Obesity

Common Name(s)

Obesity

Obesity is a condition characterized by the build up of excessive body fat. Obesity is defined differently depending on the country, but in Western countries, such as the U.S. and many European countries, obesity is defined as a body mass index (BMI) of 30 kg/m^2.

A BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight (in kilograms) and dividing it by the square of their height (in meters). Using the BMI, doctors may classify someone as underweight, normal weight, overweight, or obese. Obesity is further broken down into three categories. First, obesity I is measured as a BMI of 30-34.99 kg/m^2, obesity II is 35-39.99 kg/m^2, and obesity III is a BMI greater than 40 kg/m^2. It is important to note that these values are only recognized for adults (18+ years old). In adolescents, different scales are used based on a number of factors.

There are many potential causes for obesity such as environmental, genetic, or both. Contributing factors that may lead to obesity include a poor diet, little or no exercise, infections, and certain genetic conditions. Other contributing factors may include some social determinants such as socioeconomic class and geographic location. In any case, obesity can lead to serious health problems, including a lower life expectancy. On average, obesity can reduce an individual's life expectancy by six to seven years. Obesity may also lead to an increased risk for many conditions including type II diabetes, heart diseases, stroke, many cancers, gastrointestinal conditions, abnormal or poor breathing, depression, and more.

Generally, obesity is treated with certain lifestyle changes such as diet plans and making exercise routines. Medications and surgeries may also be an option depending on the cause of the obesity, its severity, and the individual's choices. If you or someone you know has been diagnosed with obesity, contact your doctor to discuss the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Obesity" for support, advocacy or research.

Hepatitis Foundation International

Hepatitis Foundation International is dedicated to promoting wellness and healthy lifestyles for all individuals in order to reduce the incidence of preventable diseases that affect the liver’s health including: obesity, diabetes, fatty liver, high cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and substance abuse. We inform, educate, and empower by making available reliable and up-to-date information.

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2015

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Bardet Biedl Syndrome Family Association

Our Mission: Improve the lives of families affected by BBS through information, support and by advancing research and therapy Our Vision: Effective support, therapy, and treatment for all people affected by Bardet Biedl Syndrome

Last Updated: 14 Mar 2013

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Obesity" for support, advocacy or research.

Hepatitis Foundation International

Hepatitis Foundation International is dedicated to promoting wellness and healthy lifestyles for all individuals in order to reduce the incidence of preventable diseases that affect the liver’s health including: obesity, diabetes, fatty liver, high cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and substance abuse. We inform, educate, and empower by making available reliable and up-to-date information.

http://www.HepatitisFoundation.org

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2015

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Bardet Biedl Syndrome Family Association

Our Mission: Improve the lives of families affected by BBS through information, support and by advancing research and therapy Our Vision: Effective support, therapy, and treatment for all people affected by Bardet Biedl Syndrome

http://www.bardetbiedl.org/

Last Updated: 14 Mar 2013

View Details
HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Obesity" returned 10463 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Effect of modified fasting therapy on body weight, fat and muscle mass, and blood chemistry in patients with obesity.
 

Author(s): Koh-Woon Kim, Mi-Yeon Song, Seok-Hee Chung, Won-Seok Chung

Journal: J Tradit Chin Med. 2016 Feb;36(1):57-62.

 

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects and safety of modified fasting therapy using fermented medicinal herbs and exercise on body weight, fat and muscle mass, and blood chemistry in obese subjects.

Last Updated: 7 Mar 2016

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Cardiometabolic Risks and Obesity in the Young.
 

Author(s): Asheley C Skinner, Eliana M Perrin, Joseph A Skelton

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2016 Feb;374(6):592-3.

 

Last Updated: 11 Feb 2016

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Effect of Physical Activity in Treatment of Paediatric Obesity.
 

Author(s): Dalibor Pastucha, Jana Malinčíková, Stanislav Horák, Jana Povová, Petr Konečný

Journal: Cent. Eur. J. Public Health. 2015 Nov;23 Suppl():S57-61.

 

The aim of the study was to compare the differences in anthropometric parameters, maximal oxygen uptake (VO₂max) and physical activity (PA) between groups of 146 obese boys and 128 obese girls. We tried to describe the relationships between changes in PA and changes in VO₂max, ...

Last Updated: 6 Feb 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Obesity" returned 2074 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Does an Obesity Paradox Really Exist After Cardiovascular Intervention?: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials and Observational Studies.
 

Author(s): Pravesh Kumar Bundhun, Nuo Li, Meng-Hua Chen

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2015 Nov;94(44):e1910.

 

Several studies have shown the existence of an obesity paradox after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI). However, other studies have shown its absence. This study sought to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies comparing the mortality risk between high body ...

Last Updated: 11 Nov 2015

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Smith-Magenis syndrome and its circadian influence on development, behavior, and obesity - own experience.
 

Author(s): Li Chen, Sureni V Mullegama, Joseph T Alaimo, Sarah H Elsea

Journal: Dev Period Med. ;19(2):149-56.

 

Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) is a complex genetic disorder characterized by sleep disturbance, multiple developmental anomalies, psychiatric behavior, and obesity. It is caused by a heterozygous 17p11.2 microdeletion containing the retinoic acid-induced 1 (RAI1) gene or mutation within ...

Last Updated: 19 Sep 2015

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Intestinal Microbiota, Obesity and Prebiotics.
 

Author(s): R Barczynska, K Bandurska, K Slizewska, M Litwin, M Szalecki, Z Libudzisz, J Kapusniak

Journal: Pol. J. Microbiol.. 2015 ;64(2):93-100.

 

Over the past few decades there has been a significant increase in the prevalence of obesity in both children and adults. Obesity is a disease that has reached epidemic levels on a global scale. The development of obesity is associated with both environmental and genetic factors. ...

Last Updated: 16 Sep 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Development of Melt Organic Baking Fat for Reducing Child Obesity
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Obesity; Overweight; Pediatric Obesity

 

Last Updated: 27 Jul 2015

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Role of Immune System in Obesity-related Inflammation and Cardiometabolic Risk (201102127)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease; Metabolic Syndrome; Metabolically Abnormal Obesity; Metabolically Normal Obesity; Obesity

 

Last Updated: 4 Feb 2016

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Factors Associated With Chronic Respiratory Failure in Obesity
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Obesity; Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome

 

Last Updated: 7 Jul 2011

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