Eczema

Common Name(s)

Eczema, Atopic Dermatitis

Eczema is a chronic skin disorder that involves scaly and itchy rashes. Eczema can be common in infants and is sometimes outgrown by age ten, however some people may continue to have symptoms off and on throughout their lifetime. The main symptom of eczema is itchy patches of blistering, dry, raw, oozing, or red skin. A physician can diagnose eczema by looking at the skin and taking a personal and family history. Eczema cannot be cured entirely, but can be managed to relieve and prevent itching. Lotions and creams are recommended to keep the skin moist. Steroid or medicated cream can also be prescribed to treat severe eczema flare-ups. To reduce eczema occurences it is best to identify and avoid triggers such as temperature change, stress, certain soaps, detergents, and food.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Eczema" for support, advocacy or research.

National Eczema Association

Improving the quality of life for individuals with eczema through research, support, and education.

Last Updated: 7 May 2014

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Eczema" for support, advocacy or research.

National Eczema Association

Improving the quality of life for individuals with eczema through research, support, and education.

http://www.nationaleczema.org

Last Updated: 7 May 2014

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Eczema" returned 425 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Asthma, allergy and eczema among adults in multifamily houses in Stockholm (3-HE study)--associations with building characteristics, home environment and energy use for heating.
 

Author(s): Dan Norb├Ąck, Erik Lampa, Karin Engvall

Journal:

 

Risk factors for asthma, allergy and eczema were studied in a stratified random sample of adults in Stockholm. In 2005, 472 multifamily buildings (10,506 dwellings) were invited (one subject/dwelling) and 7,554 participated (73%). Associations were analyzed by multiple logistic regression, ...

Last Updated: 6 Dec 2014

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Developmental profiles of eczema, wheeze, and rhinitis: two population-based birth cohort studies.
 

Author(s): Danielle C M Belgrave, Raquel Granell, Angela Simpson, John Guiver, Christopher Bishop, Iain Buchan, A John Henderson, Adnan Custovic

Journal:

 

The term "atopic march" has been used to imply a natural progression of a cascade of symptoms from eczema to asthma and rhinitis through childhood. We hypothesize that this expression does not adequately describe the natural history of eczema, wheeze, and rhinitis during childhood. ...

Last Updated: 22 Oct 2014

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Knowledge, instruction and behavioural change: building a framework for effective eczema education in clinical practice.
 

Author(s): Deryn Lee Thompson, Murray John Thompson

Journal: J Adv Nurs. 2014 Nov;70(11):2483-94.

 

A discussion on the reasons educational interventions about eczema, by nurses, are successful, with the subsequent development of a theoretical framework to guide nurses to become effective patient educators.

Last Updated: 14 Oct 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Eczema" returned 45 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Microbiota in healthy skin and in atopic eczema.
 

Author(s): Giuseppe Baviera, Maria Chiara Leoni, Lucetta Capra, Francesca Cipriani, Giorgio Longo, Nunzia Maiello, Giampaolo Ricci, Elena Galli

Journal: Biomed Res Int. 2014 ;2014():436921.

 

The Italian interest group (IG) on atopic eczema and urticaria is member of the Italian Society of Allergology and Immunology. The aim of our IG is to provide a platform for scientists, clinicians, and experts. In this review we discuss the role of skin microbiota not only in healthy ...

Last Updated: 15 Aug 2014

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No high level evidence to support the use of oral H1 antihistamines as monotherapy for eczema: a summary of a Cochrane systematic review.
 

Author(s): Esther J van Zuuren, Christian J Apfelbacher, Zbys Fedorowicz, Aldrin Jupiter, Uwe Matterne, Elke Weisshaar

Journal:

 

The most important symptom as well as one of the major diagnostic criteria for eczema is itch. Although oral antihistamines continue to be prescribed for people with eczema, it is unclear if they are effective and safe in relieving itch and skin lesions. We sought to evaluate the ...

Last Updated: 18 Mar 2014

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Epicutaneous immunity and onset of allergic diseases - per-"eczema"tous sensitization drives the allergy march.
 

Author(s): Kenji Matsumoto, Hirohisa Saito

Journal: Allergol Int. 2013 Sep;62(3):291-6.

 

Results from recent epidemiological studies strongly suggest that ingestion of food promotes immune tolerance to food antigens, whereas exposure to food antigens through skin leads to allergic sensitization. A "dual-allergen-exposure hypothesis" has been proposed to explain those ...

Last Updated: 26 Aug 2013

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Interferon Responses in Eczema Herpeticum (ADEH)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Atopic Dermatitis; Eczema Herpeticum; Herpes Simplex Infections; Eczema Vaccinatum

 

Last Updated: 23 Jul 2015

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Defining the Unique Skin and Blood Biomarkers of Pediatric Atopic Dermatitis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Atopic Dermatitis; Eczema

 

Last Updated: 15 May 2015

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A Randomised Clinical Trial in a Population of Health Care Workers With Hand Eczema
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Eczema; Dermatitis; Skin Disease

 

Last Updated: 12 Nov 2009

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