Rheumatoid arthritis

Common Name(s)

Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disorder that normally affects the small joints in your hands and feet. It is an autoimmune disease meaning your body’s immune system, which protects your health by attacking foreign substances such as bacteria and viruses, mistakenly attacks your joints causing inflammation or swelling, redness, warmth and pain. The severity of symptoms varies between individuals and may come and go. Symptoms may include tender, warm, and swollen joints, joint stiffness especially in the morning, firm bumps of tissue under the skin on your arms (rheumatoid nodules), fatigue, fever, and weight loss. Symptoms may get progressively worse and may affect your wrist, knee, ankle, elbow, hip and shoulder joints.

The reason the immune system attacks the joints is unknown, but doctors believe there is a genetic component along with environmental factors. Individuals with a family history, between the ages of 40 and 60, and female are at a higher risk of rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis may increase your risk of developing osteoporosis, carpal tunnel syndrome, heart problems, and lung disease.

Rheumatoid arthritis can be difficult to diagnose in the beginning because there is no single blood test or physical finding to confirm the diagnosis. However, your doctor may perform a physical exam to check your joints, blood tests, and an x-rays to help diagnose. While there is currently no cure for rheumatoid arthritis, there are medications to ease the symptoms, reduce inflammation, and slow down the progression of the disease. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis, talk with your doctor to learn about the most current treatment options. Support groups are also good sources of information and support.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Rheumatoid arthritis" for support, advocacy or research.

HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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International Foundation for Autoimmune Arthritis

We are committed to eliminating the adversity caused by autoimmune arthritis by uniting resources that will raise global awareness, providing wellness education and support, and conducting patient-centered research that will improve the quality of life for those affected by these diseases.

Last Updated: 18 Sep 2014

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US Pain Foundation

US Pain Foundation is created by people with pain for people with pain. As a 501 (c)3 non-profit organization dedicated to serving those who live with pain conditions and their care providers, U.S. Pain Foundation exists to help individuals find resources and inspiration.
Our mission is simple: to educate, connect, inform, advocate and empower those living with pain. In addition we work to educate the public on pain issues and to raise awareness on pain in America. We recognize and validate the 100 million Americans who battle pain every day by offering positive programs that empower and ed

Last Updated: 24 Sep 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Rheumatoid arthritis" for support, advocacy or research.

HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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International Foundation for Autoimmune Arthritis

We are committed to eliminating the adversity caused by autoimmune arthritis by uniting resources that will raise global awareness, providing wellness education and support, and conducting patient-centered research that will improve the quality of life for those affected by these diseases.

http://www.ifautoimmunearthritis.org

Last Updated: 18 Sep 2014

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US Pain Foundation

US Pain Foundation is created by people with pain for people with pain. As a 501 (c)3 non-profit organization dedicated to serving those who live with pain conditions and their care providers, U.S. Pain Foundation exists to help individuals find resources and inspiration.
Our mission is simple: to educate, connect, inform, advocate and empower those living with pain. In addition we work to educate the public on pain issues and to raise awareness on pain in America. We recognize and validate the 100 million Americans who battle pain every day by offering positive programs that empower and ed

http://www.uspainfoundation.org

Last Updated: 24 Sep 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Rheumatoid arthritis" returned 10972 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Maintenance of low disease activity and remission with etanercept-disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) combination therapy compared with treatment with DMARDs alone in Latin American patients with active rheumatoid arthritis: Subset analysis of a randomized trial.
 

Author(s): Cristiano A F Zerbini, Carlos Abud-Mendoza, Paul Mendez-Patarroyo, Mauricio De Angelo Andrade, Ron Pedersen, Bonnie Vlahos, Cecilia Elena Borlenghi

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Sep;97(36):e11989.

 

Current guidelines on the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) recommend early therapy targeting the achievement of low disease activity (LDA) or clinical remission. Little published information is available on the success of this treatment strategy in Latin America. In a subset ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Multidrug-resistance Acinetobacter baumannii pneumonia in a rheumatoid arthritis patient receiving tumor necrosis factor inhibitor: A case report.
 

Author(s): Shu-Yi Lin, Zheng-Hao Huang, Hsiang-Cheng Chen, Deh-Ming Chang, Chun-Chi Lu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Aug;97(33):e11730.

 

Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (MDRAB) pneumonia with severe sepsis in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), who is predisposed after treatment with tumor necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFI), is a rare severe infection and can be successfully treated with prompt antibiotics.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Tofacitinib, an oral Janus kinase inhibitor, in patients from Brazil with rheumatoid arthritis: Pooled efficacy and safety analyses.
 

Author(s): Andrea B V Lomonte, Sebastião C Radominski, Flora M D Marcolino, Claiton V Brenol, Cristiano A F Zerbini, Erika G García, Ermeg L Akylbekova, Ricardo Rojo, Dario Ponce de Leon

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Aug;97(31):e11609.

 

Tofacitinib is an oral Janus kinase inhibitor for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Efficacy and safety of tofacitinib in Brazilian patients from Phase 2 (P2) and Phase 3 (P3) global studies of up to 24 months' duration were evaluated.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Rheumatoid arthritis" returned 1273 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Bone quality, and the combination and penetration of cement-bone interface: A comparative micro-CT study of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
 

Author(s): Yuanzheng Song, Fahao Zhu, Feng Lin, Feng Zhang, Shuaigong Zhang

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Aug;97(35):e11987.

 

To compare the microstructure, bone quality, and the combination and penetration of cement-bone interface in tissue specimens from patients with osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA).A total of 80 femoral condyle tissue specimens from 20 OA patients (40 condyles) and 20 ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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One year in review 2018: ultrasonography in rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis.
 

Author(s): Alen Zabotti, Peter Mandl, Giuseppe Zampogna, Christian Dejaco, Annamaria Iagnocco

Journal: Clin. Exp. Rheumatol.. ;36(4):519-525.

 

Ultrasound is playing an increasingly important role in the differential diagnosis and monitoring of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA). This technique is more sensitive and specific than clinical examination to detect active synovitis, and the identification ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Toxoplasmosis seroprevalence in rheumatoid arthritis patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Zahra Hosseininejad, Mehdi Sharif, Shahabeddin Sarvi, Afsaneh Amouei, Seyed Abdollah Hosseini, Tooran Nayeri Chegeni, Davood Anvari, Reza Saberi, Shaban Gohardehi, Azadeh Mizani, Mitra Sadeghi, Ahmad Daryani

Journal:

 

Toxoplasmosis is a cosmopolitan infection caused by an intracellular obligatory protozoan, Toxoplasma gondii. Infection to this parasite in immunocompetent patients is usually asymptomatic, but today it is believed that the infection can be a risk factor for a variety of diseases, ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

INCMNSZ - Rheumatoid Arthritis Cohort
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Early Rheumatoid Arthritis; Rheumatoid Arthritis

 

Last Updated: 9 Jan 2018

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Regional Registry-based Biobank Development and Pharmacogenetic Analysis in Rheumatoid Arthritis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Rheumatoid Arthritis

 

Last Updated: 31 May 2018

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Discovering the Antecedents of Rheumatoid Arthritis Flare
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Rheumatoid Arthritis

 

Last Updated: 18 Oct 2017

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