Heart attack

Common Name(s)

Heart attack, Myocardial infarction

A heart attack or myocardial infraction (MI), occurs when the heart is not getting enough oxygen. The oxygen-rich blood the heart muscle needs to do its work flows through the arteries. Most often, a heart attack occurs when a blood clot blocks the arteries. Blood clots can form when plaques (a buildup of fat, cholesterol, or other substances on arteries wall) rupture. When oxygen can’t reach a part of the heart muscle, that part becomes damaged. Common symptoms of a heart attack include pressure, tightness, or pain in the chest or arms; nausea, indigestion, heartburn, or abdominal pain; shortness of breath, cold sweats, fatigue, or dizziness. Symptoms and severity may vary, especially in women. Symptoms may start slowly and build over time. It is important to call for emergency medical help immediately if you think you or someone else is having a heart attack.

There are many factors that put you at risk for a heart attack. Age, smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, family history of heart attack, obesity, stress, lack of exercise, certain autoimmune conditions (like arthritis or lupus), and illegal drug may all increase your risk. An electrocardiogram (EKG) is typically used to diagnose heart attacks. EKGs monitor heart rate and rhythm and can show if a heart attack is in progress or has already happened. Other tests include blood tests, chest x-rays, and echocardiogram. A cardiac catheterization may be used to check for blockages in the arteries that supply the heart. Medications such as aspirin, and blood thinners, and special heart medications may be used to manage the pain and prevent future attacks. Surgical procedures such as coronary angioplasty or coronary artery bypass may be suggested. Diet changes and an exercise plan may also be part of recovery and prevention plan. Talk with your doctor about the latest treatment options. Support groups are also good resources for support and information.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Heart attack" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Heart attack" returned 193 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Empowered to gain a new foothold in life--A study of the meaning of participating in cardiac rehabilitation to patients afflicted by a minor heart attack.
 

Author(s): Charlotte P Simonÿ, Pia Dreyer, Birthe D Pedersen, Regner Birkelund

Journal:

 

This study aimed to investigate what it means to patients afflicted by a minor heart attack to participate in cardiac rehabilitation (CR). CR is well-established internationally to support patients towards moving forward in satisfying, healthy, and well-functioning lives. Studies ...

Last Updated: 3 Dec 2015

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Efficacy of a Community-Based Physical Activity Program KM2H2 for Stroke and Heart Attack Prevention among Senior Hypertensive Patients: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Phase-II Trial.
 

Author(s): Jie Gong, Xinguang Chen, Sijian Li

Journal:

 

To evaluate the efficacy of the program Keep Moving toward Healthy Heart and Healthy Brain (KM2H2) in encouraging physical activities for the prevention of heart attack and stroke among hypertensive patients enrolled in the Community-Based Hypertension Control Program (CBHCP).

Last Updated: 2 Oct 2015

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Setting Up an Efficient Therapeutic Hypothermia Team in Conscious ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction Patients: A UK Heart Attack Center Experience.
 

Author(s): Shahed Islam, James Hampton-Till, Shah MohdNazri, Noel Watson, Ellie Gudde, Tom Gudde, Paul A Kelly, Kare H Tang, John R Davies, Thomas R Keeble

Journal: Ther Hypothermia Temp Manag. 2015 Dec;5(4):217-22.

 

Patients presenting with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) are routinely treated with percutaneous coronary intervention to restore blood flow in the occluded artery to reduce infarct size (IS). However, there is evidence to suggest that the restoration of blood flow can ...

Last Updated: 8 Dec 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Heart attack" returned 13 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Warning signs of a heart attack.
 

Author(s): Joseph P Ornato, Mary M Hand

Journal: Circulation. 2014 Mar;129(11):e393-5.

 

Last Updated: 18 Mar 2014

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The role of the emergency services in the optimisation of primary angioplasty: experience from London and the Heart Attack Team.
 

Author(s): Miles Dalby, Mark Whitbread,

Journal: EuroIntervention. 2013 Aug;9(4):517-23.

 

Early ambulance services often confined their activities to a "scoop and run" approach, conveying sick patients quickly to the nearest emergency department. With the advent of modern ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) management and primary percutaneous coronary intervention ...

Last Updated: 22 Aug 2013

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Public awareness of heart attack symptoms: what should we look for and how will it help?
 

Author(s): Jing Fang

Journal: Future Cardiol. 2011 Nov;7(6):849-51.

 

Last Updated: 4 Nov 2011

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Women's Heart Attack Research Program- Imaging Study
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Myocardial Infarction

 

Last Updated: 13 Sep 2016

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Women's Heart Attack Research Program: Stress Ancillary Study
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Myocardial Infarction

 

Last Updated: 22 Sep 2016

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High-sensitivity Troponin T in Acute Myocardial Infarction After Cardiac Valvular Surgery
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Acute Myocardial Infarction; Disorder; Heart, Functional, Postoperative, Cardiac Surgery; Myocardial Infarction; Heart Valve Diseases

 

Last Updated: 14 Aug 2015

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