Allergic rhinitis

Common Name(s)

Allergic rhinitis, Hay fever

Hay fever, contrary to its name, is not a fever caused by hay, but is actually an exaggerated allergic reaction to outdoor or indoor allergens. When the immune system of a person with hay fever is exposed to an allergen, it overreacts by releasing chemicals in the blood. This reaction is what causes the symptoms of hay fever, including runny nose, watery or itchy eyes, nasal congestion, cough, sneezing, and decreased sense of smell and taste. There are two types of hay fever: seasonal and perennial. Seasonal hay fever occurs only during the time of year when plants are pollinating. People with seasonal hay fever are usually allergic to pollen and spores. Perennial hay fever occurs all year long and is usually caused by allergens that are found indoors, including pet dander and mold.

Risk factors for developing hay fever include living or working in an environment that involves exposure to allergens, having other allergies, having asthma, and having a family history of allergies or asthma. To diagnose hay fever, a doctor may need to perform specific tests, including a skin prick test or allergy blood test. A skin prick test looks for signs of an allergic reaction to an allergen on the skin. An allergy blood test measures the body’s immune system response to a specific allergen.

Hay fever cannot be prevented. If you have hay fever, you can reduce your risk for symptoms by avoiding exposure to allergens that cause an allergic reaction, keeping doors closed during pollen season, using air conditioning, avoiding outdoor activity during dry and windy days, bathing pets and keeping your house free of dust and mold. Over-the-counter medications can help prevent or reduce symptoms. For more bothersome or severe symptoms, prescription medications, allergy shots or a nasal rinse may be necessary. If you are diagnosed with hay fever, talk to you doctor to discuss the best treatment plan for you.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Allergic rhinitis" for support, advocacy or research.

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Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics

Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics (AANMA) is the leading national non-profit organization dedicated to eliminating needless death and suffering due to asthma, allergies and related conditions through education, community outreach, advocacy and research. AANMA facilitates communication of quality information among patients, parents, physicians, community members, government and private industry through accurate guidance and clearly written resources on asthma and allergies, provided through its website, aanma.org, published reports, position statements, quarterly magazine, Allergy & Asthma Today, and monthly newsletter, The MA Report.

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Allergic rhinitis" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics

Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics (AANMA) is the leading national non-profit organization dedicated to eliminating needless death and suffering due to asthma, allergies and related conditions through education, community outreach, advocacy and research. AANMA facilitates communication of quality information among patients, parents, physicians, community members, government and private industry through accurate guidance and clearly written resources on asthma and allergies, provided through its website, aanma.org, published reports, position statements, quarterly magazine, Allergy & Asthma Today, and monthly newsletter, The MA Report.

http://www.aanma.org

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Allergic rhinitis" returned 817 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Self-assessment of Allergic Rhinitis and Asthma (SACRA) Questionnaire-based Allergic Rhinitis Treatment Improves Asthma Control in Asthmatic Patients with Allergic Rhinitis.
 

Author(s): Masanori Yasuo, Yoshiaki Kitaguchi, Yoshimichi Komatsu, Mineyuki Hama, Tomonobu Koizumi, Toshihiko Agatsuma, Takashi Ichiyama, Akane Kato, Hideaki Moteki, Masayuki Hanaoka

Journal: Intern. Med.. ;56(1):31-39.

 

Objective This study was conducted to investigate whether the add-on treatment of allergic rhinitis (AR) based on the Self-assessment of Allergic Rhinitis and Asthma (SACRA) questionnaire for assessing AR control improves both AR and asthma control in asthmatic patients with AR. Methods ...

Last Updated: 4 Jan 2017

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Effect of catgut implantation at acupoints for the treatment of allergic rhinitis: a randomized, sham-controlled trial.
 

Author(s): Xinrong Li, Yang Liu, Qinxiu Zhang, Nan Xiang, Miao He, Juan Zhong, Qing Chen, Xiaopei Wang

Journal:

 

The effect and safety of catgut implantation at acupoints o treat allergic rhinitis (ICD-10 code J30.4) remain controversial. Here, we used a sham catgut implantation group to determine whether catgut implantation at acupoints is an effective and safe treatment for allergic rhinitis.

Last Updated: 10 Nov 2016

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Treatment of allergic rhinitis with acupoint herbal plaster: an oligonucleotide chip analysis.
 

Author(s): Horng-Sheng Shiue, Yun-Shien Lee, Chi-Neu Tsai, Hen-Hong Chang

Journal:

 

Allergic rhinitis is regarded as an imbalanced Th1/Th2 cell-mediated response. The present study used microarray analysis to compare gene expression levels between allergic rhinitis patients before and after a series of acupoint herbal plaster applications.

Last Updated: 5 Nov 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Allergic rhinitis" returned 117 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Clinical Question: Nasal saline or intranasal corticosteroids to treat allergic rhinitis in children.
 

Author(s): Stefani Madison, Elizabeth Aubrey Brown, Rachel Franklin, Elizabeth A Wickersham, Laine H McCarthy

Journal: J Okla State Med Assoc. ;109(4-5):152-3.

 

In pediatric populations, is nasal saline irrigation as effective as intranasal corticosteroids at relieving allergic rhinitis symptoms?

Last Updated: 22 Jun 2016

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Valuing the Economic Costs of Allergic Rhinitis, Acute Bronchitis, and Asthma from Exposure to Indoor Dampness and Mold in the US.
 

Author(s): David H Mudarri

Journal: J Environ Public Health. 2016 ;2016():2386596.

 

Two foundational methods for estimating the total economic burden of disease are cost of illness (COI) and willingness to pay (WTP). WTP measures the full cost to society, but WTP estimates are difficult to compute and rarely available. COI methods are more often used but less likely ...

Last Updated: 17 Jun 2016

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Skin Testing for Allergic Rhinitis: A Health Technology Assessment.
 

Author(s):

Journal:

 

Allergic rhinitis is the most common type of allergy worldwide. The accuracy of skin testing for allergic rhinitis is still debated. This health technology assessment had two objectives: to determine the diagnostic accuracy of skin-prick and intradermal testing in patients with suspected ...

Last Updated: 9 Jun 2016

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Validation of an Allergic Rhinitis Control Test in Teenagers
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Allergic Rhinitis

 

Last Updated: 28 Jun 2016

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The Prevalence and Clinical Characteristics of Children With Local Allergic Rhinitis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Other Allergic Rhinitis

 

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2015

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Last Updated: 30 Jul 2016

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