Allergic rhinitis

Common Name(s)

Allergic rhinitis, Hay fever

Hay fever, contrary to its name, is not a fever caused by hay, but is actually an exaggerated allergic reaction to outdoor or indoor allergens. When the immune system of a person with hay fever is exposed to an allergen, it overreacts by releasing chemicals in the blood. This reaction is what causes the symptoms of hay fever, including runny nose, watery or itchy eyes, nasal congestion, cough, sneezing, and decreased sense of smell and taste. There are two types of hay fever: seasonal and perennial. Seasonal hay fever occurs only during the time of year when plants are pollinating. People with seasonal hay fever are usually allergic to pollen and spores. Perennial hay fever occurs all year long and is usually caused by allergens that are found indoors, including pet dander and mold.

Risk factors for developing hay fever include living or working in an environment that involves exposure to allergens, having other allergies, having asthma, and having a family history of allergies or asthma. To diagnose hay fever, a doctor may need to perform specific tests, including a skin prick test or allergy blood test. A skin prick test looks for signs of an allergic reaction to an allergen on the skin. An allergy blood test measures the body’s immune system response to a specific allergen.

Hay fever cannot be prevented. If you have hay fever, you can reduce your risk for symptoms by avoiding exposure to allergens that cause an allergic reaction, keeping doors closed during pollen season, using air conditioning, avoiding outdoor activity during dry and windy days, bathing pets and keeping your house free of dust and mold. Over-the-counter medications can help prevent or reduce symptoms. For more bothersome or severe symptoms, prescription medications, allergy shots or a nasal rinse may be necessary. If you are diagnosed with hay fever, talk to you doctor to discuss the best treatment plan for you.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Allergic rhinitis" for support, advocacy or research.

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Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics

Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics (AANMA) is the leading national non-profit organization dedicated to eliminating needless death and suffering due to asthma, allergies and related conditions through education, community outreach, advocacy and research. AANMA facilitates communication of quality information among patients, parents, physicians, community members, government and private industry through accurate guidance and clearly written resources on asthma and allergies, provided through its website, aanma.org, published reports, position statements, quarterly magazine, Allergy & Asthma Today, and monthly newsletter, The MA Report.

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Allergic rhinitis" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics

Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics (AANMA) is the leading national non-profit organization dedicated to eliminating needless death and suffering due to asthma, allergies and related conditions through education, community outreach, advocacy and research. AANMA facilitates communication of quality information among patients, parents, physicians, community members, government and private industry through accurate guidance and clearly written resources on asthma and allergies, provided through its website, aanma.org, published reports, position statements, quarterly magazine, Allergy & Asthma Today, and monthly newsletter, The MA Report.

http://www.aanma.org

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Allergic rhinitis" returned 464 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Update of cytokines and genes in asthma and allergic rhinitis.
 

Author(s): Surasakdi Wongratanacheewin

Journal: Asian Pac. J. Allergy Immunol.. 2014 Dec;32(4):275.

 

Last Updated: 28 Dec 2014

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The effect of antiallergic treatment with desloratadine-montelukast on salivary glands function in allergic rhinitis.
 

Author(s): Arif Ayan, Ozgur Yoruk, Bedri Seven, Ebru Orsal, Vahit Mutlu, Berrin Aydin

Journal: Hell J Nucl Med. ;17(3):190-3.

 

The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible favorable effect of desloratadine-montelukast combination on salivary glands (SG) function in patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) using SG scintigraphy. The study population consisted of 64 patients with AR and 28 healthy controls: ...

Last Updated: 20 Dec 2014

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Correlation of gammadelta-T-cells, Th17 cells and IL-17 in peripheral blood of patients with allergic rhinitis.
 

Author(s): Huang Xuekun, Yang Qintai, Chen Yulian, Zhang Gehua

Journal: Asian Pac. J. Allergy Immunol.. 2014 Sep;32(3):235-9.

 

Gammadelta-T-cells play an important role in the mucosal immune system of the respiratory tract. Th17 cells plays an important role in promoting inflammation and autoimmune diseases. Th17 cells mainly secrete IL-17. However, little information is available on the relation between ...

Last Updated: 1 Oct 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Allergic rhinitis" returned 72 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The linkage of allergic rhinitis and obstructive sleep apnea.
 

Author(s): Naricha Chirakalwasan, Kiat Ruxrungtham

Journal: Asian Pac. J. Allergy Immunol.. 2014 Dec;32(4):276-86.

 

Rhinitis can be divided into allergic and non-allergic rhinitis. Rhinitis, particularly allergic rhinitis, has been shown to be associated with obstructive sleep apnea; a condition characterized by repetitive upper airway obstruction during sleep. Allergic rhinitis increases the risk ...

Last Updated: 28 Dec 2014

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Homeopathy for allergic rhinitis: protocol for a systematic review.
 

Author(s): Kushal Banerjee, Ceire Costelloe, Robert T Mathie, Jeremy Howick

Journal:

 

Allergic rhinitis is a global health problem that is often treated with homeopathy. The objective of this review will be to evaluate the effectiveness of homeopathic treatment of allergic rhinitis.

Last Updated: 16 Jun 2014

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A new era of targeting the ancient gatekeepers of the immune system: toll-like agonists in the treatment of allergic rhinitis and asthma.
 

Author(s): Zahra Aryan, Stephen T Holgate, Danuta Radzioch, Nima Rezaei

Journal: Int. Arch. Allergy Immunol.. 2014 ;164(1):46-63.

 

Toll-like receptors (TLR) belong to a large family of pattern recognition receptors known as the ancient 'gatekeepers' of the immune system. TLRs are located at the first line of defense against invading pathogens as well as aeroallergens, making them interesting targets to modulate ...

Last Updated: 19 Jun 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of AGR Tablet as a Treatment of Perennial Allergic Rhinitis in Korean
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Allergic Rhinitis; Perennial Allergic Rhinitis; Non-seasonal Allergic Rhinitis

 

Last Updated: 18 Feb 2014

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Effect of Hypertonic Solutions on Allergic Rhinitis Patients
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Allergic Rhinitis

 

Last Updated: 3 Sep 2014

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Effect of Qi-tonifying Chinese Herbal Products for Treatment of Allergic Rhinitis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Allergic Rhinitis

 

Last Updated: 15 Mar 2013

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