Tinnitus

Common Name(s)

Tinnitus

Tinnitus is the perception of a sound when no noise is present. The sound is often a ringing, buzzing, hissing, clicking, swooshing, or whistling, and may be heard temporarily or ongoing. Tinnitus is very common, affecting roughly 45 million Americans. It can range in severity from slightly bothersome to severely interfering with daily life. While there are many causes of tinnitus, hearing loss is the most common cause. The elderly and those who are exposed to loud noises are at higher risk of developing tinnitus. Blocking in the middle ear, such from ear wax, congestion, loose hair, or foreign objects, is another common cause of tinnitus. Other causes include injury to the head or neck with damage to nerves, muscles, and blood flow, injury to the lower jaw, medication side effects, and inherited health conditions.

The symptoms of tinnitus often fall into three main categories. Tonal tinnitus is the presence of a continuous sound of the same frequency but differing in volume. Pulsatile tinnitus occurs when the sound is in a beat, often following the heartbeat of the individual. Musical tinnitus is a rare form where an individual hears music or singing that repeats in a loop-like fashion. Over 99% of cases are subjective tinnitus, where other people cannot hear the noises of an individual affected by tinnitus. In rare cases, the noise may be heard when examining the individual, which is known as objective tinnitus and is most often seen with pulsatile tinnitus.

Treatment for tinnitus is often aimed at addressing the underlying cause. While there are often no definitive cures, various treatments may help reduce the impact of the condition on daily life. Treatments include increasing general well-being through diet, exercise, and stress reduction. Medication and therapy may also be used. If you or your child is experiencing tinnitus, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Tinnitus" for support, advocacy or research.

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Vestibular Disorders Association

VEDA's mission is to serve people with vestibular (inner ear balance) disorders by providing access to information, offering a support network, and elevating awareness of the challenges associated with these conditions.

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Tinnitus" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Vestibular Disorders Association

VEDA's mission is to serve people with vestibular (inner ear balance) disorders by providing access to information, offering a support network, and elevating awareness of the challenges associated with these conditions.

https://vestibular.org

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Tinnitus" returned 375 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The influence of tinnitus acceptance on the quality of life and psychological distress in patients with chronic tinnitus.
 

Author(s): David Riedl, Gerhard Rumpold, Annette Schmidt, Patrick G Zorowka, Harald R Bliem, Roland Moschen

Journal: Noise Health. ;17(78):374-81.

 

Recent findings show the importance of acceptance in the treatment of chronic tinnitus. So far, very limited research investigating the different levels of tinnitus acceptance has been conducted. The aim of this study was to investigate the quality of life (QoL) and psychological ...

Last Updated: 11 Sep 2015

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The impact of hyperacusis and hearing loss on tinnitus perception in German teachers.
 

Author(s): Sandra P Meuer, Wolfgang Hiller

Journal: Noise Health. ;17(77):182-90.

 

Recent research indicates that a notable number of teachers are concerned with conditions of auditory impairment such as tinnitus, hyperacusis, and hearing loss. Studies focussing on characteristics and interdependencies of single hearing disorders (HD) are rare. This explorative ...

Last Updated: 14 Jul 2015

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Potent KCNQ2/3-specific channel activator suppresses in vivo epileptic activity and prevents the development of tinnitus.
 

Author(s): Bopanna I Kalappa, Heun Soh, Kevin M Duignan, Takeru Furuya, Scott Edwards, Anastasios V Tzingounis, Thanos Tzounopoulos

Journal: J. Neurosci.. 2015 Jun;35(23):8829-42.

 

Voltage-gated Kv7 (KCNQ) channels are voltage-dependent potassium channels that are activated at resting membrane potentials and therefore provide a powerful brake on neuronal excitability. Genetic or experience-dependent reduction of KCNQ2/3 channel activity is linked with disorders ...

Last Updated: 11 Jun 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Tinnitus" returned 54 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Toward a Global Consensus on Outcome Measures for Clinical Trials in Tinnitus: Report From the First International Meeting of the COMiT Initiative, November 14, 2014, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
 

Author(s): Deborah A Hall, Haúla Haider, Dimitris Kikidis, Marzena Mielczarek, Birgit Mazurek, Agnieszka J Szczepek, Christopher R Cederroth

Journal:

 

In Europe alone, over 70 million people experience tinnitus; for seven million people, it creates a debilitating condition. Despite its enormous socioeconomic relevance, progress in successfully treating the condition is somewhat limited. The European Union has approved funding to ...

Last Updated: 27 Apr 2015

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[Questionnaire methods used in the psychosomatic evaluation of tinnitus].
 

Author(s): Oğuz Kadir Eğilmez, M Tayyar Kalcıoğlu, Numan Kökten

Journal: Kulak Burun Bogaz Ihtis Derg. ;24(5):303-10.

 

Tinnitus is a common disorder in ear, nose and throat practice. Not only muscular, vascular, neuronal, odiologic and ear pathologies, also psychological parameters contribute to the formation of tinnitus. Scales which evaluate patients' perception of tinnitus and how they are affected ...

Last Updated: 17 Dec 2014

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[Systematic review of evidence on the association between personality and tinnitus].
 

Author(s): Samantha Mucci, Luciana Geocze, Denise Caluta Abranches, Andrés Eduardo Aguirre Antúnez, Norma de Oliveira Penido

Journal: Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. ;80(5):441-7.

 

The scientific literature demonstrates that personality traits are associated with the individual's adaptation to chronic diseases, and can be an important factor in the etiology and prognosis of physical illness. Some studies indicate that personality characteristics may influence ...

Last Updated: 11 Oct 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

EMA-Defined Tinnitus Subgroups
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Tinnitus

 

Last Updated: 8 Dec 2014

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Treating Tinnitus Using Eutectic Mixture of Local Anesthetics (EMLA) 5% Cream
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Tinnitus

 

Last Updated: 29 Oct 2014

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Effect of rTMS on Resting State Brain Activity in Tinnitus
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Tinnitus

 

Last Updated: 4 Jan 2016

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