Autism Spectrum Disorders

Common Name(s)

Autism Spectrum Disorders

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) describes a range of conditions in which affected individuals have difficulty with communication and social interactions. Originally, autistic disorder, Asperger syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) were separate conditions, but now they are all combined under the diagnosis of ASD. The range of symptoms for ASD varies greatly, so that some affected individuals may only have mild symptoms, while others may have more severe symptoms.

Symptoms of ASD may include difficulty with social interactions (including understanding what others are thinking or feeling), difficulty communicating, repetitive behaviors (including flapping hands, rocking back and forth, and spinning in circles), focusing attention on specific details, requiring regulated routines, and being overly sensitive to light and sound.

The exact cause for ASD is not known at this time. However, there are both genetic and environmental factors which increase the risk of developing the condition. Making a diagnosis for ASD may be complicated, and generally cannot be determined with one simple test. Occasionally, parents may see early signs of ASD in infancy, but generally the condition is not diagnosed until early childhood.

Having a child with ASD can be physically and emotionally draining on parents. It is important not to become overwhelmed. Developing a solid support system that includes additional caregivers allows parents the chance to relax. Support groups are also a great source of support and information where parents can learn from other parents with children affected by ASD. Although there is currently no cure for ASD, there are various therapies and resources to help manage the condition. If your child has been diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, talk with your child’s doctor or specialist about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Autism Spectrum Disorders" for support, advocacy or research.

ACDS

ACDS is dedicated to providing lifetime resources of exceptional quality, innovation and inclusion for individuals with Down syndrome and other developmental disabilities and their families.

Last Updated: 29 Apr 2014

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Autism Science Foundation

The Autism Science Foundation supports autism research by providing funding directly to scientists conducting cutting-edge autism research. ASF also provides information about autism to the general public and serves to increase awareness of autism spectrum disorders and the needs of individuals and families affected by autism.

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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Cherab Foundation

We are a world-wide nonprofit organization working to improve the communication skills, education, and advocacy of the verbal disabled; all those with speech and language delays or impairments. Our area of emphasis is verbal apraxia which used to be rare but has been on the rise. We are committed to assisting with the development of new therapeutic approaches, preventions and cures to neurologically-based speech disorders that affect all ages with a focus on children. We bring together families, affected individuals, and medical, research, speech, and educational professionals.

Last Updated: 26 Mar 2013

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Friends of Autism, Inc.

Friends of Autism was established in 2000 as the only autism charity in Wisconsin dedicated to raising money to fund autism research, awareness, and education. Friends of Autism is powered by volunteers and relied upon by parents and professionals throughout the state.

Last Updated: 11 Mar 2013

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Idic15 Canada

Idic15 Canada is a national non-profit with a Global reach, responsible for expediting quality, coordination, accessibility and research of medical care and social support innovations for families living with the rare disorder Chromosome 15q11.2-13.1 Duplication Syndrome. We will uphold our mission by: Providing information and emotional support to individuals with Chromosome 15q11.2-13.1 Duplication Syndrome, their families, and the professionals who work with them. Developing resources and increasing global awareness and understanding of this syndrome to help build medical collaborations globally. Encouraging, supporting, and raising funds for global research into a wide range of issues related to this Syndrome. Idic15 Canada has facilitated the development of 4 national syndrome specific clinics and coordinated medical teams throughout the country. We also have the development of a Chromosome 15q11.2-13.1 Duplication Syndrome patient registry designed to spark in

Last Updated: 1 Oct 2014

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International Foundation for CDKL5 Research

To lead the way in finding a cure and treatments for CDKL5 disorder by funding global research efforts and increasing awareness while enhancing the quality of life for those affected by CDKL5 disorder, by providing information, programs, and services.

Last Updated: 19 Feb 2013

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Isabella's Aviary Alliance, LLC

Isabella’s Aviary Alliance, LLC actively demonstrates, through Isabella’s passionate and loving care in breeding and raising baby parrots for other special needs children, the possibility for two hearts—bird and child—coming together and connecting in a way which infinitely brightens the lives of both.

