient ischemic attack

Common Name(s)

Transient ischemic attack

A stroke occurs when the blood flow to the brain is interrupted or cut-off. When this happens, the affected area of the brain does not receive the oxygen and nutrients that it needs. A transient ischemic attack (TIA) is sometimes referred to as a “mini-stroke” or a “warning stroke”. Like a stroke, a TIA is caused by the formation of a blood clot that interrupts or cuts off blood flow to the brain. The difference between a TIA and a stroke is that in a TIA, the interruption in blood flow is only temporary and there is usually no permanent injury to the brain. A TIA lasts about a minute on average, and usually no longer than five minutes.

The symptoms of a TIA can include sudden onset of weakness, numbness, or paralysis in a body part, slurred speech, blurred vision, loss of vision, and loss of coordination. The most common cause of a TIA is the buildup of cholesterol in the arteries, which causes a small blood clot. TIA’s are called “warning strokes” because one in three people who experience a TIA will later experience a stroke. If you believe that you are having a TIA, you should seek medical help immediately. If you have had a TIA, there are steps that you can take to lower your risk of stroke. These steps include: working to lower cholesterol levels, quitting smoking, engaging in regular physical activity, improving nutrition, limiting alcohol intake, and stopping any illicit drug use. Support groups are available for more resources and information.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Transient ischemic attack" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Transient ischemic attack" returned 468 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

External Validation of Risk Scores for Major Bleeding in a Population-Based Cohort of Transient Ischemic Attack and Ischemic Stroke Patients.
 

Author(s): Nina A Hilkens, Linxin Li, Peter M Rothwell, Ale Algra, Jacoba P Greving

Journal: Stroke. 2018 03;49(3):601-606.

 

The STOP-BLEED score may help to identify patients at high risk of bleeding on antiplatelet drugs after a transient ischemic attack or ischemic stroke. The score was derived on trial populations, and its performance in a real-world setting is unknown. We aimed to externally validate ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Usefulness of multiphase computed tomography angiography in a patient with transient ischemic attack in the hyperacute phase: A case report.
 

Author(s): Seungho Lee, Jun Soo Byun, Mi Sun Jung, Jeong-Min Kim, Taek-Kyun Nam

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Dec;96(52):e9502.

 

Patients with transient ischemic attack (TIA) have the possibility of developing stroke in the future. To prevent recurrent TIA or future stroke, identifying the cause of TIA is important. However, about two-third of patients with TIA have negative findings on diffusion-weighted imaging ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Robotic exoskeleton assessment of transient ischemic attack.
 

Author(s): Leif Simmatis, Jonathan Krett, Stephen H Scott, Albert Y Jin

Journal:

 

We used a robotic exoskeleton to quantify specific patterns of abnormal upper limb motor behaviour in people who have had transient ischemic attack (TIA). A cohort of people with TIA was recruited within two weeks of symptom onset. All individuals completed a robotic-based assessment ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Transient ischemic attack" returned 39 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The associations of stroke, transient ischemic attack, and/or stroke-related recurrent vascular events with Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Ye Tian, Huan Jia, Sichen Li, Yanmin Wu, Li Guo, Guojun Tan, Bin Li

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Dec;96(51):e9413.

 

Studies on stroke and lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) have produced conflicting results.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Diagnosis and Management of Transient Ischemic Attack.
 

Author(s): Shelagh B Coutts

Journal: Continuum (Minneap Minn). 2017 02;23(1, Cerebrovascular Disease):82-92.

 

This article reviews the diagnosis, investigation, and recommended management after a transient ischemic attack (TIA) and discusses how to make an accurate diagnosis, including the diagnosis of mimics of TIAs.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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The complexity of atrial fibrillation newly diagnosed after ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack: advances and uncertainties.
 

Author(s): Joshua O Cerasuolo, Lauren E Cipriano, Luciano A Sposato

Journal: Curr. Opin. Neurol.. 2017 02;30(1):28-37.

 

Atrial fibrillation is being increasingly diagnosed after ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA). Patient characteristics, frequency and duration of paroxysms, and the risk of recurrent ischemic stroke associated with atrial fibrillation detected after stroke and TIA ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

THALES - Acute STroke or Transient IscHaemic Attack Treated With TicAgreLor and ASA for PrEvention of Stroke and Death
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Acute Ischaemic Stroke; Transient Ischaemic Attack

 

Last Updated: 30 Mar 2018

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Psychoeducation for Transient Ischaemic Attack and Minor Stroke
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Transient Ischaemic Attack; Stroke

 

Last Updated: 30 Nov 2016

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Determinants of Adherence to Post-stroke/Transient Ischemic Attack Secondary Prevention Treatment: Cohort Study in the Rhône
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Stroke; Transient Ischemic Attack

 

Last Updated: 11 May 2017

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