Dyspnea

Common Name(s)

Dyspnea

Dyspnea is the feeling of shortness of breath or difficulty breathing. It is commonly experienced by people with advanced stages of lung cancer, asthma, or other conditions affecting the lungs or heart. Dyspnea may be caused by physical factors, such as an airway obstruction, or biological factors, such as a decreased amount of red blood cells in the body. Individuals may have blocked airways, narrow airways, or fluid in their lungs or heart. Inflammation of lung tissue after radiation exposure may also cause shortness of breath. Decreased oxygen in the blood or an interruption in blood supply to the heart or lungs may also cause dyspnea. Other causes include stress, anxiety, and illnesses such as pneumonia.

Dyspnea is a symptom that may be accompanied by other symptoms, such as chest tightness, anxiety, and a feeling of suffocation. Despite the feeling of suffocation, dyspnea does not cause suffocation or death, and patients may experience dyspnea even with normal oxygen levels. However, those who experience dyspnea should seek medical attention in order to be evaluated for the presence of diseases affecting the lungs, airways, or heart.

Treatment depends on the underlying cause of the dyspnea. General actions to reduce symptoms include not smoking, staying well hydrated, exercising regularly, and getting enough sleep. Devices such as humidifiers or incentive spirometers may be used to make breathing easier for affected individuals. Anti-anxiety or pain medications may be prescribed to affected individuals. If stress or anxiety is identified as the main cause, relaxation and breathing exercises may be used. If you or your child has been diagnosed with dyspnea, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dyspnea" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Dyspnea" returned 576 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Case Image: Successful endovascular treatment of a giant left subclavian artery pseudoaneurysm causing severe dyspnea.
 

Author(s): Abdulrahman Naser, Ahmet Güner, Özgür Yaşar Akbal, Aykun Hakgör, Nuri Havan

Journal: Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2018 09;46(6):513.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Case Image: An unusual cause of dyspnea: Spontaneous pneumopericardium.
 

Author(s): Tarık Yıldırım, İlknur Altun, Seda Elcim Yıldırım, Fatih Akın, Mustafa Özcan Soylu

Journal: Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2018 09;46(6):511.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Case 4 - A 59-Year-Old Woman with Rheumatic Mitral Valve Disease (Severe Stenosis and Regurgitation), Severe Dyspnea, Shock and Pulmonary Condensation.
 

Author(s): Desiderio Favarato, Vera Demarchi Aiello

Journal: Arq. Bras. Cardiol.. 2018 Aug;111(2):215-222.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Dyspnea" returned 60 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Diagnostic value of the physical examination in patients with dyspnea.
 

Author(s): Richard A Shellenberger, Bathmapriya Balakrishnan, Sindhu Avula, Ariadne Ebel, Sufiya Shaik

Journal: Cleve Clin J Med. 2017 Dec;84(12):943-950.

 

We reviewed the evidence for the diagnostic accuracy of the physical examination in diagnosing pneumonia, pleural effusion, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and congestive heart failure in patients with dyspnea and found that the physical examination has reliable diagnostic ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Dyspnea in pregnancy.
 

Author(s): Shih-Yi Lee, Ding-Kuo Chien, Chien-Hsuan Huang, Shou-Chuan Shih, Wei-Cheng Lee, Wen-Han Chang

Journal: Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol. 2017 Aug;56(4):432-436.

 

Dyspnea in pregnancy is common. It can result from adaption to body changes in pregnancy and also from complications therein. Understanding the mechanisms of change in the respiratory system during pregnancy helps with the differential diagnosis of dyspnea in normal pregnancy as opposed ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Patient-Reported Outcome Measures in Upper Airway-Related Dyspnea: A Systematic Review.
 

Author(s): Meaghan Noud, Kristen Hovis, Alexander Gelbard, Nila A Sathe, David F Penson, Irene D Feurer, Melissa L McPheeters, David O Francis

Journal: JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017 Aug;143(8):824-831.

 

Patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures address the need for patient-centered data and are now used in diverse clinical, research, and policy pursuits. They are important in conditions causing upper airway-related dyspnea in which the patient's reported experience and physiological ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Palliation of Dyspnea With Mouth Piece Ventilation
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dyspnea

 

Last Updated: 20 Mar 2018

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The Effect of Inhaled Nitric Oxide on Dyspnea and Exercise Tolerance in COPD
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dyspnea

 

Last Updated: 19 Sep 2018

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Last Updated: 21 Dec 2017

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