Stroke

Common Name(s)

Stroke

A stroke occurs when the blood flow to the brain is interrupted or cut-off. When this happens, the affected area of the brain doesn’t get enough oxygen and nutrients, which may cause cells in the brain to die. A stroke may cause temporary or permanent muscle weakness and/or loss of muscle control. The severity of a stroke varies greatly. There are different types including ischemic stroke (most common), hemorrhagic stroke and transient ischemic attacks (TIA or mini-strokes).

Common symptoms of a stroke include trouble speaking or understanding, paralysis or numbness of the face, arm, or leg, trouble seeing in one or both eyes, headache, and trouble walking. To check for a stroke remember FAST: Face, Arms, Speech, and Time. Face: ask the person to smile - does one side of their face droop? Arms: ask the person to raise their arms in the air – can they raise both arms and keep them raised? Speech: ask the person to repeat a simple phrase back to you – is their speech slurred? Time: if any or all of these symptoms are shown, then seek medical attention immediately.

The main risk factors for a stroke include being overweight or obese, physical inactivity, overuse of drugs and/or alcohol, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Having a family history of stroke, being 55 years or older, being male, or being African American also increases your risk. Causes of strokes depend on the type of stroke.

In order to diagnose a stroke, doctors will perform a physical exam and may use blood tests, CT scans, MRI studies, and other tests. Emergency treatment will depend on the type of stroke. Follow up treatment may include physical, occupational and speech therapy. Lowering your risk factors may help prevent future strokes. If you or a loved one had a stroke, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options. Support groups are also available as good sources of information.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stroke" for support, advocacy or research.

HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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National Stroke Association

National Stroke Association’s mission is to reduce the incidence and impact of stroke by developing compelling education and programs focused on prevention, treatment, rehabilitation and support for all impacted by stroke.

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stroke" for support, advocacy or research.

HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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National Stroke Association

National Stroke Association’s mission is to reduce the incidence and impact of stroke by developing compelling education and programs focused on prevention, treatment, rehabilitation and support for all impacted by stroke.

https://www.stroke.org

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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General Resources

Recorded Webinars

The Cure HHT webinar series informs patients and physicians of the latest information in HHT treatment, medicine and research, but also builds and strengthens the HHT community. The live webinars feature physicians and scientists specializing in HHT,

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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HHT Treatment Centers

An HHT Center of Excellence is defined as a medical practice that facilitates the comprehensive coordination of care necessary for treating a patient who has HHT. The standard of care must either meet or exceed the guidelines recognized by the HHT Fo

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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HHT Patient Resources

Link to a variety of patient resources

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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Physician Resources for HHT

A variety of resources available to physicians treating HHT patients

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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HHT Publications by Topic

For more in depth reading on specific areas of interest, please review the following articles.

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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Glossary of HHT Terminology

Laypersons Guide to HHT Medical Terminology

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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Insurance Issues

Insurance Resources for HHT Patients

state insurance regulators, medicare, social security and disability benefits, how to file an insurance appeal

Uploaded by Advocacy Organization: Cure HHT (formerly HHT Foundation International, Inc.)

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Stroke" returned 14706 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

A Retrospective Cohort Study Comparing Stroke Recurrence Rate in Ischemic Stroke Patients With and Without Acupuncture Treatment.
 

Author(s): Chun-Chuan Shih, Chien-Chang Liao, Mao-Feng Sun, Yi-Chang Su, Chi-Pang Wen, Donald E Morisky, Fung-Chang Sung, Chung Y Hsu, Jaung-Geng Lin

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2015 Sep;94(39):e1572.

 

Little was known about the effects of acupuncture on stroke recurrence. The aim of this study is to investigate whether ischemic stroke patients receiving acupuncture treatment have a decreased risk of stroke recurrence. A retrospective cohort study of 30,058 newly diagnosed cases ...

Last Updated: 2 Oct 2015

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Emerging malnutrition during hospitalisation independently predicts poor 3-month outcomes after acute stroke: data from a Chinese cohort.
 

Author(s): Jing Zhang, Xingquan Zhao, Anxin Wang, Yong Zhou, Bo Yang, Na Wei, Dandan Yu, Jingjing Lu, Shengyun Chen, Yilong Wang, Chunxue Wang, Rong Xue, Yanqiu Zhang, Yansheng Li, Ling Yu, Shaoshi Wang, Zhenli Chen, Tianheng Zheng, Zhuo Zhang, Meng Xia, Maolin He, Wei Li, Zhaohui Zhang, Fei Zeng, Shengdi Chen, Yi Fu, Guidong Liu, Lijuan Wang, Zhiheng Huang, Jianguo Ma, Fengqun Mu, Yun Xu, Rong Huang, Lin Wang, Yongjun Wang

Journal: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2015 ;24(3):379-86.

