Thyroid Cancer

Common Name(s)

Thyroid Cancer

Thyroid cancer occurs in the cells of the thyroid. The thyroid is responsible for producing hormones that regulate heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, and weight. Typically, in the early stages of thyroid cancer, there are no symptoms. However, as the cancer progresses one may have the following symptoms: a lump that can be felt through the skin on one’s neck, changes to one’s voice, difficulty swallowing, pain in neck and throat, or swollen lymph nodes in the neck. Thyroid cancer remains relatively rare in the United States, but is becoming more common as new technology enables doctors to find small thyroid cancers that may not have been detected previously. Treatment options are dependent on the individual’s type and stage of thyroid cancer.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Thyroid Cancer" for support, advocacy or research.

Cancer Hope Network

To provide one-on-one support to people undergoing treatment for cancer and to their families. We provide this support by training individuals who have recovered from cancer and matching them with cancer patients currently undergoing a similar experience. Through this matching process, we strive to instill hope and to make a difference in their fight against cancer.

Last Updated: 29 Jul 2015

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Thyroid Cancer Forum-UK

On line information for patients on thyroid cancer including: Background information on the thyroid gland Incidence and Risk factors Symptoms Types of thyroid cancer Diagnosis and staging investigations Treatment: surgery, thyroxine, radioiodine, mIBG, radiotherapy Follow up Prognosis Clinical Trials Electronic links to other sites for information and support

Last Updated: 21 Jan 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Thyroid Cancer" for support, advocacy or research.

Cancer Hope Network

To provide one-on-one support to people undergoing treatment for cancer and to their families. We provide this support by training individuals who have recovered from cancer and matching them with cancer patients currently undergoing a similar experience. Through this matching process, we strive to instill hope and to make a difference in their fight against cancer.

http://www.CancerHopeNetwork.org

Last Updated: 29 Jul 2015

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Thyroid Cancer Forum-UK

On line information for patients on thyroid cancer including: Background information on the thyroid gland Incidence and Risk factors Symptoms Types of thyroid cancer Diagnosis and staging investigations Treatment: surgery, thyroxine, radioiodine, mIBG, radiotherapy Follow up Prognosis Clinical Trials Electronic links to other sites for information and support

http://www.thyroid-cancer-forum-uk.org

Last Updated: 21 Jan 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Thyroid Cancer" returned 1879 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Impact of combined FDG-PET/CT and MRI on the detection of local recurrence and nodal metastases in thyroid cancer.
 

Author(s): Johann-Martin Hempel, Roman Kloeckner, Sandra Krick, Daniel Pinto Dos Santos, Simin Schadmand-Fischer, Patrick Boeßert, Sotirios Bisdas, Matthias M Weber, Christian Fottner, Thomas J Musholt, Mathias Schreckenberger, Matthias Miederer

Journal:

 

Suspected recurrence of thyroid carcinoma is a diagnostic challenge when findings of both a radio iodine whole body scan and ultrasound are negative. PET/CT and MRI have shown to be feasible for detection of recurrent disease. However, the added value of a consensus reading by the ...

Last Updated: 4 Nov 2016

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The diagnosis of cancer in thyroid fine needle aspiration biopsy. Surgery, repeat biopsy or specimen consultation?
 

Author(s): A Stanek-Widera, M Biskup-Frużyńska, E Zembala-Nożyńska, M Śnietura, D Lange

Journal: Pol J Pathol. 2016 Mar;67(1):19-23.

 

Fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNA) is the only diagnostic method that allows a preoperative diagnosis of thyroid carcinoma. An unequivocal diagnosis of a malignant change is achievable only in cases in which all cytological criteria of carcinoma are met. The aim of the study was ...

Last Updated: 15 May 2016

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The Delayed Risk Stratification System in the Risk of Differentiated Thyroid Cancer Recurrence.
 

Author(s): Aldona Kowalska, Agnieszka Walczyk, Iwona Pałyga, Danuta Gąsior-Perczak, Klaudia Gadawska-Juszczyk, Monika Szymonek, Tomasz Trybek, Katarzyna Lizis-Kolus, Dorota Szyska-Skrobot, Estera Mikina, Stefan Hurej, Janusz Słuszniak, Ryszard Mężyk, Stanisław Góźdź

Journal:

 

There has been a marked increase in the detection of differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) over the past few years, which has improved the prognosis. However, it is necessary to adjust treatment and monitoring strategies relative to the risk of an unfavourable disease course.

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Thyroid Cancer" returned 278 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Advances in the management of differentiated thyroid cancer with follicular cell strain.
 

Author(s): Faouzi Ben Slimène, Aida Mhiri, Moez Ben Ali, Hédia Slimène, Nouzha Ben Raies, Esma Karboua, Martin Schlumberger

Journal: Tunis Med. 2016 Mar;94(3):168-71.

 

The management of nodules and thyroid cancer is evolving. The aim is to individualize the treatment, decreasing aggression in the forms low risk and instead seeking new therapeutic options in advanced disease. This update shows the main recent advances in this field.

Last Updated: 31 Aug 2016

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Role of prophylactic central compartment lymph node dissection in clinically N0 differentiated thyroid cancer patients: analysis of risk factors and review of modern trends.
 

Author(s): Giovanni Conzo, Ernesto Tartaglia, Nicola Avenia, Pier Giorgio Calò, Annamaria de Bellis, Katherine Esposito, Claudio Gambardella, Sergio Iorio, Daniela Pasquali, Luigi Santini, Maria Antonia Sinisi, Antonio Agostino Sinisi, Mario Testini, Andrea Polistena, Giuseppe Bellastella

Journal:

 

In the last years, especially thanks to a large diffusion of ultrasound-guided FNBs, a surprising increased incidence of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC), "small" tumors and microcarcinomas have been reported in the international series. This led endocrinologists and surgeons to ...

Last Updated: 17 May 2016

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Effectiveness of chemotherapy in advanced differentiated thyroid cancer: a systematic review.
 

Author(s): Ana Albero, Juliana Ester Lopéz, Alberto Torres, Luis de la Cruz, Tomas Martín

Journal: Endocr. Relat. Cancer. 2016 Feb;23(2):R71-84.

 

In differentiated thyroid carcinoma refractory to radioactive iodine (CDT-RTI), chemotherapy has been considered for decades to be the only systemic therapy with palliative purpose. Phase II studies assessing the efficacy of different chemotherapy outlines have been published. Nevertheless, ...

Last Updated: 8 Apr 2016

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Diagnosing Thyroid Cancer Using a Blood Test
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Differentiated Thyroid Cancer

 

Last Updated: 7 Oct 2015

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Thyroid Cancer Among Chornobyl Clean-up Workers in Ukraine: Pilot Study
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Thyroid Cancer

 

Last Updated: 31 Aug 2016

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Last Updated: 19 Oct 2016

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