Last Updated: 2 Aug 2013

View Details
KCNQ2 Cure Alliance

The mission of KCNQ2 Cure Alliance is to educate and to advance research leading to treatments or a cure for patients living with the genetic disorder KCNQ2 Epilepsy.

Last Updated: 12 Dec 2015

View Details
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Missouri Family to Family

Missouri Family to Family provides customized information that allows families and individuals about needed resources and supports, navigating the maze of systems and services, as well as options to make their vision for their life possible. MOF2F also offers Sharing Our Strengths, which connects individuals with disabilities and/or their caregivers to a person who is available to listen with an open heart and open mind, offering emotional support, practical information, and/or shared experiences.

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

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Oklahoma Family Network

To Provide emotional, informational and navigational support to those who have special health care needs or a disability, their families and the professionals who serve them. OFN promotes family/professional partnerships and family-centered care, assuring services are offered as recipients prefer..

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2013

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Pathfinders for Autism

Our mission is simple – to improve the lives of individuals with autism and the people who care for them. We accomplish this through a variety of programs and services, all of which are offered FREE of charge

Last Updated: 4 Apr 2013

View Details
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Pediatric Brain Foundation

Pediatric Brain Foundation's Mission is Three-fold: 1. Expedite scientific research to find treatments and cures for ALL of the more than 14 million children, in the U.S. alone, living with some form of neurological disorder 2. Provide families and health care professionals with up-to-date information and resources on the latest discoveries in pediatric neurology 3. Educate the public and public officials on the critical importance of funding pediatric neurological research

Last Updated: 22 Apr 2015

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Simons VIP Connect

The Simons Variation in Individuals Project (Simons VIP) is an online community and research initiative. We provide a platform to partner families and researchers to better understand over 40 genetic changes (genomic variants) associated with features related to autism and developmental delay.

Last Updated: 20 Jul 2015

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The Arc of East Central Iowa

The Arc of East Central Iowa empowers people with intellectual and related disabilities to engage in lifelong opportunities to live, learn, work and play with dignity, freedom and full inclusion in their communities.

Last Updated: 11 Apr 2013

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The Arc of Illinois

The Arc of Illinois is committed to empowering persons with disabilities to achieve full participation in community life through informed choices.

Last Updated: 8 Apr 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Autism Spectrum Disorders" for support, advocacy or research.

ACDS

ACDS is dedicated to providing lifetime resources of exceptional quality, innovation and inclusion for individuals with Down syndrome and other developmental disabilities and their families.

http://www.acds.org

Last Updated: 29 Apr 2014

View Details
Logo
Autism Science Foundation

The Autism Science Foundation supports autism research by providing funding directly to scientists conducting cutting-edge autism research. ASF also provides information about autism to the general public and serves to increase awareness of autism spectrum disorders and the needs of individuals and families affected by autism.

http://www.autismsciencefoundation.org

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

View Details
Cherab Foundation

We are a world-wide nonprofit organization working to improve the communication skills, education, and advocacy of the verbal disabled; all those with speech and language delays or impairments. Our area of emphasis is verbal apraxia which used to be rare but has been on the rise. We are committed to assisting with the development of new therapeutic approaches, preventions and cures to neurologically-based speech disorders that affect all ages with a focus on children. We bring together families, affected individuals, and medical, research, speech, and educational professionals.

http://www.cherabfoundation.org

Last Updated: 26 Mar 2013

View Details
Logo
Friends of Autism, Inc.