 

Questions exist regarding the causal relationship between malnutrition and stroke outcomes. This study aimed to determine whether nutritional status changes or malnutrition during hospitalisation could predict 3-month outcomes in acute stroke patients.

Last Updated: 30 Sep 2015

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Differences Between US and UK Adults in Stroke Preparedness: Evidence From Parallel Population-Based Community Surveys.
 

Author(s): Stephan U Dombrowski, Gary A Ford, Lewis B Morgenstern, Martin White, Falko F Sniehotta, Joan E Mackintosh, Paul Gellert, Lesli E Skolarus

Journal: Stroke. 2015 Nov;46(11):3220-5.

 

Although time-dependent treatment is available, most people delay contacting emergency medical services for stroke. Given differences in the healthcare system and public health campaigns, exploring between-country differences in stroke preparedness may identify novel ways to increase ...

Last Updated: 27 Oct 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Stroke" returned 2002 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Long working hours and risk of coronary heart disease and stroke: a systematic review and meta-analysis of published and unpublished data for 603,838 individuals.
 

Author(s): Mika Kivimäki, Markus Jokela, Solja T Nyberg, Archana Singh-Manoux, Eleonor I Fransson, Lars Alfredsson, Jakob B Bjorner, Marianne Borritz, Hermann Burr, Annalisa Casini, Els Clays, Dirk De Bacquer, Nico Dragano, Raimund Erbel, Goedele A Geuskens, Mark Hamer, Wendela E Hooftman, Irene L Houtman, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, France Kittel, Anders Knutsson, Markku Koskenvuo, Thorsten Lunau, Ida E H Madsen, Martin L Nielsen, Maria Nordin, Tuula Oksanen, Jan H Pejtersen, Jaana Pentti, Reiner Rugulies, Paula Salo, Martin J Shipley, Johannes Siegrist, Andrew Steptoe, Sakari B Suominen, Töres Theorell, Jussi Vahtera, Peter J M Westerholm, Hugo Westerlund, Dermot O'Reilly, Meena Kumari, G David Batty, Jane E Ferrie, Marianna Virtanen,

Journal: Lancet. 2015 Oct;386(10005):1739-46.

 

Long working hours might increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, but prospective evidence is scarce, imprecise, and mostly limited to coronary heart disease. We aimed to assess long working hours as a risk factor for incident coronary heart disease and stroke.

Last Updated: 7 Nov 2015

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ABCD2 score and secondary stroke prevention: meta-analysis and effect per 1,000 patients triaged.
 

Author(s): Joanna M Wardlaw, Miriam Brazzelli, Francesca M Chappell, Hector Miranda, Kirsten Shuler, Peter A G Sandercock, Martin S Dennis

Journal: Neurology. 2015 Jul;85(4):373-80.

 

Patients with TIA have high risk of recurrent stroke and require rapid assessment and treatment. The ABCD2 clinical risk prediction score is recommended for patient triage by stroke risk, but its ability to stratify by known risk factors and effect on clinic workload are unknown.

Last Updated: 28 Jul 2015

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Aetiological blood biomarkers of ischaemic stroke.
 

Author(s): Julian Sonderer, Mira Katan Kahles

Journal:

 

Each year, over 5 million people die worldwide from stroke, and at least every sixth patient who survives will experience another stroke within five years [1]. We are therefore eager to advance early and rapid diagnosis, prognosis and optimal risk stratification, as well as secondary ...

Last Updated: 30 May 2015

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Healthy Lifestyles After Stroke
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stroke; Apoplexy; Cerebral Stroke; Cerebrovascular Accident; Cerebrovascular Accident, Acute; Cerebrovascular Apoplexy; Cerebrovascular Stroke; CVA; Stroke, Acute; Vascular Accident, Brain

 

Last Updated: 23 Jul 2015

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Efficacy and Safety of FTY720 for Acute Stroke
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stroke; Vascular Accident; Cerebral Stroke; Ischemic Cerebrovascular Accident; Stroke, Acute

 

Last Updated: 16 Sep 2014

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Dapsone for Acute Ischemia Stroke Study
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Cerebral Stroke; Cerebrovascular Accident, Acute; Cerebrovascular Stroke; Stroke, Acute; Stroke

 

Last Updated: 14 Jun 2010

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