Tinnitus

Common Name(s)

Tinnitus

Tinnitus is the perception of a sound when no noise is present. The sound is often a ringing, buzzing, hissing, clicking, swooshing, or whistling, and may be heard temporarily or ongoing. Tinnitus is very common, affecting roughly 45 million Americans. It can range in severity from slightly bothersome to severely interfering with daily life. While there are many causes of tinnitus, hearing loss is the most common cause. The elderly and those who are exposed to loud noises are at higher risk of developing tinnitus. Blocking in the middle ear, such from ear wax, congestion, loose hair, or foreign objects, is another common cause of tinnitus. Other causes include injury to the head or neck with damage to nerves, muscles, and blood flow, injury to the lower jaw, medication side effects, and inherited health conditions.

The symptoms of tinnitus often fall into three main categories. Tonal tinnitus is the presence of a continuous sound of the same frequency but differing in volume. Pulsatile tinnitus occurs when the sound is in a beat, often following the heartbeat of the individual. Musical tinnitus is a rare form where an individual hears music or singing that repeats in a loop-like fashion. Over 99% of cases are subjective tinnitus, where other people cannot hear the noises of an individual affected by tinnitus. In rare cases, the noise may be heard when examining the individual, which is known as objective tinnitus and is most often seen with pulsatile tinnitus.

Treatment for tinnitus is often aimed at addressing the underlying cause. While there are often no definitive cures, various treatments may help reduce the impact of the condition on daily life. Treatments include increasing general well-being through diet, exercise, and stress reduction. Medication and therapy may also be used. If you or your child is experiencing tinnitus, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Tinnitus" for support, advocacy or research.

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Vestibular Disorders Association

VEDA's mission is to serve people with vestibular (inner ear balance) disorders by providing access to information, offering a support network, and elevating awareness of the challenges associated with these conditions.

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Tinnitus" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Vestibular Disorders Association

VEDA's mission is to serve people with vestibular (inner ear balance) disorders by providing access to information, offering a support network, and elevating awareness of the challenges associated with these conditions.

https://vestibular.org

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Tinnitus" returned 449 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Characterization of tinnitus in different age groups: A retrospective review.
 

Author(s): Jamil Al-Swiahb, Shi Nae Park

Journal: Noise Health. ;18(83):214-9.

 

The aim of this study was to characterize tinnitus in affected patients.

Last Updated: 29 Aug 2016

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Stent-Assisted Coil Embolization of a Transverse-Sigmoid Sinus Diverticulum Presenting with Pulsatile Tinnitus.
 

Author(s): Baomin Li, Xianli Lv, Zhongxue Wu, Xiangyu Cao, Jun Wang, Aili Ge, Xinfeng Liu, Sheng Li

Journal: Turk Neurosurg. ;26(4):632-4.

 

When tinnitus is pulse-synchronous, a vascular etiology is suggested. We present a case of persistent and troublesome pulsatile tinnitus caused by a transverse-sigmoid sinus diverticulum that was endovascularly treated with stent-assisted coiling. A 39-yearold woman presented with ...

Last Updated: 12 Jul 2016

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Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) I/D and Alpha-Adducin (ADD1) G460W Gene Polymorphisms in Turkish Patients with Severe Chronic Tinnitus.
 

Author(s): Salim Yuce, Enver Sancakdar, Gokhan Bağcı, Sema Koc, Hande Kucuk Kurtulgan, Binnur Bağcı, Mansur Doğan, İsmail Onder Uysal

Journal: J Int Adv Otol. 2016 Apr;12(1):77-81.

 

Tinnitus is described as a disturbing sound sensation in the absence of external stimulation. We aimed to investigate whether there is any relationship between severe chronic tinnitus and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) I/D and α-adducin (ADD1) G460W gene polymorphisms.

Last Updated: 25 Jun 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Tinnitus" returned 71 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Electroacupuncture for Tinnitus: A Systematic Review.
 

Author(s): Miao He, Xinrong Li, Yang Liu, Juan Zhong, Luyun Jiang, Ying Liu, Qing Chen, Yan Xie, Qinxiu Zhang

Journal:

 

Treatment effects of electroacupuncture for patients with subjective tinnitus has yet to be clarified.

Last Updated: 4 Mar 2016

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Maladaptive plasticity in tinnitus--triggers, mechanisms and treatment.
 

Author(s): Susan E Shore, Larry E Roberts, Berthold Langguth

Journal: Nat Rev Neurol. 2016 Mar;12(3):150-60.

 

Tinnitus is a phantom auditory sensation that reduces quality of life for millions of people worldwide, and for which there is no medical cure. Most cases of tinnitus are associated with hearing loss caused by ageing or noise exposure. Exposure to loud recreational sound is common ...

Last Updated: 1 Mar 2016

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Tinnitus and its current treatment--Still an enigma in medicine.
 

Author(s): Santosh Kumar Swain, Saumyadarshan Nayak, Jayprakash Russel Ravan, Mahesh Chandra Sahu

Journal: J. Formos. Med. Assoc.. 2016 Mar;115(3):139-44.

 

Tinnitus is a phantom auditory perception that occurs in humans. Tinnitus, which is a distressing problem affecting many people around the world, is commonly referred to as ringing in the ears. No effective drug therapy is available for this elusive disease, although much research ...

Last Updated: 27 Feb 2016

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

A Clinical Trial Investigating Effect of Tinted Light on Perception of Tinnitus
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Tinnitus

 

Last Updated: 11 May 2016

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Lidoderm Patch (Lidocaine 5%) for Tinnitus Treatment
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Tinnitus

 

Last Updated: 21 Apr 2016

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Last Updated: 7 Jul 2016

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