Non-Hodgkin lymphoma

Common Name(s)

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) may refer to any lymphoma (cancer of the lymph system) that is not Hodgkin lymphoma. The lymph system is a network of lymph tissue connected by vessels. The lymph system is separate from the blood circulatory system. The main types of cells in lymph tissue are lymphocytes which are white blood cells that fight bacteria, viruses and other foreign cells. Lymph tissue includes lymph nodes as well as knots of lymphocytes found in the intestines, spleen and bone marrow. Lymphoma occurs when lymphocytes begin to multiply uncontrollably or become cancerous. These cancerous cells can invade other parts of the body or metastasize. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is more common than Hodgkin lymphoma. There are different types of NHL depending on if the cancer began in B-cells or T-cells as well as other characteristics.

Symptoms of NHL may include a swelling of the lymph nodes, unexplained fever, night sweats, weight loss, fatigue, and itching. In general the cause of non-Hodgkin lymphomas is unknown. NHL is more common in males and Caucasians. The risk of developing NHL increases with age, certain viral and bacterial infections and exposure to environmental exposure to certain chemicals and pesticides. NHL more often occurs in persons with an autoimmune disease or weakened immune systems such as those with HIV/AIDS or those who have undergone a transplant.

Lymphomas are generally diagnosed through a biopsy of the lymph nodes and sometimes a biopsy of the bone marrow. Other tests may be performed to determine where the cancer is located and how far it has spread. Treatment is similar to that of other cancers and may include radiation, chemotherapy, targeted therapy or a stem cell transplant. Treatment and prognosis depend upon the type and stage of NHL. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with non-Hodgkin lymphoma, talk with your doctor and specialists about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Non-Hodgkin lymphoma" for support, advocacy or research.

Cancer Hope Network

To provide one-on-one support to people undergoing treatment for cancer and to their families. We provide this support by training individuals who have recovered from cancer and matching them with cancer patients currently undergoing a similar experience. Through this matching process, we strive to instill hope and to make a difference in their fight against cancer.

Last Updated: 29 Jul 2015

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National Bone Marrow Transplant Link

The mission of the National Bone Marrow Transplant Link is to help patients, caregivers, and families cope with the social and emotional challenges of bone marrow/stem cell transplant from diagnosis through survivorship by providing vital information and personalized support services.

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Non-Hodgkin lymphoma" for support, advocacy or research.

Cancer Hope Network

To provide one-on-one support to people undergoing treatment for cancer and to their families. We provide this support by training individuals who have recovered from cancer and matching them with cancer patients currently undergoing a similar experience. Through this matching process, we strive to instill hope and to make a difference in their fight against cancer.

http://www.CancerHopeNetwork.org

Last Updated: 29 Jul 2015

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National Bone Marrow Transplant Link

The mission of the National Bone Marrow Transplant Link is to help patients, caregivers, and families cope with the social and emotional challenges of bone marrow/stem cell transplant from diagnosis through survivorship by providing vital information and personalized support services.

http://www.nbmtlink.org

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Non-Hodgkin lymphoma" returned 772 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Predictors of radiation pneumonitis in patients receiving intensity modulated radiation therapy for Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
 

Author(s): Chelsea C Pinnix, Grace L Smith, Sarah Milgrom, Eleanor M Osborne, Jay P Reddy, Mani Akhtari, Valerie Reed, Isidora Arzu, Pamela K Allen, Christine F Wogan, Michele A Fanale, Yasuhiro Oki, Francesco Turturro, Jorge Romaguera, Luis Fayad, Nathan Fowler, Jason Westin, Loretta Nastoupil, Fredrick B Hagemeister, M Alma Rodriguez, Sairah Ahmed, Yago Nieto, Bouthaina Dabaja

Journal: Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.. 2015 May;92(1):175-82.

 

Few studies to date have evaluated factors associated with the development of radiation pneumonitis (RP) in patients with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), especially in patients treated with contemporary radiation techniques. These patients represent a unique ...

