Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Common Name(s)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, COPD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive disease that makes breathing difficult. COPD is a general term describing several progressive lung diseases including emphysema, chronic bronchitis, refractory (non-reversible) asthma, and some forms of bronchiectasis. COPD is usually symptom free at first; but as the lung damage increases, symptoms begin to appear and then worsen over time. Symptoms of COPD may include coughing that produces large amounts of mucus, wheezing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness. COPD is caused by long-term exposure to lung irritants such as cigarette smoke and pollutants as well as genetic factors, including alpha 1 antitrypsin deficiency.

With COPD, less air flows in and out of the airways because of one or more of the following: the airways and air sacs of the lungs lose their elastic quality, the walls between many of the air sacs are destroyed, the walls of the airways become thick and inflamed, and/or the airways make more mucus than usual, which can clog them. COPD may be diagnosed using a noninvasive breathing test called spirometry. Spirometry can detect COPD before symptoms begin, and your doctor may advise you to be screened regularly for COPD if you have a history of smoking, exposure to toxins, fumes or pollutants or have a genetic predisposition to or family history of COPD. Your physician may order other tests to rule out other lung conditions and to determine the best treatment for your stage of COPD. Treatment includes medications and lung therapy. Surgery is sometimes necessary for those with severe emphysema. Although there is currently no cure for COPD, treatments and lifestyle changes can help patients feel better, stay more active, and slow the progress of the disease. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with COPD, talk with your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease" for support, advocacy or research.

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COPD Foundation

The mission of the COPD Foundation is to develop and support programs which improve the quality of life through research, education, early diagnosis, and enhanced therapy for persons whose lives are impacted by Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.

Last Updated: 25 Mar 2013

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
COPD Foundation

The mission of the COPD Foundation is to develop and support programs which improve the quality of life through research, education, early diagnosis, and enhanced therapy for persons whose lives are impacted by Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.

http://www.copdfoundation.org

Last Updated: 25 Mar 2013

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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General Support Organizations

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General Resources

COPD Research Registry

The COPD Research Registry is a confidential database of individuals diagnosed with COPD or at risk of developing COPD who have consented to be contacted for participation in COPD research studies and clinical trials.

Uploaded By: COPD Foundation

Updated 21 Mar 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease" returned 3129 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

World Trade Center Health Program; Addition of New-Onset Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and WTC-Related Acute Traumatic Injury to the List of WTC-Related Health Conditions. Final rule.
 

Author(s):

Journal: Fed Regist. 2016 Jul;81(128):43510-23.

 

The World Trade Center (WTC) Health Program conducted a review of published, peer-reviewed epidemiologic studies regarding potential evidence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and acute traumatic injury among individuals who were responders to or survivors of the September ...

Last Updated: 5 Jul 2016

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Analysis of visceral fat in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
 

Author(s): Petra Lenártová, Marta Habánová, Jana Mrázová, Peter Chlebo, Joanna Wyka

Journal: Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig. 2016 ;67(2):189-96.

 

Cigarette smoking is a major public health problem, which leads to the formation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and is one of the main causes of avoidable death and disability worldwide.

Last Updated: 13 Jun 2016

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Health Effect of Forest Bathing Trip on Elderly Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.
 

Author(s): Bing Bing Jia, Zhou Xin Yang, Gen Xiang Mao, Yuan Dong Lyu, Xiao Lin Wen, Wei Hong Xu, Xiao Ling Lyu, Yong Bao Cao, Guo Fu Wang

Journal: Biomed. Environ. Sci.. 2016 Mar;29(3):212-8.

 

Forest bathing trip is a short, leisurely visit to forest. In this study we determined the health effects of forest bathing trip on elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The patients were randomly divided into two groups. One group was sent to forest, ...

Last Updated: 25 Apr 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease" returned 625 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Bronchiectasis as a Comorbidity of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
 

Author(s): Qingxia Du, Jianmin Jin, Xiaofang Liu, Yongchang Sun

Journal:

 

Bronchiectasis revealed by chest computed tomography in COPD patients and its comorbid effect on prognosis have not been addressed by large-sized studies. Understanding the presence of bronchiectasis in COPD is important for future intervention and preventing disease progression.

Last Updated: 16 Mar 2016

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Can roflumilast, a phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitor, improve clinical outcomes in patients with moderate-to-severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease? A meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Jian Luo, Ke Wang, Dan Liu, Bin-Miao Liang, Chun-Tao Liu

Journal:

 

Effects of roflumilast on lung function, symptoms, acute exacerbation and adverse events in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are controversial. We aimed to further clarify the efficacy and safety of roflumilast in treatment of moderate-to-severe COPD.

Last Updated: 18 Feb 2016

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Towards integration of palliative care in patients with chronic heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a systematic literature review of European guidelines and pathways.
 

Author(s): Naouma Siouta, Karen van Beek, Nancy Preston, Jeroen Hasselaar, Sean Hughes, Sheila Payne, Eduardo Garralda, Carlos Centeno, Marlieke van der Eerden, Marieke Groot, Farina Hodiamont, Lukas Radbruch, Csilla Busa, Agnes Csikos, Johan Menten

Journal:

 

Despite the positive impact of Palliative Care (PC) on the quality of life for patients and their relatives, the implementation of PC in non-cancer health-care delivery in the EU seems scarcely addressed. The aim of this study is to assess guidelines/pathways for integrated PC in ...

Last Updated: 13 Feb 2016

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Imaging of Apoptosis in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

 

Last Updated: 28 Nov 2016

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Identification of Volatile Organic Compounds in Exhaled Air During Exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

 

Last Updated: 2 Jun 2016

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Last Updated: 5 Apr 2016

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