Obesity

Common Name(s)

Obesity

Obesity is a condition characterized by the build up of excessive body fat. Obesity is defined differently depending on the country, but in Western countries, such as the U.S. and many European countries, obesity is defined as a body mass index (BMI) of 30 kg/m^2.

A BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight (in kilograms) and dividing it by the square of their height (in meters). Using the BMI, doctors may classify someone as underweight, normal weight, overweight, or obese. Obesity is further broken down into three categories. First, obesity I is measured as a BMI of 30-34.99 kg/m^2, obesity II is 35-39.99 kg/m^2, and obesity III is a BMI greater than 40 kg/m^2. It is important to note that these values are only recognized for adults (18+ years old). In adolescents, different scales are used based on a number of factors.

There are many potential causes for obesity such as environmental, genetic, or both. Contributing factors that may lead to obesity include a poor diet, little or no exercise, infections, and certain genetic conditions. Other contributing factors may include some social determinants such as socioeconomic class and geographic location. In any case, obesity can lead to serious health problems, including a lower life expectancy. On average, obesity can reduce an individual's life expectancy by six to seven years. Obesity may also lead to an increased risk for many conditions including type II diabetes, heart diseases, stroke, many cancers, gastrointestinal conditions, abnormal or poor breathing, depression, and more.

Generally, obesity is treated with certain lifestyle changes such as diet plans and making exercise routines. Medications and surgeries may also be an option depending on the cause of the obesity, its severity, and the individual's choices. If you or someone you know has been diagnosed with obesity, contact your doctor to discuss the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Obesity" for support, advocacy or research.

Hepatitis Foundation International

Hepatitis Foundation International is dedicated to promoting wellness and healthy lifestyles for all individuals in order to reduce the incidence of preventable diseases that affect the liver’s health including: obesity, diabetes, fatty liver, high cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and substance abuse. We inform, educate, and empower by making available reliable and up-to-date information.

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2015

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Bardet Biedl Syndrome Family Association

Our Mission: Improve the lives of families affected by BBS through information, support and by advancing research and therapy Our Vision: Effective support, therapy, and treatment for all people affected by Bardet Biedl Syndrome

Last Updated: 14 Mar 2013

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Obesity" for support, advocacy or research.

Hepatitis Foundation International

Hepatitis Foundation International is dedicated to promoting wellness and healthy lifestyles for all individuals in order to reduce the incidence of preventable diseases that affect the liver’s health including: obesity, diabetes, fatty liver, high cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and substance abuse. We inform, educate, and empower by making available reliable and up-to-date information.

http://www.HepatitisFoundation.org

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2015

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Bardet Biedl Syndrome Family Association

Our Mission: Improve the lives of families affected by BBS through information, support and by advancing research and therapy Our Vision: Effective support, therapy, and treatment for all people affected by Bardet Biedl Syndrome

http://www.bardetbiedl.org/

Last Updated: 14 Mar 2013

View Details
HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Obesity" returned 11278 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Leptin receptor gene polymorphisms and morbid obesity in Mexican patients.
 

Author(s): Martin Edgardo Rojano-Rodriguez, Jose Luis Beristain-Hernandez, Beatriz Zavaleta-Villa, Pablo Maravilla, Mirza Romero-Valdovinos, Angelica Olivo-Diaz

Journal:

 

Human obesity is due to a complex interaction among environmental, behavioral, developmental and genetic factors, including the interaction of leptin (LEP) and leptin receptor (LEPR). Several LEPR mutations and polymorphisms have been described in patients with early onset severe ...

Last Updated: 18 Jan 2017

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Using Intervention Mapping to develop the Parents as Agents of Change (PAC(©)) intervention for managing pediatric obesity.
 

Author(s): Geoff D C Ball, Aislin R Mushquash, Rachel A Keaschuk, Kathryn A Ambler, Amanda S Newton

Journal:

 

Pediatric obesity has become increasingly prevalent over recent decades. In view of the psychosocial and physical health risks, and the high likelihood that children with obesity will grow to become adults with obesity, there is a clear need to develop evidence-based interventions ...

Last Updated: 14 Jan 2017

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Comparison of Obesity Rates in Early Childhood (4 to 80 months) by Parental Socioeconomic Status Using National Cohort Dataset in Korea.
 

Author(s): Insook Lee, Kyung-Sook Bang, Hyojeong Moon, Jieun Kim

Journal: Asian Nurs Res (Korean Soc Nurs Sci). 2016 Dec;10(4):305-311.

 

Child obesity has been on the rise and become a worldwide health issue. Low socioeconomic status (SES) is known as an influencing factor for childhood obesity, but relevant studies on a national level are scarce in Korea. The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence of ...

Last Updated: 6 Jan 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Obesity" returned 2272 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Controversies about sugars: results from systematic reviews and meta-analyses on obesity, cardiometabolic disease and diabetes.
 

Author(s): Tauseef A Khan, John L Sievenpiper

Journal: Eur J Nutr. 2016 Nov;55(Suppl 2):25-43.

 

Fructose-containing sugars are a focus of attention as a public health target for their putative role in obesity and cardiometabolic disease including diabetes. The fructose moiety is singled out to be the primary driver for the harms of sugars due to its unique endocrine signal and ...

Last Updated: 30 Nov 2016

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Obesity as Predictor of Mortality of Colorectal Cancer: an Evidence-based Case Report.
 

Author(s): Matthew Billy, Hasna Sholihah, Kiwah Andanni, Margareth Ingrid Anggraeni, Saur M E J Siregar, Listya Tresnanti Mirtha

Journal: Acta Med Indones. 2016 Jul;48(3):242-246.

 

to determine all-cause mortality and cancer-spesific mortality of colorectal cancer patient with obesity.

Last Updated: 14 Nov 2016

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Limitations of studies on school-based nutrition education interventions for obesity in China: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Kaimeng Kong, Jie Liu, Yexuan Tao

Journal: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2016 ;25(3):589-601.

 

School-based nutrition education has been widely implemented in recent years to fight the increasing prevalence of childhood obesity in China.

Last Updated: 21 Jul 2016

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Gastrointestinal Hormonal Regulation of Obesity
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Obesity

 

Last Updated: 4 Jan 2017

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Pleasure for Food and Endocannabinoids in Obesity
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Obesity

 

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2016

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Genetic Analysis of Childhood Obesity
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Obesity

 

Last Updated: 2 May 2016

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