Polycystic ovarian syndrome

Common Name(s)

Polycystic ovarian syndrome

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a health problem that can affect a woman's menstrual cycle, ability to have children, hormones, heart, blood vessels, and appearance. Women with this condition typically have high levels of  hormones called androgens, missed or irregular periods, and many small cysts in their ovaries. The cause of PCOS is unknown, but probably involves a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Treatment for PCOS may involve birth control pills and medications for diabetes and infertility. Medicines called anti-androgens are also used to speed the growth of hair and clear acne.
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Polycystic ovarian syndrome" for support, advocacy or research.

HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 3 Oct 2013

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Polycystic ovarian syndrome" for support, advocacy or research.

HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 3 Oct 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Polycystic ovarian syndrome" returned 173 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The influence of circulating anti-Müllerian hormone on ovarian responsiveness to ovulation induction with gonadotrophins in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome: a pilot study.
 

Author(s): Saad A Amer, Ahmad Mahran, Ayman Abdelmaged, Ahmad R El-Adawy, Moustafa K Eissa, Robert W Shaw

Journal:

 

Women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) are known to have elevated circulating Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH), which has been found to desensitize ovarian follicles to follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of high circulating ...

Last Updated: 20 Dec 2013

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Follicle number, not assessments of the ovarian stroma, represents the best ultrasonographic marker of polycystic ovary syndrome.
 

Author(s): Jacob P Christ, Amy D Willis, Eric D Brooks, Heidi Vanden Brink, Brittany Y Jarrett, Roger A Pierson, Donna R Chizen, Marla E Lujan

Journal: Fertil. Steril.. 2014 Jan;101(1):280-287.e1.

 

To compare the diagnostic potential of ultrasonographic markers of ovarian morphology, used alone or in combination, to predict polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

Last Updated: 2 Jan 2014

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Ovarian HMW adiponectin is associated with folliculogenesis in women with polycystic ovary syndrome.
 

Author(s): Tao Tao, Bing Xu, Wei Liu

Journal:

 

Adiponectin may regulate ovarian steroidogenesis, folliculogenesis and ovulation. The alterations in the distribution of adiponectin multimers in follicular fluid (FF) and the relationship between adiponectin multimers and folliculogenesis in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) ...

Last Updated: 16 Jan 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Polycystic ovarian syndrome" returned 20 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Polycystic ovarian syndrome.
 

Author(s): Nina Madnani, Kaleem Khan, Phulrenu Chauhan, Girish Parmar

Journal: Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. ;79(3):310-21.

 

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a "multispeciality" disorder suspected in patients with irregular menses and clinical signs of hyperandrogenism such as acne, seborrhoea, hirsutism, irregular menses, infertility, and alopecia. Recently, PCOS has been associated with the metabolic ...

Last Updated: 26 Apr 2013

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A rational approach to the diagnosis of polycystic ovarian syndrome during adolescence.
 

Author(s): Paulina M Merino, Ethel Codner, Fernando Cassorla

Journal: Arq Bras Endocrinol Metabol. 2011 Nov;55(8):590-8.

 

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a lifelong disorder characterized by hyperandrogenism and ovulatory dysfunction, with a wide spectrum of clinical symptoms and signs. Three different sets of diagnostic criteria have been established in order to define this disease in adult women, ...

Last Updated: 5 Jan 2012

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Inflammation in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: underpinning of insulin resistance and ovarian dysfunction.
 

Author(s): Frank González

Journal: Steroids. 2012 Mar;77(4):300-5.

 

Chronic low-grade inflammation has emerged as a key contributor to the pathogenesis of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). A dietary trigger such as glucose is capable of inciting oxidative stress and an inflammatory response from mononuclear cells (MNC) of women with PCOS, and this ...

Last Updated: 14 Feb 2012

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Effect of a Commonly Used Antibiotic, Doxycycline, in Women With Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS); Irregular Menstrual Cycles; Androgen Excess

 

Last Updated: 2 Sep 2014

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Paleo Versus Healthy ADA Diets for Treatment of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

 

Last Updated: 20 Aug 2014

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