Stroke

Common Name(s)

Stroke

A stroke occurs when the blood flow to the brain is interrupted or cut-off. When this happens, the affected area of the brain doesn’t get enough oxygen and nutrients, which may cause cells in the brain to die. A stroke may cause temporary or permanent muscle weakness and/or loss of muscle control. The severity of a stroke varies greatly. There are different types including ischemic stroke (most common), hemorrhagic stroke and transient ischemic attacks (TIA or mini-strokes).

Common symptoms of a stroke include trouble speaking or understanding, paralysis or numbness of the face, arm, or leg, trouble seeing in one or both eyes, headache, and trouble walking. To check for a stroke remember FAST: Face, Arms, Speech, and Time. Face: ask the person to smile - does one side of their face droop? Arms: ask the person to raise their arms in the air – can they raise both arms and keep them raised? Speech: ask the person to repeat a simple phrase back to you – is their speech slurred? Time: if any or all of these symptoms are shown, then seek medical attention immediately.

The main risk factors for a stroke include being overweight or obese, physical inactivity, overuse of drugs and/or alcohol, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Having a family history of stroke, being 55 years or older, being male, or being African American also increases your risk. Causes of strokes depend on the type of stroke.

In order to diagnose a stroke, doctors will perform a physical exam and may use blood tests, CT scans, MRI studies, and other tests. Emergency treatment will depend on the type of stroke. Follow up treatment may include physical, occupational and speech therapy. Lowering your risk factors may help prevent future strokes. If you or a loved one had a stroke, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options. Support groups are also available as good sources of information.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stroke" for support, advocacy or research.

Cure HHT (formerly HHT Foundation International, Inc.)

To find a cure for HHT while saving the lives and improving the well-being of individuals and families affected by HHT. To achieve this mission, the HHT Foundation will: fund research;educate families and physicians; provide linkages among people affected by HHT; collaborate with multidisciplinary HHT Treatment Centers worldwide; and advocate for and support those with HHT

Last Updated: 12 Feb 2016

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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National Stroke Association

National Stroke Association’s mission is to reduce the incidence and impact of stroke by developing compelling education and programs focused on prevention, treatment, rehabilitation and support for all impacted by stroke.

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stroke" for support, advocacy or research.

Cure HHT (formerly HHT Foundation International, Inc.)

To find a cure for HHT while saving the lives and improving the well-being of individuals and families affected by HHT. To achieve this mission, the HHT Foundation will: fund research;educate families and physicians; provide linkages among people affected by HHT; collaborate with multidisciplinary HHT Treatment Centers worldwide; and advocate for and support those with HHT

http://www.curehht.org

Last Updated: 12 Feb 2016

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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National Stroke Association

National Stroke Association’s mission is to reduce the incidence and impact of stroke by developing compelling education and programs focused on prevention, treatment, rehabilitation and support for all impacted by stroke.

https://www.stroke.org

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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General Resources

Recorded Webinars

The Cure HHT webinar series informs patients and physicians of the latest information in HHT treatment, medicine and research, but also builds and strengthens the HHT community. The live webinars feature physicians and scientists specializing in HHT,

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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HHT Treatment Centers

An HHT Center of Excellence is defined as a medical practice that facilitates the comprehensive coordination of care necessary for treating a patient who has HHT. The standard of care must either meet or exceed the guidelines recognized by the HHT Fo

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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HHT Patient Resources

Link to a variety of patient resources

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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Physician Resources for HHT

A variety of resources available to physicians treating HHT patients

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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HHT Publications by Topic

For more in depth reading on specific areas of interest, please review the following articles.

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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Glossary of HHT Terminology

Laypersons Guide to HHT Medical Terminology

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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Insurance Issues

Insurance Resources for HHT Patients

state insurance regulators, medicare, social security and disability benefits, how to file an insurance appeal

Uploaded by Advocacy Organization: Cure HHT (formerly HHT Foundation International, Inc.)

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Stroke" returned 16127 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Validation of a novel claims-based stroke severity index in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage.
 

Author(s): Ling-Chien Hung, Sheng-Feng Sung, Cheng-Yang Hsieh, Ya-Han Hu, Huey-Juan Lin, Yu-Wei Chen, Yea-Huei Kao Yang, Sue-Jane Lin

Journal: J Epidemiol. 2017 Jan;27(1):24-29.

 

Stroke severity is an important outcome predictor for intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) but is typically unavailable in administrative claims data. We validated a claims-based stroke severity index (SSI) in patients with ICH in Taiwan.

Last Updated: 30 Jan 2017

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An unusual presentation of a stroke in a developing country: a case report.
 

Author(s): N D B Ehelepola, T I D M Ranasinghe, B Prashanthi, H M P A G S Bandara

Journal:

 

Patients often, but not always, present with features that allow easy differentiation between traumatic brain injury and a stroke. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are crucial for a good outcome in both. Millions of people worldwide climb coconut and other trees without any ...

Last Updated: 27 Jan 2017

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Parathyroid Hormone Levels in the Prediction of Ischemic Stroke Risk.
 

Author(s): Güner Çelik, Ali Doğan, Şefik Dener, Şerefnur Öztürk, Sevsen Kulaksızoğlu, Hakan Ekmekçi

Journal: Dis. Markers. 2017 ;2017():4343171.

 

Objective. It was examined whether PTH and 25-dihydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels, together or separately, are indicators of the risk of stroke. Materials and Methods. This prospective study was performed at two centers. In the study, 100 patients diagnosed with acute ischemic stroke ...

Last Updated: 24 Jan 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Stroke" returned 2238 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Characteristics of Hemorrhagic Stroke following Spine and Joint Surgeries.
 

Author(s): Fei Yang, Jianning Zhao, Haidong Xu

Journal: Biomed Res Int. 2017 ;2017():5390839.

 

Hemorrhagic stroke can occur after spine and joint surgeries such as laminectomy, lumbar spinal fusion, tumor resection, and total joint arthroplasty. Although this kind of stroke rarely happens, it may cause severe consequences and high mortality rates. Typical clinical symptoms ...

Last Updated: 6 Feb 2017

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The Potential Therapeutic Effects of Artesunate on Stroke and Other Central Nervous System Diseases.
 

Author(s): Shilun Zuo, Qiang Li, Xin Liu, Hua Feng, Yujie Chen

Journal: Biomed Res Int. 2016 ;2016():1489050.

 

Artesunate is an important agent for cerebral malaria and all kinds of other severe malaria because it is highly efficient, lowly toxic, and well-tolerated. Loads of research pointed out that it had widespread pharmacological activities such as antiparasites, antitumor, anti-inflammation, ...

Last Updated: 24 Jan 2017

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Effect of Virtual Reality on Postural and Balance Control in Patients with Stroke: A Systematic Literature Review.
 

Author(s): Ling Chen, Wai Leung Ambrose Lo, Yu Rong Mao, Ming Hui Ding, Qiang Lin, Hai Li, Jiang Li Zhao, Zhi Qin Xu, Rui Hao Bian, Dong Feng Huang

Journal: Biomed Res Int. 2016 ;2016():7309272.

 

Objective. To critically evaluate the studies that were conducted over the past 10 years and to assess the impact of virtual reality on static and dynamic balance control in the stroke population. Method. A systematic review of randomized controlled trials published between January ...

Last Updated: 5 Jan 2017

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Get With the Guidelines-Stroke Registry
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stroke

 

Last Updated: 28 Oct 2016

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Noninvasive Brain Stimulation for Stroke
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stroke

 

Last Updated: 25 Oct 2016

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Post Stroke Psychological Distress
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stroke

 

Last Updated: 19 Aug 2016

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