Tinnitus

Common Name(s)

Tinnitus

Tinnitus is the perception of a sound when no noise is present. The sound is often a ringing, buzzing, hissing, clicking, swooshing, or whistling, and may be heard temporarily or ongoing. Tinnitus is very common, affecting roughly 45 million Americans. It can range in severity from slightly bothersome to severely interfering with daily life. While there are many causes of tinnitus, hearing loss is the most common cause. The elderly and those who are exposed to loud noises are at higher risk of developing tinnitus. Blocking in the middle ear, such from ear wax, congestion, loose hair, or foreign objects, is another common cause of tinnitus. Other causes include injury to the head or neck with damage to nerves, muscles, and blood flow, injury to the lower jaw, medication side effects, and inherited health conditions.

The symptoms of tinnitus often fall into three main categories. Tonal tinnitus is the presence of a continuous sound of the same frequency but differing in volume. Pulsatile tinnitus occurs when the sound is in a beat, often following the heartbeat of the individual. Musical tinnitus is a rare form where an individual hears music or singing that repeats in a loop-like fashion. Over 99% of cases are subjective tinnitus, where other people cannot hear the noises of an individual affected by tinnitus. In rare cases, the noise may be heard when examining the individual, which is known as objective tinnitus and is most often seen with pulsatile tinnitus.

Treatment for tinnitus is often aimed at addressing the underlying cause. While there are often no definitive cures, various treatments may help reduce the impact of the condition on daily life. Treatments include increasing general well-being through diet, exercise, and stress reduction. Medication and therapy may also be used. If you or your child is experiencing tinnitus, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Tinnitus" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Vestibular Disorders Association

VEDA's mission is to serve people with vestibular (inner ear balance) disorders by providing access to information, offering a support network, and elevating awareness of the challenges associated with these conditions.

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Tinnitus" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Vestibular Disorders Association

VEDA's mission is to serve people with vestibular (inner ear balance) disorders by providing access to information, offering a support network, and elevating awareness of the challenges associated with these conditions.

https://vestibular.org

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Tinnitus" returned 403 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Therapeutic role of Vitamin B12 in patients of chronic tinnitus: A pilot study.
 

Author(s): Charu Singh, Rahul Kawatra, Jaya Gupta, Vishnu Awasthi, Homnath Dungana

Journal: Noise Health. ;18(81):93-7.

 

True tinnitus is a phantom auditory perception arising from a source or trigger in the cochlea, brainstem, or at higher centers and has no detectable acoustic generator. The most accepted is the famous neurophysiologic model of Jastreboff, which stresses that tinnitus, is a subcortical ...

Last Updated: 10 Mar 2016

Go To URL
Hearing loss and tinnitus in rock musicians: A Norwegian survey.
 

Author(s): Carl Christian Lein Størmer, Einar Laukli, Erik Harry Høydal, Niels Christian Stenklev

Journal: Noise Health. ;17(79):411-21.

 

Our focus in this study was to assess hearing thresholds and the prevalence and characteristics of tinnitus in a large group of rock musicians based in Norway. A further objective was to assess related factors such as exposure, instrument category, and the preventive effect of hearing ...

Last Updated: 17 Nov 2015

Go To URL
Association between polymorphism of interleukin-6 in the region -174G/C and tinnitus in the elderly with a history of occupational noise exposure.
 

Author(s): Marcelo Yugi Doi, Ana Carolina Marcotti Dias, Regina Célia Poly-Frederico, Maira Gabriela Sasso Rosa Maria, Maria Nazaré de Oliveira, Luciana Lozza de Moraes Marchiori

Journal: Noise Health. ;17(79):406-10.

 

Tinnitus is a symptom usually related to cochlear change that may arise from noise exposure and induces expression of proinflammatory cytokines including interleukin-6 (IL6). This study aimed to evaluate the association between the polymorphism of the IL6 gene in the region 174G/C ...

Last Updated: 17 Nov 2015

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Tinnitus" returned 60 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Revisiting the cochlear and central mechanisms of tinnitus and therapeutic approaches.
 

Author(s): Arnaud J Noreña

Journal: Audiol. Neurootol.. 2015 ;20 Suppl 1():53-9.

 

This short review aims at revisiting some of the putative mechanisms of tinnitus. Cochlear-type tinnitus is suggested to result from aberrant activity generated before or at the cochlear nerve level. It is proposed that outer hair cells, through their role in regulating the endocochlear ...

Last Updated: 5 Jun 2015

Go To URL
Toward a Global Consensus on Outcome Measures for Clinical Trials in Tinnitus: Report From the First International Meeting of the COMiT Initiative, November 14, 2014, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
 

Author(s): Deborah A Hall, Haúla Haider, Dimitris Kikidis, Marzena Mielczarek, Birgit Mazurek, Agnieszka J Szczepek, Christopher R Cederroth

Journal:

 

In Europe alone, over 70 million people experience tinnitus; for seven million people, it creates a debilitating condition. Despite its enormous socioeconomic relevance, progress in successfully treating the condition is somewhat limited. The European Union has approved funding to ...

Last Updated: 27 Apr 2015

Go To URL
Consensus on Hearing Aid Candidature and Fitting for Mild Hearing Loss, With and Without Tinnitus: Delphi Review.
 

Author(s): Magdalena Sereda, Derek J Hoare, Richard Nicholson, Sandra Smith, Deborah A Hall

Journal: Ear Hear. ;36(4):417-29.

 

In many countries including the United Kingdom, hearing aids are a first line of audiologic intervention for many people with tinnitus and aidable hearing loss. Nevertheless, there is a lack of high quality evidence to support that they are of benefit for tinnitus, and wide variability ...

Last Updated: 23 Jun 2015

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Venous Sinus Stenting To Treat Intractable Pulsatile Tinnitus Caused By Venous Sinus Stenosis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Tinnitus; Pulsatile Tinnitus; Venous Sinus Stenosis; Dural Sinus Stenosis

 

Last Updated: 12 May 2016

Go to URL
Treating Tinnitus Using Eutectic Mixture of Local Anesthetics (EMLA) 5% Cream
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Tinnitus

 

Last Updated: 29 Oct 2014

Go to URL
Effect of rTMS on Resting State Brain Activity in Tinnitus
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Tinnitus

 

Last Updated: 11 May 2016

Go to URL