Bulimia nervosa

Common Name(s)

Bulimia nervosa

Bulimia nervosa , often referred to as bulimia, is an eating disorder in which the individual goes through cycles of binging (excessively overeating in a single sitting) and purging. Purging, an attempt to get rid of the food consumed during binges, may be done through a number of ways including forced vomiting, taking laxatives, or over-exercising. Individual suffering from bulimia often go through periods of not eating or fasting along with their cycles of binging and purging. The causes for bulimia nervosa may be biological, social and emotional. Pressure from society to fit into the "ideal" body image may also be a cause. Women are more likely to experience eating disorders including bulimia nervosa, but men may also experience these conditions. Symptoms of bulimia nervosa may include chronic dehydration, an electrolyte imbalance, infertility, constipation, peptic ulcers, gastric reflux, and other symptoms related to repeated vomiting such as throat, dental, and oral issues.

Bulimia nervosa is often present in combination with other mental health conditions, such as mood disorders, anxiety, and impulse control issues. He or she may also have a substance abuse issue. Diagnosis is often hard to make in bulimia nervosa, but trained professionals may be able to make a diagnosis based on the individual's behaviors. Signs of an affected individual may include an obsession with weight loss and dieting, body image issues, frequent and compulsive exercising, frequent trips to the bathroom during or after meals, eating in secret, finding hidden food wrappers and containers, and withdrawing from friends and normal activities. Because bulimia nervosa is mostly related to mental health, the treatment often involves at least some psychotherapy. Medications such as antidepressants may also be prescribed to help. If you or someone you know may be suffering from bulimia nervosa, it is best to contact your doctor or a trained professional for help.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Bulimia nervosa" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Bulimia nervosa" returned 153 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The role of BDNF, leptin, and catecholamines in reward learning in bulimia nervosa.
 

Author(s): Philipp Homan, Simona Grob, Gabriella Milos, Ulrich Schnyder, Anne Eckert, Undine Lang, Gregor Hasler

Journal:

 

A relationship between bulimia nervosa and reward-related behavior is supported by several lines of evidence. The dopaminergic dysfunctions in the processing of reward-related stimuli have been shown to be modulated by the neurotrophin brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and the hormone leptin.

Last Updated: 9 Mar 2015

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Micronuclei and nuclear abnormalities in buccal mucosa cells in patients with anorexia and bulimia nervosa.
 

Author(s): Olivia Torres-Bugarín, Angélica Guadalupe Pacheco-Gutiérrez, Eduardo Vázquez-Valls, María Luisa Ramos-Ibarra, Blanca Miriam Torres-Mendoza

Journal: Mutagenesis. 2014 Nov;29(6):427-31.

 

The aim of this study is to assess the frequency of micronucleated cell (MNC) and nuclear abnormalities (NA) in the buccal mucosa cells of females with anorexia nervosa (AN) or bulimia nervosa (BN), compared with healthy women. Individuals with AN and BN have inadequate feeding and ...

Last Updated: 20 Oct 2014

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Physiological and brain activity after a combined cognitive behavioral treatment plus video game therapy for emotional regulation in bulimia nervosa: a case report.
 

Author(s): Ana Beatriz Fagundo, Esther Via, Isabel Sánchez, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Laura Forcano, Carles Soriano-Mas, Cristina Giner-Bartolomé, Juan J Santamaría, Maher Ben-Moussa, Dimitri Konstantas, Tony Lam, Mikkel Lucas, Jeppe Nielsen, Peter Lems, Narcís Cardoner, Jose M Menchón, Rafael de la Torre, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda

Journal:

 

PlayMancer is a video game designed to increase emotional regulation and reduce general impulsive behaviors, by training to decrease arousal and improve decision-making and planning. We have previously demonstrated the usefulness of PlayMancer in reducing impulsivity and improving ...

Last Updated: 13 Aug 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Bulimia nervosa" returned 25 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[EDNOS is an eating disorder of clinical relevance, on a par with anorexia and bulimia nervosa].
 

Author(s): A E Dingemans, E F van Furth

Journal: Tijdschr Psychiatr. 2015 ;57(4):258-64.

 

The category 'eating disorder 'not otherwise specified'' (EDNOS) in DSM-IV is restricted to eating disorders of clinical severity that do not completely fulfil the criteria for anorexia and bulimia nervosa. The EDNOS category is, by definition, often regarded as a a residual category ...

Last Updated: 23 Apr 2015

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The potential of technology-based psychological interventions for anorexia and bulimia nervosa: a systematic review and recommendations for future research.
 

Author(s): Sandra Schlegl, Carolina Bürger, Luise Schmidt, Nirmal Herbst, Ulrich Voderholzer

Journal:

 

Previous studies have shown an unmet need in the treatment of eating disorders. In the last decade, interest in technology-based interventions (TBIs) (including computer- and Internet-based interventions [CBIs] or mobile interventions) for providing evidence-based therapies to individuals ...

Last Updated: 4 Apr 2015

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Addicted to palatable foods: comparing the neurobiology of Bulimia Nervosa to that of drug addiction.
 

Author(s): Natalie A Hadad, Lori A Knackstedt

Journal: Psychopharmacology (Berl.). 2014 May;231(9):1897-912.

 

Bulimia nervosa (BN) is highly comorbid with substance abuse and shares common phenotypic and genetic predispositions with drug addiction. Although treatments for the two disorders are similar, controversy remains about whether BN should be classified as addiction.

Last Updated: 14 Apr 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Bulimia Nervosa: A Biobehavioral Study (The Eating Disorder Study)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Bulimia Nervosa

 

Last Updated: 8 Feb 2016

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Cephalic Phase in Anorexia Nervosa,Bulimia Nervosa and Obese Binge Eaters
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Anorexia Nervosa; Bulimia Nervosa

 

Last Updated: 4 Jul 2007

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Rapid Response to Day Hospital Treatment in Bulimia Nervosa and Purging Disorder
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Bulimia Nervosa; Eating Disorder

 

Last Updated: 13 May 2015

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