Heart attack

Common Name(s)

Heart attack, Myocardial infarction

A heart attack or myocardial infraction (MI), occurs when the heart is not getting enough oxygen. The oxygen-rich blood the heart muscle needs to do its work flows through the arteries. Most often, a heart attack occurs when a blood clot blocks the arteries. Blood clots can form when plaques (a buildup of fat, cholesterol, or other substances on arteries wall) rupture. When oxygen can’t reach a part of the heart muscle, that part becomes damaged. Common symptoms of a heart attack include pressure, tightness, or pain in the chest or arms; nausea, indigestion, heartburn, or abdominal pain; shortness of breath, cold sweats, fatigue, or dizziness. Symptoms and severity may vary, especially in women. Symptoms may start slowly and build over time. It is important to call for emergency medical help immediately if you think you or someone else is having a heart attack.

There are many factors that put you at risk for a heart attack. Age, smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, family history of heart attack, obesity, stress, lack of exercise, certain autoimmune conditions (like arthritis or lupus), and illegal drug may all increase your risk. An electrocardiogram (EKG) is typically used to diagnose heart attacks. EKGs monitor heart rate and rhythm and can show if a heart attack is in progress or has already happened. Other tests include blood tests, chest x-rays, and echocardiogram. A cardiac catheterization may be used to check for blockages in the arteries that supply the heart. Medications such as aspirin, and blood thinners, and special heart medications may be used to manage the pain and prevent future attacks. Surgical procedures such as coronary angioplasty or coronary artery bypass may be suggested. Diet changes and an exercise plan may also be part of recovery and prevention plan. Talk with your doctor about the latest treatment options. Support groups are also good resources for support and information.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Heart attack" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Heart attack" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Heart attack" returned 202 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Use of Outpatient Cardiac Rehabilitation Among Heart Attack Survivors - 20 States and the District of Columbia, 2013 and Four States, 2015.
 

Author(s): Jing Fang, Carma Ayala, Cecily Luncheon, Matthew Ritchey, Fleetwood Loustalot

Journal:

 

Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States (1). Each year, approximately 790,000 adults have a myocardial infarction (heart attack), including 210,000 that are recurrent heart attacks (2). Cardiac rehabilitation (rehab) includes exercise counseling and training, ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Electrocardiographic measures of left ventricular hypertrophy in the Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial.
 

Author(s): Michael E Ernst, Barry R Davis, Elsayed Z Soliman, Ronald J Prineas, Peter M Okin, Alokananda Ghosh, William C Cushman, Paula T Einhorn, Suzanne Oparil, Richard H Grimm,

Journal: J Am Soc Hypertens. 2016 Dec;10(12):930-938.e9.

 

Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) predicts cardiovascular risk in hypertensive patients. We analyzed baseline/follow-up electrocardiographies in 26,376 Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial participants randomized to amlodipine (A), lisinopril ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Assessing the external validity of model-based estimates of the incidence of heart attack in England: a modelling study.
 

Author(s): Peter Scarborough, Kate Smolina, Anja Mizdrak, Linda Cobiac, Adam Briggs

Journal:

 

The DisMod II model is designed to estimate epidemiological parameters on diseases where measured data are incomplete and has been used to provide estimates of disease incidence for the Global Burden of Disease study. We assessed the external validity of the DisMod II model by comparing ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Heart attack" returned 14 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Gene scanning and heart attack risk.
 

Author(s): Andreas S Barth, Gordon F Tomaselli

Journal: Trends Cardiovasc. Med.. 2016 Apr;26(3):260-5.

 

Coronary heart disease remains the leading cause of death in the Western World. The advent of microarray and next-generation sequencing technologies has generated multi-dimensional data sets, allowing for new pathophysiological insights into this complex disease. To date, genome-wide ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Warning signs of a heart attack.
 

Author(s): Joseph P Ornato, Mary M Hand

Journal: Circulation. 2014 Mar;129(11):e393-5.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
The role of the emergency services in the optimisation of primary angioplasty: experience from London and the Heart Attack Team.
 

Author(s): Miles Dalby, Mark Whitbread,

Journal: EuroIntervention. 2013 Aug;9(4):517-23.

 

Early ambulance services often confined their activities to a "scoop and run" approach, conveying sick patients quickly to the nearest emergency department. With the advent of modern ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) management and primary percutaneous coronary intervention ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Women's Heart Attack Research Program- Imaging Study
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Myocardial Infarction

 

Last Updated: 12 Dec 2017

Go to URL
Women's Heart Attack Research Program: Stress Ancillary Study
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Myocardial Infarction

 

Last Updated: 13 Dec 2017

Go to URL
Women's Heart Attack Research Program: Platelet Sub-Study (HARP)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Myocardial Infarction

 

Last Updated: 12 Dec 2017

Go to URL