Osteoporosis

Common Name(s)

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a condition that causes bones to become weak and brittle. Bone is living tissue that is constantly being broken down and replaced. When you are young, your body typically makes new bone faster than it breaks down old bone. This leads to dense bone mass (strong bones). When the creation of new bone is unable to keep up with the removal of old bone, they become weak and brittle. If osteoporosis is severe enough, a crack or break (fracture) within the bone can occur from something as minor as a fall or even from a normal action, like coughing. Symptoms of osteoporosis may include back pain, decrease in height, a hunched posture, and increased risk of bone fractures.

Most people reach their peak bone mass by their early 20s. Individuals with a high peak bone mass when they are young have a lower chance of developing osteoporosis as they age. Gender, age, and race are all risk factors for developing osteoporosis. Women, individuals who are white or of Asian descent, and the elderly have an increased risk of developing osteoporosis. Low calcium intake, eating disorders, and gastrointestinal surgery can also cause a greater risk for osteoporosis. Certain medications, especially steroids, as well as tobacco use, excessive alcohol consumption and a sedentary lifestyle all increase the risk for osteoporosis.

Specific types of X-ray images, called DXA scans, may be used to determine your bone density and diagnose osteoporosis. There are many forms of treatment, depending on the severity. It is important to talk to your doctor, if you or someone you know has been diagnosed with osteoporosis, to review the current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Osteoporosis" for support, advocacy or research.

HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 27 Apr 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Osteoporosis" for support, advocacy or research.

HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 27 Apr 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Osteoporosis" returned 1699 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[The role of biochemical markers of bone turnover in the diagnosis of osteoporosis and predicting fracture risk].
 

Author(s): Younes Mohamed, Hachfi Haifa, Ouertani Datel, Hassine Neffati Fadoua, Ben Hammouda Smeh, Jguirim Mahbouba, Zrour Saoussen, Ismail Bejia, Touzi Mongi, Fadhel Najjar Mohamed, Bergaoui Naceur

Journal: Tunis Med. 2014 May;92(5):304-10.

 

Currently, for the diagnosis of osteoporosis, we search risk factors and measure bone mineral density (BMD) by DXA method. However, bone turnover markers, unused still in practice, have shown an interest especially in the prediction of fracture risk. aim: To determine the relationship ...

Last Updated: 16 Dec 2014

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Bone fractures and feeling at risk for osteoporosis among women in Japan: patient characteristics and outcomes in the National Health and Wellness Survey.
 

Author(s): Masayo Sato, Jeffrey Vietri, Jennifer A Flynn, Saeko Fujiwara

Journal: Arch Osteoporos. 2014 ;9(1):199.

 

Women aged 50 and older in Japan were compared according to perceived risk for osteoporosis and fracture history. Perceived risk was associated with family history of osteoporosis but few other risk factors. Few felt at risk, and perception was only loosely related to epidemiological ...

Last Updated: 13 Nov 2014

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Association between the awareness of osteoporosis and the quality of care for bone health among Korean women with osteoporosis.
 

Author(s): Hyun-Young Shin, Hee Cheol Kang, Kiheon Lee, Sang Min Park

Journal:

 

The prevalence of osteoporosis is increasing and is a socio-economic burden worldwide. Although screening tests for osteoporosis in Korea are easily accessible, this condition remains undertreated. Evaluating post-diagnostic behavior changes may be helpful for improving the quality ...

Last Updated: 9 Oct 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Osteoporosis" returned 507 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Bone metabolic changes during pregnancy: a period of vulnerability to osteoporosis and fracture.
 

Author(s): Lucía Sanz-Salvador, Miguel Ángel García-Pérez, Juan J Tarín, Antonio Cano

Journal: Eur. J. Endocrinol.. 2015 Feb;172(2):R53-65.

 

Changes in bone density and bone markers suggest that pregnancy is associated with deterioration of bone mass in the mother. The metabolism of calcium resets to allow for the needs imposed by the building of the fetal skeleton. The fetus contributes to the process through the output ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 2014

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Physical exercise and osteoporosis: effects of different types of exercises on bone and physical function of postmenopausal women.
 

Author(s): Linda Denise Fernandes Moreira, Mônica Longo de Oliveira, Ana Paula Lirani-Galvão, Rosângela Villa Marin-Mio, Rodrigo Nolasco dos Santos, Marise Lazaretti-Castro

Journal: Arq Bras Endocrinol Metabol. 2014 Jul;58(5):514-22.

 

Physical exercise is an important stimulus for osteoporosis prevention and treatment. However, it is not clear yet which modality would be better to stimulate bone metabolism and enhance physical function of postmenopausal women. This review paper aims to summarize and update present ...

Last Updated: 29 Aug 2014

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Bone markers and osteoporosis therapy.
 

Author(s): Francisco Bandeira, Aline G Costa, Manoel Aderson Soares Filho, Larissa Pimentel, Lourena Lima, John P Bilezikian

Journal: Arq Bras Endocrinol Metabol. 2014 Jul;58(5):504-13.

 

Several factors are involved in determining bone quality including bone density, bone turnover, the extent of trabecular bone connectivity, cortical porosity and geometry. Metabolically active and in a continuous process of remodeling, approximately 20% of bone tissue is renewed annually. ...

Last Updated: 29 Aug 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Texture Analysis for Postmenopausal Osteoporosis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Osteoporosis; Osteopenia

 

Last Updated: 16 Mar 2007

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Osteoporosis Coordinator for Low Volume Community Hospitals
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Osteoporosis; Fragility Fractures

 

Last Updated: 6 Aug 2007

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Weekly vs Daily Teriparatide Therapy in Severe Postmenopausal Osteoporosis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Osteoporosis

 

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

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