Diverticulitis

Common Name(s)

Diverticulitis

Diverticulitis is a complication of diverticular disease. Diverticular disease is characterized by the formation of diverticula, or small out-pouchings and pockets, in the walls of the colon (the last segment of the gastrointestinal tract which digests and carries food through the body). Doctors still do not completely understand why these pockets form. These pockets may become infected by the normal bacteria located in the gastrointestinal tract though, resulting in diverticulitis. Symptoms of diverticulitis include belly pain, fever, chills, bloating, diarrhea, constipation, nausea, or a loss of appetite. These symptoms can last from a few hours to over a week. Treatment depends on the severity of the symptoms and often includes antibiotics, which help the body fight bacteria that cause infections. Diverticulitis may also result in various complications, such as abscesses (pockets of bacteria growing within the body), which may require surgery. Diverticulitis may be prevented by drinking a sufficient amount of water, obtaining regular exercise, and eating a high-fiber diet.

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Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Diverticulitis" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Diverticulitis" returned 295 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

End-colostomy diverticulitis with parastomal phlegmon: A case report.
 

Author(s): Mirza Muradbegovic, Pénélope St-Amour, David Martin, David Petermann, Samir Benabidallah, Luca Di Mare

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Oct;96(43):e8358.

 

Acute colonic diverticulitis is a well-known surgical emergency, which occurs in about 10 percent of patients known for diverticulosis.

Last Updated: 25 Oct 2017

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[Acute small bowel diverticulitis in a patient with crohn’s disease].
 

Author(s): Macarena Hevia, Rodrigo Quera, Leonardo Soto, Tomás Regueira, Andrés O'Brien, Andrés Larach, Udo Kronberg

Journal: Rev Med Chil. 2017 Mar;145(3):397-401.

 

Diverticular disease of the small intestine is rare, especially when it is located in the jejunum. It is generally asymptomatic, but in some patients it may have complications such as acute diverticulitis with peritonitis, gastrointestinal bleeding or obstruction. In such cases, the ...

Last Updated: 26 May 2017

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The influence of rifaximin on diverticulitis rate and quality of life in patients with diverticulosis.
 

Author(s): Tomasz Banasiewicz, Wojciech Francuzik, Adam Bobkiewicz, Łukasz Krokowicz, Maciej Borejsza-Wysocki, Jacek Paszkowski, Adam Studniarek, Piotr Krokowicz, Marcin Grochowalski, Marek Szczepkowski, Zbigniew Lorenc

Journal: Pol Przegl Chir. 2017 Feb;89(1):22-31.

 

Diverticulosis, its associated symptoms and complications are one of the most common pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract in more economically developed countries. Presence of diverticuli and their clinical consequences can be divided into four categories: 1) diverticulosis, ...

Last Updated: 19 May 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Diverticulitis" returned 36 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Coloenteric fistula in a young patient with recurrent diverticulitis: A case report and review of the literature.
 

Author(s): D S Ahmad, E E Quist, G F Hutchins, I Bhat

Journal: Neth J Med. 2016 Oct;74(8):358-261.

 

The development of colonic diverticula is common in developed countries and complications of colonic diverticulosis are responsible for a remarkable burden of the disease. The natural history and management of complicated and recurrent diverticulitis in young patients are still a ...

Last Updated: 20 Oct 2016

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Out-Patient Management of Mild or Uncomplicated Diverticulitis: A Systematic Review.
 

Author(s): Ishwarya Balasubramanian, Christina Fleming, Helen M Mohan, Karl Schmidt, Eva Haglind, Des C Winter

Journal: Dig Surg. 2017 ;34(2):151-160.

 

Management of diverticular disease has undergone a paradigm shift, with movement towards a less invasive management strategy. In keeping with this, outpatient management of uncomplicated diverticulitis (UD) has been advocated in several studies, but concerns still remain regarding ...

Last Updated: 4 Oct 2016

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Laparoscopic lavage is superior to colon resection for perforated purulent diverticulitis-a meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Eva Angenete, David Bock, Jacob Rosenberg, Eva Haglind

Journal: Int J Colorectal Dis. 2017 Feb;32(2):163-169.

 

Perforated diverticulitis often requires surgery with a colon resection such as Hartmann's procedure, with inherent morbidity. Recent studies suggest that laparoscopic lavage may be an alternative surgical treatment. The aim of this study was to compare re-operations, morbidity, and ...

Last Updated: 28 Aug 2016

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Damage Control Surgery in the Treatment of Complicated Diverticulitis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Diverticulitis

 

Last Updated: 9 Nov 2017

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Last Updated: 9 Jan 2017

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