BRCA1

Common Name(s)

BRCA1

BRCA1 (breast cancer 1, early onset)is a specific gene found in a person’s DNA, or genetic code. Sometimes there are variations or mutations in a person’s genetic code. While some of these go unnoticed (harmless changes), others may have negative effects or put a person at risk for certain health problems. Harmful mutations in the BRCA1 gene (BRCA1 mutation) lead to an increased risk of certain cancers, especially breast cancer and ovarian cancer in women. On average, a woman with a BRCA1 mutation has 50-85% risk of developing breast cancer by age 70 and a 40-60% risk of developing ovarian cancer by age 85. The risk varies depending on the exact mutation, family history, and other genes which may modify the cancer risk. Men with a BRCA1 mutation may be at an increased risk to develop male breast and prostate cancer. Both men and women with a BRCA1 mutation may be at an increased risk to develop cancer of the pancreas. Individuals with a BRCA1 mutation require screening for these cancers more often. Some women may even decide to have prophylactic (risk reducing) surgical removal of the breasts (mastectomy) or ovaries (oophorectomy) before they have cancer, in order to prevent developing these cancers. Management and prevention options for individuals with a BRCA1 mutation are individualized based on other factors such as family history of cancer, personal preference, and other risk factors for cancer. To decide the best care plan for yourself, talk with your physician if you or a family member has a mutation in the BRCA1 gene. Talking with a genetic counselor or specialist may be helpful, as well as with other women and men who also have a BRCA1 mutation through support organizations. Genetic testing may be recommended if you have a family history of certain cancers or for certain ethnic backgrounds. If you are concerned that you should be tested, it is recommended that you speak with a genetic counselor.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "BRCA1" for support, advocacy or research.

Basser Research Center for BRCA

The Basser Research Center for BRCA provides education and support for individuals and families with BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations. Our mission is to deliver cutting edge research in basic and clinical sciences to advance the care of individuals who carry BRCA mutations. The Basser Center is part of the Abramson Cancer Center at Penn Medicine.

Last Updated: 29 Oct 2014

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Breast Cancer Options

Our mission is to educate breast cancer patients about effective treatment options, to advocate for and support informed patient choice and to promote public awareness regarding cancer risk reduction.

Last Updated: 13 Feb 2015

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Center for Jewish Genetics

The Center is dedicated to gathering and disseminating knowledge about Jewish genetic disorders and hereditary cancers. Its mission is to educate and serve health care professionals, clergy and the Jewish community.

Last Updated: 26 Dec 2012

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FORCE: Facing Our Risk of Cancer Empowered

FORCE is a national nonprofit dedicated to fighting hereditary breast and ovarian cancer. With 50 outreach groups throughout the U.S., and international affiliates, FORCE programs provide support, education, advocacy, awareness and research specific to hereditary cancers. Our programs serve anyone with a BRCA mutation or a family history of cancer. FORCE was founded on the principle that no one should have to face hereditary breast and ovarian cancer alone.

Last Updated: 5 May 2014

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HIS Breast Cancer Awareness

An organization for information about Male Breast Cancer. We are here to inform, to educate, bring awareness, and to teach prevention regarding breast cancer in men and genetic testing. We are here to assist and inform once you have been diagnosed with breast cancer.

Last Updated: 1 Nov 2014

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Sharsheret

Sharsheret is a national not-for-profit organization supporting young Jewish women and their families facing breast cancer. Our mission is to offer a community of support to women, of all Jewish backgrounds, diagnosed with breast cancer or at increased genetic risk, by fostering culturally-relevant individualized connections with networks of peers, health professionals, and related resources.

Last Updated: 5 Mar 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "BRCA1" for support, advocacy or research.

Basser Research Center for BRCA

The Basser Research Center for BRCA provides education and support for individuals and families with BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations. Our mission is to deliver cutting edge research in basic and clinical sciences to advance the care of individuals who carry BRCA mutations. The Basser Center is part of the Abramson Cancer Center at Penn Medicine.

http://www.basser.org

Last Updated: 29 Oct 2014

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Breast Cancer Options

Our mission is to educate breast cancer patients about effective treatment options, to advocate for and support informed patient choice and to promote public awareness regarding cancer risk reduction.

http://www.breastcanceroptions.org

Last Updated: 13 Feb 2015

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Center for Jewish Genetics

The Center is dedicated to gathering and disseminating knowledge about Jewish genetic disorders and hereditary cancers. Its mission is to educate and serve health care professionals, clergy and the Jewish community.

http://www.jewishgenetics.org

Last Updated: 26 Dec 2012

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FORCE: Facing Our Risk of Cancer Empowered

FORCE is a national nonprofit dedicated to fighting hereditary breast and ovarian cancer. With 50 outreach groups throughout the U.S., and international affiliates, FORCE programs provide support, education, advocacy, awareness and research specific to hereditary cancers. Our programs serve anyone with a BRCA mutation or a family history of cancer. FORCE was founded on the principle that no one should have to face hereditary breast and ovarian cancer alone.

