Stroke

Common Name(s)

Stroke

A stroke occurs when the blood flow to the brain is interrupted or cut-off. When this happens, the affected area of the brain doesn’t get enough oxygen and nutrients, which may cause cells in the brain to die. A stroke may cause temporary or permanent muscle weakness and/or loss of muscle control. The severity of a stroke varies greatly. There are different types including ischemic stroke (most common), hemorrhagic stroke and transient ischemic attacks (TIA or mini-strokes).

Common symptoms of a stroke include trouble speaking or understanding, paralysis or numbness of the face, arm, or leg, trouble seeing in one or both eyes, headache, and trouble walking. To check for a stroke remember FAST: Face, Arms, Speech, and Time. Face: ask the person to smile - does one side of their face droop? Arms: ask the person to raise their arms in the air – can they raise both arms and keep them raised? Speech: ask the person to repeat a simple phrase back to you – is their speech slurred? Time: if any or all of these symptoms are shown, then seek medical attention immediately.

The main risk factors for a stroke include being overweight or obese, physical inactivity, overuse of drugs and/or alcohol, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Having a family history of stroke, being 55 years or older, being male, or being African American also increases your risk. Causes of strokes depend on the type of stroke.

In order to diagnose a stroke, doctors will perform a physical exam and may use blood tests, CT scans, MRI studies, and other tests. Emergency treatment will depend on the type of stroke. Follow up treatment may include physical, occupational and speech therapy. Lowering your risk factors may help prevent future strokes. If you or a loved one had a stroke, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options. Support groups are also available as good sources of information.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stroke" for support, advocacy or research.

HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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National Stroke Association

National Stroke Association’s mission is to reduce the incidence and impact of stroke by developing compelling education and programs focused on prevention, treatment, rehabilitation and support for all impacted by stroke.

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stroke" for support, advocacy or research.

HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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National Stroke Association

National Stroke Association’s mission is to reduce the incidence and impact of stroke by developing compelling education and programs focused on prevention, treatment, rehabilitation and support for all impacted by stroke.

https://www.stroke.org

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Stroke" returned 13609 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Stroke Disparities: Disaggregating Native Hawaiians from other Pacific Islanders.
 

Author(s): Kazuma Nakagawa, Pippa R MacDonald, Susan M Asai

Journal: Ethn Dis. 2015 ;25(2):157-61.

 

To compare the clinical characteristics of Native Hawaiians (NH) and other Pacific Islanders (PI) who are hospitalized with ischemic stroke.

Last Updated: 29 Jun 2015

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Calcium intake and the risk of stroke: an up-dated meta-analysis of prospective studies.
 

Author(s): Dan-yang Tian, Jie Tian, Chang-he Shi, Bo Song, Jun Wu, Yan Ji, Rui-hao Wang, Cheng-yuan Mao, Shi-lei Sun, Yu-ming Xu

Journal: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2015 ;24(2):245-52.

 

Calcium intake has been associated with stroke risk in a prior meta-analysis, however, newly published results are inconsistent. Dairy food benefits on stroke incidence may involve a calcium-related mechanism. We have therefore updated this meta-analysis with particular references ...

Last Updated: 16 Jun 2015

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Endovascular therapy for ischemic stroke.
 

Author(s): Bruce C V Campbell, Peter J Mitchell,

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2015 Jun;372(24):2365-6.

 

Last Updated: 11 Jun 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Stroke" returned 1843 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Association of hypertension with stroke recurrence may depend on ischaemic stroke subtype.
 

Author(s): Quratulain Nauman Shaikh, Adeel Ali Memon, Ayeesha Kamran Kamal

Journal: J Pak Med Assoc. 2014 Nov;64(11):1327-8.

 

Last Updated: 2 Apr 2015

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Short term exposure to air pollution and stroke: systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Anoop S V Shah, Kuan Ken Lee, David A McAllister, Amanda Hunter, Harish Nair, William Whiteley, Jeremy P Langrish, David E Newby, Nicholas L Mills

Journal:

 

To review the evidence for the short term association between air pollution and stroke.

Last Updated: 26 Mar 2015

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Imaging-based management of acute ischemic stroke patients: current neuroradiological perspectives.
 

Author(s): Dong Gyu Na, Chul-Ho Sohn, Eung Yeop Kim

Journal: Korean J Radiol. ;16(2):372-90.

 

Advances in imaging-based management of acute ischemic stroke now provide crucial information such as infarct core, ischemic penumbra/degree of collaterals, vessel occlusion, and thrombus that helps in the selection of the best candidates for reperfusion therapy. It also predicts ...

Last Updated: 5 Mar 2015

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Healthy Lifestyles After Stroke
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stroke; Apoplexy; Cerebral Stroke; Cerebrovascular Accident; Cerebrovascular Accident, Acute; Cerebrovascular Apoplexy; Cerebrovascular Stroke; CVA; Stroke, Acute; Vascular Accident, Brain

 

Last Updated: 23 Jul 2015

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Efficacy and Safety of FTY720 for Acute Stroke
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stroke; Vascular Accident; Cerebral Stroke; Ischemic Cerebrovascular Accident; Stroke, Acute

 

Last Updated: 16 Sep 2014

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Dapsone for Acute Ischemia Stroke Study
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Cerebral Stroke; Cerebrovascular Accident, Acute; Cerebrovascular Stroke; Stroke, Acute; Stroke

 

Last Updated: 14 Jun 2010

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