Autism Spectrum Disorders

Common Name(s)

Autism Spectrum Disorders

Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are a group of developmental conditions characterized by social impairments, communication difficulties, and restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of behavior. Autistic disorder, sometimes called autism or classical ASD, is the most severe form of ASD, while other conditions along the spectrum include a milder form known as Asperger syndrome as well as childhood disintegrative disorder and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS). Although ASD varies significantly in features and severity, it occurs worldwide and affects every age group. Experts estimate that 1 out of 110 children will have an ASD.  Males are more likely to have an ASD than females.
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Autism Spectrum Disorders" for support, advocacy or research.

ACDS

ACDS is dedicated to providing lifetime resources of exceptional quality, innovation and inclusion for individuals with Down syndrome and other developmental disabilities and their families.

Last Updated: 29 Apr 2014

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Autism Science Foundation

The Autism Science Foundation supports autism research by providing funding directly to scientists conducting cutting-edge autism research. ASF also provides information about autism to the general public and serves to increase awareness of autism spectrum disorders and the needs of individuals and families affected by autism.

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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Cherab Foundation

We are a world-wide nonprofit organization working to improve the communication skills, education, and advocacy of the verbal disabled; all those with speech and language delays or impairments. Our area of emphasis is verbal apraxia which used to be rare but has been on the rise. We are committed to assisting with the development of new therapeutic approaches, preventions and cures to neurologically-based speech disorders that affect all ages with a focus on children. We bring together families, affected individuals, and medical, research, speech, and educational professionals.

Last Updated: 26 Mar 2013

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CNS Foundation

CNS Foundation's Mission is Three-fold: - Expedite scientific research to find treatments and cures for the more than 14 million children living with some form of neurological disorder - Provide families and health care professionals with up-to-date information and resources on the latest discoveries in pediatric neurology - Educate the public, and public officials, on the critical importance of funding pediatric neurological disorder research

Last Updated: 12 Oct 2013

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Friends of Autism, Inc.

Friends of Autism was established in 2000 as the only autism charity in Wisconsin dedicated to raising money to fund autism research, awareness, and education. Friends of Autism is powered by volunteers and relied upon by parents and professionals throughout the state.

Last Updated: 11 Mar 2013

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International Foundation for CDKL5 Research

To lead the way in finding a cure and treatments for CDKL5 disorder by funding global research efforts and increasing awareness while enhancing the quality of life for those affected by CDKL5 disorder, by providing information, programs, and services.

Last Updated: 19 Feb 2013

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Isabella's Aviary Alliance, LLC

Isabella’s Aviary Alliance, LLC actively demonstrates, through Isabella’s passionate and loving care in breeding and raising baby parrots for other special needs children, the possibility for two hearts—bird and child—coming together and connecting in a way which infinitely brightens the lives of both.

Last Updated: 2 Aug 2013

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Missouri Family to Family

Missouri Family to Family provides customized information that allows families and individuals about needed resources and supports, navigating the maze of systems and services, as well as options to make their vision for their life possible. MOF2F also offers Sharing Our Strengths, which connects individuals with disabilities and/or their caregivers to a person who is available to listen with an open heart and open mind, offering emotional support, practical information, and/or shared experiences.

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

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Oklahoma Family Network

To Provide emotional, informational and navigational support to those who have special health care needs or a disability, their families and the professionals who serve them. OFN promotes family/professional partnerships and family-centered care, assuring services are offered as recipients prefer..

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2013

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Pathfinders for Autism

Our mission is simple – to improve the lives of individuals with autism and the people who care for them. We accomplish this through a variety of programs and services, all of which are offered FREE of charge

Last Updated: 4 Apr 2013

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The Arc of East Central Iowa

The Arc of East Central Iowa empowers people with intellectual and related disabilities to engage in lifelong opportunities to live, learn, work and play with dignity, freedom and full inclusion in their communities.

Last Updated: 11 Apr 2013

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The Arc of Illinois

The Arc of Illinois is committed to empowering persons with disabilities to achieve full participation in community life through informed choices.

Last Updated: 8 Apr 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Autism Spectrum Disorders" for support, advocacy or research.