Friends of Autism was established in 2000 as the only autism charity in Wisconsin dedicated to raising money to fund autism research, awareness, and education. Friends of Autism is powered by volunteers and relied upon by parents and professionals throughout the state.

http://www.friendsofautism.org

Last Updated: 11 Mar 2013

View Details
Idic15 Canada

Idic15 Canada is a national non-profit with a Global reach, responsible for expediting quality, coordination, accessibility and research of medical care and social support innovations for families living with the rare disorder Chromosome 15q11.2-13.1 Duplication Syndrome. We will uphold our mission by: Providing information and emotional support to individuals with Chromosome 15q11.2-13.1 Duplication Syndrome, their families, and the professionals who work with them. Developing resources and increasing global awareness and understanding of this syndrome to help build medical collaborations globally. Encouraging, supporting, and raising funds for global research into a wide range of issues related to this Syndrome. Idic15 Canada has facilitated the development of 4 national syndrome specific clinics and coordinated medical teams throughout the country. We also have the development of a Chromosome 15q11.2-13.1 Duplication Syndrome patient registry designed to spark in

http://www.idic15canada.ca

Last Updated: 1 Oct 2014

View Details
Logo
International Foundation for CDKL5 Research

To lead the way in finding a cure and treatments for CDKL5 disorder by funding global research efforts and increasing awareness while enhancing the quality of life for those affected by CDKL5 disorder, by providing information, programs, and services.

http://www.CDKL5.com

Last Updated: 19 Feb 2013

View Details
Isabella's Aviary Alliance, LLC

Isabella’s Aviary Alliance, LLC actively demonstrates, through Isabella’s passionate and loving care in breeding and raising baby parrots for other special needs children, the possibility for two hearts—bird and child—coming together and connecting in a way which infinitely brightens the lives of both.

http://www.isabellasaviary.com

Last Updated: 2 Aug 2013

View Details
KCNQ2 Cure Alliance

The mission of KCNQ2 Cure Alliance is to educate and to advance research leading to treatments or a cure for patients living with the genetic disorder KCNQ2 Epilepsy.

http://www.kcnq2cure.org/

Last Updated: 12 Dec 2015

View Details
Logo
Missouri Family to Family

Missouri Family to Family provides customized information that allows families and individuals about needed resources and supports, navigating the maze of systems and services, as well as options to make their vision for their life possible. MOF2F also offers Sharing Our Strengths, which connects individuals with disabilities and/or their caregivers to a person who is available to listen with an open heart and open mind, offering emotional support, practical information, and/or shared experiences.

http://www.mofamilytofamily.org

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

View Details
Logo
Oklahoma Family Network

To Provide emotional, informational and navigational support to those who have special health care needs or a disability, their families and the professionals who serve them. OFN promotes family/professional partnerships and family-centered care, assuring services are offered as recipients prefer..

http://www.oklahomafamilynetwork.org

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2013

View Details
Pathfinders for Autism

Our mission is simple – to improve the lives of individuals with autism and the people who care for them. We accomplish this through a variety of programs and services, all of which are offered FREE of charge

http://www.pathfindersforautism.org

Last Updated: 4 Apr 2013

View Details
Logo
Pediatric Brain Foundation

Pediatric Brain Foundation's Mission is Three-fold: 1. Expedite scientific research to find treatments and cures for ALL of the more than 14 million children, in the U.S. alone, living with some form of neurological disorder 2. Provide families and health care professionals with up-to-date information and resources on the latest discoveries in pediatric neurology 3. Educate the public and public officials on the critical importance of funding pediatric neurological research

http://www.pediatricbrainfoundation.org

Last Updated: 22 Apr 2015

View Details
Logo
Simons VIP Connect

The Simons Variation in Individuals Project (Simons VIP) is an online community and research initiative. We provide a platform to partner families and researchers to better understand over 40 genetic changes (genomic variants) associated with features related to autism and developmental delay.

http://www.simonsvipconnect.org

Last Updated: 20 Jul 2015

View Details
The Arc of East Central Iowa

The Arc of East Central Iowa empowers people with intellectual and related disabilities to engage in lifelong opportunities to live, learn, work and play with dignity, freedom and full inclusion in their communities.

http://www.arceci.org

Last Updated: 11 Apr 2013

View Details
The Arc of Illinois

The Arc of Illinois is committed to empowering persons with disabilities to achieve full participation in community life through informed choices.

http://www.thearcofil.org/

Last Updated: 8 Apr 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

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General Resources

Family Resources

Supports, ideas, tools and more are available for families to review in the Family Resources category. Learn about financial benefits in your province, to a printable caregiver sheet.