Last Updated: 13 Apr 2015

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An exploratory path model of the relationships between positive and negative adaptation to cancer on quality of life among non-Hodgkin lymphoma survivors.
 

Author(s): Ashley Leak Bryant, Sophia K Smith, Catherine Zimmer, Jamie Crandell, Coretta M Jenerette, Donald E Bailey, Sheryl Zimmerman, Deborah K Mayer

Journal: J Psychosoc Oncol. 2015 ;33(3):310-31.

 

Adaptation is an ongoing, cognitive process with continuous appraisal of the cancer experience by the survivor. This exploratory study tested a path model examining the personal (demographic, disease, and psychosocial) characteristics associated with quality of life (QOL) and whether ...

Last Updated: 22 May 2015

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Mobilization and transplantation patterns of autologous hematopoietic stem cells in multiple myeloma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
 

Author(s): Luciano J Costa, Shaji Kumar, Stephanie A Stowell, Shari J Dermer

Journal: Cancer Control. 2015 Jan;22(1):87-94.

 

The mobilization of hematopoietic stem cells can be a limiting factor for transplantation, yet little is known about how the availability of novel mobilizing agents has affected the practices of oncologists and transplant specialists.

Last Updated: 16 Dec 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Non-Hodgkin lymphoma" returned 54 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Novel biologic agents for non-Hodgkin lymphoma and chronic lymphocytic leukemia-part 2: adoptive cellular immunotherapy, small-molecule inhibitors, and immunomodulation.
 

Author(s): Tanya Siddiqi, Steven T Rosen

Journal: Oncology (Williston Park, N.Y.). 2015 Apr;29(4):299-308.

 

Globally, the incidence of non-Hodgkin lymphoma is increasing. Aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphomas like diffuse large B-cell lymphoma are treated with curative intent in the frontline setting, but indolent diseases like chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma are not ...

Last Updated: 29 Apr 2015

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Novel biologic agents for non-Hodgkin lymphoma and chronic lymphocytic leukemia-part 1.
 

Author(s): Tanya Siddiqi, Steven T Rosen

Journal: Oncology (Williston Park, N.Y.). 2015 Mar;29(3):198-203.

 

The incidence of non-Hodgkin lymphomas is on the rise worldwide. The aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphomas can potentially be cured with front-line therapy, but indolent ones, such as chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma, cannot. Relapsed/refractory non-Hodgkin lymphomas ...

Last Updated: 24 Mar 2015

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Comprehensive assessment of associations between ERCC2 Lys751Gln/Asp312Asn polymorphisms and risk of non- Hodgkin lymphoma.
 

Author(s): Jue-Yu Zhou, Li-Wen He, Jie Liu, Hai-Lang Yu, Min Wei, Wen-Li Ma, Rong Shi

Journal: Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.. 2014 ;15(21):9347-53.

 

Excision repair crossing-complementing group 2 (ERCC2), also called xeroderma pigmentosum complementary group D (XPD), plays a crucial role in the nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway. Previous epidemiological studies have reported associations between ERCC2 polymorphisms and ...

Last Updated: 25 Nov 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Bortezomib and Vorinostat as Maintenance Therapy After Autologous Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients With Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Adult Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma; B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Follicular Lymphoma; Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; T-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

 

Last Updated: 31 Aug 2015

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Yttrium Y 90 Basiliximab and Combination Chemotherapy Before Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients With Mature T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Mature T-Cell and NK-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Mature T- and NK-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Refractory Mature T-Cell and NK-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Cutaneous T-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Refractory Cutaneous T-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

 

Last Updated: 29 Jun 2015

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Lenalidomide as Maintenance Therapy After Combination Chemotherapy With or Without Rituximab and Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients With Persistent or Recurrent Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma That is Resistant to Chemotherapy
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Stage III Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage III Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Stage III Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Stage IV Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage IV Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Stage IV Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

 

Last Updated: 2 Dec 2014

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