Beriberi

Common Name(s)

Beriberi

Beriberi is a disease from not receiving enough thiamine, or vitamin B-1. There are two types of beriberi: wet beriberi affects the cardiovascular system, while dry beriberi affects the nervous system. Wet beriberi may cause increased heart rate, shortness of breath, and swelling of the lower legs. Dry beriberi can cause difficulty walking, loss of feeling in hands and feet, loss of muscle function in the lower legs, confusion or speech difficulties, pain, tingling, vomiting, and strange eye movements. A diet low in vitamin B-1 is usually to blame for beriberi. Today, beriberi usually occurs in people who abuse alcohol, causing poor nutrition and absorption and storage of the vitamin. In some cases, beriberi is genetic, where a seemingly healthy person with a well-balanced diet cannot absorb or store thiamine. Infants whose breast-feeding mothers are lacking thiamine may also develop beriberi. Thiamine supplements in the form of an injection or vitamin are used to treat both forms of beriberi. With early treatment, patients improve quickly and most symptoms disappear completely.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Beriberi" for support, advocacy or research.

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Beriberi" returned 51 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Shoshin Beriberi With Low Cardiac Output and Hemodynamic Deterioration Treated Dramatically by Thiamine Administration.
 

Author(s): Teruhiko Imamura, Koichiro Kinugawa

Journal: Int Heart J. 2015 ;56(5):568-70.

 

"Shoshin beriberi", which is a fulminant form of cardiovascular beriberi accompanied by hemodynamic deterioration with high cardiac output and decreased systemic blood pressure, caused by thiamine deficiency due to alcoholic abuse or malnutrition, is often difficult to address because ...

Last Updated: 1 Oct 2015

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Shoshin Beriberi in Critically-Ill patients: case series.
 

Author(s): George Dabar, Carine Harmouche, Bassem Habr, Moussa Riachi, Bertrand Jaber

Journal:

 

Thiamine plays a fundamental role in cellular metabolism. The classical syndrome caused by thiamine deficiency is beriberi, and its fulminant variant, once considered an uncommon finding, is now encountered among the critically ill.We present a case series of four critically ill non-septic ...

Last Updated: 27 May 2015

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Beriberi (thiamine deficiency) and high infant mortality in northern Laos.
 

Author(s): Hubert Barennes, Khouanheuan Sengkhamyong, Jean Pascal René, Maniphet Phimmasane

Journal:

 

Infantile beriberi (thiamine deficiency) occurs mainly in infants breastfed by mothers with inadequate intake of thiamine, typically among vulnerable populations. We describe possible and probable cases of infantile thiamine deficiency in northern Laos.

Last Updated: 18 Mar 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Beriberi" returned 2 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Subacute myelo‑optic neuropathy, beriberi, and HTLV‑I‑associated myelopathy: elucidation of some neurological diseases in Japan.
 

Author(s): Akihiro Igata

Journal: Pol. Arch. Med. Wewn.. 2012 ;122 Suppl 1():32-41.

 

Personal experience of the discovery of the cause, pathophysiology, and treatment as well as prevention of subacute myelo‑optic neuropathy, beriberi, and HTLV‑I‑associated myelopathy were described.

Last Updated: 11 Dec 2012

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[Beriberi after bariatric surgery: not an unusual complication. Report of two cases and literature review].
 

Author(s): Lilian F A Alves, Ricardo M Gonçalves, Giovana V Cordeiro, Márcio W Lauria, Adauto V Ramos

Journal: Arq Bras Endocrinol Metabol. 2006 Jun;50(3):564-8.

 

The number of patients submitted to bariatric surgery to treat morbid obesity is increasing, therefore, some nutritional deficiencies, with which many physicians are no longer familiarized, are reappearing. Postoperatively, many nutritional disorders may occur, one of them is thiamine ...

Last Updated: 28 Aug 2006

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Study of Dry Beriberi in Mayotte, Comoro Archipelago
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dry Beriberi

 

Last Updated: 7 Jul 2009

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Thiamin Deficiency in Obese Thai Children
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Obesity; Child; Thiamine Deficiency

 

Last Updated: 3 Jun 2015

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From Uncomplicated Alcoholism to Korsakoff's Syndrome
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Alcoholism; Alcohol Amnestic Disorder

 

Last Updated: 8 Apr 2014

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