Obesity

Common Name(s)

Obesity

Obesity is a condition characterized by the build up of excessive body fat. Obesity is defined differently depending on the country, but in Western countries, such as the U.S. and many European countries, obesity is defined as a body mass index (BMI) of 30 kg/m^2.

A BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight (in kilograms) and dividing it by the square of their height (in meters). Using the BMI, doctors may classify someone as underweight, normal weight, overweight, or obese. Obesity is further broken down into three categories. First, obesity I is measured as a BMI of 30-34.99 kg/m^2, obesity II is 35-39.99 kg/m^2, and obesity III is a BMI greater than 40 kg/m^2. It is important to note that these values are only recognized for adults (18+ years old). In adolescents, different scales are used based on a number of factors.

There are many potential causes for obesity such as environmental, genetic, or both. Contributing factors that may lead to obesity include a poor diet, little or no exercise, infections, and certain genetic conditions. Other contributing factors may include some social determinants such as socioeconomic class and geographic location. In any case, obesity can lead to serious health problems, including a lower life expectancy. On average, obesity can reduce an individual's life expectancy by six to seven years. Obesity may also lead to an increased risk for many conditions including type II diabetes, heart diseases, stroke, many cancers, gastrointestinal conditions, abnormal or poor breathing, depression, and more.

Generally, obesity is treated with certain lifestyle changes such as diet plans and making exercise routines. Medications and surgeries may also be an option depending on the cause of the obesity, its severity, and the individual's choices. If you or someone you know has been diagnosed with obesity, contact your doctor to discuss the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Obesity" for support, advocacy or research.

Hepatitis Foundation International

Hepatitis Foundation International is dedicated to promoting wellness and healthy lifestyles for all individuals in order to reduce the incidence of preventable diseases that affect the liver’s health including: obesity, diabetes, fatty liver, high cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and substance abuse. We inform, educate, and empower by making available reliable and up-to-date information.

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2015

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Bardet Biedl Syndrome Family Association

Our Mission: Improve the lives of families affected by BBS through information, support and by advancing research and therapy Our Vision: Effective support, therapy, and treatment for all people affected by Bardet Biedl Syndrome

Last Updated: 14 Mar 2013

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Obesity" for support, advocacy or research.

Hepatitis Foundation International

Hepatitis Foundation International is dedicated to promoting wellness and healthy lifestyles for all individuals in order to reduce the incidence of preventable diseases that affect the liver’s health including: obesity, diabetes, fatty liver, high cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and substance abuse. We inform, educate, and empower by making available reliable and up-to-date information.

http://www.HepatitisFoundation.org

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2015

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Bardet Biedl Syndrome Family Association

Our Mission: Improve the lives of families affected by BBS through information, support and by advancing research and therapy Our Vision: Effective support, therapy, and treatment for all people affected by Bardet Biedl Syndrome

http://www.bardetbiedl.org/

Last Updated: 14 Mar 2013

View Details
HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Obesity" returned 11233 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

País de gordos/país de muertos: Obesity, death and nation in biomedical and forensic genetics in Mexico.
 

Author(s): Vivette García-Deister, Carlos López-Beltrán

Journal: Soc Stud Sci. 2015 Dec;45(6):797-815.

 

This article provides a comparison between genomic medicine and forensic genetics in Mexico, in light of recent depictions of the nation as a 'país de gordos' (country of the fat) and a 'país de muertos' (country of the dead). We examine the continuities and ruptures in the public ...

Last Updated: 2 Aug 2016

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[Effect of Qingxue Dan on obesity and metabolic biomarker: a double-blind randomized-controlled pilot study].
 

Author(s): Wonseok Chung, Jimi Ryu, Seokhee Chung, Sungsoo Kim

Journal: J Tradit Chin Med. 2016 Jun;36(3):291-8.

 

To investigate the clinical effect of Qingxue Dan (QXD) on obesity and metabolic biomarker related to obesity.

Last Updated: 29 Jul 2016

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Physician Use of Electronic Health Records in Obesity Management.
 

Author(s): George L Morris, Kayla Chapman, David Nelson, Jennifer Fink, Renee Walker, Ron A Cisler

Journal: WMJ. 2016 Jun;115(3):140-2.

 

To assess Wisconsin physician knowledge, attitudes, and practices in obesity management.

Last Updated: 22 Jul 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Obesity" returned 2235 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Limitations of studies on school-based nutrition education interventions for obesity in China: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Kaimeng Kong, Jie Liu, Yexuan Tao

Journal: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2016 ;25(3):589-601.

 

School-based nutrition education has been widely implemented in recent years to fight the increasing prevalence of childhood obesity in China.

Last Updated: 21 Jul 2016

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"Choice Set" for health behavior in choice-constrained settings to frame research and inform policy: examples of food consumption, obesity and food security.
 

Author(s): Robert V H Dover, Estelle V Lambert

Journal:

 

Using the nexus between food consumption, food security and obesity, this paper addresses the complexity of health behavior decision-making moments that reflect relational social dynamics in context-specific dialogues, often in choice-constrained conditions.

Last Updated: 17 Mar 2016

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From obesity to diabetes and cancer: epidemiological links and role of therapies.
 

Author(s): Custodia García-Jiménez, María Gutiérrez-Salmerón, Ana Chocarro-Calvo, Jose Manuel García-Martinez, Angel Castaño, Antonio De la Vieja

Journal: Br. J. Cancer. 2016 Mar;114(7):716-22.

 

Increasing evidence suggests a complex relationship between obesity, diabetes and cancer. Here we review the evidence for the association between obesity and diabetes and a wide range of cancer types. In many cases the evidence for a positive association is strong, but for other cancer ...

Last Updated: 30 Mar 2016

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Development of Melt Organic Baking Fat for Reducing Child Obesity
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Obesity; Overweight; Pediatric Obesity

 

Last Updated: 11 Jul 2016

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Role of Immune System in Obesity-related Inflammation and Cardiometabolic Risk (201102127)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease; Metabolic Syndrome; Metabolically Abnormal Obesity; Metabolically Normal Obesity; Obesity

 

Last Updated: 6 Sep 2016

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Factors Associated With Chronic Respiratory Failure in Obesity
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Obesity; Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome

 

Last Updated: 7 Jul 2011

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