http://www.facingourrisk.org

Last Updated: 5 May 2014

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HIS Breast Cancer Awareness

An organization for information about Male Breast Cancer. We are here to inform, to educate, bring awareness, and to teach prevention regarding breast cancer in men and genetic testing. We are here to assist and inform once you have been diagnosed with breast cancer.

http://hisbreastcancer.org/

Last Updated: 1 Nov 2014

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Sharsheret

Sharsheret is a national not-for-profit organization supporting young Jewish women and their families facing breast cancer. Our mission is to offer a community of support to women, of all Jewish backgrounds, diagnosed with breast cancer or at increased genetic risk, by fostering culturally-relevant individualized connections with networks of peers, health professionals, and related resources.

http://www.sharsheret.org

Last Updated: 5 Mar 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "BRCA1" returned 1993 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

A Cost-Effectiveness Evaluation of Germline BRCA1 and BRCA2 Testing in UK Women with Ovarian Cancer.
 

Author(s): Anthony Eccleston, Anthony Bentley, Matthew Dyer, Ann Strydom, Wim Vereecken, Angela George, Nazneen Rahman

Journal: Value Health. 2017 Apr;20(4):567-576.

 

To evaluate the long-term cost-effectiveness of germline BRCA1 and BRCA2 (collectively termed "BRCA") testing in women with epithelial ovarian cancer, and testing for the relevant mutation in first- and second-degree relatives of BRCA mutation-positive individuals, compared with no ...

Last Updated: 14 Apr 2017

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BRCA1 expression, proliferative and apoptotic activities in ovarian epithelial inclusions.
 

Author(s): Yiying Wang, Yue Wang, Li Wei, Shuhui Hong, Miaoqing Zhao, Xi Zhang, Wenxin Zheng

Journal:

 

The purpose of this study was to examine proliferative and apoptotic activity in relation with BRCA1 expression in ovarian epithelial inclusions (OEIs), the putative precursor lesions of ovarian epithelial cancer (OEC).

Last Updated: 8 Mar 2017

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HE4 Serum Levels in Patients with BRCA1 Gene Mutation Undergoing Prophylactic Surgery as well as in Other Benign and Malignant Gynecological Diseases.
 

Author(s): Anita Chudecka-Głaz, Aneta Cymbaluk-Płoska, Aleksandra Strojna, Janusz Menkiszak

Journal: Dis. Markers. 2017 ;2017():9792756.

 

Objective. We assess the behavior of serum concentrations of HE4 marker in female carriers of BRCA1 and assess the diagnostic usefulness of HE4 in ovarian and endometrial cancer. Methods. A total of 619 women with BRCA1 gene mutation, ovarian, endometrial, metastatic, other gynecological ...

Last Updated: 9 Feb 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "BRCA1" returned 119 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Unsolved mystery: the role of BRCA1 in DNA end-joining.
 

Author(s): Janapriya Saha, Anthony J Davis

Journal: J. Radiat. Res.. 2016 Aug;57 Suppl 1():i18-i24.

 

Heritable mutations in the tumor suppressor gene BRCA1 increase a woman's lifetime risk of developing breast and ovarian cancer. BRCA1's tumor suppressor function is directly linked to its myriad of functions in the cellular response to DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). BRCA1 interacts ...

Last Updated: 19 Aug 2016

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BRCA1-hapoinsufficiency: Unraveling the molecular and cellular basis for tissue-specific cancer.
 

Author(s): Maja Sedic, Charlotte Kuperwasser

Journal: Cell Cycle. 2016 ;15(5):621-7.

 

Over the past 20 years tremendous progress has been made in understanding the function of BRCA1 gene products. Yet one question still remains: why is mutation of BRCA1 typically associated with preferential development of breast and ovarian cancers and not tumors in other tissues? ...

Last Updated: 31 Mar 2016

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Genetic testing for hereditary cancer predisposition: BRCA1/2, Lynch syndrome, and beyond.
 

Author(s): M J Hall, E I Obeid, S C Schwartz, G Mantia-Smaldone, A D Forman, M B Daly

Journal: Gynecol. Oncol.. 2016 Mar;140(3):565-74.

 

Obstetrician/gynecologists and gynecologic oncologists serve an integral role in the care of women at increased hereditary risk of cancer. Their contribution includes initial identification of high risk patients, screening procedures like bimanual exam, trans-vaginal ultrasound and ...

Last Updated: 24 Feb 2016

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Circulating Tumor DNA and Follow-up of BRCA1 Mutation Carriers (CirCa 01)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Women With BRCA1 Germline Deleterious Mutation

 

Last Updated: 20 Mar 2017

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BRCA1/2 and Effect of Mifepristone on the Breast
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Women With Mutations in the Breast Cancer Susceptibility Genes BRCA1,2

 

Last Updated: 2 Mar 2017

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The IMPACT Study - Identification of Men With a Genetic Predisposition to ProstAte Cancer
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Prostate Cancer in BRCA1 and BRCA2 Carriers

 

Last Updated: 31 Aug 2016

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