Dyspnea

Common Name(s)

Dyspnea

Dyspnea is the feeling of shortness of breath or difficulty breathing. It is commonly experienced by people with advanced stages of lung cancer, asthma, or other conditions affecting the lungs or heart. Dyspnea may be caused by physical factors, such as an airway obstruction, or biological factors, such as a decreased amount of red blood cells in the body. Individuals may have blocked airways, narrow airways, or fluid in their lungs or heart. Inflammation of lung tissue after radiation exposure may also cause shortness of breath. Decreased oxygen in the blood or an interruption in blood supply to the heart or lungs may also cause dyspnea. Other causes include stress, anxiety, and illnesses such as pneumonia.

Dyspnea is a symptom that may be accompanied by other symptoms, such as chest tightness, anxiety, and a feeling of suffocation. Despite the feeling of suffocation, dyspnea does not cause suffocation or death, and patients may experience dyspnea even with normal oxygen levels. However, those who experience dyspnea should seek medical attention in order to be evaluated for the presence of diseases affecting the lungs, airways, or heart.

Treatment depends on the underlying cause of the dyspnea. General actions to reduce symptoms include not smoking, staying well hydrated, exercising regularly, and getting enough sleep. Devices such as humidifiers or incentive spirometers may be used to make breathing easier for affected individuals. Anti-anxiety or pain medications may be prescribed to affected individuals. If stress or anxiety is identified as the main cause, relaxation and breathing exercises may be used. If you or your child has been diagnosed with dyspnea, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dyspnea" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dyspnea" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Dyspnea" returned 508 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Cardiometabolic biomarkers are predictors of readmission and death in patients hospitalized for acute dyspnea.
 

Author(s): Nathalie Lund, Klas Gränsbo, Camilla Wernersson, Olle Melander

Journal: Am J Emerg Med. 2017 Apr;35(4):610-614.

 

Acute dyspnea affects a large heterogeneous patient group with high mortality and readmission rates.

Last Updated: 7 Jan 2017

Go To URL
Preliminary investigation of cardiopulmonary function in stroke patients with stable heart failure and exertional dyspnea.
 

Author(s): Mei-Yun Liaw, Lin-Yi Wang, Ya-Ping Pong, Yu-Chin Tsai, Yu-Chi Huang, Tsung-Hsun Yang, Meng-Chih Lin

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Oct;95(40):e5071.

 

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between pulmonary function, respiratory muscle strength, perceived dyspnea, degree of fatigue, and activity of daily living with motor function and neurological status in stroke patients with stable congestive heart failure ...

Last Updated: 17 Oct 2016

Go To URL
Primary Laryngo-tracheobronchial Amyloidosis: An Unusual Cause of Hoarseness and Dyspnea.
 

Author(s): Qun-Cheng Zhang, Xiao-Ju Zhang, Yun-Xia An, Hong-Jian Xie

Journal: Chin. Med. J.. 2016 10;129(19):2392-3.

 

Last Updated: 20 Sep 2016

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Dyspnea" returned 52 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Failing phrenics: an obscure cause of exertional dyspnea: Case report and literature review.
 

Author(s): Arsalan Rafiq, Mohsin Ijaz, Hassan Tariq, Trupti Vakde, Richard Duncalf

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Jul;95(29):e4263.

 

Idiopathic phrenic nerve palsy is a rare cause of exertional dyspnea. We present a case of a patient presenting with worsening dyspnea of an unknown etiology found to be related to bilateral phrenic nerve palsy.

Last Updated: 22 Jul 2016

Go To URL
Usefulness of lung ultrasound in diagnosing causes of exacerbation in patients with chronic dyspnea.
 

Author(s): Katarzyna Rogoza, Wojciech Kosiak

Journal: Pneumonol Alergol Pol. 2016 ;84(1):38-46.

 

Dyspnea is a non-specific symptom that requires fast diagnostics, accurate diagnosis and proper treatment. The most common causes of dyspnea include exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and chronic heart failure (CHF). Distinction between these two medical ...

Last Updated: 25 Jan 2016

Go To URL
Multidimensional Dyspnea Profile: an instrument for clinical and laboratory research.
 

Author(s): Robert B Banzett, Carl R O'Donnell, Tegan E Guilfoyle, Mark B Parshall, Richard M Schwartzstein, Paula M Meek, Richard H Gracely, Robert W Lansing

Journal: Eur. Respir. J.. 2015 Jun;45(6):1681-91.

 

There is growing awareness that dyspnoea, like pain, is a multidimensional experience, but measurement instruments have not kept pace. The Multidimensional Dyspnea Profile (MDP) assesses overall breathing discomfort, sensory qualities, and emotional responses in laboratory and clinical ...

Last Updated: 1 Jun 2015

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2017

Go to URL
Palliation of Dyspnea With Mouth Piece Ventilation
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dyspnea

 

Last Updated: 13 Jan 2017

Go to URL
Impact of Dyspnea on Patients in the Intensive Care Unit
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dyspnea

 

Last Updated: 21 Mar 2017

Go to URL