Dyspnea

Common Name(s)

Dyspnea

Dyspnea is the feeling of shortness of breath or difficulty breathing. It is commonly experienced by people with advanced stages of lung cancer, asthma, or other conditions affecting the lungs or heart. Dyspnea may be caused by physical factors, such as an airway obstruction, or biological factors, such as a decreased amount of red blood cells in the body. Individuals may have blocked airways, narrow airways, or fluid in their lungs or heart. Inflammation of lung tissue after radiation exposure may also cause shortness of breath. Decreased oxygen in the blood or an interruption in blood supply to the heart or lungs may also cause dyspnea. Other causes include stress, anxiety, and illnesses such as pneumonia.

Dyspnea is a symptom that may be accompanied by other symptoms, such as chest tightness, anxiety, and a feeling of suffocation. Despite the feeling of suffocation, dyspnea does not cause suffocation or death, and patients may experience dyspnea even with normal oxygen levels. However, those who experience dyspnea should seek medical attention in order to be evaluated for the presence of diseases affecting the lungs, airways, or heart.

Treatment depends on the underlying cause of the dyspnea. General actions to reduce symptoms include not smoking, staying well hydrated, exercising regularly, and getting enough sleep. Devices such as humidifiers or incentive spirometers may be used to make breathing easier for affected individuals. Anti-anxiety or pain medications may be prescribed to affected individuals. If stress or anxiety is identified as the main cause, relaxation and breathing exercises may be used. If you or your child has been diagnosed with dyspnea, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dyspnea" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dyspnea" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Dyspnea" returned 515 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Cheyne-Stokes Respiration, Chemoreflex, and Ticagrelor-Related Dyspnea.
 

Author(s): Alberto Giannoni, Michele Emdin, Claudio Passino

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2016 Sep;375(10):1004-6.

 

Last Updated: 8 Sep 2016

Go To URL
[The evaluation of nutritional status of stable COPD patients and to investigate the effect of nutritional status on perception of dyspnea, exercise capacity, body composition, hospitalisation and life quality].
 

Author(s): Gamze Ayar Karakoç, Dilek Ernam, Ülkü Aka Aktürk, Selahattin Öztaş, Erhan Oğur, Feyyaz Kabadayı

Journal: Tuberk Toraks. 2016 Jun;64(2):119-26.

 

Malnutrition is a comorbidity oftenly seen in COPD patients who have progressive chronic inflammation and severity. In this prospective study, we aimed to determine the nutritional status of stable COPD patients and to investigate the impact of nutritional status on perception of ...

Last Updated: 2 Aug 2016

Go To URL
Dyspnea as a Prognostic Factor in Patients with Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.
 

Author(s): Woo Ho Ban, Jong Min Lee, Jick Hwan Ha, Chang Dong Yeo, Hyeon Hui Kang, Chin Kook Rhee, Hwa Sik Moon, Sang Haak Lee

Journal: Yonsei Med. J.. 2016 Sep;57(5):1063-9.

 

To investigate associations between dyspnea and clinical outcomes in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Last Updated: 12 Jul 2016

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Dyspnea" returned 48 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Multidimensional Dyspnea Profile: an instrument for clinical and laboratory research.
 

Author(s): Robert B Banzett, Carl R O'Donnell, Tegan E Guilfoyle, Mark B Parshall, Richard M Schwartzstein, Paula M Meek, Richard H Gracely, Robert W Lansing

Journal: Eur. Respir. J.. 2015 Jun;45(6):1681-91.

 

There is growing awareness that dyspnoea, like pain, is a multidimensional experience, but measurement instruments have not kept pace. The Multidimensional Dyspnea Profile (MDP) assesses overall breathing discomfort, sensory qualities, and emotional responses in laboratory and clinical ...

Last Updated: 1 Jun 2015

Go To URL
Telehealthcare in COPD: a systematic review and meta-analysis on physical outcomes and dyspnea.
 

Author(s): Sara Lundell, Åsa Holmner, Börje Rehn, Andre Nyberg, Karin Wadell

Journal: Respir Med. 2015 Jan;109(1):11-26.

 

Only a minority of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have access to pulmonary rehabilitation (PR). Home-based solutions such as telehealthcare, have been used in efforts to make PR more available. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the effects ...

Last Updated: 27 Dec 2014

Go To URL
Point-of-care ultrasonography for the diagnosis of acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema in patients presenting with acute dyspnea: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Mohammad Al Deeb, Skye Barbic, Robin Featherstone, Jerrald Dankoff, David Barbic

Journal: Acad Emerg Med. 2014 Aug;21(8):843-52.

 

Acute dyspnea is a common presenting complaint to the emergency department (ED), and point-of-care (POC) lung ultrasound (US) has shown promise as a diagnostic tool in this setting. The primary objective of this systematic review was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of ...

Last Updated: 1 Sep 2014

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Aerosol Inhalation Treatment for Dyspnea - Patients
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dyspnea

 

Last Updated: 21 Jul 2016

Go to URL
Hospital Without Dyspnea. Rationale and Design of a Multidisciplinary Intervention
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Dyspnea

 

Last Updated: 19 Feb 2016

Go to URL
Palliation of Dyspnea With Mouth Piece Ventilation
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dyspnea

 

Last Updated: 13 Jan 2017

Go to URL