Polycystic ovarian syndrome

Common Name(s)

Polycystic ovarian syndrome

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a health problem that can affect a woman's menstrual cycle, ability to have children, hormones, heart, blood vessels, and appearance. Women with this condition typically have high levels of  hormones called androgens, missed or irregular periods, and many small cysts in their ovaries. The cause of PCOS is unknown, but probably involves a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Treatment for PCOS may involve birth control pills and medications for diabetes and infertility. Medicines called anti-androgens are also used to speed the growth of hair and clear acne.
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Polycystic ovarian syndrome" for support, advocacy or research.

HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 3 Oct 2013

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Polycystic ovarian syndrome" for support, advocacy or research.

HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 3 Oct 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Polycystic ovarian syndrome" returned 169 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Follicle number, not assessments of the ovarian stroma, represents the best ultrasonographic marker of polycystic ovary syndrome.
 

Author(s): Jacob P Christ, Amy D Willis, Eric D Brooks, Heidi Vanden Brink, Brittany Y Jarrett, Roger A Pierson, Donna R Chizen, Marla E Lujan

Journal: Fertil. Steril.. 2014 Jan;101(1):280-287.e1.

 

To compare the diagnostic potential of ultrasonographic markers of ovarian morphology, used alone or in combination, to predict polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

Last Updated: 2 Jan 2014

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Androgen receptor CAG repeats length polymorphism and the risk of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).
 

Author(s): Singh Rajender, Silas Justin Carlus, Sandeep Kumar Bansal, Mahendra Pratap Singh Negi, Nirmala Sadasivam, Muthusamy Narayanan Sadasivam, Kumarasamy Thangaraj

Journal:

 

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) refers to an inheritable androgen excess disorder characterized by multiple small follicles located at the ovarian periphery. Hyperandrogenism in PCOS, and inverse correlation between androgen receptor (AR) CAG numbers and AR function, led us to ...

Last Updated: 11 Oct 2013

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Familial trend in polycystic ovarian syndrome: report of two cases.
 

Author(s): N N Joe-kechebelu, S U Mbamara, J I Ikechebelu

Journal: Ann Afr Med. ;12(3):182-4.

 

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder with a strong genetic component. The affected females present with anovulatory cycles, a spectrum of menstrual disorders, and features of androgen excess. We present the case of two sisters who were diagnosed with PCOS and ...

Last Updated: 5 Sep 2013

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Polycystic ovarian syndrome" returned 20 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Polycystic ovarian syndrome.
 

Author(s): Nina Madnani, Kaleem Khan, Phulrenu Chauhan, Girish Parmar

Journal: Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. ;79(3):310-21.

 

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a "multispeciality" disorder suspected in patients with irregular menses and clinical signs of hyperandrogenism such as acne, seborrhoea, hirsutism, irregular menses, infertility, and alopecia. Recently, PCOS has been associated with the metabolic ...

Last Updated: 26 Apr 2013

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A rational approach to the diagnosis of polycystic ovarian syndrome during adolescence.
 

Author(s): Paulina M Merino, Ethel Codner, Fernando Cassorla

Journal: Arq Bras Endocrinol Metabol. 2011 Nov;55(8):590-8.

 

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a lifelong disorder characterized by hyperandrogenism and ovulatory dysfunction, with a wide spectrum of clinical symptoms and signs. Three different sets of diagnostic criteria have been established in order to define this disease in adult women, ...

Last Updated: 5 Jan 2012

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Inflammation in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: underpinning of insulin resistance and ovarian dysfunction.
 

Author(s): Frank González

Journal: Steroids. 2012 Mar;77(4):300-5.

 

Chronic low-grade inflammation has emerged as a key contributor to the pathogenesis of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). A dietary trigger such as glucose is capable of inciting oxidative stress and an inflammatory response from mononuclear cells (MNC) of women with PCOS, and this ...

Last Updated: 14 Feb 2012

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Effect of a Commonly Used Antibiotic, Doxycycline, in Women With Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS); Irregular Menstrual Cycles; Androgen Excess

 

Last Updated: 4 Nov 2013

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Paleo Versus Healthy ADA Diets for Treatment of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

 

Last Updated: 14 Jul 2014

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