ACDS

ACDS is dedicated to providing lifetime resources of exceptional quality, innovation and inclusion for individuals with Down syndrome and other developmental disabilities and their families.

http://www.acds.org

Last Updated: 29 Apr 2014

View Details
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Autism Science Foundation

The Autism Science Foundation supports autism research by providing funding directly to scientists conducting cutting-edge autism research. ASF also provides information about autism to the general public and serves to increase awareness of autism spectrum disorders and the needs of individuals and families affected by autism.

http://www.autismsciencefoundation.org

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

View Details
Cherab Foundation

We are a world-wide nonprofit organization working to improve the communication skills, education, and advocacy of the verbal disabled; all those with speech and language delays or impairments. Our area of emphasis is verbal apraxia which used to be rare but has been on the rise. We are committed to assisting with the development of new therapeutic approaches, preventions and cures to neurologically-based speech disorders that affect all ages with a focus on children. We bring together families, affected individuals, and medical, research, speech, and educational professionals.

http://www.cherabfoundation.org

Last Updated: 26 Mar 2013

View Details
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CNS Foundation

CNS Foundation's Mission is Three-fold: - Expedite scientific research to find treatments and cures for the more than 14 million children living with some form of neurological disorder - Provide families and health care professionals with up-to-date information and resources on the latest discoveries in pediatric neurology - Educate the public, and public officials, on the critical importance of funding pediatric neurological disorder research

http://www.cnsfoundation.org

Last Updated: 12 Oct 2013

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Friends of Autism, Inc.

Friends of Autism was established in 2000 as the only autism charity in Wisconsin dedicated to raising money to fund autism research, awareness, and education. Friends of Autism is powered by volunteers and relied upon by parents and professionals throughout the state.

http://www.friendsofautism.org

Last Updated: 11 Mar 2013

View Details
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International Foundation for CDKL5 Research

To lead the way in finding a cure and treatments for CDKL5 disorder by funding global research efforts and increasing awareness while enhancing the quality of life for those affected by CDKL5 disorder, by providing information, programs, and services.

http://www.CDKL5.com

Last Updated: 19 Feb 2013

View Details
Isabella's Aviary Alliance, LLC

Isabella’s Aviary Alliance, LLC actively demonstrates, through Isabella’s passionate and loving care in breeding and raising baby parrots for other special needs children, the possibility for two hearts—bird and child—coming together and connecting in a way which infinitely brightens the lives of both.

http://www.isabellasaviary.com

Last Updated: 2 Aug 2013

View Details
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Missouri Family to Family

Missouri Family to Family provides customized information that allows families and individuals about needed resources and supports, navigating the maze of systems and services, as well as options to make their vision for their life possible. MOF2F also offers Sharing Our Strengths, which connects individuals with disabilities and/or their caregivers to a person who is available to listen with an open heart and open mind, offering emotional support, practical information, and/or shared experiences.

http://www.mofamilytofamily.org

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

View Details
Logo
Oklahoma Family Network

To Provide emotional, informational and navigational support to those who have special health care needs or a disability, their families and the professionals who serve them. OFN promotes family/professional partnerships and family-centered care, assuring services are offered as recipients prefer..

http://www.oklahomafamilynetwork.org

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2013

View Details
Pathfinders for Autism

Our mission is simple – to improve the lives of individuals with autism and the people who care for them. We accomplish this through a variety of programs and services, all of which are offered FREE of charge

http://www.pathfindersforautism.org

Last Updated: 4 Apr 2013

View Details
The Arc of East Central Iowa

The Arc of East Central Iowa empowers people with intellectual and related disabilities to engage in lifelong opportunities to live, learn, work and play with dignity, freedom and full inclusion in their communities.

http://www.arceci.org

Last Updated: 11 Apr 2013

View Details
The Arc of Illinois

The Arc of Illinois is committed to empowering persons with disabilities to achieve full participation in community life through informed choices.

http://www.thearcofil.org/

Last Updated: 8 Apr 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Autism Spectrum Disorders" returned 464 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

An etiologic classification of autism spectrum disorders.
 

Author(s): Lidia V Gabis, John Pomeroy

Journal: Isr. Med. Assoc. J.. 2014 May;16(5):295-8.

 

Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) represent a common phenotype related to multiple etiologies, such as genetic, brain injury (e.g., prematurity), environmental (e.g., viral, toxic), multiple or unknown causes.

Last Updated: 1 Jul 2014

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Convergence of genes and cellular pathways dysregulated in autism spectrum disorders.
 

