Rheumatoid arthritis

Common Name(s)

Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disorder that normally affects the small joints in your hands and feet. It is an autoimmune disease meaning your body’s immune system, which protects your health by attacking foreign substances such as bacteria and viruses, mistakenly attacks your joints causing inflammation or swelling, redness, warmth and pain. The severity of symptoms varies between individuals and may come and go. Symptoms may include tender, warm, and swollen joints, joint stiffness especially in the morning, firm bumps of tissue under the skin on your arms (rheumatoid nodules), fatigue, fever, and weight loss. Symptoms may get progressively worse and may affect your wrist, knee, ankle, elbow, hip and shoulder joints.

The reason the immune system attacks the joints is unknown, but doctors believe there is a genetic component along with environmental factors. Individuals with a family history, between the ages of 40 and 60, and female are at a higher risk of rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis may increase your risk of developing osteoporosis, carpal tunnel syndrome, heart problems, and lung disease.

Rheumatoid arthritis can be difficult to diagnose in the beginning because there is no single blood test or physical finding to confirm the diagnosis. However, your doctor may perform a physical exam to check your joints, blood tests, and an x-rays to help diagnose. While there is currently no cure for rheumatoid arthritis, there are medications to ease the symptoms, reduce inflammation, and slow down the progression of the disease. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis, talk with your doctor to learn about the most current treatment options. Support groups are also good sources of information and support.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Rheumatoid arthritis" for support, advocacy or research.

HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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International Foundation for Autoimmune Arthritis

We are committed to eliminating the adversity caused by autoimmune arthritis by uniting resources that will raise global awareness, providing wellness education and support, and conducting patient-centered research that will improve the quality of life for those affected by these diseases.

Last Updated: 18 Sep 2014

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US Pain Foundation

US Pain Foundation is created by people with pain for people with pain. As a 501 (c)3 non-profit organization dedicated to serving those who live with pain conditions and their care providers, U.S. Pain Foundation exists to help individuals find resources and inspiration.
Our mission is simple: to educate, connect, inform, advocate and empower those living with pain. In addition we work to educate the public on pain issues and to raise awareness on pain in America. We recognize and validate the 100 million Americans who battle pain every day by offering positive programs that empower and ed

Last Updated: 24 Sep 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Rheumatoid arthritis" for support, advocacy or research.

HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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International Foundation for Autoimmune Arthritis

We are committed to eliminating the adversity caused by autoimmune arthritis by uniting resources that will raise global awareness, providing wellness education and support, and conducting patient-centered research that will improve the quality of life for those affected by these diseases.

http://www.ifautoimmunearthritis.org

Last Updated: 18 Sep 2014

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US Pain Foundation

US Pain Foundation is created by people with pain for people with pain. As a 501 (c)3 non-profit organization dedicated to serving those who live with pain conditions and their care providers, U.S. Pain Foundation exists to help individuals find resources and inspiration.
Our mission is simple: to educate, connect, inform, advocate and empower those living with pain. In addition we work to educate the public on pain issues and to raise awareness on pain in America. We recognize and validate the 100 million Americans who battle pain every day by offering positive programs that empower and ed

http://www.uspainfoundation.org

Last Updated: 24 Sep 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Rheumatoid arthritis" returned 10645 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Fibroblast-Like Synovial Cells in Rheumatoid Arthritis--the Impact of Infliximab on Hexosaminidase Activity.
 

Author(s): Sławomir Olszewski, Ewa Olszewska, Janusz Popko, Elżbieta Poskrobko, Stanisław Sierakowski, Krzysztof Zwierz

Journal: Adv Clin Exp Med. ;24(5):807-13.

 

The effect of multiple infusions of infliximab (INF), a chimeric anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha antibody, on the concentration of hexosaminidase (HEX) activity in a synovial cell culture derived from human synovial inflamed fluid obtained from patients suffering from rheumatoid ...

Last Updated: 15 Jan 2016

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Effect of Xinfeng capsule in the treatment of active rheumatoid arthritis: a randomized controlled trial.
 

Author(s): Yali Wang, Jian Liu, Yuan Wang, Yue Sun

Journal: J Tradit Chin Med. 2015 Dec;35(6):626-31.

 

To explore the use of Xinfeng capsule (XFC) in the treatment of active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and its effect on immunoglobulin titer, B cell-activating factor (BAFF) and its receptor (BAFF-R).

Last Updated: 8 Jan 2016

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Patient and clinician views on the quality of foot health care for rheumatoid arthritis outpatients: a mixed methods service evaluation.
 

Author(s): Savia de Souza, Ruth Williams, Heidi Lempp

Journal:

 

Feet are often the first site of joint involvement in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and get progressively worse if unmanaged, leading to permanent disability and negatively impacting patients' quality of life. Podiatrists are specialists in the assessment, diagnosis and management of ...

Last Updated: 7 Jan 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Rheumatoid arthritis" returned 1204 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The Role of Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase-1 in Rheumatoid Arthritis.
 

Author(s): Samuel García, Carmen Conde

Journal: Mediators Inflamm.. 2015 ;2015():837250.

 

Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) is a nuclear enzyme with a crucial role in the maintenance of genomic stability. In addition to the role of PARP-1 in DNA repair, multiple studies have also demonstrated its involvement in several inflammatory diseases, such as septic shock, ...

Last Updated: 4 Sep 2015

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How to use biologic agents in patients with rheumatoid arthritis who have comorbid disease.
 

Author(s): John S Richards, Sharon M Dowell, Mercedes E Quinones, Gail S Kerr

Journal:

 

Although biologic disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) have improved the quality of life of patients with rheumatoid arthritis, side effects remain a problem, especially for patients with pre-existing comorbidities. Randomized controlled trials of such drugs in rheumatoid ...

Last Updated: 18 Aug 2015

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Knowledge-based analysis of genetic associations of rheumatoid arthritis to inform studies searching for pleiotropic genes: a literature review and network analysis.
 

Author(s): Weiying Zheng, Shaoqi Rao

Journal:

 

Pleiotropy describes the genetic effect of a single gene on multiple phenotypic traits. Gene variants directly affect the normal processes of a series of physiological and biochemical reactions, and therefore cause a variety of diseases traits to be changed accordingly. Moreover, ...

Last Updated: 8 Aug 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Targeting Synovitis in Early Rheumatoid Arthritis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Rheumatoid Arthritis; Polyarthritis

 

Last Updated: 9 Sep 2009

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Health Outcomes in Rheumatoid Arthritis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Rheumatoid Arthritis

 

Last Updated: 28 Jun 2006

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