Hypoglycemia

Common Name(s)

Hypoglycemia, Low blood sugar

Hypoglycemia, also known as low blood sugar, is an abnormally low level of glucose (sugar) in the blood. Since glucose is the body’s main source of energy, long periods of low blood sugar can cause significant health problems, including seizures, loss of consciousness, or even death. Initial signs of hypoglycemia include an abnormal heartbeat (palpitations), low energy (fatigue), anxiety, irritability, trembling, and weakness. Without treatment, hypoglycemia can lead to poor concentration, numbness of the mouth, blurred vision and coma.

Hypoglycemia is considered a symptom and not a disease. There are many causes of hypoglycemia. The most common reason is a reaction to certain diabetes medications, specifically insulin. Other less common causes of hypoglycemia include excessive alcohol consumption, certain liver diseases, conditions that cause a person to make too much insulin, and genetic conditions that stop a person from breaking down certain parts of food (protein, fats and sugars). If you or your child’s doctor suspects hypoglycemia, they can confirm the diagnosis by measuring a blood glucose level. A person meets the criteria for hypoglycemia if their symptoms are present during times of low blood sugar and they go away when the blood sugar returns to normal. The treatment of hypoglycemia depends on the cause. The goal of treatment is to raise blood sugar, which can usually be done by consuming fast-acting sugars like candy and fruit juice. If the hypoglycemia is severe enough, your doctor may use glucagon, a hormone that tells your body to immediately raise the blood sugar. If you or your child has been diagnosed with hypoglycemia, talk with your doctor to identify the cause and determine the best treatment.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hypoglycemia" for support, advocacy or research.

Isabella's Aviary Alliance, LLC

Isabella’s Aviary Alliance, LLC actively demonstrates, through Isabella’s passionate and loving care in breeding and raising baby parrots for other special needs children, the possibility for two hearts—bird and child—coming together and connecting in a way which infinitely brightens the lives of both.

Last Updated: 2 Aug 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hypoglycemia" for support, advocacy or research.

Isabella's Aviary Alliance, LLC

Isabella’s Aviary Alliance, LLC actively demonstrates, through Isabella’s passionate and loving care in breeding and raising baby parrots for other special needs children, the possibility for two hearts—bird and child—coming together and connecting in a way which infinitely brightens the lives of both.

http://www.isabellasaviary.com

Last Updated: 2 Aug 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Hypoglycemia" returned 916 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Prediction of nocturnal hypoglycemia unawareness by fasting glucose levels or post-breakfast glucose fluctuations in patients with type 1 diabetes receiving insulin degludec: A pilot study.
 

Author(s): Hiroshi Takahashi, Rimei Nishimura, Yoshiko Onda, Kiyotaka Ando, Daisuke Tsujino, Kazunori Utsunomiya

Journal:

 

To evaluate whether nocturnal asymptomatic hypoglycemia (NAH) can be predicted by fasting glucose levels or post-breakfast glucose fluctuations in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) receiving insulin degludec.

Last Updated: 6 Jul 2017

Go To URL
Screening for Hypoglycemia in Exclusively Breastfed High-risk Neonates.
 

Author(s): Princy Singh, Amit Upadhyay, Vishnubhatla Sreenivas, Vijay Jaiswal, Pranjali Saxena

Journal: Indian Pediatr. 2017 Jun;54(6):477-480.

 

To determine incidence of hypoglycemia in exclusively breastfed, high-risk but healthy newborns, and risk factors for its development.

Last Updated: 1 Jul 2017

Go To URL
Hospitalization with hypoglycemia in patients without diabetes mellitus: A retrospective study using a national inpatient database in Japan, 2008-2012.
 

Author(s): Akahito Sako, Hideo Yasunaga, Hiroki Matsui, Kiyohide Fushimi, Hidetaka Hamasaki, Hisayuki Katsuyama, Tetsuro Tsujimoto, Atsushi Goto, Hidekatsu Yanai

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Jun;96(25):e7271.

 

We aimed to examine prevalence, patient characteristics, etiology, and clinical outcomes of hospitalized patients who had hypoglycemia without a diagnosis of diabetes mellitus, using a Japanese nationwide database.This was a retrospective observational study using a national database ...

Last Updated: 22 Jun 2017

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Hypoglycemia" returned 86 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

MANAGEMENT OF ENDOCRINE DISEASE: Pathogenesis and management of hypoglycemia.
 

Author(s): Nana Esi Kittah, Adrian Vella

Journal: Eur. J. Endocrinol.. 2017 Jul;177(1):R37-R47.

 

Glucose is the main substrate utilized by the brain and as such multiple regulatory mechanisms exist to maintain glucose concentrations. When these mechanisms fail or are defective, hypoglycemia ensues. Due to these robust mechanisms, hypoglycemia is uncommon and usually occurs in ...

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2017

Go To URL
What's Tramadol Got to Do with It? A Case Report of Rebound Hypoglycemia, a Reappraisal and Review of Potential Mechanisms.
 

Author(s): Charles A Odonkor, Akhil Chhatre

Journal: Pain Physician. ;19(8):E1215-E1220.

 

Tramadol has gained traction as an analgesic of choice among pain practicing physicians. However some concerns regarding a previously unlabeled adverse reaction - hypoglycemia - have cast it in a dim light. Prior reports have noted an associated risk of hospitalization for hypoglycemia ...

Last Updated: 1 Dec 2016

Go To URL
Hypoglycemia in patients with insulin‑treated diabetes.
 

Author(s): Janusz Gumprecht, Katarzyna Nabrdalik

Journal: Pol. Arch. Med. Wewn.. 2016 10;126(11):870-878.

 

Hypoglycemia is the major barrier for optimal glycemic control in patients on maintenance insulin therapy. It is widely known that good glycemic control leads to prevention of or delay in the development of microvascular complications, and can reduce macrovascular events. It is thought ...

Last Updated: 1 Dec 2016

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Hypoglycemia and Autonomic Nervous System Function
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hypoglycemia

 

Last Updated: 21 Jul 2017

Go to URL

Last Updated: 2 Feb 2017

Go to URL
Differing Levels of Hypoglycemia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hypoglycemia

 

Last Updated: 9 Feb 2017

Go to URL