Tinnitus

Common Name(s)

Tinnitus

Tinnitus is the perception of a sound when no noise is present. The sound is often a ringing, buzzing, hissing, clicking, swooshing, or whistling, and may be heard temporarily or ongoing. Tinnitus is very common, affecting roughly 45 million Americans. It can range in severity from slightly bothersome to severely interfering with daily life. While there are many causes of tinnitus, hearing loss is the most common cause. The elderly and those who are exposed to loud noises are at higher risk of developing tinnitus. Blocking in the middle ear, such from ear wax, congestion, loose hair, or foreign objects, is another common cause of tinnitus. Other causes include injury to the head or neck with damage to nerves, muscles, and blood flow, injury to the lower jaw, medication side effects, and inherited health conditions.

The symptoms of tinnitus often fall into three main categories. Tonal tinnitus is the presence of a continuous sound of the same frequency but differing in volume. Pulsatile tinnitus occurs when the sound is in a beat, often following the heartbeat of the individual. Musical tinnitus is a rare form where an individual hears music or singing that repeats in a loop-like fashion. Over 99% of cases are subjective tinnitus, where other people cannot hear the noises of an individual affected by tinnitus. In rare cases, the noise may be heard when examining the individual, which is known as objective tinnitus and is most often seen with pulsatile tinnitus.

Treatment for tinnitus is often aimed at addressing the underlying cause. While there are often no definitive cures, various treatments may help reduce the impact of the condition on daily life. Treatments include increasing general well-being through diet, exercise, and stress reduction. Medication and therapy may also be used. If you or your child is experiencing tinnitus, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Tinnitus" for support, advocacy or research.

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Vestibular Disorders Association

VEDA's mission is to serve people with vestibular (inner ear balance) disorders by providing access to information, offering a support network, and elevating awareness of the challenges associated with these conditions.

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Tinnitus" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Vestibular Disorders Association

VEDA's mission is to serve people with vestibular (inner ear balance) disorders by providing access to information, offering a support network, and elevating awareness of the challenges associated with these conditions.

https://vestibular.org

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Tinnitus" returned 495 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Increased risk of tinnitus in patients with chronic kidney disease: A nationwide, population-based cohort study.
 

Author(s): Cheng-Ping Shih, Hung-Che Lin, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Po-Jen Hsiao, Chih-Hung Wang, Jih-Chin Lee, Wu-Chien Chien

Journal:

 

Tinnitus mostly results from central and peripheral auditory pathology. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major risk factor for cerebrovascular disease. However, no studies have evaluated the association between tinnitus and CKD. The aim of this study is to investigate the risk of ...

Last Updated: 16 Aug 2017

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Evidence of associations between brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) serum levels and gene polymorphisms with tinnitus.
 

Author(s): Aysun Coskunoglu, Seda Orenay-Boyacioglu, Artuner Deveci, Mustafa Bayam, Ece Onur, Arzu Onan, Fethi S Cam

Journal: Noise Health. ;19(88):140-148.

 

Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene polymorphisms are associated with abnormalities in regulation of BDNF secretion. Studies also linked BDNF polymorphisms with changes in brainstem auditory-evoked response test results. Furthermore, BDNF levels are reduced in tinnitus, ...

Last Updated: 15 Jun 2017

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Tinnitus alters resting state functional connectivity (RSFC) in human auditory and non-auditory brain regions as measured by functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS).
 

Author(s): Juan San Juan, Xiao-Su Hu, Mohamad Issa, Silvia Bisconti, Ioulia Kovelman, Paul Kileny, Gregory Basura

Journal:

 

Tinnitus, or phantom sound perception, leads to increased spontaneous neural firing rates and enhanced synchrony in central auditory circuits in animal models. These putative physiologic correlates of tinnitus to date have not been well translated in the brain of the human tinnitus ...

Last Updated: 12 Jun 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Tinnitus" returned 73 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

An Integrative Tinnitus Model Based on Sensory Precision.
 

Author(s): William Sedley, Karl J Friston, Phillip E Gander, Sukhbinder Kumar, Timothy D Griffiths

Journal: Trends Neurosci.. 2016 Dec;39(12):799-812.

 

Tinnitus is a common disorder that often complicates hearing loss. Its mechanisms are incompletely understood. Current theories proposing pathophysiology from the ear to the cortex cannot individually - or collectively - explain the range of experimental evidence available. We propose ...

Last Updated: 22 Nov 2016

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Electrical Stimulation of the Ear, Head, Cranial Nerve, or Cortex for the Treatment of Tinnitus: A Scoping Review.
 

Author(s): Derek J Hoare, Peyman Adjamian, Magdalena Sereda

Journal: Neural Plast.. 2016 ;2016():5130503.

 

Tinnitus is defined as the perception of sound in the absence of an external source. It is often associated with hearing loss and is thought to result from abnormal neural activity at some point or points in the auditory pathway, which is incorrectly interpreted by the brain as an ...

Last Updated: 12 Jul 2016

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Electroacupuncture for Tinnitus: A Systematic Review.
 

Author(s): Miao He, Xinrong Li, Yang Liu, Juan Zhong, Luyun Jiang, Ying Liu, Qing Chen, Yan Xie, Qinxiu Zhang

Journal:

 

Treatment effects of electroacupuncture for patients with subjective tinnitus has yet to be clarified.

Last Updated: 4 Mar 2016

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

A Clinical Trial Investigating Effect of Tinted Light on Perception of Tinnitus
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Tinnitus

 

Last Updated: 3 May 2017

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Lidoderm Patch (Lidocaine 5%) for Tinnitus Treatment
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Tinnitus

 

Last Updated: 21 Apr 2016

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Last Updated: 1 May 2017

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