Anorexia nervosa

Common Name(s)

Anorexia nervosa

Anorexia nervosa , commonly known as anorexia, is a serious eating disorder characterized by self-starvation and excessive weight loss. A person with anorexia consumes very little or no food, avoids specific foods, has inappropriate eating habits or rituals, an obsession with becoming or remaining thin, an irrational fear of weight gain, a rigid and excessive exercise program, and generally becomes obsessed with food, calories and body weight. Depression, anxiety, and mood swings are also common. The causes for anorexia are both biological and social and most often related to poor body image. In terms of biology, there have been studies that show some people are genetically predisposed to develop anorexia. Socially, males and females may develop anorexia because of their cultural norms or the media's portrayal of an unrealistic "ideal" body type. Women are significantly more likely to develop anorexia, although a small percentage of men do as well, which typically onsets in adolescence. Some health consequences of anorexia may include a menstrual cycle that has stopped, muscle loss and weakness, dehydration, slow heart rate and low blood pressure, dry and brittle hair, a yellowing of the skin, rapid weight loss, swollen cheeks, and fatigue. Treatment for individuals with anorexia includes a combination of restoring the person to normal body weight, treating any additional psychological conditions, and promoting a more positive body image. This will include a combination of dietary supplements, therapy, and generally some medications. Treatment is tailored to the specific individual according to their particular problems, strengths and needs. Early diagnosis and intervention is key to recovery and is crucial to prevent or lessen the severity of complications that can occur due to long-term anorexia. If you or someone you know may be suffering from anorexia, it is best to contact your doctor or a trained professional for help.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Anorexia nervosa" for support, advocacy or research.

National Association Anorexia Nervosa & Associated Disorders, Inc.

ANAD advocates for the development of healthy attitudes, bodies, and behaviors. ANAD promotes eating disorder awareness, prevention and recovery through supporting, educating, and connecting individuals, families and professionals.

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Anorexia nervosa" for support, advocacy or research.

National Association Anorexia Nervosa & Associated Disorders, Inc.

ANAD advocates for the development of healthy attitudes, bodies, and behaviors. ANAD promotes eating disorder awareness, prevention and recovery through supporting, educating, and connecting individuals, families and professionals.

http://www.anad.org

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Anorexia nervosa" returned 877 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Clinical evaluation of autistic symptoms in women with anorexia nervosa.
 

Author(s): Heather Westwood, William Mandy, Kate Tchanturia

Journal:

 

Despite a suggested link between anorexia nervosa (AN) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), previous studies have used self-report or diagnostic criteria to assess for ASD in AN populations, rather than direct observation of symptom characteristic of ASD. The aim of this study was ...

Last Updated: 23 Mar 2017

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Non-uniform Progression of Chronic Tubulointerstitial Nephritis and Widespread Nephrocalcification in a Patient with Anorexia Nervosa.
 

Author(s): Sho Hasegawa, Maki Shibata, Makoto Mochizuki, Takashi Katsuki, Manami Tada, Fumihiko Hinoshita

Journal: Intern. Med.. 2017 ;56(5):545-549.

 

Although patients with anorexia nervosa (anorexia) are known to show tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN), the pathophysiology of its progression is not fully understood. We herein report a 31-year-old woman with anorexia who showed acute exacerbation of chronic kidney disease. Renal ...

Last Updated: 2 Mar 2017

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Near-fatal Anorexia Nervosa in a Middle-aged Woman.
 

Author(s): Luca Foppiani, Bruno Massobrio, Christian Cascio, Giancarlo Antonucci

Journal: Intern. Med.. 2017 ;56(3):327-334.

 

Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a serious psychiatric disorder which typically occurs in young women; however, more and more cases in middle-aged women are being reported. The management of this complex disease requires a team approach, and full recovery occurs only in 50% of patients. Endocrine ...

Last Updated: 3 Feb 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Anorexia nervosa" returned 94 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The Association between Weight Gain/Restoration and Bone Mineral Density in Adolescents with Anorexia Nervosa: A Systematic Review.
 

Author(s): Marwan El Ghoch, Davide Gatti, Simona Calugi, Ombretta Viapiana, Paola Vittoria Bazzani, Riccardo Dalle Grave

Journal:

 

Reduced bone mineral density (BMD) is one of the most frequent medical complications of anorexia nervosa (AN). The purpose of this paper was to conduct a systematic review of the association between weight gain/restoration and BMD in adolescents with AN.

Last Updated: 5 Dec 2016

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Pitfalls in anorexia nervosa research: The risk of artifacts linked to denial of illness and methods of preventing them.
 

Author(s): MaƂgorzata Starzomska, Ryszard Tadeusiewicz

Journal: Psychiatr Danub. 2016 Sep;28(3):202-210.

 

One of the most serious problems faced by researchers studying eating disorders is denial of illness in individuals with anorexia nervosa. Importantly, the term "denial" not only has different meanings, but in the case of anorexia nervosa its very nature still remains obscure. It ...

Last Updated: 23 Sep 2016

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Impaired social cognition processes in Asperger syndrome and anorexia nervosa. In search for endophenotypes of social cognition.
 

Author(s): Beata Joanna Kasperek-Zimowska, Janusz Grzegorz Zimowski, Katarzyna Biernacka, Katarzyna Kucharska-Pietura, Filip Rybakowski

Journal: Psychiatr. Pol.. 2016 ;50(3):533-42.

 

A growing number of publications indicates presence of significant deficits in social cognition in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). These deficits appear to be comparable in qualitative and quantitative dimension with impairment of the same functions among people with Asperger ...

Last Updated: 24 Aug 2016

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) and Anorexia Nervosa
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Anorexia Nervosa

 

Last Updated: 11 Apr 2016

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Study of Intestinal Permeability in Patients With Anorexia Nervosa
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Anorexia Nervosa

 

Last Updated: 6 Dec 2016

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Last Updated: 12 Aug 2016

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