Uploaded By: Idic15 Canada

Updated 1 Oct 2014

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Autism Spectrum Disorders" returned 759 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Testosterone and Androgen Receptor Sensitivity in Relation to Hyperactivity Symptoms in Boys with Autism Spectrum Disorders.
 

Author(s): Anna Pivovarciova, Jaroslava Durdiakova, Katarina Babinska, Aneta Kubranska, Lenka Vokalova, Gabriel Minarik, Peter Celec, Marianna Murin, Daniela Ostatnikova

Journal:

 

Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and hyperactivity symptoms exhibit an incidence that is male-biased. Thus androgen activity can be considered a plausible biological risk factor for these disorders. However, there is insufficient information about the association between increased ...

Last Updated: 25 Feb 2016

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Gene expression in human brain implicates sexually dimorphic pathways in autism spectrum disorders.
 

Author(s): Donna M Werling, Neelroop N Parikshak, Daniel H Geschwind

Journal:

 

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is more prevalent in males, and the mechanisms behind this sex-differential risk are not fully understood. Two competing, but not mutually exclusive, hypotheses are that ASD risk genes are sex-differentially regulated, or alternatively, that they interact ...

Last Updated: 19 Feb 2016

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Assessment of olfactory detection thresholds in children with autism spectrum disorders using a pulse ejection system.
 

Author(s): Hirokazu Kumazaki, Taro Muramatsu, Takashi X Fujisawa, Masutomo Miyao, Eri Matsuura, Ken-Ichi Okada, Hirotaka Kosaka, Akemi Tomoda, Masaru Mimura

Journal:

 

Atypical responsiveness to olfactory stimuli has been reported as the strongest predictor of social impairment in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). However, previous laboratory-based sensory psychophysical studies that have aimed to investigate olfactory sensitivity in ...

Last Updated: 20 Jan 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Autism Spectrum Disorders" returned 159 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Self-Reported Empathy in Adult Women with Autism Spectrum Disorders - A Systematic Mini Review.
 

Author(s): Francien M Kok, Yvonne Groen, Miriam Becke, Anselm B M Fuermaier, Oliver Tucha

Journal:

 

There is limited research on Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) in females. Although the empathy construct has been examined thoroughly in autism, little attention has been paid to empathy in adult women with this condition or to gender differences within the disorder.

Last Updated: 22 Mar 2016

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[Research advances in the role of vitamin D in autism spectrum disorders].
 

Author(s): Ling Shan, Xiao-Lan Hu, Bing Wang, Fei-Yong Jia

Journal: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi. 2016 Feb;18(2):183-8.

 

The etiology and pathogenic mechanism of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are still unclear. The relationship between vitamin D and ASD has drawn attention in recent years due to common vitamin D deficiency in children with ASD. This article reviews the peripheral blood levels of vitamin ...

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2016

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[Dimensional measures in autism spectrum disorders: do we know what we measure?].
 

Author(s): W de la Marche, I Noens, J Steyaert

Journal: Tijdschr Psychiatr. 2015 ;57(12):897-901.

 

In the last decades, researchers often used measures to quantify autism spectrum disorder (ASD) traits, paralleling the tendency to describe psychiatric and developmental disorders more dimensionally. The broader autism phenotype (BAP) concept originates from this kind of research.

Last Updated: 5 Jan 2016

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Cognitive Enhancement Therapy for Adult Autism Spectrum Disorder
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Autistic Disorder; Autism Spectrum Disorder; Asperger's Syndrome; Pervasive Developmental Disorder

 

Last Updated: 16 Dec 2015

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An Open-Label Trial of Oxytocin in Adolescents With Autism Spectrum Disorders
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Autism Spectrum Disorders; Pervasive Developmental Disorders; ASD; PDD

 

Last Updated: 26 Feb 2016

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Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Autism Spectrum Disorder
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Autism Spectrum Disorder; Autism; Mitochondrial Disease; Developmental Delay

 

Last Updated: 5 Aug 2016

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