Heart attack

Common Name(s)

Heart attack, Myocardial infarction

A heart attack or myocardial infraction (MI), occurs when the heart is not getting enough oxygen. The oxygen-rich blood the heart muscle needs to do its work flows through the arteries. Most often, a heart attack occurs when a blood clot blocks the arteries. Blood clots can form when plaques (a buildup of fat, cholesterol, or other substances on arteries wall) rupture. When oxygen can’t reach a part of the heart muscle, that part becomes damaged. Common symptoms of a heart attack include pressure, tightness, or pain in the chest or arms; nausea, indigestion, heartburn, or abdominal pain; shortness of breath, cold sweats, fatigue, or dizziness. Symptoms and severity may vary, especially in women. Symptoms may start slowly and build over time. It is important to call for emergency medical help immediately if you think you or someone else is having a heart attack.

There are many factors that put you at risk for a heart attack. Age, smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, family history of heart attack, obesity, stress, lack of exercise, certain autoimmune conditions (like arthritis or lupus), and illegal drug may all increase your risk. An electrocardiogram (EKG) is typically used to diagnose heart attacks. EKGs monitor heart rate and rhythm and can show if a heart attack is in progress or has already happened. Other tests include blood tests, chest x-rays, and echocardiogram. A cardiac catheterization may be used to check for blockages in the arteries that supply the heart. Medications such as aspirin, and blood thinners, and special heart medications may be used to manage the pain and prevent future attacks. Surgical procedures such as coronary angioplasty or coronary artery bypass may be suggested. Diet changes and an exercise plan may also be part of recovery and prevention plan. Talk with your doctor about the latest treatment options. Support groups are also good resources for support and information.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Heart attack" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Heart attack" returned 173 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Study answers long-standing question about metformin after heart attack.
 

Author(s): Mary K Caffrey

Journal: Am J Manag Care. 2014 May;20(8 Spec No.):E14.

 

Last Updated: 26 Jan 2015

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Reducing the risk of heart attack and stroke: the American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology prevention guidelines.
 

Author(s): Mariell Jessup, Elliott Antman

Journal: Circulation. 2014 Aug;130(6):e48-50.

 

Last Updated: 5 Aug 2014

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'BeAWARE': supporting non-clinical staff within general practice to promptly identify patients presenting with warning signs of heart attack or stroke.
 

Author(s): Christopher Poulter, Michelle Stewart, Cliona Fitzpatrick, Wendy Keech, Bill Stavreski, Robert Grenfell

Journal: Aust Fam Physician. 2014 Jun;43(6):394-8.

 

General practice requires systems to deal with patients presenting with urgent needs. BeAWARE was developed to support non-clinical staff to promptly identify patients with symptoms of heart attack or stroke.

Last Updated: 6 Jun 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Heart attack" returned 12 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Warning signs of a heart attack.
 

Author(s): Joseph P Ornato, Mary M Hand

Journal: Circulation. 2014 Mar;129(11):e393-5.

 

Last Updated: 18 Mar 2014

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The role of the emergency services in the optimisation of primary angioplasty: experience from London and the Heart Attack Team.
 

Author(s): Miles Dalby, Mark Whitbread,

Journal: EuroIntervention. 2013 Aug;9(4):517-23.

 

Early ambulance services often confined their activities to a "scoop and run" approach, conveying sick patients quickly to the nearest emergency department. With the advent of modern ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) management and primary percutaneous coronary intervention ...

Last Updated: 22 Aug 2013

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Public awareness of heart attack symptoms: what should we look for and how will it help?
 

Author(s): Jing Fang

Journal: Future Cardiol. 2011 Nov;7(6):849-51.

 

Last Updated: 4 Nov 2011

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Determination of the Role of Oxygen in Suspected Acute Myocardial Infarction by Biomarkers
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI); Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS); ST Elevation (STEMI) Myocardial Infarction; Ischemic Reperfusion Injury; Non-ST Elevation (NSTEMI) Myocardial Infarction; Angina, Unstable

 

Last Updated: 8 Nov 2014

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An Efficacy and Outcome Study of Supplemental Oxygen Treatment in Patients With Suspected Myocardial Infarction
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Acute Coronary Syndrome; Non-ST Elevation (NSTEMI) Myocardial Infarction; Acute ST Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction; Angina, Unstable

 

Last Updated: 18 Mar 2015

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High-sensitivity Troponin T in Acute Myocardial Infarction After Cardiac Valvular Surgery
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Acute Myocardial Infarction; Disorder; Heart, Functional, Postoperative, Cardiac Surgery; Myocardial Infarction; Heart Valve Diseases

 

Last Updated: 14 Aug 2015

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