Bulimia nervosa

Common Name(s)

Bulimia nervosa

Bulimia nervosa , often referred to as bulimia, is an eating disorder in which the individual goes through cycles of binging (excessively overeating in a single sitting) and purging. Purging, an attempt to get rid of the food consumed during binges, may be done through a number of ways including forced vomiting, taking laxatives, or over-exercising. Individual suffering from bulimia often go through periods of not eating or fasting along with their cycles of binging and purging. The causes for bulimia nervosa may be biological, social and emotional. Pressure from society to fit into the "ideal" body image may also be a cause. Women are more likely to experience eating disorders including bulimia nervosa, but men may also experience these conditions. Symptoms of bulimia nervosa may include chronic dehydration, an electrolyte imbalance, infertility, constipation, peptic ulcers, gastric reflux, and other symptoms related to repeated vomiting such as throat, dental, and oral issues.

Bulimia nervosa is often present in combination with other mental health conditions, such as mood disorders, anxiety, and impulse control issues. He or she may also have a substance abuse issue. Diagnosis is often hard to make in bulimia nervosa, but trained professionals may be able to make a diagnosis based on the individual's behaviors. Signs of an affected individual may include an obsession with weight loss and dieting, body image issues, frequent and compulsive exercising, frequent trips to the bathroom during or after meals, eating in secret, finding hidden food wrappers and containers, and withdrawing from friends and normal activities. Because bulimia nervosa is mostly related to mental health, the treatment often involves at least some psychotherapy. Medications such as antidepressants may also be prescribed to help. If you or someone you know may be suffering from bulimia nervosa, it is best to contact your doctor or a trained professional for help.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Bulimia nervosa" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Bulimia nervosa" returned 172 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Hypovitaminosis D3, Leukopenia, and Human Serotonin Transporter Polymorphism in Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa.
 

Author(s): Anna Tasegian, Francesco Curcio, Laura Dalla Ragione, Francesca Rossetti, Samuela Cataldi, Michela Codini, Francesco Saverio Ambesi-Impiombato, Tommaso Beccari, Elisabetta Albi

Journal: Mediators Inflamm.. 2016 ;2016():8046479.

 

Vitamin D3 has been described to have different extraskeletal roles by acting as parahormone in obesity, diabetes, cancer, cognitive impairment, and dementia and to have important regulatory functions in innate immunity. There are no studies showing extraskeletal changes associated ...

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2016

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Smoking status and psychosocial factors in binge eating disorder and bulimia nervosa.
 

Author(s): Ariana M Chao, Marney A White, Carlos M Grilo

Journal: Eat Behav. 2016 04;21():54-8.

 

To examine eating-disorder psychopathology and depressive symptoms by smoking status (never, former, or current smoker) in persons with binge eating disorder (BED) and bulimia nervosa (BN).

Last Updated: 29 Apr 2016

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Selective Visual Attention during Mirror Exposure in Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa.
 

Author(s): Brunna Tuschen-Caffier, Caroline Bender, Detlef Caffier, Katharina Klenner, Karsten Braks, Jennifer Svaldi

Journal:

 

Cognitive theories suggest that body dissatisfaction results from the activation of maladaptive appearance schemata, which guide mental processes such as selective attention to shape and weight-related information. In line with this, the present study hypothesized that patients with ...

Last Updated: 30 Dec 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Bulimia nervosa" returned 29 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

A systematic review of the health-related quality of life and economic burdens of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder.
 

Author(s): Tamás Ágh, Gábor Kovács, Dylan Supina, Manjiri Pawaskar, Barry K Herman, Zoltán Vokó, David V Sheehan

Journal: Eat Weight Disord. 2016 Sep;21(3):353-64.

 

To perform a systematic review of the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and economic burdens of anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and binge eating disorder (BED).

Last Updated: 3 Sep 2016

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Dimensions of emotion dysregulation in anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa: A conceptual review of the empirical literature.
 

Author(s): Jason M Lavender, Stephen A Wonderlich, Scott G Engel, Kathryn H Gordon, Walter H Kaye, James E Mitchell

Journal: Clin Psychol Rev. 2015 Aug;40():111-22.

 

Several existing conceptual models and psychological interventions address or emphasize the role of emotion dysregulation in eating disorders. The current article uses Gratz and Roemer's (2004) multidimensional model of emotion regulation and dysregulation as a clinically relevant ...

Last Updated: 15 Aug 2015

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[EDNOS is an eating disorder of clinical relevance, on a par with anorexia and bulimia nervosa].
 

Author(s): A E Dingemans, E F van Furth

Journal: Tijdschr Psychiatr. 2015 ;57(4):258-64.

 

The category 'eating disorder 'not otherwise specified'' (EDNOS) in DSM-IV is restricted to eating disorders of clinical severity that do not completely fulfil the criteria for anorexia and bulimia nervosa. The EDNOS category is, by definition, often regarded as a a residual category ...

Last Updated: 23 Apr 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Bulimia Nervosa: A Biobehavioral Study (The Eating Disorder Study)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Bulimia Nervosa

 

Last Updated: 29 Mar 2017

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Neural Bases of Multiple Forms of Self-regulatory Control in Bulimia Nervosa
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Bulimia Nervosa

 

Last Updated: 15 Dec 2016

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