Allergic rhinitis

Common Name(s)

Allergic rhinitis, Hay fever

Hay fever, contrary to its name, is not a fever caused by hay, but is actually an exaggerated allergic reaction to outdoor or indoor allergens. When the immune system of a person with hay fever is exposed to an allergen, it overreacts by releasing chemicals in the blood. This reaction is what causes the symptoms of hay fever, including runny nose, watery or itchy eyes, nasal congestion, cough, sneezing, and decreased sense of smell and taste. There are two types of hay fever: seasonal and perennial. Seasonal hay fever occurs only during the time of year when plants are pollinating. People with seasonal hay fever are usually allergic to pollen and spores. Perennial hay fever occurs all year long and is usually caused by allergens that are found indoors, including pet dander and mold.

Risk factors for developing hay fever include living or working in an environment that involves exposure to allergens, having other allergies, having asthma, and having a family history of allergies or asthma. To diagnose hay fever, a doctor may need to perform specific tests, including a skin prick test or allergy blood test. A skin prick test looks for signs of an allergic reaction to an allergen on the skin. An allergy blood test measures the body’s immune system response to a specific allergen.

Hay fever cannot be prevented. If you have hay fever, you can reduce your risk for symptoms by avoiding exposure to allergens that cause an allergic reaction, keeping doors closed during pollen season, using air conditioning, avoiding outdoor activity during dry and windy days, bathing pets and keeping your house free of dust and mold. Over-the-counter medications can help prevent or reduce symptoms. For more bothersome or severe symptoms, prescription medications, allergy shots or a nasal rinse may be necessary. If you are diagnosed with hay fever, talk to you doctor to discuss the best treatment plan for you.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Allergic rhinitis" for support, advocacy or research.

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Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics

Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics (AANMA) is the leading national non-profit organization dedicated to eliminating needless death and suffering due to asthma, allergies and related conditions through education, community outreach, advocacy and research. AANMA facilitates communication of quality information among patients, parents, physicians, community members, government and private industry through accurate guidance and clearly written resources on asthma and allergies, provided through its website, aanma.org, published reports, position statements, quarterly magazine, Allergy & Asthma Today, and monthly newsletter, The MA Report.

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Allergic rhinitis" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics

Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics (AANMA) is the leading national non-profit organization dedicated to eliminating needless death and suffering due to asthma, allergies and related conditions through education, community outreach, advocacy and research. AANMA facilitates communication of quality information among patients, parents, physicians, community members, government and private industry through accurate guidance and clearly written resources on asthma and allergies, provided through its website, aanma.org, published reports, position statements, quarterly magazine, Allergy & Asthma Today, and monthly newsletter, The MA Report.

http://www.aanma.org

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Allergic rhinitis" returned 825 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Potential Involvement of Type I Interferon Signaling in Immunotherapy in Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis.
 

Author(s): Lina Mattson, Antonio Lentini, Danuta R Gawel, Tejaswi V S Badam, Mikael Benson, Torbjorn Ledin, Colm E Nestor, Mika Gustafsson, Jordi Serra-Musach, Janne Bjorkander, Zou Xiang, Huan Zhang

Journal: J Immunol Res. 2016 ;2016():5153184.

 

Specific immunotherapy (SIT) reverses the symptoms of seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR) in most patients. Recent studies report type I interferons shifting the balance between type I T helper cell (Th1) and type II T helper cells (Th2) towards Th2 dominance by inhibiting the differentiation ...

Last Updated: 18 Jan 2017

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Self-assessment of Allergic Rhinitis and Asthma (SACRA) Questionnaire-based Allergic Rhinitis Treatment Improves Asthma Control in Asthmatic Patients with Allergic Rhinitis.
 

Author(s): Masanori Yasuo, Yoshiaki Kitaguchi, Yoshimichi Komatsu, Mineyuki Hama, Tomonobu Koizumi, Toshihiko Agatsuma, Takashi Ichiyama, Akane Kato, Hideaki Moteki, Masayuki Hanaoka

Journal: Intern. Med.. ;56(1):31-39.

 

Objective This study was conducted to investigate whether the add-on treatment of allergic rhinitis (AR) based on the Self-assessment of Allergic Rhinitis and Asthma (SACRA) questionnaire for assessing AR control improves both AR and asthma control in asthmatic patients with AR. Methods ...

Last Updated: 4 Jan 2017

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Attention Deficit Disorder and Allergic Rhinitis: Are They Related?
 

Author(s): Isaac Melamed, Melinda Heffron

Journal: J Immunol Res. 2016 ;2016():1596828.

 

The association between ADHD and allergy remains controversial. Our previous findings suggest that nerve growth factor may link the nervous and immune systems. The primary objective of this study was to determine if a combination of cetirizine + methylphenidate is effective in children ...

Last Updated: 22 Nov 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Allergic rhinitis" returned 120 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Variable prevalence of allergic rhinitis and risk factors affecting the prevalence].
 

Author(s): Öner Özdemir, Bahri Elmas

Journal: Kulak Burun Bogaz Ihtis Derg. ;26(6):371-82.

 

Allergic rhinitis is described as a chronic inflammation of the nasal mucosa causing rhinorrhea, sneezing, nasal congestion and itching, often characterized with conjunctival injection and ocular itching. The prevalence of pediatric allergic rhinitis has recently shown a sharp increase ...

Last Updated: 16 Dec 2016

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Clinical Question: Nasal saline or intranasal corticosteroids to treat allergic rhinitis in children.
 

Author(s): Stefani Madison, Elizabeth Aubrey Brown, Rachel Franklin, Elizabeth A Wickersham, Laine H McCarthy

Journal: J Okla State Med Assoc. ;109(4-5):152-3.

 

In pediatric populations, is nasal saline irrigation as effective as intranasal corticosteroids at relieving allergic rhinitis symptoms?

Last Updated: 22 Jun 2016

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Valuing the Economic Costs of Allergic Rhinitis, Acute Bronchitis, and Asthma from Exposure to Indoor Dampness and Mold in the US.
 

Author(s): David H Mudarri

Journal: J Environ Public Health. 2016 ;2016():2386596.

 

Two foundational methods for estimating the total economic burden of disease are cost of illness (COI) and willingness to pay (WTP). WTP measures the full cost to society, but WTP estimates are difficult to compute and rarely available. COI methods are more often used but less likely ...

Last Updated: 17 Jun 2016

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Validation of an Allergic Rhinitis Control Test in Children
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Allergic Rhinitis

 

Last Updated: 10 Mar 2017

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Validation of an Allergic Rhinitis Control Test in Teenagers
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Allergic Rhinitis

 

Last Updated: 28 Jun 2016

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The Prevalence and Clinical Characteristics of Children With Local Allergic Rhinitis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Other Allergic Rhinitis

 

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2015

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