Autism 16

Common Name(s)

Autism 16

Autism, the prototypic pervasive developmental disorder (PDD), is usually apparent by 3 years of age. It is characterized by a triad of limited or absent verbal communication, a lack of reciprocal social interaction or responsiveness, and restricted, stereotypic, and ritualized patterns of interests and behavior ({1:Bailey et al., 1996}; {4:Risch et al., 1999}). 'Autism spectrum disorder,' sometimes referred to as ASD, is a broader phenotype encompassing the less severe disorders Asperger syndrome (see ASPG1; {608638}) and pervasive developmental disorder, not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS). 'Broad autism phenotype' includes individuals with some symptoms of autism, but who do not meet the full criteria for autism or other disorders. Mental retardation coexists in approximately two-thirds of individuals with ASD, except for Asperger syndrome, in which mental retardation is conspicuously absent ({2:Jones et al., 2008}). Genetic studies in autism often include family members with these less stringent diagnoses ({5:Schellenberg et al., 2006}). For a discussion of heterogeneity of autism, see {209850}.
 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Autism 16" for support, advocacy or research.

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Autism 16" returned 2 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Genome-scan for IQ discrepancy in autism: evidence for loci on chromosomes 10 and 16.
 

Author(s): Nicola H Chapman, Annette Estes, Jeff Munson, Raphael Bernier, Sara J Webb, Joseph H Rothstein, Nancy J Minshew, Geraldine Dawson, Gerard D Schellenberg, Ellen M Wijsman

Journal: Hum. Genet.. 2011 Jan;129(1):59-70.

 

Performance IQ (PIQ) greater than verbal IQ (VIQ) is often observed in studies of the cognitive abilities of autistic individuals. This characteristic is correlated with social and communication impairments, key parts of the autism diagnosis. We present the first genetic analyses ...

Last Updated: 3 Jan 2011

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Parent-of-origin effects in autism identified through genome-wide linkage analysis of 16,000 SNPs.
 

Author(s): Delphine Fradin, Keely Cheslack-Postava, Christine Ladd-Acosta, Craig Newschaffer, Aravinda Chakravarti, Dan E Arking, Andrew Feinberg, M Daniele Fallin

Journal:

 

Autism is a common heritable neurodevelopmental disorder with complex etiology. Several genome-wide linkage and association scans have been carried out to identify regions harboring genes related to autism or autism spectrum disorders, with mixed results. Given the overlap in autism ...

Last Updated: 8 Sep 2010

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The terms "Autism 16" returned 0 free, full-text review articles on human participants.

 
 
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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

TSO in Pediatric Autistic Spectrum Disorders
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Autistic Spectrum Disorders

 

Last Updated: 16 Apr 2014

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Last Updated: 28 Jul 2010

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