West nile virus

Common Name(s)

West nile virus

West Nile Virus is an infectious disease spread by infected mosquitoes. Those infected typically have no symptoms or mild symptoms, whichcan include fever, headache, body aches, skin rash, and swollen lymph glands. These symptoms can last a few days to several weeks. West Nile Virus can be threatening, however, if the virus enters the brain, which can cause encephalitis or meningitis. Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain and meningitis is inflammation of the lining that covers the brain and spinal cord. Severe symptoms of West Nile virus include a severe headache, fever, disorientation, or sudden weakness.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "West nile virus" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "West nile virus" returned 865 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

West Nile virus and USUTU--a threat to Poland.
 

Author(s): Anna Moniuszko-Malinowska, Piotr Czupryna, Justyna Dunaj, Joanna Zajkowska, Agnieszka Siemieniako, Sławomir Pancewicz

Journal: Przegl Epidemiol. 2016 ;70(1):7-10, 99-102.

 

In recent years emergence of new infectious diseases and the growing spread of pathogens to new areas is observed. Most of these pathogens are zoonotic viruses and their transmission route is from animals to humans and vice versa. These so called emerging and re-emerging pathogens ...

Last Updated: 27 Jun 2016

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West Nile Virus Retinopathy and Associations with Long Term Neurological and Neurocognitive Sequelae.
 

Author(s): Rodrigo Hasbun, Melissa N Garcia, Judianne Kellaway, Laura Baker, Lucrecia Salazar, Steven Paul Woods, Kristy O Murray

Journal:

 

West Nile virus (WNV) has emerged as an important vector-borne pathogen in North America, with more than 3 million estimated to have been infected. Retinopathy from WNV infection has been previously reported in acute cases, though those prior reports did not evaluate the risk of retinopathy ...

Last Updated: 8 Mar 2016

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In Vitro and in Vivo Evaluation of Mutations in the NS Region of Lineage 2 West Nile Virus Associated with Neuroinvasiveness in a Mammalian Model.
 

Author(s): Katalin Szentpáli-Gavallér, Stephanie M Lim, László Dencső, Krisztián Bányai, Penelope Koraka, Albert D M E Osterhaus, Byron E E Martina, Tamás Bakonyi, Ádám Bálint

Journal:

 

West Nile virus (WNV) strains may differ significantly in neuroinvasiveness in vertebrate hosts. In contrast to genetic lineage 1 WNVs, molecular determinants of pathogenic lineage 2 strains have not been experimentally confirmed so far. A full-length infectious clone of a neurovirulent ...

Last Updated: 24 Feb 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "West nile virus" returned 80 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The challenge of West Nile virus in Europe: knowledge gaps and research priorities.
 

Author(s): A Rizzoli, M A Jimenez-Clavero, L Barzon, P Cordioli, J Figuerola, P Koraka, B Martina, A Moreno, N Nowotny, N Pardigon, N Sanders, S Ulbert, A Tenorio

Journal:

 

West Nile virus (WNV) is continuously spreading across Europe, and other continents, i.e. North and South America and many other regions of the world. Despite the overall sporadic nature of outbreaks with cases of West Nile neuroinvasive disease (WNND) in Europe, the spillover events ...

Last Updated: 1 Jun 2015

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The global ecology and epidemiology of West Nile virus.
 

Author(s): Caren Chancey, Andriyan Grinev, Evgeniya Volkova, Maria Rios

Journal: Biomed Res Int. 2015 ;2015():376230.

 

Since its initial isolation in Uganda in 1937 through the present, West Nile virus (WNV) has become an important cause of human and animal disease worldwide. WNV, an enveloped virus of the genus Flavivirus, is naturally maintained in an enzootic cycle between birds and mosquitoes, ...

Last Updated: 13 Apr 2015

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Climate change impacts on West Nile virus transmission in a global context.
 

Author(s): Shlomit Paz

Journal: Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond., B, Biol. Sci.. 2015 Apr;370(1665):.

 

West Nile virus (WNV), the most widely distributed virus of the encephalitic flaviviruses, is a vector-borne pathogen of global importance. The transmission cycle exists in rural and urban areas where the virus infects birds, humans, horses and other mammals. Multiple factors impact ...

Last Updated: 17 Feb 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

There are currently no open clinical trials for this condition.