Thyroid Cancer

Common Name(s)

Thyroid Cancer

Thyroid cancer occurs in the cells of the thyroid. The thyroid is responsible for producing hormones that regulate heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, and weight. Typically, in the early stages of thyroid cancer, there are no symptoms. However, as the cancer progresses one may have the following symptoms: a lump that can be felt through the skin on one’s neck, changes to one’s voice, difficulty swallowing, pain in neck and throat, or swollen lymph nodes in the neck. Thyroid cancer remains relatively rare in the United States, but is becoming more common as new technology enables doctors to find small thyroid cancers that may not have been detected previously. Treatment options are dependent on the individual’s type and stage of thyroid cancer.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Thyroid Cancer" for support, advocacy or research.

Cancer Hope Network

To provide one-on-one support to people undergoing treatment for cancer and to their families. We provide this support by training individuals who have recovered from cancer and matching them with cancer patients currently undergoing a similar experience. Through this matching process, we strive to instill hope and to make a difference in their fight against cancer.

Last Updated: 29 Jul 2015

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Thyroid Cancer Forum-UK

On line information for patients on thyroid cancer including: Background information on the thyroid gland Incidence and Risk factors Symptoms Types of thyroid cancer Diagnosis and staging investigations Treatment: surgery, thyroxine, radioiodine, mIBG, radiotherapy Follow up Prognosis Clinical Trials Electronic links to other sites for information and support

Last Updated: 21 Jan 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Thyroid Cancer" for support, advocacy or research.

Cancer Hope Network

To provide one-on-one support to people undergoing treatment for cancer and to their families. We provide this support by training individuals who have recovered from cancer and matching them with cancer patients currently undergoing a similar experience. Through this matching process, we strive to instill hope and to make a difference in their fight against cancer.

http://www.CancerHopeNetwork.org

Last Updated: 29 Jul 2015

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Thyroid Cancer Forum-UK

On line information for patients on thyroid cancer including: Background information on the thyroid gland Incidence and Risk factors Symptoms Types of thyroid cancer Diagnosis and staging investigations Treatment: surgery, thyroxine, radioiodine, mIBG, radiotherapy Follow up Prognosis Clinical Trials Electronic links to other sites for information and support

http://www.thyroid-cancer-forum-uk.org

Last Updated: 21 Jan 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Thyroid Cancer" returned 1832 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The diagnosis of cancer in thyroid fine needle aspiration biopsy. Surgery, repeat biopsy or specimen consultation?
 

Author(s): A Stanek-Widera, M Biskup-Frużyńska, E Zembala-Nożyńska, M Śnietura, D Lange

Journal: Pol J Pathol. 2016 Mar;67(1):19-23.

 

Fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNA) is the only diagnostic method that allows a preoperative diagnosis of thyroid carcinoma. An unequivocal diagnosis of a malignant change is achievable only in cases in which all cytological criteria of carcinoma are met. The aim of the study was ...

Last Updated: 15 May 2016

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The Delayed Risk Stratification System in the Risk of Differentiated Thyroid Cancer Recurrence.
 

Author(s): Aldona Kowalska, Agnieszka Walczyk, Iwona Pałyga, Danuta Gąsior-Perczak, Klaudia Gadawska-Juszczyk, Monika Szymonek, Tomasz Trybek, Katarzyna Lizis-Kolus, Dorota Szyska-Skrobot, Estera Mikina, Stefan Hurej, Janusz Słuszniak, Ryszard Mężyk, Stanisław Góźdź

Journal:

 

There has been a marked increase in the detection of differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) over the past few years, which has improved the prognosis. However, it is necessary to adjust treatment and monitoring strategies relative to the risk of an unfavourable disease course.

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2016

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The Diffuse Sclerosing Variant of Papillary Thyroid Cancer Presenting as Innumerable Diffuse Microcalcifications in Underlying Adolescent Hashimoto's Thyroiditis: A Case Report.
 

Author(s): Sun Hye Jeong, Hyun Sook Hong, Eun Hye Lee, Jeong Ja Kwak

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Mar;95(12):e3141.

 

Hashimoto's thyroiditis is the most common diffuse thyroid disease and is characterized by diffuse lymphocytic infiltration. However, the ultrasonographic findings of papillary thyroid carcinomas that arise from Hashimoto's thyroiditis in the pediatric and adolescent population are ...

Last Updated: 26 Mar 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Thyroid Cancer" returned 265 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The placebo effect in thyroid cancer: a meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): María Llavero-Valero, Francisco Guillén-Grima, Carles Zafon, Juan C Galofré

Journal: Eur. J. Endocrinol.. 2016 Apr;174(4):465-72.

 

The natural history of advanced thyroid malignancies is largely unknown. The outcome of patients included in the placebo arm of clinical trials could be reflective of their therapy-free evolution.

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2016

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Lenvatinib: Role in thyroid cancer and other solid tumors.
 

Author(s): Maria E Cabanillas, Mouhammed Amir Habra

Journal: Cancer Treat. Rev.. 2016 Jan;42():47-55.

 

Despite recent breakthroughs in treatment of advanced thyroid cancers, prognoses remain poor. Treatment of advanced, progressive disease remains challenging, with limited treatment options. Small-molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitors, including vandetanib, cabozantinib, sorafenib, and ...

Last Updated: 29 Dec 2015

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Association between p16 Promoter Methylation and Thyroid Cancer Risk: A Meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Wei Wu, Sheng-Fu Yang, Fei-Fei Liu, Ji-Hong Zhang

Journal: Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.. 2015 ;16(16):7111-5.

 

The aim of the meta-analysis was to derive a more precise assessment of the association between p16 promoter methylation and thyroid cancer risk.

Last Updated: 30 Oct 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

A Phase II Study of MLN0128 in Metastatic Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer; Thyroid Cancer

 

Last Updated: 9 Sep 2016

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Dabrafenib With or Without Trametinib in Treating Patients With Recurrent Thyroid Cancer
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Follicular Thyroid Cancer; Insular Thyroid Cancer; Papillary Thyroid Cancer; Recurrent Thyroid Cancer

 

Last Updated: 16 Mar 2016

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Nintedanib(BIBF1120) in Thyroid Cancer
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Medullary Thyroid Cancer (MTC); Differentiated Thyroid Cancer (DTC)

 

Last Updated: 14 Jul 2016

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