Stroke

Common Name(s)

Stroke

A stroke occurs when the blood flow to the brain is interrupted or cut-off. When this happens, the affected area of the brain doesn’t get enough oxygen and nutrients, which may cause cells in the brain to die. A stroke may cause temporary or permanent muscle weakness and/or loss of muscle control. The severity of a stroke varies greatly. There are different types including ischemic stroke (most common), hemorrhagic stroke and transient ischemic attacks (TIA or mini-strokes).

Common symptoms of a stroke include trouble speaking or understanding, paralysis or numbness of the face, arm, or leg, trouble seeing in one or both eyes, headache, and trouble walking. To check for a stroke remember FAST: Face, Arms, Speech, and Time. Face: ask the person to smile - does one side of their face droop? Arms: ask the person to raise their arms in the air – can they raise both arms and keep them raised? Speech: ask the person to repeat a simple phrase back to you – is their speech slurred? Time: if any or all of these symptoms are shown, then seek medical attention immediately.

The main risk factors for a stroke include being overweight or obese, physical inactivity, overuse of drugs and/or alcohol, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Having a family history of stroke, being 55 years or older, being male, or being African American also increases your risk. Causes of strokes depend on the type of stroke.

In order to diagnose a stroke, doctors will perform a physical exam and may use blood tests, CT scans, MRI studies, and other tests. Emergency treatment will depend on the type of stroke. Follow up treatment may include physical, occupational and speech therapy. Lowering your risk factors may help prevent future strokes. If you or a loved one had a stroke, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options. Support groups are also available as good sources of information.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stroke" for support, advocacy or research.

Cure HHT (formerly HHT Foundation International, Inc.)

To find a cure for HHT while saving the lives and improving the well-being of individuals and families affected by HHT. To achieve this mission, the HHT Foundation will: fund research;educate families and physicians; provide linkages among people affected by HHT; collaborate with multidisciplinary HHT Treatment Centers worldwide; and advocate for and support those with HHT

Last Updated: 12 Feb 2016

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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National Stroke Association

National Stroke Association’s mission is to reduce the incidence and impact of stroke by developing compelling education and programs focused on prevention, treatment, rehabilitation and support for all impacted by stroke.

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stroke" for support, advocacy or research.

Cure HHT (formerly HHT Foundation International, Inc.)

To find a cure for HHT while saving the lives and improving the well-being of individuals and families affected by HHT. To achieve this mission, the HHT Foundation will: fund research;educate families and physicians; provide linkages among people affected by HHT; collaborate with multidisciplinary HHT Treatment Centers worldwide; and advocate for and support those with HHT

http://www.curehht.org

Last Updated: 12 Feb 2016

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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National Stroke Association

National Stroke Association’s mission is to reduce the incidence and impact of stroke by developing compelling education and programs focused on prevention, treatment, rehabilitation and support for all impacted by stroke.

https://www.stroke.org

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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General Resources

Recorded Webinars

The Cure HHT webinar series informs patients and physicians of the latest information in HHT treatment, medicine and research, but also builds and strengthens the HHT community. The live webinars feature physicians and scientists specializing in HHT,

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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HHT Treatment Centers

An HHT Center of Excellence is defined as a medical practice that facilitates the comprehensive coordination of care necessary for treating a patient who has HHT. The standard of care must either meet or exceed the guidelines recognized by the HHT Fo

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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HHT Patient Resources

Link to a variety of patient resources

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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Physician Resources for HHT

A variety of resources available to physicians treating HHT patients

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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HHT Publications by Topic

For more in depth reading on specific areas of interest, please review the following articles.

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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Glossary of HHT Terminology

Laypersons Guide to HHT Medical Terminology

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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Insurance Issues

Insurance Resources for HHT Patients

state insurance regulators, medicare, social security and disability benefits, how to file an insurance appeal

Uploaded by Advocacy Organization: Cure HHT (formerly HHT Foundation International, Inc.)

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Stroke" returned 17028 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Vital Signs: Recent Trends in Stroke Death Rates - United States, 2000-2015.
 

Author(s): Quanhe Yang, Xin Tong, Linda Schieb, Adam Vaughan, Cathleen Gillespie, Jennifer L Wiltz, Sallyann Coleman King, Erika Odom, Robert Merritt, Yuling Hong, Mary G George

Journal:

 

The prominent decline in U.S. stroke death rates observed for more than 4 decades has slowed in recent years. CDC examined trends and patterns in recent stroke death rates among U.S. adults aged ≥35 years by age, sex, race/ethnicity, state, and census region.

Last Updated: 7 Sep 2017

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Kidney stones may increase the risk of coronary heart disease and stroke: A PRISMA-Compliant meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Jian-Ping Peng, Hang Zheng

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Aug;96(34):e7898.

 

We aimed to quantitatively assess the potential relationship between kidney stones and coronary heart disease or stroke.

Last Updated: 23 Aug 2017

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Bioinformatics analysis of gene expression profiling for identification of potential key genes among ischemic stroke.
 

Author(s): Kaihua Zhai, Xiangli Kong, Boyu Liu, Jiyu Lou

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Aug;96(34):e7564.

 

This study aimed to identify the key differentially expressed genes (DEGs) following ischemic stroke (IS).The GSE22255 microarray dataset, which contains samples from peripheral blood mononuclear cells of 20 IS patients and 20 sex- and age-matched controls, was downloaded from the ...

Last Updated: 23 Aug 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Stroke" returned 2385 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Incidence of constipation in stroke patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Jianxiang Li, Mengguo Yuan, Yunfang Liu, Yang Zhao, Jingqing Wang, Weifeng Guo

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Jun;96(25):e7225.

 

There is growing awareness of a link between the gut and cardiovascular disease. Constipation is common among individuals who have had a stroke, and it negatively affects social functioning and quality of life. However, no systematic study on the incidence of constipation in stroke ...

Last Updated: 22 Jun 2017

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Stroke Prevention in Atrial Fibrillation: Focus on Latin America.
 

Author(s): Ayrton R Massaro, Gregory Y H Lip

Journal: Arq. Bras. Cardiol.. 2016 Dec;107(6):576-589.

 

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia, with an estimated prevalence of 1-2% in North America and Europe. The increased prevalence of AF in Latin America is associated with an ageing general population, along with poor control of key risk factors, ...

Last Updated: 30 May 2017

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Comparative accuracy of CT perfusion in diagnosing acute ischemic stroke: A systematic review of 27 trials.
 

Author(s): Jiantong Shen, Xianglian Li, Youping Li, Bing Wu

Journal:

 

To systematically evaluate and compare the diagnostic accuracy of CT perfusion (CTP), non-enhanced computed tomography (NCCT) and computed tomography angiography (CTA) in detecting acute ischemic stroke.

Last Updated: 18 May 2017

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Get With the Guidelines-Stroke Registry
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stroke

 

Last Updated: 20 Mar 2017

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Noninvasive Brain Stimulation for Stroke
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stroke

 

Last Updated: 25 Oct 2016

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Post Stroke Psychological Distress
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stroke

 

Last Updated: 19 Aug 2016

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