Hypoglycemia

Common Name(s)

Hypoglycemia, Low blood sugar

Hypoglycemia, also known as low blood sugar, is an abnormally low level of glucose (sugar) in the blood. Since glucose is the body’s main source of energy, long periods of low blood sugar can cause significant health problems, including seizures, loss of consciousness, or even death. Initial signs of hypoglycemia include an abnormal heartbeat (palpitations), low energy (fatigue), anxiety, irritability, trembling, and weakness. Without treatment, hypoglycemia can lead to poor concentration, numbness of the mouth, blurred vision and coma.

Hypoglycemia is considered a symptom and not a disease. There are many causes of hypoglycemia. The most common reason is a reaction to certain diabetes medications, specifically insulin. Other less common causes of hypoglycemia include excessive alcohol consumption, certain liver diseases, conditions that cause a person to make too much insulin, and genetic conditions that stop a person from breaking down certain parts of food (protein, fats and sugars). If you or your child’s doctor suspects hypoglycemia, they can confirm the diagnosis by measuring a blood glucose level. A person meets the criteria for hypoglycemia if their symptoms are present during times of low blood sugar and they go away when the blood sugar returns to normal. The treatment of hypoglycemia depends on the cause. The goal of treatment is to raise blood sugar, which can usually be done by consuming fast-acting sugars like candy and fruit juice. If the hypoglycemia is severe enough, your doctor may use glucagon, a hormone that tells your body to immediately raise the blood sugar. If you or your child has been diagnosed with hypoglycemia, talk with your doctor to identify the cause and determine the best treatment.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hypoglycemia" for support, advocacy or research.

Isabella's Aviary Alliance, LLC

Isabella’s Aviary Alliance, LLC actively demonstrates, through Isabella’s passionate and loving care in breeding and raising baby parrots for other special needs children, the possibility for two hearts—bird and child—coming together and connecting in a way which infinitely brightens the lives of both.

Last Updated: 2 Aug 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hypoglycemia" for support, advocacy or research.

Isabella's Aviary Alliance, LLC

Isabella’s Aviary Alliance, LLC actively demonstrates, through Isabella’s passionate and loving care in breeding and raising baby parrots for other special needs children, the possibility for two hearts—bird and child—coming together and connecting in a way which infinitely brightens the lives of both.

http://www.isabellasaviary.com

Last Updated: 2 Aug 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Hypoglycemia" returned 878 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Sulphonylurea compared to DPP-4 inhibitors in combination with metformin carries increased risk of severe hypoglycemia, cardiovascular events, and all-cause mortality.
 

Author(s): Jan W Eriksson, Johan Bodegard, David Nathanson, Marcus Thuresson, Thomas Nyström, Anna Norhammar

Journal: Diabetes Res. Clin. Pract.. 2016 Jul;117():39-47.

 

There are safety concerns related to sulphonylurea treatment. The objective of this nationwide study was to compare the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), all-cause mortality and severe hypoglycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) starting second-line treatment with either ...

Last Updated: 22 Jun 2016

Go To URL
Association of silent hypoglycemia with cardiac events in non-diabetic subjects with acute myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary interventions.
 

Author(s): Jian-Wei Zhang, Yu-Jie Zhou

Journal:

 

Some studies have shown that hypoglycemic episodes in diabetic patients might be associated with increased cardiovascular events. It is not clear whether episodes of silent hypoglycemia had greater prognostic value on cardiac events compared with normoglycemia or hyperglycemia in ...

Last Updated: 26 Apr 2016

Go To URL
Postprandial Reactive Hypoglycemia Treated with a Low-dose Alpha-glucosidase Inhibitor: Voglibose May Suppress Oxidative Stress and Prevent Endothelial Dysfunction.
 

Author(s): Kunihiro Suzuki, Daisuke Katsura, Masaaki Sagara, Chie Aoki, Mai Nishida, Yoshimasa Aso

Journal: Intern. Med.. 2016 ;55(8):949-53.

 

We encountered a 62-year-old woman who experienced frequent episodes of hypoglycemia. She was diagnosed with postprandial reactive hypoglycemia according to the results of oral glucose and sucrose tolerance tests, having undergone an endocrinological examination and image inspection. ...

Last Updated: 18 Apr 2016

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Hypoglycemia" returned 82 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Association Between Severe Hypoglycemia and Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Japanese Patients With Type 2 Diabetes.
 

Author(s): Atsushi Goto, Maki Goto, Yasuo Terauchi, Naohito Yamaguchi, Mitsuhiko Noda

Journal:

 

It remains unclear whether severe hypoglycemia is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) in Asian populations with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Furthermore, no study in Japan, where the prescription patterns differ from those in other countries, has examined this association.

Last Updated: 10 Mar 2016

Go To URL
Hyperinsulinemic Hypoglycemia in Infancy: Current Concepts in Diagnosis and Management.
 

Author(s): Shrenik Vora, Suresh Chandran, Victor Samuel Rajadurai, Khalid Hussain

Journal: Indian Pediatr. 2015 Dec;52(12):1051-9.

 

Molecular basis of various forms of hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia, involving defects in key genes regulating insulin secretion, are being increasingly reported. However, the management of medically unresponsive hyperinsulinism still remains a challenge as current facilities for genetic ...

Last Updated: 30 Dec 2015

Go To URL
Cardiovascular Implications of Hypoglycemia in Diabetes Mellitus.
 

Author(s): Kim A Connelly, Andrew T Yan, Lawrence A Leiter, Deepak L Bhatt, Subodh Verma

Journal: Circulation. 2015 Dec;132(24):2345-50.

 

Last Updated: 15 Dec 2015

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 7 Sep 2016

Go to URL
Hypoglycemia and the Mineralocorticoid Receptor
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hypoglycemia

 

Last Updated: 6 Jul 2015

Go to URL
Differing Levels of Hypoglycemia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hypoglycemia

 

Last Updated: 20 Dec 2016

Go to URL