Rheumatoid arthritis

Common Name(s)

Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disorder that normally affects the small joints in your hands and feet. It is an autoimmune disease meaning your body’s immune system, which protects your health by attacking foreign substances such as bacteria and viruses, mistakenly attacks your joints causing inflammation or swelling, redness, warmth and pain. The severity of symptoms varies between individuals and may come and go. Symptoms may include tender, warm, and swollen joints, joint stiffness especially in the morning, firm bumps of tissue under the skin on your arms (rheumatoid nodules), fatigue, fever, and weight loss. Symptoms may get progressively worse and may affect your wrist, knee, ankle, elbow, hip and shoulder joints.

The reason the immune system attacks the joints is unknown, but doctors believe there is a genetic component along with environmental factors. Individuals with a family history, between the ages of 40 and 60, and female are at a higher risk of rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis may increase your risk of developing osteoporosis, carpal tunnel syndrome, heart problems, and lung disease.

Rheumatoid arthritis can be difficult to diagnose in the beginning because there is no single blood test or physical finding to confirm the diagnosis. However, your doctor may perform a physical exam to check your joints, blood tests, and an x-rays to help diagnose. While there is currently no cure for rheumatoid arthritis, there are medications to ease the symptoms, reduce inflammation, and slow down the progression of the disease. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis, talk with your doctor to learn about the most current treatment options. Support groups are also good sources of information and support.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Rheumatoid arthritis" for support, advocacy or research.

HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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International Foundation for Autoimmune Arthritis

We are committed to eliminating the adversity caused by autoimmune arthritis by uniting resources that will raise global awareness, providing wellness education and support, and conducting patient-centered research that will improve the quality of life for those affected by these diseases.

Last Updated: 18 Sep 2014

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US Pain Foundation

US Pain Foundation is created by people with pain for people with pain. As a 501 (c)3 non-profit organization dedicated to serving those who live with pain conditions and their care providers, U.S. Pain Foundation exists to help individuals find resources and inspiration.
Our mission is simple: to educate, connect, inform, advocate and empower those living with pain. In addition we work to educate the public on pain issues and to raise awareness on pain in America. We recognize and validate the 100 million Americans who battle pain every day by offering positive programs that empower and ed

Last Updated: 24 Sep 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Rheumatoid arthritis" for support, advocacy or research.

HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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International Foundation for Autoimmune Arthritis

We are committed to eliminating the adversity caused by autoimmune arthritis by uniting resources that will raise global awareness, providing wellness education and support, and conducting patient-centered research that will improve the quality of life for those affected by these diseases.

http://www.ifautoimmunearthritis.org

Last Updated: 18 Sep 2014

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US Pain Foundation

US Pain Foundation is created by people with pain for people with pain. As a 501 (c)3 non-profit organization dedicated to serving those who live with pain conditions and their care providers, U.S. Pain Foundation exists to help individuals find resources and inspiration.
Our mission is simple: to educate, connect, inform, advocate and empower those living with pain. In addition we work to educate the public on pain issues and to raise awareness on pain in America. We recognize and validate the 100 million Americans who battle pain every day by offering positive programs that empower and ed

http://www.uspainfoundation.org

Last Updated: 24 Sep 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Rheumatoid arthritis" returned 9972 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Comorbidities of rheumatoid arthritis: Results from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
 

Author(s): Hyemin Jeong, Sun Young Baek, Seon Woo Kim, Yeong Hee Eun, In Young Kim, Hyungjin Kim, Jaejoon Lee, Eun-Mi Koh, Hoon-Suk Cha

Journal:

 

This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of comorbidities in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) compared with the non-RA population. The 2010-2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES), which assesses the general health status of populations in South ...

Last Updated: 19 Apr 2017

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The aggressive clinical courses of Hodgkin lymphoma primarily diagnosed as methotrexate-induced non-specific lymphoproliferative disorder in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
 

Author(s): Michihide Tokuhira, Takayuki Tabayashi, Yuka Tanaka, Yasuyuki Takahashi, Yuta Kimura, Tatsuki Tomikawa, Tomoe Anan-Nemoto, Shuju Momose, Morihiro Higashi, Ayumi Okuyama, Reiko Watanabe, Koichi Amano, Jun-Ichi Tamaru, Masahiro Kizaki

Journal: J Clin Exp Hematop. 2017 ;56(3):165-169.

 

Recently, attention has been focused on methotrexate-induced lymphoproliferative disease (MTX-LPD), and atypical phenotypes are occasionally documented. We encountered two patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who were diagnosed with non-specific LPD (LPD-nos). Biopsy samples were ...

Last Updated: 23 Mar 2017

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Fractal analysis of subchondral bone changes of the hand in rheumatoid arthritis.
 

Author(s): Shahin Zandieh, Joerg Haller, Reinhard Bernt, Klaus Hergan, Eva Rath

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Mar;96(11):e6344.

 

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic and systemic inflammatory disorder. Conventional radiography, a widely available and cost-effective examination method, remains the standard of reference for the detection and quantification of joint involvement in RA. Fractal dimension (FD) ...

Last Updated: 15 Mar 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Rheumatoid arthritis" returned 1133 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Polymorphisms and pharmacogenomics for the toxicity of methotrexate monotherapy in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Qi Qiu, Jing Huang, Yang Lin, Xiaoming Shu, Huizheng Fan, Zhihua Tu, Youwen Zhou, Cheng Xiao

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Mar;96(11):e6337.

 

Methotrexate (MTX) is widely used and considered a first-line disease modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, 10% to 30% of patients discontinue therapy within a year of starting the treatment, usually because of undesirable side ...

Last Updated: 15 Mar 2017

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The Mechanisms Underlying Chronic Inflammation in Rheumatoid Arthritis from the Perspective of the Epigenetic Landscape.
 

Author(s): Yasuto Araki, Toshihide Mimura

Journal: J Immunol Res. 2016 ;2016():6290682.

 

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease that is characterized by synovial hyperplasia and progressive joint destruction. The activation of RA synovial fibroblasts (SFs), also called fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS), contributes significantly to perpetuation ...

Last Updated: 24 Jan 2017

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Treatment strategy of elderly rheumatoid arthritis.
 

Author(s): Tsuyoshi Takeda

Journal: Nihon Rinsho Meneki Gakkai Kaishi. 2016 ;39(6):497-504.

 

  Since the general population is ageing, the number and the mean age of elderly patients of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have increased. Elderly RA is classified into two clinical subsets, younger onset elderly RA (YORA) and elderly-onset RA (EORA). In the past literature, onset after ...

Last Updated: 4 Jan 2017

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Discovering the Antecedents of Rheumatoid Arthritis Flare
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Rheumatoid Arthritis

 

Last Updated: 6 Oct 2016

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The PRESS RA: Protein and Resistance Exercise Supplementation Study for Rheumatoid Arthritis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Rheumatoid Arthritis

 

Last Updated: 22 Dec 2015

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Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients and Porphyromonas Gingivalis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Rheumatoid Arthritis

 

Last Updated: 12 Jan 2017

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