Anorexia nervosa

Common Name(s)

Anorexia nervosa

Anorexia nervosa , commonly known as anorexia, is a serious eating disorder characterized by self-starvation and excessive weight loss. A person with anorexia consumes very little or no food, avoids specific foods, has inappropriate eating habits or rituals, an obsession with becoming or remaining thin, an irrational fear of weight gain, a rigid and excessive exercise program, and generally becomes obsessed with food, calories and body weight. Depression, anxiety, and mood swings are also common. The causes for anorexia are both biological and social and most often related to poor body image. In terms of biology, there have been studies that show some people are genetically predisposed to develop anorexia. Socially, males and females may develop anorexia because of their cultural norms or the media's portrayal of an unrealistic "ideal" body type. Women are significantly more likely to develop anorexia, although a small percentage of men do as well, which typically onsets in adolescence. Some health consequences of anorexia may include a menstrual cycle that has stopped, muscle loss and weakness, dehydration, slow heart rate and low blood pressure, dry and brittle hair, a yellowing of the skin, rapid weight loss, swollen cheeks, and fatigue. Treatment for individuals with anorexia includes a combination of restoring the person to normal body weight, treating any additional psychological conditions, and promoting a more positive body image. This will include a combination of dietary supplements, therapy, and generally some medications. Treatment is tailored to the specific individual according to their particular problems, strengths and needs. Early diagnosis and intervention is key to recovery and is crucial to prevent or lessen the severity of complications that can occur due to long-term anorexia. If you or someone you know may be suffering from anorexia, it is best to contact your doctor or a trained professional for help.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Anorexia nervosa" for support, advocacy or research.

National Association Anorexia Nervosa & Associated Disorders, Inc.

ANAD advocates for the development of healthy attitudes, bodies, and behaviors. ANAD promotes eating disorder awareness, prevention and recovery through supporting, educating, and connecting individuals, families and professionals.

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Anorexia nervosa" for support, advocacy or research.

National Association Anorexia Nervosa & Associated Disorders, Inc.

ANAD advocates for the development of healthy attitudes, bodies, and behaviors. ANAD promotes eating disorder awareness, prevention and recovery through supporting, educating, and connecting individuals, families and professionals.

http://www.anad.org

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Anorexia nervosa" returned 914 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Feelings and perceptions of women recovering from anorexia nervosa regarding their eating behavior.
 

Author(s): Nathalia Petry, Francisco de Assis Guedes de Vasconcelos, Larissa da Cunha Feio Costa

Journal:

 

According to the phenomenological approach, observing a phenomenon through the perspective of those who lived it may be necessary to acquire fully comprehension of it. Therefore, to fully understand the eating behavior during anorexia nervosa and during its recovery, this study investigated ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Microbiota in anorexia nervosa: The triangle between bacterial species, metabolites and psychological tests.
 

Author(s): Francesca Borgo, Alessandra Riva, Alberto Benetti, Maria Cristina Casiraghi, Sara Bertelli, Stefania Garbossa, Simona Anselmetti, Silvio Scarone, Antonio E Pontiroli, Giulia Morace, Elisa Borghi

Journal:

 

Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a psychiatric disease with devastating physical consequences, with a pathophysiological mechanism still to be elucidated. Metagenomic studies on anorexia nervosa have revealed profound gut microbiome perturbations as a possible environmental factor involved ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Bone mineralization and densitometric evaluation of vertebral fractures in women 6-21 years after the onset of anorexia nervosa symptoms.
 

Author(s): Gabriela Jagielska, Jerzy Przedlacki, Zbigniew Bartoszewicz, Agnieszka Kondracka, Agnieszka Butwicka, Ewa Racicka, Olgierd Rowiński, Rafał Brzewski, Tomasz Wolańczyk, Celina Tomaszewicz-Libudzic, Urszula Szymańska

Journal: Psychiatr. Pol.. 2017 Apr;51(2):231-246.

 

We attempted to assess bone mineralization and the frequency of fractures occurrence in women with a history of treatment of anorexia nervosa (AN) in adolescence.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Anorexia nervosa" returned 100 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[An update on inpatient treatment of anorexia nervosa: practical recommendations].
 

Author(s): Nicole Vásquez, Pascuala Urrejola, Melina Vogel

Journal: Rev Med Chil. 2017 May;145(5):650-656.

 

Anorexia Nervosa (AN) is the psychiatric illness with the highest mortality, especially if it is associated with psychiatric and somatic comorbidity. Medical complications can be multiple and jeopardize the normal development of children and adolescents, even permanently. Although ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Schizophrenia and anorexia nervosa - reciprocal relationships. A literature review.
 

Author(s): Justyna Morylowska-Topolska, Rafał Ziemiński, Agnieszka Molas, Jacek Gajewski, Marta Flis, Ewa Stelmach, Hanna Karakuła-Juchnowicz

Journal: Psychiatr. Pol.. 2017 Apr;51(2):261-270.

 

Although schizophrenia and anorexia nervosa are seemingly very distinct psychiatric disorders, their symptoms are connected by various types of relationships. The present article reviews the literature and recapitulates the views of various authors on the links between these two disorders. ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Gastrointestinal complications and refeeding guidelines in patients with anorexia nervosa.
 

Author(s): Żaneta Malczyk, Joanna Małgorzata Oświęcimska

Journal: Psychiatr. Pol.. 2017 Apr;51(2):219-229.

 

Anorexia nervosa (AN) is the third most common disorder, after obesity and asthma, in the population of adolescents between 13-18 years of age. Food intake reduction is associated with whole body dysfunction, affecting its physical, psychological and social spheres. As a result of ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Study of Intestinal Permeability in Patients With Anorexia Nervosa
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Anorexia Nervosa

 

Last Updated: 6 Dec 2016

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Last Updated: 12 Aug 2016

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Effects of Anorexia Nervosa on Peak Bone Mass
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Anorexia Nervosa

 

Last Updated: 26 Jul 2017

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