Autism 9

Common Name(s)

Autism 9

Autism, the prototypic pervasive developmental disorder (PDD), is usually apparent by 3 years of age. It is characterized by a triad of limited or absent verbal communication, a lack of reciprocal social interaction or responsiveness, and restricted, stereotypic, and ritualized patterns of interests and behavior ({1:Bailey et al., 1996}; {11:Risch et al., 1999}). 'Autism spectrum disorder,' sometimes referred to as ASD, is a broader phenotype encompassing the less severe disorders Asperger syndrome (see ASPG1; {608638}) and pervasive developmental disorder, not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS). 'Broad autism phenotype' includes individuals with some symptoms of autism, but who do not meet the full criteria for autism or other disorders. Mental retardation coexists in approximately two-thirds of individuals with ASD, except for Asperger syndrome, in which mental retardation is conspicuously absent ({6:Jones et al., 2008}). Genetic studies in autism often include family members with these less stringent diagnoses ({12:Schellenberg et al., 2006}). For a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of autism, see {209850}.
 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Autism 9" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Autism 9" returned 5 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Eating problems and overlap with ADHD and autism spectrum disorders in a nationwide twin study of 9- and 12-year-old children.
 

Author(s): Maria Råstam, Jakob Täljemark, Armin Tajnia, Sebastian Lundström, Peik Gustafsson, Paul Lichtenstein, Christopher Gillberg, Henrik Anckarsäter, Nóra Kerekes

Journal:

 

AIM. To establish the prevalence of restrictive eating problems, the overlap and association with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and to estimate the heritability of eating problems in a general population sample of twins aged 9 ...

Last Updated: 21 May 2013

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Object exploration at 6 and 9 months in infants with and without risk for autism.
 

Author(s): Erin A Koterba, Nina B Leezenbaum, Jana M Iverson

Journal: Autism. 2014 Feb;18(2):97-105.

 

During the first year of life, infants spend substantial amounts of time exploring objects they encounter in their daily environments. Perceptuo-motor information gained through these experiences provides a foundation for later developmental advances in cognition and language. This ...

Last Updated: 22 Jan 2014

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Same but different: 9-month-old infants at average and high risk for autism look at the same facial features but process them using different brain mechanisms.
 

Author(s): Alexandra P F Key, Wendy L Stone

Journal: Autism Res. 2012 Aug;5(4):253-66.

 

The study examined whether 9-month-old infants at average vs. high risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) process facial features (eyes, mouth) differently and whether such differences are related to infants' social and communicative skills. Eye tracking and visual event-related ...

Last Updated: 17 Aug 2012

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Autism 9" returned 0 free, full-text review articles on human participants.

 
 
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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

There are currently no open clinical trials for this condition.