Beriberi

Common Name(s)

Beriberi

Beriberi is a disease from not receiving enough thiamine, or vitamin B-1. There are two types of beriberi: wet beriberi affects the cardiovascular system, while dry beriberi affects the nervous system. Wet beriberi may cause increased heart rate, shortness of breath, and swelling of the lower legs. Dry beriberi can cause difficulty walking, loss of feeling in hands and feet, loss of muscle function in the lower legs, confusion or speech difficulties, pain, tingling, vomiting, and strange eye movements. A diet low in vitamin B-1 is usually to blame for beriberi. Today, beriberi usually occurs in people who abuse alcohol, causing poor nutrition and absorption and storage of the vitamin. In some cases, beriberi is genetic, where a seemingly healthy person with a well-balanced diet cannot absorb or store thiamine. Infants whose breast-feeding mothers are lacking thiamine may also develop beriberi. Thiamine supplements in the form of an injection or vitamin are used to treat both forms of beriberi. With early treatment, patients improve quickly and most symptoms disappear completely.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Beriberi" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Beriberi" returned 34 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Increase of serum vascular endothelial growth factors in wet beriberi: two case reports.
 

Author(s): Noboru Imai, Mai Kubota, Mayu Saitou, Nobuyasu Yagi, Masahiro Serizawa, Masahiro Kobari

Journal: Intern. Med.. 2012 ;51(8):929-32.

 

Beriberi is a disease caused by thiamine deficiency resulting in peripheral neuropathy and myocardial dysfunction. Increases in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are seen in polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammopathy and skin changes, called POEMS ...

Last Updated: 16 Apr 2012

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A retrospective investigation of thiamin and energy intakes following an outbreak of beriberi in The Gambia.
 

Author(s): David I Thurnham, Angela E Cathcart, Margaret B E Livingstone

Journal: Nutrients. 2011 Jan;3(1):135-51.

 

In the early part of the rainy season in 1988, an outbreak of beriberi occurred in free-living adults in a relatively small area in the North Bank region of The Gambia. In 1995 we selected two compounds in a village called Chilla situated within the affected district to retrospectively ...

Last Updated: 8 Feb 2012

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Outbreak of beriberi among African Union troops in Mogadishu, Somalia.
 

Author(s): John T Watson, Hassan El Bushra, Emmaculate J Lebo, Godfrey Bwire, James Kiyengo, Gideon Emukule, Victor Omballa, John Tole, Muvunyi Zuberi, Robert F Breiman, Mark A Katz

Journal: PLoS ONE. 2011 ;6(12):e28345.

 

In July 2009, WHO and partners were notified of a large outbreak of unknown illness, including deaths, among African Union (AU) soldiers in Mogadishu. Illnesses were characterized by peripheral edema, dyspnea, palpitations, and fever. Our objectives were to determine the cause of ...

Last Updated: 29 Dec 2011

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Beriberi" returned 2 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Subacute myelo‑optic neuropathy, beriberi, and HTLV‑I‑associated myelopathy: elucidation of some neurological diseases in Japan.
 

Author(s): Akihiro Igata

Journal: Pol. Arch. Med. Wewn.. 2012 ;122 Suppl 1():32-41.

 

Personal experience of the discovery of the cause, pathophysiology, and treatment as well as prevention of subacute myelo‑optic neuropathy, beriberi, and HTLV‑I‑associated myelopathy were described.

Last Updated: 11 Dec 2012

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[Beriberi after bariatric surgery: not an unusual complication. Report of two cases and literature review].
 

Author(s): Lilian F A Alves, Ricardo M Gonçalves, Giovana V Cordeiro, Márcio W Lauria, Adauto V Ramos

Journal: Arq Bras Endocrinol Metabol. 2006 Jun;50(3):564-8.

 

The number of patients submitted to bariatric surgery to treat morbid obesity is increasing, therefore, some nutritional deficiencies, with which many physicians are no longer familiarized, are reappearing. Postoperatively, many nutritional disorders may occur, one of them is thiamine ...

Last Updated: 28 Aug 2006

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Study of Dry Beriberi in Mayotte, Comoro Archipelago
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dry Beriberi

 

Last Updated: 7 Jul 2009

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Thiamin Fortified Fish Sauce as a Means of Combating Infantile Beriberi in Rural Cambodia
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Thiamin Deficiency

 

Last Updated: 20 Aug 2014

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From Uncomplicated Alcoholism to Korsakoff's Syndrome
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Alcoholism; Alcohol Amnestic Disorder

 

Last Updated: 8 Apr 2014

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