Bulimia nervosa

Common Name(s)

Bulimia nervosa

Bulimia nervosa , often referred to as bulimia, is an eating disorder in which the individual goes through cycles of binging (excessively overeating in a single sitting) and purging. Purging, an attempt to get rid of the food consumed during binges, may be done through a number of ways including forced vomiting, taking laxatives, or over-exercising. Individual suffering from bulimia often go through periods of not eating or fasting along with their cycles of binging and purging. The causes for bulimia nervosa may be biological, social and emotional. Pressure from society to fit into the "ideal" body image may also be a cause. Women are more likely to experience eating disorders including bulimia nervosa, but men may also experience these conditions. Symptoms of bulimia nervosa may include chronic dehydration, an electrolyte imbalance, infertility, constipation, peptic ulcers, gastric reflux, and other symptoms related to repeated vomiting such as throat, dental, and oral issues.

Bulimia nervosa is often present in combination with other mental health conditions, such as mood disorders, anxiety, and impulse control issues. He or she may also have a substance abuse issue. Diagnosis is often hard to make in bulimia nervosa, but trained professionals may be able to make a diagnosis based on the individual's behaviors. Signs of an affected individual may include an obsession with weight loss and dieting, body image issues, frequent and compulsive exercising, frequent trips to the bathroom during or after meals, eating in secret, finding hidden food wrappers and containers, and withdrawing from friends and normal activities. Because bulimia nervosa is mostly related to mental health, the treatment often involves at least some psychotherapy. Medications such as antidepressants may also be prescribed to help. If you or someone you know may be suffering from bulimia nervosa, it is best to contact your doctor or a trained professional for help.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Bulimia nervosa" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Bulimia nervosa" returned 185 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Single-Session Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Temporarily Improves Symptoms, Mood, and Self-Regulatory Control in Bulimia Nervosa: A Randomised Controlled Trial.
 

Author(s): Maria Kekic, Jessica McClelland, Savani Bartholdy, Elena Boysen, Peter Musiat, Bethan Dalton, Meyzi Tiza, Anthony S David, Iain C Campbell, Ulrike Schmidt

Journal:

 

Evidence suggests that pathological eating behaviours in bulimia nervosa (BN) are underpinned by alterations in reward processing and self-regulatory control, and by functional changes in neurocircuitry encompassing the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC). Manipulation of this ...

Last Updated: 25 Jan 2017

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Attention Network Dysfunction in Bulimia Nervosa - An fMRI Study.
 

Author(s): Jochen Seitz, Manuel Hueck, Brigitte Dahmen, Martin Schulte-Rüther, Tanja Legenbauer, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Kerstin Konrad

Journal:

 

Recent evidence has suggested an increased rate of comorbid ADHD and subclinical attentional impairments in bulimia nervosa (BN) patients. However, little is known regarding the underlying neural mechanisms of attentional functions in BN.

Last Updated: 9 Sep 2016

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Personality psychopathology differentiates risky behaviors among women with bulimia nervosa.
 

Author(s): Carolyn M Pearson, Emily M Pisetsky, Andrea B Goldschmidt, Jason M Lavender, Stephen A Wonderlich, Ross D Crosby, Scott G Engel, James E Mitchell, Scott J Crow, Carol B Peterson

Journal: Int J Eat Disord. 2016 Jul;49(7):681-8.

 

Individuals with bulimia nervosa (BN) frequently endorse risky behaviors such as self-harm and substance use. However, no studies of BN to date have examined factors associated with engaging in individual or co-occurring risky behaviors. Given that individuals with BN often have personality ...

Last Updated: 12 Jul 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Bulimia nervosa" returned 30 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The Efficacy of Psychological Therapies in Reducing Weight and Binge Eating in People with Bulimia Nervosa and Binge Eating Disorder Who Are Overweight or Obese-A Critical Synthesis and Meta-Analyses.
 

Author(s): Marly Amorim Palavras, Phillipa Hay, Celso Alves Dos Santos Filho, Angélica Claudino

Journal:

 

Recurrent binge eating episodes, the core feature of Bulimia Nervosa (BN) and Binge Eating Disorder (BED), are frequently comorbid with obesity. Psychological interventions, notably Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), are effective for binge eating reduction in BED or BN but less ...

Last Updated: 17 Mar 2017

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A systematic review of the health-related quality of life and economic burdens of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder.
 

Author(s): Tamás Ágh, Gábor Kovács, Dylan Supina, Manjiri Pawaskar, Barry K Herman, Zoltán Vokó, David V Sheehan

Journal: Eat Weight Disord. 2016 Sep;21(3):353-64.

 

To perform a systematic review of the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and economic burdens of anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and binge eating disorder (BED).

Last Updated: 3 Sep 2016

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Dimensions of emotion dysregulation in anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa: A conceptual review of the empirical literature.
 

Author(s): Jason M Lavender, Stephen A Wonderlich, Scott G Engel, Kathryn H Gordon, Walter H Kaye, James E Mitchell

Journal: Clin Psychol Rev. 2015 Aug;40():111-22.

 

Several existing conceptual models and psychological interventions address or emphasize the role of emotion dysregulation in eating disorders. The current article uses Gratz and Roemer's (2004) multidimensional model of emotion regulation and dysregulation as a clinically relevant ...

Last Updated: 15 Aug 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Neural Bases of Multiple Forms of Self-regulatory Control in Bulimia Nervosa
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Bulimia Nervosa

 

Last Updated: 15 Dec 2016

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Bulimia Nervosa: A Biobehavioral Study (The Eating Disorder Study)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Bulimia Nervosa

 

Last Updated: 29 Mar 2017

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