Boerhaave Syndrome

Common Name(s)

Boerhaave Syndrome

Boerhaave’s syndrome is a rupture of the esophageal (swallowing tube) wall that occurs due to vomiting. Symptoms include: retching and vomiting, severe chest and upper abdominal pain, painful swallowing (odynophagia), rapid breathing (tachypnea), awareness of breathing (dyspnea), blue tinted skin or mucus (cyanosis), fever, and shock. Diagnosis of Boerhaave’s syndrome includes radiography and a confirming chest CT scan. Intervention must happen quickly. Treatment includes antibiotics and surgical repair of the esophageal wall; if there has been significant fluid loss, the patient should be given an IV. Even with surgical intervention, the mortality rate is roughly 25%.

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Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Boerhaave Syndrome" for support, advocacy or research.

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Boerhaave Syndrome" returned 12 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Endoscopic Treatment of Boerhaave Syndrome Using Polyglycolic Acid Sheets and Fibrin Glue: A Report of Two Cases.
 

Author(s): Yumiko Ishikawa, Takashi Tagami, Hayato Hirashima, Reo Fukuda, Yuuta Moroe, Kyoko Unemoto

Journal: J Nippon Med Sch. 2017 ;84(5):241-245.

 

Boerhaave syndrome, the spontaneous perforation of the esophagus, is an emergency, life-threatening condition. Current endoscopic treatment options include clipping and stenting, but the use of polyglycolic acid (PGA) sheets for treating the condition has not been reported. In recent ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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An unusual cause of Boerhaave´s syndrome in a young patient.
 

Author(s): Samuel Fernandes, Carlos Noronha Ferreira, José Freire, José Velosa

Journal: Rev Esp Enferm Dig. 2017 May;109(5):376.

 

An 18-year-old male patient with a history of atopy and intermittent dysphagia for solids, presented to the emergency department with sudden onset total dysphagia followed by hematemesis, after ingesting an ibuprofen tablet. Urgent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a deep ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Boerhaave syndrome - case report.
 

Author(s): Biljana Radovanovic Dinic, Goran Ilic, Snezana Tesic Rajkovic, Tatjana Jevtovic Stoimenov

Journal: Sao Paulo Med J. ;135(1):71-75.

 

Boerhaave syndrome consists of spontaneous longitudinal transmural rupture of the esophagus, usually in its distal part. It generally develops during or after persistent vomiting as a consequence of a sudden increase in intraluminal pressure in the esophagus. It is extremely rare ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Boerhaave Syndrome" returned 1 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Boerhaave syndrome and pregnancy. A case report and review of the literature].
 

Author(s): C Rissoan, C Louerat, R Riou, S Lantheaume

Journal: J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris). 2009 May;38(3):250-3.

 

The syndrome of Boerhaave is a rare affection, corresponding to a spontaneous rupture of the oesophagus, the prognosis of which depends on the precocity of cares. Clinically, it is characterized by a set of three: efforts of vomitings, thoracic pain and subcutaneous emphysema. We ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Eso-Sponge Registry
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Leakage After Esophagectomy; Leakage After Gastrectomy; Perforation of the Esophagus

 

Last Updated: 9 Nov 2017

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