Ischemic stroke

Common Name(s)

Ischemic stroke

A stroke occurs when the blood flow to the brain is interrupted or cut-off. When this happens, the affected area of the brain does not receive the oxygen and nutrients that it needs. An ischemic stroke is the most common type of stroke and is caused by a blockage in an artery leading to the brain. A blocked artery will cut-off blood supply to a region of the brain. If the blood supply is blocked for more than a few minutes, brain cells will begin to die.

The two types of ischemic strokes are thrombotic and embolic. These terms refer to the location of the blood clot. In a thrombotic stroke, a blood clot forms in one of the blood vessels in the brain. In an embolic stroke, a blood clot forms elsewhere in the body, such as in the heart, and then travels to the brain to cause a blockage.

Ischemic strokes have many potential causes. Excessive blood cholesterol will cause the arteries to narrow and eventually become blocked—resulting in a thrombotic stroke. Blood clots that form in the heart are another cause of ischemic strokes. This occurs when blood clot forms in the heart and then travels to the head, blocking blood supply to the brain. This type of stroke would be an embolic stroke. Blood clots in the heart are more likely to form in people who have irregular heartbeats, have had a heart attack, or have diseased heart valves. Other causes of ischemic strokes include street drug use, traumatic injury to the blood vessels of the neck, and blood clotting disorders.

The risk for stroke is higher in older adults, women, and individuals of African heritage. Other risk factors include high blood pressure, heart disease, smoking, or diabetes. Emergency personnel should be called immediately if you think that you or someone around you is experiencing a stroke. There are a number of complications that can occur after a stroke. Support groups are a great resource for more information and resources.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Ischemic stroke" for support, advocacy or research.

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National Stroke Association

National Stroke Association’s mission is to reduce the incidence and impact of stroke by developing compelling education and programs focused on prevention, treatment, rehabilitation and support for all impacted by stroke.

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Ischemic stroke" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
National Stroke Association

National Stroke Association’s mission is to reduce the incidence and impact of stroke by developing compelling education and programs focused on prevention, treatment, rehabilitation and support for all impacted by stroke.

https://www.stroke.org

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Ischemic stroke" returned 3509 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Ticagrelor versus Aspirin in Acute Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack.
 

Author(s):

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2016 Oct;375(14):1394-1395.

 

Last Updated: 5 Oct 2016

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Pioglitazone after Ischemic Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack.
 

Author(s): Catherine M Viscoli, Walter N Kernan, Lawrence H Young

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2016 Aug;375(7):704.

 

Last Updated: 18 Aug 2016

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Risk of Stroke after Transient Ischemic Attack or Minor Stroke.
 

Author(s): Pierre Amarenco,

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2016 Jul;375(4):387.

 

Last Updated: 28 Jul 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Ischemic stroke" returned 442 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Association between selected gene polymorphisms and statin metabolism, risk of ischemic stroke and cardiovascular disorders.
 

Author(s): Dariusz Kotlęga, Monika Gołąb-Janowska, Marta Masztalewicz, Sylwester Ciećwież, Przemysław Nowacki

Journal:

 

Statins are increasingly widely used in primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disorders, including ischemic stroke. The initial studies regarded mainly coronary heart disease, but recently more attention has been paid to statin use in ischemic stroke, including primary ...

Last Updated: 16 May 2016

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Traditional Chinese Patent Medicine for Acute Ischemic Stroke: An Overview of Systematic Reviews Based on the GRADE Approach.
 

Author(s): Xin Zhang, Xue-Ting Liu, De-Ying Kang

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Mar;95(12):e2986.

 

The aim of the study is to conduct an overview of systematic reviews (SRs) to provide a contemporary review of the evidence for delivery of Traditional Chinese Patent Medicine (TCPMs) for patients with acute ischemic stroke.SRs were assessed for quality using the Assessment of Multiple ...

Last Updated: 26 Mar 2016

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Comparing Risk Factor Profiles between Intracerebral Hemorrhage and Ischemic Stroke in Chinese and White Populations: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
 

Author(s): Chung-Fen Tsai, Niall Anderson, Brenda Thomas, Cathie L M Sudlow

Journal:

 

Chinese populations have a higher proportion of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in total strokes. However, the reasons are not fully understood.

Last Updated: 19 Mar 2016

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 19 Apr 2016

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Measuring Collaterals With Multi-phase CT Angiography in Patients With Ischemic Stroke
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Ischemic Stroke

 

Last Updated: 10 May 2016

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