Stroke

Common Name(s)

Stroke

A stroke occurs when the blood flow to the brain is interrupted or cut-off. When this happens, the affected area of the brain doesn’t get enough oxygen and nutrients, which may cause cells in the brain to die. A stroke may cause temporary or permanent muscle weakness and/or loss of muscle control. The severity of a stroke varies greatly. There are different types including ischemic stroke (most common), hemorrhagic stroke and transient ischemic attacks (TIA or mini-strokes).

Common symptoms of a stroke include trouble speaking or understanding, paralysis or numbness of the face, arm, or leg, trouble seeing in one or both eyes, headache, and trouble walking. To check for a stroke remember FAST: Face, Arms, Speech, and Time. Face: ask the person to smile - does one side of their face droop? Arms: ask the person to raise their arms in the air – can they raise both arms and keep them raised? Speech: ask the person to repeat a simple phrase back to you – is their speech slurred? Time: if any or all of these symptoms are shown, then seek medical attention immediately.

The main risk factors for a stroke include being overweight or obese, physical inactivity, overuse of drugs and/or alcohol, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Having a family history of stroke, being 55 years or older, being male, or being African American also increases your risk. Causes of strokes depend on the type of stroke.

In order to diagnose a stroke, doctors will perform a physical exam and may use blood tests, CT scans, MRI studies, and other tests. Emergency treatment will depend on the type of stroke. Follow up treatment may include physical, occupational and speech therapy. Lowering your risk factors may help prevent future strokes. If you or a loved one had a stroke, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options. Support groups are also available as good sources of information.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stroke" for support, advocacy or research.

Cure HHT (formerly HHT Foundation International, Inc.)

To find a cure for HHT while saving the lives and improving the well-being of individuals and families affected by HHT. To achieve this mission, the HHT Foundation will: fund research;educate families and physicians; provide linkages among people affected by HHT; collaborate with multidisciplinary HHT Treatment Centers worldwide; and advocate for and support those with HHT

Last Updated: 12 Feb 2016

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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National Stroke Association

National Stroke Association’s mission is to reduce the incidence and impact of stroke by developing compelling education and programs focused on prevention, treatment, rehabilitation and support for all impacted by stroke.

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stroke" for support, advocacy or research.

Cure HHT (formerly HHT Foundation International, Inc.)

To find a cure for HHT while saving the lives and improving the well-being of individuals and families affected by HHT. To achieve this mission, the HHT Foundation will: fund research;educate families and physicians; provide linkages among people affected by HHT; collaborate with multidisciplinary HHT Treatment Centers worldwide; and advocate for and support those with HHT

http://www.curehht.org

Last Updated: 12 Feb 2016

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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National Stroke Association

National Stroke Association’s mission is to reduce the incidence and impact of stroke by developing compelling education and programs focused on prevention, treatment, rehabilitation and support for all impacted by stroke.

https://www.stroke.org

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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General Resources

Recorded Webinars

The Cure HHT webinar series informs patients and physicians of the latest information in HHT treatment, medicine and research, but also builds and strengthens the HHT community. The live webinars feature physicians and scientists specializing in HHT,

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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HHT Treatment Centers

An HHT Center of Excellence is defined as a medical practice that facilitates the comprehensive coordination of care necessary for treating a patient who has HHT. The standard of care must either meet or exceed the guidelines recognized by the HHT Fo

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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HHT Patient Resources

Link to a variety of patient resources

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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Physician Resources for HHT

A variety of resources available to physicians treating HHT patients

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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HHT Publications by Topic

For more in depth reading on specific areas of interest, please review the following articles.

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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Glossary of HHT Terminology

Laypersons Guide to HHT Medical Terminology

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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Insurance Issues

Insurance Resources for HHT Patients

state insurance regulators, medicare, social security and disability benefits, how to file an insurance appeal

Uploaded by Advocacy Organization: Cure HHT (formerly HHT Foundation International, Inc.)

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Stroke" returned 16233 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Cryptogenic Stroke.
 

Author(s): Jeffrey L Saver

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2016 Sep;375(11):e26.

 

Last Updated: 15 Sep 2016

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Pioglitazone after Ischemic Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack.
 

Author(s): Catherine M Viscoli, Walter N Kernan, Lawrence H Young

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2016 Aug;375(7):704.

 

Last Updated: 18 Aug 2016

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Risk of Stroke after Transient Ischemic Attack or Minor Stroke.
 

Author(s): Pierre Amarenco,

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2016 Jul;375(4):387.

 

Last Updated: 28 Jul 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Stroke" returned 2224 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Association between selected gene polymorphisms and statin metabolism, risk of ischemic stroke and cardiovascular disorders.
 

Author(s): Dariusz Kotlęga, Monika Gołąb-Janowska, Marta Masztalewicz, Sylwester Ciećwież, Przemysław Nowacki

Journal:

 

Statins are increasingly widely used in primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disorders, including ischemic stroke. The initial studies regarded mainly coronary heart disease, but recently more attention has been paid to statin use in ischemic stroke, including primary ...

Last Updated: 16 May 2016

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Endovascular treatment versus medical care alone for ischaemic stroke: systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Filipe Brogueira Rodrigues, Joana Briosa Neves, Daniel Caldeira, José M Ferro, Joaquim J Ferreira, João Costa

Journal:

 

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of endovascular treatment, particularly adjunctive intra-arterial mechanical thrombectomy, in patients with ischaemic stroke.

Last Updated: 19 Apr 2016

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Comparative Effectiveness of Blood Pressure-lowering Drugs in Patients who have Already Suffered From Stroke: Traditional and Bayesian Network Meta-analysis of Randomized Trials.
 

Author(s): Wei-Ting Wang, Li-Kai You, Chern-En Chiang, Shih-Hsien Sung, Shao-Yuan Chuang, Hao-Min Cheng, Chen-Huan Chen

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Apr;95(15):e3302.

 

Hypertension is the most important risk factor for stroke and stroke recurrence. However, the preferred blood pressure (BP)-lowering drug class for patients who have suffered from a stroke has yet to be determined. To investigate the relative effects of BP-lowering therapies [angiotensin-converting ...

Last Updated: 16 Apr 2016

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Healthy Lifestyles After Stroke
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stroke; Apoplexy; Cerebral Stroke; Cerebrovascular Accident; Cerebrovascular Accident, Acute; Cerebrovascular Apoplexy; Cerebrovascular Stroke; CVA; Stroke, Acute; Vascular Accident, Brain

 

Last Updated: 18 May 2016

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Ischemia Care Biomarkers of Acute Stroke Etiology (BASE)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Ischemic Stroke; Atrial Fibrillation; Transient Ischemic Attacks; Transient Cerebrovascular Events; Thrombotic Stroke; Stroke of Basilar Artery; Cardioembolic Stroke

 

Last Updated: 29 Aug 2016

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Efficacy and Safety of FTY720 for Acute Stroke
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stroke; Vascular Accident; Cerebral Stroke; Ischemic Cerebrovascular Accident; Stroke, Acute

 

Last Updated: 16 Sep 2014

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