Carpal tunnel syndrome

Common Name(s)

Carpal tunnel syndrome

Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a condition that causes pain, numbness and tingling in the hand, which may sometimes extend to the wrist and arm as well. The carpal tunnel is a structure that is found at the connection of the wrist and hand. It is formed by a layer of connective tissue that runs over the wrist bones, tendons and nerves going to the hand. CTS occurs when this area becomes tightened and inflamed, causing compression of the nerve.

Roughly 3-6% of adults are affected by CTS, and prevalence increases with age. Individuals with smaller wrists are more likely to be affected by CTS, putting women at greater risk than men. Injury or repetitive motions of the wrist may also cause CTS, such as in individuals who perform repetitive motion such as typing or handling vibrating tools. Other risk factors include conditions of the nervous system, obesity, kidney failure, and thyroid disorders. There are also familial cases of CTS.

Individuals affected by CTS will usually first experience occasional numbness or tingling in the thumb and fingers. Other early symptoms include weakness in the hand and wrist and difficulty grasping items. CTS progresses into more painful and enduring symptoms throughout the wrist region. If left untreated, the nerve and muscle may be permanently damaged. After symptoms are reported, CTS is diagnosed by physical exam, medical imaging, electrical impulse measurements, and other nerve studies.

Treatment for CTS may help prevent symptoms from progressing. Resting and applying ice to the hands may help reduce swelling. Wearing a splint, especially at night, may also help reduce symptoms. Medications, such as anti-inflammatory drugs, may be given as pills or as injections. In severe, long-term cases, surgery may be necessary. If you are experiencing CTS, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Carpal tunnel syndrome" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Carpal tunnel syndrome" returned 502 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome in Behçet's Disease.
 

Author(s): Jungsoo Lee, Suhyun Cho, Do Young Kim, Zhenlong Zheng, Hoon Park, Dongsik Bang

Journal: Yonsei Med. J.. 2015 Jul;56(4):1015-20.

 

Behçet's disease (BD) is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by orogenital ulcers, skin and ocular lesions, in addition to articular, vascular, and neurologic symptoms. Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), can also occur in BD patients secondary to inflammation in the connective ...

Last Updated: 13 Jun 2015

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Choosing the most efficacious scoring method for carpal tunnel syndrome.
 

Author(s): Hülya Yücel, Hakan Seyithanoğlu

Journal: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc. 2015 ;49(1):23-9.

 

The aim of this study was to determine the most efficacious hand-specific questionnaire to determine functionality in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome.

Last Updated: 25 Mar 2015

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Surgical treatment results of carpal tunnel syndrome in patients with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus.
 

Author(s): Melih Malkoc, Özgür Korkmaz, Ismail Oltulu, Ali Seker, Ferhat Say, Ahmet Murat Bulbul

Journal: Srp Arh Celok Lek. ;142(11-12):675-9.

 

Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most commonly seen peripheral nerve compression syndrome and CTS surgery is the most common surgery done for peripheral nerve compression syndromes. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is a systemic disease with a component of peripheral neuropathy.

Last Updated: 3 Mar 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Carpal tunnel syndrome" returned 41 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Pathophysiology of carpal tunnel syndrome.
 

Author(s): Moutasem S Aboonq

Journal: Neurosciences (Riyadh). 2015 Jan;20(1):4-9.

 

Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common median nerve neuropathy, accounting for 90% of all neuropathies. Carpal tunnel syndrome presents in 3.8% of the general population, with a higher prevalence among women. There are several risk factors associated with CTS, including both ...

Last Updated: 29 Jan 2015

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Complex regional pain syndrome and acute carpal tunnel syndrome following radial artery cannulation: a neurological perspective and review of the literature.
 

Author(s): Reynaldo P Lazaro

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2015 Jan;94(3):e422.

 

Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) associated with acute carpal tunnel syndrome (aCTS) developed in a 38-year-old right-handed man following radial artery cannulation (RAC) during the course of lumbar spine surgery. Inciting events and risk factors that might have led to these ...

Last Updated: 27 Jan 2015

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[Carpal tunnel syndrome. The contribution of ultrasonography].
 

Author(s): J M Pardal-Fernandez

Journal: Rev Neurol. 2014 Nov;59(10):459-69.

 

Carpal tunnel syndrome is the most frequent mononeuropathy. Its incidence is huge and the ensuing community health problems are therefore the cause of much concern. Such a situation has made it necessary to develop a key point in the management of the illness, that is, to find flexible, ...

Last Updated: 30 Oct 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Treatment of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome With Dynamic Splinting
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

 

Last Updated: 10 May 2008

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Last Updated: 7 Apr 2014

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Static Magnetic Therapy for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

 

Last Updated: 17 Nov 2015

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