Hypoglycemia

Common Name(s)

Hypoglycemia, Low blood sugar

Hypoglycemia, also known as low blood sugar, is an abnormally low level of glucose (sugar) in the blood. Since glucose is the body’s main source of energy, long periods of low blood sugar can cause significant health problems, including seizures, loss of consciousness, or even death. Initial signs of hypoglycemia include an abnormal heartbeat (palpitations), low energy (fatigue), anxiety, irritability, trembling, and weakness. Without treatment, hypoglycemia can lead to poor concentration, numbness of the mouth, blurred vision and coma.

Hypoglycemia is considered a symptom and not a disease. There are many causes of hypoglycemia. The most common reason is a reaction to certain diabetes medications, specifically insulin. Other less common causes of hypoglycemia include excessive alcohol consumption, certain liver diseases, conditions that cause a person to make too much insulin, and genetic conditions that stop a person from breaking down certain parts of food (protein, fats and sugars). If you or your child’s doctor suspects hypoglycemia, they can confirm the diagnosis by measuring a blood glucose level. A person meets the criteria for hypoglycemia if their symptoms are present during times of low blood sugar and they go away when the blood sugar returns to normal. The treatment of hypoglycemia depends on the cause. The goal of treatment is to raise blood sugar, which can usually be done by consuming fast-acting sugars like candy and fruit juice. If the hypoglycemia is severe enough, your doctor may use glucagon, a hormone that tells your body to immediately raise the blood sugar. If you or your child has been diagnosed with hypoglycemia, talk with your doctor to identify the cause and determine the best treatment.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hypoglycemia" for support, advocacy or research.

Isabella's Aviary Alliance, LLC

Isabella’s Aviary Alliance, LLC actively demonstrates, through Isabella’s passionate and loving care in breeding and raising baby parrots for other special needs children, the possibility for two hearts—bird and child—coming together and connecting in a way which infinitely brightens the lives of both.

Last Updated: 2 Aug 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hypoglycemia" for support, advocacy or research.

Isabella's Aviary Alliance, LLC

Isabella’s Aviary Alliance, LLC actively demonstrates, through Isabella’s passionate and loving care in breeding and raising baby parrots for other special needs children, the possibility for two hearts—bird and child—coming together and connecting in a way which infinitely brightens the lives of both.

http://www.isabellasaviary.com

Last Updated: 2 Aug 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Hypoglycemia" returned 679 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Case of alcoholic ketoacidosis accompanied with severe hypoglycemia.
 

Author(s): Tadanobu Matsuzaki, Wataru Shiraishi, Yasutaka Iwanaga, Akifumi Yamamoto

Journal: J. UOEH. 2015 Mar;37(1):43-7.

 

We report a 55 year old Japanese man with a history of alcohol abuse, who was in a near fasting state for the previous few days.He was admitted to our hospital with abrupt disturbance of consciousness. He presented disturbance of consciousness with extreme hypoglycemia and ketoacidosis ...

Last Updated: 19 Mar 2015

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Skeletal muscle-induced hypoglycemia risk, not life history energy trade-off, links high child brain glucose use to slow body growth.
 

Author(s): John R Skoyles

Journal: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.. 2014 Nov;111(46):E4909.

 

Last Updated: 22 Nov 2014

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A rare case of insulinoma presenting with postprandial hypoglycemia.
 

Author(s): Aditya V Shreenivas, Vivien Leung

Journal:

 

Although fasting hypoglycemia has historically been considered the hallmark of insulinoma, postprandial hypoglycemia has also been occasionally reported as the predominant feature. We report a rare case of an insulinoma diagnosed in an individual presenting exclusively with postprandial ...

Last Updated: 10 Nov 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Hypoglycemia" returned 67 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Hypoglycemia induced by insulin as a triggering factor of cognitive deficit in diabetic children.
 

Author(s): Vanessa Rodrigues Vilela, Any de Castro Ruiz Marques, Christiano Rodrigues Schamber, Roberto Barbosa Bazotte

Journal:

 

This paper provides an overview of insulin-induced hypoglycemia as a triggering factor of cognitive deficit in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus. For this purpose, databases from 1961 to 2013 were used with the objective of detecting the primary publications that address the ...

Last Updated: 5 May 2014

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Management of endocrine disease: a clinical update on tumor-induced hypoglycemia.
 

Author(s): Pedro Iglesias, Juan J Díez

Journal:

 

Tumor-induced hypoglycemia (TIH) is a rare clinical entity that may occur in patients with diverse kinds of tumor lineages and that may be caused by different mechanisms. These pathogenic mechanisms include the eutopic insulin secretion by a pancreatic islet β-cell tumor, and also ...

Last Updated: 17 Mar 2014

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Update on neonatal hypoglycemia.
 

Author(s): Paul J Rozance

Journal: Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes. 2014 Feb;21(1):45-50.

 

Neonatal hypoglycemia is one of the most common biochemical abnormalities encountered in the newborn. However, controversy remains surrounding its definition and management especially in asymptomatic patients.

Last Updated: 20 Dec 2013

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Insulin Degludec and Symptomatic Nocturnal Hypoglycaemia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus; Nocturnal Hypoglycemia; Recurrent Severe Hypoglycaemia

 

Last Updated: 12 Feb 2015

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Hypoglycemia and Autonomic Nervous System Function
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hypoglycemia

 

Last Updated: 20 Mar 2013

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Hypoglycemia (Low Blood Sugar) and the Heart
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hypoglycemia; Type 2 Diabetes

 

Last Updated: 12 May 2015

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