Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Common Name(s)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, COPD

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a progressive disease that makes it hard to breath. COPD is really an umbrella term describing several progressive lung diseases including emphysema, chronic bronchitis, refractory (non-reversible) asthma and some forms of bronchiechasis. COPD is usually symptom free at first but as the lung damage increases symptoms begin to appear and then worsen over time. Symptoms of COPD may include coughing that produces large amounts of mucus, wheezing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness. COPD is caused by long-term exposure to lung irritants such as cigarette smoke and pollutants as well as genetic factors, including alpha 1 antitrypsin deficiency.

With COPD, less air flows in and out of the airways because of one or more of the following: the airways and air sacs of the lungs lose their elastic quality, the walls between many of the air sacs are destroyed, the walls of the airways become thick and inflamed, and/or the airways make more mucus than usual, which can clog them. COPD may be diagnosed using a noninvasive breathing test called spirometry. Spirometry can detect COPD before symptoms begin, and your doctor may advise you to be screened regularly for COPD if you have a history of smoking, exposure to toxins, fumes or pollutants or have a genetic predisposition to or family history of COPD. Your physician may order other tests to rule out other lung conditions and to determine the best treatment for your stage of COPD. Treatment includes medications and lung therapy. Surgery is sometimes necessary for those with severe emphysema. Although COPD has no cure yet, treatments and lifestyle changes can help patients feel better, stay more active, and slow the progress of the disease. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with COPD, talk with your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease" for support, advocacy or research.

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COPD Foundation

The mission of the COPD Foundation is to develop and support programs which improve the quality of life through research, education, early diagnosis, and enhanced therapy for persons whose lives are impacted by Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.

Last Updated: 25 Mar 2013

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 3 Oct 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
COPD Foundation

The mission of the COPD Foundation is to develop and support programs which improve the quality of life through research, education, early diagnosis, and enhanced therapy for persons whose lives are impacted by Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.

http://www.copdfoundation.org

Last Updated: 25 Mar 2013

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 3 Oct 2013

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General Support Organizations

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General Resources

COPD Research Registry

The COPD Research Registry is a confidential database of individuals diagnosed with COPD or at risk of developing COPD who have consented to be contacted for participation in COPD research studies and clinical trials.

Uploaded By: COPD Foundation

Updated 21 Mar 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease" returned 2346 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Comorbidity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Related to disease severity?
 

Author(s): Jose M Echave-Sustaeta, Lorena Comeche Casanova, Borja G Cosio, Juan Jose Soler-Cataluña, Ricardo Garcia-Lujan, Xavier Ribera

Journal:

 

Several diseases commonly co-exist with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), especially in elderly patients. This study aimed to investigate whether there is an association between COPD severity and the frequency of comorbidities in stable COPD patients.

Last Updated: 27 Nov 2014

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The mediating role of cytokine IL-6 on the relationship of FEV₁ upon 6-minute walk distance in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
 

Author(s): Simonetta Baldi, Paul E Jose, Claudio Bruschi, Gian Domenico Pinna, Roberto Maestri, Antonella Rezzani, Ezio Bellinzona, Claudio Fracchia, Elena Dacosto, Paola Crotti, Silvia Montemartini

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To explore the mediating role of protein interleukin-6 (IL-6) on the relationship between forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) and 6-minute walk distance (6MWD) and, further, to determine whether status variables (such as age, sex, and body mass index [BMI]) operate as moderators ...

Last Updated: 22 Oct 2014

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Self-efficacy enhancing intervention increases light physical activity in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
 

Author(s): Janet L Larson, Margaret K Covey, Mary C Kapella, Charles G Alex, Edward McAuley

Journal:

 

People with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease lead sedentary lives and could benefit from increasing their physical activity. The purpose of this study was to determine if an exercise-specific self-efficacy enhancing intervention could increase physical activity and functional ...

Last Updated: 22 Oct 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease" returned 536 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Long-term treatment strategy in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: how to change the course of the disease].
 

Author(s): Philippe Devillier, Hélène Salvator, Nicolas Roche, Stanislas Grassin-Delyle, Emmanuel Naline, Sylvie Dorocant, Hélène Neveu

Journal: Presse Med. 2014 Dec;43(12 Pt 1):1368-80.

 

COPD is a pulmonary disease with a systemic impact. The goals of COPD assessment are to determine the severity of the disease to guide management. Smoking cessation is a prime objective at all the stages of the disease to modify the long-term decline in lung function, reduce the COPD ...

Last Updated: 29 Jan 2015

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Overview of the prevalence, impact, and management of depression and anxiety in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
 

Author(s): Maria Panagioti, Charlotte Scott, Amy Blakemore, Peter A Coventry

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More than one third of individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) experience comorbid symptoms of depression and anxiety. This review aims to provide an overview of the burden of depression and anxiety in those with COPD and to outline the contemporary advances ...

Last Updated: 24 Nov 2014

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Effects of Tai Chi on exercise capacity and health-related quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Weibing Wu, Xiaodan Liu, Longbing Wang, Zhenwei Wang, Jun Hu, Juntao Yan

Journal:

 

Tai Chi is a traditional Chinese mind-body exercise that has been widely practiced in the People's Republic of China for many centuries. This exercise has also been applied as a training modality in pulmonary rehabilitation programs for stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ...

Last Updated: 18 Nov 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD); Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease; Chronic Obstructive Airway Disease; Chronic Bronchitis; Emphysema

 

Last Updated: 21 Oct 2014

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Boston Early-Onset Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Study
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

 

Last Updated: 28 Jan 2015

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Cognitive Status in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease's Patients
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

 

Last Updated: 17 May 2014

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