Anxiety

Common Name(s)

Anxiety

Human personality is shaped by genetic and environmental factors, and evidence suggests that the genetic component is highly complex, polygenic, and epistatic. Genetic factors are thought to contribute to 40 to 60% of trait variance. Molecular genetics has tried to identify specific genes for quantitative traits, called quantitative trait loci (QTLs). The QTL concept suggests that complex personality traits or dimensions are not attributable to single genes, but to multiple interacting genes ({15:Reif and Lesch, 2003)}. {2:Fullerton et al. (2003)} stated that psychologists were in agreement that the wide variation in human personalities can be explained by a small number of personality factors, including neuroticism (a measure of emotional stability), which manifests at one extreme as anxiety, depression, moodiness, low self-esteem, and diffidence. They cited a number of studies that had described a relationship between high scores on measures of neuroticism and major depressive disorder. They also noted that theoretical studies had suggested that large samples of randomly ascertained sibs could be used to ascertain phenotypically extreme individuals and thereby increase power to detect genetic linkage in complex traits. See also panic disorder (PAND1; {167870}), which is a subtype of anxiety disorder.
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Anxiety" for support, advocacy or research.

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Anxiety and Depression Association of America

Our mission is to promote the prevention, treatment, and cure of anxiety, depression, and stress-related disorders through education, practice, and research.

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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Oklahoma Family Network

To Provide emotional, informational and navigational support to those who have special health care needs or a disability, their families and the professionals who serve them. OFN promotes family/professional partnerships and family-centered care, assuring services are offered as recipients prefer..

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2013

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Anxiety" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Anxiety and Depression Association of America

Our mission is to promote the prevention, treatment, and cure of anxiety, depression, and stress-related disorders through education, practice, and research.

http://www.adaa.org

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

View Details
Logo
Oklahoma Family Network

To Provide emotional, informational and navigational support to those who have special health care needs or a disability, their families and the professionals who serve them. OFN promotes family/professional partnerships and family-centered care, assuring services are offered as recipients prefer..

http://www.oklahomafamilynetwork.org

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2013

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General Resources

The 504 Plan for Selective Mutism: A Social Anxiety Disorder

Preschool - grade 12 school based accommodation plan

Updated 26 Mar 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Anxiety" returned 2648 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Correlates of symptoms of depression and anxiety among clinic patients in western Jamaica.
 

Author(s): C E Monroe, O Affuso, M Y Martin, M Aung, L Crossman, P E Jolly

Journal: West Indian Med J. 2013 Jul;62(6):533-42.

 

There is a paucity of studies on psychosocial disorders in clinic populations in Jamaica. Therefore, we sought to determine the prevalence and correlates of symptoms of depression and anxiety in a clinic population in western Jamaica.

Last Updated: 23 Apr 2014

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The relationship between maternal attitudes and symptoms of depression and anxiety among pregnant and postpartum first-time mothers.
 

Author(s): Laura E Sockol, C Neill Epperson, Jacques P Barber

Journal: Arch Womens Ment Health. 2014 Jun;17(3):199-212.

 

Two studies examined the relationship between maternal attitudes and symptoms of depression and anxiety during pregnancy and the early postpartum period. In the first study, a measure of maternal attitudes, the Attitudes Toward Motherhood Scale (AToM), was developed and validated ...

Last Updated: 16 May 2014

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[Anxiety and depression among men and women who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention].
 

Author(s): Rejane Kiyomi Furuya, Eliana de Cássia Arantes Costa, Mariana Coelho, Vitor César Richter, Carina Aparecida Marosti Dessotte, André Schmidt, Rosana Aparecida Spadoti Dantas, Lídia Aparecida Rossi

Journal: Rev Esc Enferm USP. 2013 Dec;47(6):1333-7.

 

A descriptive, cross-sectional, correlational study aimed to investigate the association of sex and the presence of anxiety and depression after hospital discharge in patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Fifty-nine patients undergoing PCI and receiving ...

Last Updated: 14 Mar 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Anxiety" returned 309 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Meta-analysis of group comparison and meta-analysis of reliability generalization of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory Questionnaire (STAI)].
 

Author(s): Alejandro Guillén-Riquelme, Gualberto Buela-Casal

Journal: Rev. Esp. Salud Publica. ;88(1):101-12.

 

Since its creation the STAI has been cited in more than 14,000 documents, with more than 60 adaptations in different countries. In some adaptations this instrument has no clinical scores. The aim of this work is to determine if the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) has higher scores ...

Last Updated: 14 Apr 2014

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Psychological group-treatments of social anxiety disorder: a meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Hanna Wersebe, Marit Sijbrandij, Pim Cuijpers

Journal:

 

A few meta-analyses have examined psychological treatments for a social anxiety disorder (SAD). This is the first meta-analysis that examines the effects of cognitive behavioural group therapies (CBGT) for SAD compared to control on symptoms of anxiety.

Last Updated: 22 Nov 2013

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Patient experiences of depression and anxiety with chronic disease: a systematic review and qualitative meta-synthesis.
 

Author(s): D DeJean, M Giacomini, M Vanstone, F Brundisini

Journal:

 

Depression and anxiety are highly prevalent in patients with chronic disease, but remain undertreated despite significant negative consequences on patient health. A number of clinical groups have developed recommendations for depression screening practices in the chronic disease population.

Last Updated: 14 Nov 2013

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Brief Behavioral Treatment for Anxiety in Young Children
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Obsessive-compulsive Disorder; Social Phobia; Generalized Anxiety Disorder; Specific Phobia; Separation Anxiety Disorder; Selective Mutism; Anxiety Disorder, Not Otherwise Specified

 

Last Updated: 29 Jan 2014

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Last Updated: 14 Sep 2012

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Treatment Study for Rural Latino Youth With Anxiety
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Anxiety Disorders; Separation Anxiety Disorder; Social Anxiety Disorder; Specific Phobia; Generalized Anxiety Disorder

 

Last Updated: 17 Jan 2012

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