Tinnitus

Common Name(s)

Tinnitus

Tinnitus is the perception of a sound when no noise is present. The sound is often a ringing, buzzing, hissing, clicking, swooshing, or whistling, and may be heard temporarily or ongoing. Tinnitus is very common, affecting roughly 45 million Americans. It can range in severity from slightly bothersome to severely interfering with daily life. While there are many causes of tinnitus, hearing loss is the most common cause. The elderly and those who are exposed to loud noises are at higher risk of developing tinnitus. Blocking in the middle ear, such from ear wax, congestion, loose hair, or foreign objects, is another common cause of tinnitus. Other causes include injury to the head or neck with damage to nerves, muscles, and blood flow, injury to the lower jaw, medication side effects, and inherited health conditions.

The symptoms of tinnitus often fall into three main categories. Tonal tinnitus is the presence of a continuous sound of the same frequency but differing in volume. Pulsatile tinnitus occurs when the sound is in a beat, often following the heartbeat of the individual. Musical tinnitus is a rare form where an individual hears music or singing that repeats in a loop-like fashion. Over 99% of cases are subjective tinnitus, where other people cannot hear the noises of an individual affected by tinnitus. In rare cases, the noise may be heard when examining the individual, which is known as objective tinnitus and is most often seen with pulsatile tinnitus.

Treatment for tinnitus is often aimed at addressing the underlying cause. While there are often no definitive cures, various treatments may help reduce the impact of the condition on daily life. Treatments include increasing general well-being through diet, exercise, and stress reduction. Medication and therapy may also be used. If you or your child is experiencing tinnitus, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Tinnitus" for support, advocacy or research.

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Vestibular Disorders Association

VEDA's mission is to serve people with vestibular (inner ear balance) disorders by providing access to information, offering a support network, and elevating awareness of the challenges associated with these conditions.

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Tinnitus" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Vestibular Disorders Association

VEDA's mission is to serve people with vestibular (inner ear balance) disorders by providing access to information, offering a support network, and elevating awareness of the challenges associated with these conditions.

https://vestibular.org

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Tinnitus" returned 433 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) I/D and Alpha-Adducin (ADD1) G460W Gene Polymorphisms in Turkish Patients with Severe Chronic Tinnitus.
 

Author(s): Salim Yuce, Enver Sancakdar, Gokhan Bağcı, Sema Koc, Hande Kucuk Kurtulgan, Binnur Bağcı, Mansur Doğan, İsmail Onder Uysal

Journal: J Int Adv Otol. 2016 Apr;12(1):77-81.

 

Tinnitus is described as a disturbing sound sensation in the absence of external stimulation. We aimed to investigate whether there is any relationship between severe chronic tinnitus and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) I/D and α-adducin (ADD1) G460W gene polymorphisms.

Last Updated: 25 Jun 2016

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Tinnitus Retraining Therapy in Unilateral Tinnitus Patients with Single Side Deafness.
 

Author(s): Sang Hoon Kim, Jae Yong Byun, Seung Geun Yeo, Moon Suh Park

Journal: J Int Adv Otol. 2016 Apr;12(1):72-6.

 

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the audiologic and clinical characteristics of the tinnitus in single-sided deafness (SSD) patients and to determine whether tinnitus retraining therapy (TRT) is beneficial to those patients who suffer from tinnitus with SSD.

Last Updated: 25 Jun 2016

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Validation of PRISM (Pictorial Representation of Illness and Self Measure) as a novel visual assessment tool for the burden of suffering in tinnitus patients.
 

Author(s): Nicole Peter, Tobias Kleinjung, Lukas Horat, Sabine Schmidt-Weitmann, Martin Meyer, Stefan Büchi, Steffi Weidt

Journal:

 

Chronic subjective tinnitus is a frequent condition that affects the subject's quality of life. The lack of objective measures of tinnitus necessitates the use of self-reporting and often time-consuming questionnaires for evaluating tinnitus severity. The Pictorial Representation ...

Last Updated: 22 Mar 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Tinnitus" returned 64 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Electroacupuncture for Tinnitus: A Systematic Review.
 

Author(s): Miao He, Xinrong Li, Yang Liu, Juan Zhong, Luyun Jiang, Ying Liu, Qing Chen, Yan Xie, Qinxiu Zhang

Journal:

 

Treatment effects of electroacupuncture for patients with subjective tinnitus has yet to be clarified.

Last Updated: 4 Mar 2016

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Maladaptive plasticity in tinnitus--triggers, mechanisms and treatment.
 

Author(s): Susan E Shore, Larry E Roberts, Berthold Langguth

Journal: Nat Rev Neurol. 2016 Mar;12(3):150-60.

 

Tinnitus is a phantom auditory sensation that reduces quality of life for millions of people worldwide, and for which there is no medical cure. Most cases of tinnitus are associated with hearing loss caused by ageing or noise exposure. Exposure to loud recreational sound is common ...

Last Updated: 1 Mar 2016

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Tinnitus and cell phones: the role of electromagnetic radiofrequency radiation.
 

Author(s): Luisa Nascimento Medeiros, Tanit Ganz Sanchez

Journal: Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. ;82(1):97-104.

 

Tinnitus is a multifactorial condition and its prevalence has increased on the past decades. The worldwide progressive increase of the use of cell phones has exposed the peripheral auditory pathways to a higher dose of electromagnetic radiofrequency radiation (EMRFR). Some tinnitus ...

Last Updated: 3 Feb 2016

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Venous Sinus Stenting To Treat Intractable Pulsatile Tinnitus Caused By Venous Sinus Stenosis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Tinnitus; Pulsatile Tinnitus; Venous Sinus Stenosis; Dural Sinus Stenosis

 

Last Updated: 12 May 2016

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Last Updated: 7 Jul 2016

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Effect of rTMS on Resting State Brain Activity in Tinnitus
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Tinnitus

 

Last Updated: 11 May 2016

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