Diabetes mellitus type 2

Common Name(s)

Diabetes mellitus type 2, Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease in which a person has high blood sugar or glucose levels. Glucose is the main energy or fuel source for our body’s cells. Insulin helps our body’s cells take in the glucose from our bloodstream. Type 2 diabetes can result because the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin or due to an inability of the body's cells to recognize insulin. Therefore lack of insulin or the inability of cells to recognize insulin results in increased or high blood glucose levels. Early symptoms may include an increased thirst and hunger, weight loss, fatigue, blurred vision, slow-healing sores or increased infections, and darkened areas of skin.

Rates of type 2 diabetes have gone up recently, especially in younger people, as obesity rates have also increased. Other risk factors include fat distributed mainly in the belly, inactivity, family history, race, and age. Uncontrolled blood glucose levels for an extended period of time can cause damage to blood vessels, the kidney, nerves, eyes, feet, skin and mouth, hearing, and greatly increases the risk of cardiovascular problems such as heart disease and heart attack. There's no cure for type 2 diabetes, but you may be able to manage the condition by eating well, exercising and maintaining a healthy weight. If diet and exercise aren't enough to manage your blood sugar well, you also may need diabetes medications or insulin therapy. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, talk with your doctor about treatment options. Support groups are also a good source of information and support.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Diabetes mellitus type 2" for support, advocacy or research.

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Diabetes Hands Foundation

We work to connect, engage, and empower people touched by diabetes while keeping in mind a vision of a world where people with diabetes and their loved ones do not feel alone, understand and manage a life with diabetes and work together towards a better future.

Last Updated: 6 Mar 2013

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Taking Control of Your Diabetes

Guided by the belief that every person with diabetes has the right to live a healthy, happy, and productive life, Taking Control of Your Diabetes educates and motivates people with diabetes to take a more active role in their condition and provides innovative and integrative continuing diabetes education to medical professionals caring for people with diabetes.

Last Updated: 28 Mar 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Diabetes mellitus type 2" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Diabetes Hands Foundation

We work to connect, engage, and empower people touched by diabetes while keeping in mind a vision of a world where people with diabetes and their loved ones do not feel alone, understand and manage a life with diabetes and work together towards a better future.

http://www.diabeteshandsfoundation.org

Last Updated: 6 Mar 2013

View Details
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Taking Control of Your Diabetes

Guided by the belief that every person with diabetes has the right to live a healthy, happy, and productive life, Taking Control of Your Diabetes educates and motivates people with diabetes to take a more active role in their condition and provides innovative and integrative continuing diabetes education to medical professionals caring for people with diabetes.

http://www.tcoyd.org

Last Updated: 28 Mar 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Diabetes mellitus type 2" returned 2751 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Association between muscle strength and type 2 diabetes mellitus in adults in Korea: Data from the Korea national health and nutrition examination survey (KNHANES) VI.
 

Author(s): Mee-Ri Lee, Sung Min Jung, Hyuk Bang, Hwa Sung Kim, Yong Bae Kim

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jun;97(23):e10984.

 

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a significant chronic disease, and health burden from DM is increasing. Recently, studies on the relationship between handgrip strength, which is a measuring tool for muscle strength, and type 2 DM were published. However, the results have been conflicting. ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Medication adherence and factors associated with poor adherence among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients on follow-up at Kenyatta National Hospital, Kenya.
 

Author(s): Gabriel Waari, Joseph Mutai, Joseph Gikunju

Journal:

 

Medication non-adherence is a common problem facing health care providers treating adult type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. Poor glycaemic control associated with increased morbidity and mortality are resulting consequences. The objective of this study was to assess medication adherence ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Long-limb length difference had no effect on outcomes of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery for obese Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A CONSORT compliant article.
 

Author(s): Wei Yan, Zhi-Peng Sun, Dong-Bo Lian, Qing Fan, Kai Li, Chen Liu, Dong-Dong Zhang, Guang-Zhong Xu, De-Xiao Du, Gang Yin, Buhe Amin, Ke Gong, Bin Zhu, Ji-Run Peng, Neng-Wei Zhang

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jun;97(22):e10927.

 

Bariatric surgery is effective in treating different components of metabolic syndrome including obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and hyperlipidemia. But there is no consensus on the ideal biliopancreatic and Roux limb length. This study aimed to explore the effect of biliopancreatic ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Diabetes mellitus type 2" returned 388 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Risk factors for type 2 diabetes mellitus: An exposure-wide umbrella review of meta-analyses.
 

Author(s): Vanesa Bellou, Lazaros Belbasis, Ioanna Tzoulaki, Evangelos Evangelou

Journal:

 

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a global epidemic associated with increased health expenditure, and low quality of life. Many non-genetic risk factors have been suggested, but their overall epidemiological credibility has not been assessed.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Gastric Contractility Modulation - a novel method for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus and obesity.
 

Author(s): Jarosław Kozakowski, Harold E Lebovitz, Wojciech Zgliczyński, Wiesław Tarnowski

Journal: Endokrynol Pol. 2017 ;68(5):579-584.

 

Because the majority of antidiabetic medications are of limited efficacy and patient compliance with treatment is usually poor, new therapies are still being searched for. In the review a newly developed system for treatment of subjects with type 2 diabetes and concomitant overweight/obesity ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with coronary chronic total occlusions with versus without type 2 diabetes mellitus: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Qiang Wang, Hao Liu, Jiawang Ding

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Nov;96(45):e8499.

 

Nowadays, due to advanced techniques and well-trained interventionists in catheter labs, new scientific research has shown percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to be a safe treatment procedure in patients with chronic total occlusion (CTO). However, no study has systematically ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 21 Dec 2017

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Last Updated: 11 Jan 2018

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HbA1c Variability in Type II Diabetes
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

 

Last Updated: 1 Jun 2017

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