Author(s): Dalila Pinto, Elsa Delaby, Daniele Merico, Mafalda Barbosa, Alison Merikangas, Lambertus Klei, Bhooma Thiruvahindrapuram, Xiao Xu, Robert Ziman, Zhuozhi Wang, Jacob A S Vorstman, Ann Thompson, Regina Regan, Marion Pilorge, Giovanna Pellecchia, Alistair T Pagnamenta, Bárbara Oliveira, Christian R Marshall, Tiago R Magalhaes, Jennifer K Lowe, Jennifer L Howe, Anthony J Griswold, John Gilbert, Eftichia Duketis, Beth A Dombroski, Maretha V De Jonge, Michael Cuccaro, Emily L Crawford, Catarina T Correia, Judith Conroy, Inês C Conceição, Andreas G Chiocchetti, Jillian P Casey, Guiqing Cai, Christelle Cabrol, Nadia Bolshakova, Elena Bacchelli, Richard Anney, Steven Gallinger, Michelle Cotterchio, Graham Casey, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Kerstin Wittemeyer, Kirsty Wing, Simon Wallace, Herman van Engeland, Ana Tryfon, Susanne Thomson, Latha Soorya, Bernadette Rogé, Wendy Roberts, Fritz Poustka, Susana Mouga, Nancy Minshew, L Alison McInnes, Susan G McGrew, Catherine Lord, Marion Leboyer, Ann S Le Couteur, Alexander Kolevzon, Patricia Jiménez González, Suma Jacob, Richard Holt, Stephen Guter, Jonathan Green, Andrew Green, Christopher Gillberg, Bridget A Fernandez, Frederico Duque, Richard Delorme, Geraldine Dawson, Pauline Chaste, Cátia Café, Sean Brennan, Thomas Bourgeron, Patrick F Bolton, Sven Bölte, Raphael Bernier, Gillian Baird, Anthony J Bailey, Evdokia Anagnostou, Joana Almeida, Ellen M Wijsman, Veronica J Vieland, Astrid M Vicente, Gerard D Schellenberg, Margaret Pericak-Vance, Andrew D Paterson, Jeremy R Parr, Guiomar Oliveira, John I Nurnberger, Anthony P Monaco, Elena Maestrini, Sabine M Klauck, Hakon Hakonarson, Jonathan L Haines, Daniel H Geschwind, Christine M Freitag, Susan E Folstein, Sean Ennis, Hilary Coon, Agatino Battaglia, Peter Szatmari, James S Sutcliffe, Joachim Hallmayer, Michael Gill, Edwin H Cook, Joseph D Buxbaum, Bernie Devlin, Louise Gallagher, Catalina Betancur, Stephen W Scherer

Journal: Am. J. Hum. Genet.. 2014 May;94(5):677-94.

 

Rare copy-number variation (CNV) is an important source of risk for autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). We analyzed 2,446 ASD-affected families and confirmed an excess of genic deletions and duplications in affected versus control groups (1.41-fold, p = 1.0 × 10(-5)) and an increase ...

Last Updated: 5 May 2014

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Multisensory temporal integration in autism spectrum disorders.
 

Author(s): Ryan A Stevenson, Justin K Siemann, Brittany C Schneider, Haley E Eberly, Tiffany G Woynaroski, Stephen M Camarata, Mark T Wallace

Journal: J. Neurosci.. 2014 Jan;34(3):691-7.

 

The new DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) include sensory disturbances in addition to the well-established language, communication, and social deficits. One sensory disturbance seen in ASD is an impaired ability to integrate multisensory information into ...

Last Updated: 16 Jan 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Autism Spectrum Disorders" returned 96 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Applied behavior analysis and autism spectrum disorders: literature review.
 

Author(s): Fernanda Dreux Miranda Fernandes, Cibelle Albuquerque de la Higuera Amato

Journal: Codas. 2013 ;25(3):289-96.

 

Systematic literature review about Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) proposals directed towards persons with Autistic Spectrum Disorders aiming to contribute to a truly evidence-based practice. METHOS: References from the last five years were obtained from the Web of Science, Medline, ...

Last Updated: 10 Jan 2014

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[Genetic bases of autism spectrum disorders].
 

Author(s): Barbara Wiśniowiecka-Kowalnik, Monika Kastory-Bronowska, Paweł Stankiewicz

Journal: Med Wieku Rozwoj. ;17(3):207-23.

 

Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are an etiologically and clinically heterogeneous group of neurodevelopmental disorders affecting approximately 0.6-1% of the general population. ASDs are characterized by deficits in social communication, impaired language development, and stereotyped ...

Last Updated: 3 Dec 2013

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Identifying essential cell types and circuits in autism spectrum disorders.
 

Author(s): Susan E Maloney, Michael A Rieger, Joseph D Dougherty

Journal: Int. Rev. Neurobiol.. 2013 ;113():61-96.

 

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is highly genetic in its etiology, with potentially hundreds of genes contributing to risk. Despite this heterogeneity, these disparate genetic lesions may result in the disruption of a limited number of key cell types or circuits-information which could ...

Last Updated: 2 Dec 2013

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Stem Cell Therapy in Autism Spectrum Disorders
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Autism Spectrum Disorders

 

Last Updated: 5 Nov 2013

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An Open-Label Trial of Oxytocin in Adolescents With Autism Spectrum Disorders
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Autism Spectrum Disorders; Pervasive Developmental Disorders; ASD; PDD

 

Last Updated: 21 May 2014

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Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopic and Diffusion Tensor Imaging of Adolescents With Autism Spectrum Disorders
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Autism Spectrum Disorders

 

Last Updated: 24 Mar 2014

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