Alcohol dependence

Common Name(s)

Alcohol dependence, Alcoholism, Alcohol addiction

Alcoholism means a person is physically or mentally dependent on alcohol. It is a serious medical condition. People with alcoholism often struggle to live normal lives. They may try to hide their problem. Yet drinking too much alcohol can lead to poor life choices such as drinking and driving. Alcohol can cause serious health consequences. Symptoms of alcoholism may include not being able to stop drinking or having a hard time controlling how much you drink, needing more alcohol to feel good, spending a lot of time drinking and recovering from drinking, giving up other activities so you can drink, and withdrawal symptoms if you stop drinking or wait too long between drinks. Withdrawal symptoms may include feeling sick to your stomach, sweating, shakiness and anxiety. Alcoholism may interfere with your relationships and your ability to perform your job.

Alcoholism may be caused by a variety of factors. Genetic, psychological, social and environmental factors may all be part of the cause. Risk factors include steady drinking over time or binge drinking on a regular basis, starting to drink alcohol at a young age, a family history of alcoholism, and suffering from depression, bipolar disorder or anxiety. Alcoholism increases your risk for developing liver damage (cirrhosis), digestive problems, heart problems, sexual dysfunction, birth defects, bone loss, neurological complications and complications with diabetes. Alcoholism can weaken your immune system and increase your risk of certain cancers. Talk to your doctor if you or a family member may have an alcohol addiction. They may ask you a series of questions to determine if you are addicted to alcohol and to rule out other conditions. There are a variety of treatments to help you stop drinking including both inpatient and outpatient programs and private and group counseling. Your doctor can help you decide the best treatment plan for you.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Alcohol dependence" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Alcohol dependence" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Alcohol dependence" returned 651 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Specialised treatment for alcohol abuse or dependence].
 

Author(s): Josep M Suelves, Joan R Villalbí, Marina Bosque-Prous, Albert Espelt, M Teresa Brugal

Journal: Rev. Esp. Salud Publica. 2014 Aug;88(4):541-9.

 

The National Plan for Drugs in Spain (PNSD) fostered the prevention and treatment of illegal drug use disorders, and now also covers alcohol use disorders. The goal of this paper is to estimate the number of persons in specialized treatment because of alcohol in public services.

Last Updated: 5 Aug 2014

Go To URL
Predictors of alcohol and drug dependence.
 

Author(s): Marie-Josée Fleury, Guy Grenier, Jean-Marie Bamvita, Michel Perreault, Jean Caron

Journal: Can J Psychiatry. 2014 Apr;59(4):203-12.

 

Our study sought to identify sociodemographic, clinical, life perception, and service use characteristics that distinguish new cases of people dependent on substances from the general population; and to determine predictors of substance dependence over a 2-year period. Variables that ...

Last Updated: 10 Jul 2014

Go To URL
Common PTP4A1-PHF3-EYS variants are specific for alcohol dependence.
 

Author(s): Lingjun Zuo, Kesheng Wang, Guilin Wang, Xinghua Pan, Xiangyang Zhang, Heping Zhang, Xingguang Luo

Journal: Am J Addict. ;23(4):411-4.

 

We previously reported a risk genomic region (ie, PTP4A1-PHF3-EYS) for alcohol dependence in a genome-wide association study (GWAS). We also reported a rare variant constellation across this region that was significantly associated with alcohol dependence. In the present study, we ...

Last Updated: 25 Jun 2014

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Alcohol dependence" returned 63 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Neuropsychology of perpetrators of domestic violence: the role of traumatic brain injury and alcohol abuse and/or dependence.
 

Author(s): Ángel Romero-Martínez, Luis Moya-Albiol

Journal: Rev Neurol. 2013 Dec;57(11):515-22.

 

Neuropsychological impairments of the executive functions, memory, attention, intelligence quotient, and empathy have been found in perpetrators of domestic violence (intimate partner violence). These impairments could be partially explained by alcohol abuse, dependence, or traumatic brain injuries.

Last Updated: 22 Nov 2013

Go To URL
The economic burden of alcohol dependence in Europe.
 

Author(s): Philippe Laramée, Jeanette Kusel, Saoirse Leonard, Henri-Jean Aubin, Clément François, Jean-Bernard Daeppen

Journal: Alcohol Alcohol.. ;48(3):259-69.

 

To determine the economic burden pertaining to alcohol dependence in Europe.

Last Updated: 24 Apr 2013

Go To URL
Alcohol dependence as a chronic pain disorder.
 

Author(s): Mark Egli, George F Koob, Scott Edwards

Journal: Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2012 Nov;36(10):2179-92.

 

Dysregulation of pain neurocircuitry and neurochemistry has been increasingly recognized as playing a critical role in a diverse spectrum of diseases including migraine, fibromyalgia, depression, and PTSD. Evidence presented here supports the hypothesis that alcohol dependence is ...

Last Updated: 26 Nov 2012

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Oxytocin Treatment of Alcohol Dependence
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Alcohol Dependence; Alcohol Withdrawal

 

Last Updated: 21 Oct 2014

Go to URL
Citicoline for Alcohol Dependence
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Alcohol Dependence

 

Last Updated: 24 Mar 2015

Go to URL
Varenicline for Alcohol Dependence
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Alcohol Dependence

 

Last Updated: 14 Sep 2010

Go to URL