Allergic rhinitis

Common Name(s)

Allergic rhinitis, Hay fever

Hay fever, contrary to its name, is not a fever caused by hay, but is actually an exaggerated allergic reaction to outdoor or indoor allergens. When the immune system of a person with hay fever is exposed to an allergen, it overreacts by releasing chemicals in the blood. This reaction is what causes the symptoms of hay fever, including runny nose, watery or itchy eyes, nasal congestion, cough, sneezing, and decreased sense of smell and taste. There are two types of hay fever: seasonal and perennial. Seasonal hay fever occurs only during the time of year when plants are pollinating. People with seasonal hay fever are usually allergic to pollen and spores. Perennial hay fever occurs all year long and is usually caused by allergens that are found indoors, including pet dander and mold.

Risk factors for developing hay fever include living or working in an environment that involves exposure to allergens, having other allergies, having asthma, and having a family history of allergies or asthma. To diagnose hay fever, a doctor may need to perform specific tests, including a skin prick test or allergy blood test. A skin prick test looks for signs of an allergic reaction to an allergen on the skin. An allergy blood test measures the body’s immune system response to a specific allergen.

Hay fever cannot be prevented. If you have hay fever, you can reduce your risk for symptoms by avoiding exposure to allergens that cause an allergic reaction, keeping doors closed during pollen season, using air conditioning, avoiding outdoor activity during dry and windy days, bathing pets and keeping your house free of dust and mold. Over-the-counter medications can help prevent or reduce symptoms. For more bothersome or severe symptoms, prescription medications, allergy shots or a nasal rinse may be necessary. If you are diagnosed with hay fever, talk to you doctor to discuss the best treatment plan for you.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Allergic rhinitis" for support, advocacy or research.

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Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics

Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics (AANMA) is the leading national non-profit organization dedicated to eliminating needless death and suffering due to asthma, allergies and related conditions through education, community outreach, advocacy and research. AANMA facilitates communication of quality information among patients, parents, physicians, community members, government and private industry through accurate guidance and clearly written resources on asthma and allergies, provided through its website, aanma.org, published reports, position statements, quarterly magazine, Allergy & Asthma Today, and monthly newsletter, The MA Report.

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Allergic rhinitis" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics

Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics (AANMA) is the leading national non-profit organization dedicated to eliminating needless death and suffering due to asthma, allergies and related conditions through education, community outreach, advocacy and research. AANMA facilitates communication of quality information among patients, parents, physicians, community members, government and private industry through accurate guidance and clearly written resources on asthma and allergies, provided through its website, aanma.org, published reports, position statements, quarterly magazine, Allergy & Asthma Today, and monthly newsletter, The MA Report.

http://www.aanma.org

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Allergic rhinitis" returned 888 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

An intronic single-nucleotide polymorphism (rs13217795) in FOXO3 is associated with asthma and allergic rhinitis: a case-case-control study.
 

Author(s): Justin Z Amarin, Randa G Naffa, Haya H Suradi, Yousof M Alsaket, Nathir M Obeidat, Tareq M Mahafza, Malek A Zihlif

Journal:

 

Asthma and allergic rhinitis are respiratory diseases with a significant global burden. Forkhead box O3 (FOXO3) is a gene involved in the etiology of a number of respiratory diseases. The objective of this study is to assess the association of rs13217795, an intronic FOXO3 single-nucleotide ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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The prevalence and associated lifestyle risk factors of self-reported allergic rhinitis in Kazakh population of Fukang City.
 

Author(s): Yuping Yang, Yan Wang, Liang Lv, Yong Sun, Cheng Li, Yuqin Fan, Juan Feng, Hua Zhang, Jun Yong

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Sep;96(39):e8032.

 

This study is to analyze the prevalence and the associated lifestyle risk factors of self-reported allergic rhinitis (AR) in Kazakh population of Fukang City.A cross-sectional study was conducted using stratified random sampling method and 1689 Kazak people were surveyed. A standard ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Mesenchymal stromal cells ameliorate acute allergic rhinitis in rats.
 

Author(s): Chunlei Li, Yanxia Fu, Yinyin Wang, Yanhua Kong, Mengdi Li, Danhui Ma, Wanli Zhai, Hao Wang, Yuting Lin, Sihan Liu, Fangli Ren, Jun Li, Yi Wang

Journal: Cell Biochem. Funct.. 2017 Oct;35(7):420-425.

 

Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have been extensively investigated as a potential antiinflammatory treatment in many inflammatory-related diseases; however, it remains unclear whether MSCs could be used to treat acute allergic rhinitis. A rat model of allergic rhinitis was treated ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Allergic rhinitis" returned 128 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Potential effectiveness of Chinese herbal medicine Yu ping feng san for adult allergic rhinitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
 

Author(s): Qiulan Luo, Claire Shuiqing Zhang, Lihong Yang, Anthony Lin Zhang, Xinfeng Guo, Charlie Changli Xue, Chuanjian Lu

Journal:

 

Chinese herbal medicine formula Yu ping feng san (YPFS) is commonly used for allergic rhinitis (AR). Previous review had summarized the effectiveness and safety of YPFS, however without any subgroup analysis performed to provide detailed evidence for guiding clinical practice. YPFS ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Allergic rhinitis and CXCR3 chemokines.
 

Author(s): V Mazzi, P Fallahi

Journal: Clin Ter. ;168(1):e54-e58.

 

The underlying mechanism of allergic rhinitis involves IgE antibodies attaching to the allergen and causing the release of inflammatory chemicals such as histamine from mast cells. Cytokines are very important in this process. Many data suggest a systemic shift to more intensely type ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Japanese guidelines for allergic rhinitis 2017.
 

Author(s): Kimihiro Okubo, Yuichi Kurono, Keiichi Ichimura, Tadao Enomoto, Yoshitaka Okamoto, Hideyuki Kawauchi, Harumi Suzaki, Shigeharu Fujieda, Keisuke Masuyama,

Journal: Allergol Int. 2017 Apr;66(2):205-219.

 

Like asthma and atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis is an allergic disease, but of the three, it is the only type I allergic disease. Allergic rhinitis includes pollinosis, which is intractable and reduces quality of life (QOL) when it becomes severe. A guideline is needed to understand ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Validation of an Allergic Rhinitis Control Test in Children
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Allergic Rhinitis

 

Last Updated: 2 Nov 2017

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Validation of an Allergic Rhinitis Control Test in Teenagers
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Allergic Rhinitis

 

Last Updated: 28 Jun 2016

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Last Updated: 15 Oct 2017

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