West nile virus

Common Name(s)

West nile virus

West Nile Virus is an infectious disease spread by infected mosquitoes. Those infected typically have no symptoms or mild symptoms, whichcan include fever, headache, body aches, skin rash, and swollen lymph glands. These symptoms can last a few days to several weeks. West Nile Virus can be threatening, however, if the virus enters the brain, which can cause encephalitis or meningitis. Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain and meningitis is inflammation of the lining that covers the brain and spinal cord. Severe symptoms of West Nile virus include a severe headache, fever, disorientation, or sudden weakness.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "West nile virus" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "West nile virus" returned 788 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Long-term neurological outcomes in West Nile virus-infected patients: an observational study.
 

Author(s): Jill E Weatherhead, Vicki E Miller, Melissa N Garcia, Rodrigo Hasbun, Lucrecia Salazar, Mazen M Dimachkie, Kristy O Murray

Journal: Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.. 2015 May;92(5):1006-12.

 

The Houston West Nile Cohort (HWNC) was founded in 2002 when West Nile virus (WNV) reached Houston, TX. The long-term outcomes following WNV infection are still mostly unknown, though neurological abnormalities up to 1 year postinfection have been documented. We report an observational ...

Last Updated: 7 May 2015

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[Meningoencephalitis caused by West Nile virus in a renal transplant recipient].
 

Author(s): Muhittin Ertilav, Aykut Ozkul, Ayşın Zeytinoğlu, Sait Sen, Savaş Sipahi, Hüseyin Töz, Omer Kitiş, Cenk Eraslan

Journal: Mikrobiyol Bul. 2014 Oct;48(4):674-82.

 

West Nile virus (WNV) infection which is asymptomatic or mild in normal population, it may cause serious clinical conditions leading to death in eldery and immunosupressed patients. The virus is mainly transmitted by mosquito bites, however transfusion, transplantation, transplasental ...

Last Updated: 10 Dec 2014

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Delayed-onset flaccid paralysis related to west Nile virus reactivation following treatment with rituximab: a case report.
 

Author(s): Asaf Honig, Dimitrios Karussis

Journal:

 

Neurological manifestations of West Nile virus infection include meningitis, encephalitis and acute flaccid paralysis. Typically, West Nile virus-associated acute flaccid paralysis is characterized by acute and rapidly progressing limb weakness, occurring early in the course of the disease.

Last Updated: 16 Dec 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "West nile virus" returned 72 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Technologies for the development of West Nile virus vaccines.
 

Author(s): Sebastian Ulbert, Sofia E Magnusson

Journal: Future Microbiol. 2014 ;9(10):1221-32.

 

West Nile virus (WNV), an emerging mosquito-borne and zoonotic flavivirus, continues to spread worldwide and represents a major problem for human and veterinary medicine. In recent years, severe outbreaks were observed in the USA and Europe with neighboring countries, and the virus ...

Last Updated: 21 Nov 2014

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Mechanism of West Nile virus neuroinvasion: a critical appraisal.
 

Author(s): Willy W Suen, Natalie A Prow, Roy A Hall, Helle Bielefeldt-Ohmann

Journal:

 

West Nile virus (WNV) is an important emerging neurotropic virus, responsible for increasingly severe encephalitis outbreaks in humans and horses worldwide. However, the mechanism by which the virus gains entry to the brain (neuroinvasion) remains poorly understood. Hypotheses of ...

Last Updated: 22 Jul 2014

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A review of the vector management methods to prevent and control outbreaks of West Nile virus infection and the challenge for Europe.
 

Author(s): Romeo Bellini, Herve Zeller, Wim Van Bortel

Journal:

 

West Nile virus infection is a growing concern in Europe. Vector management is often the primary option to prevent and control outbreaks of the disease. Its implementation is, however, complex and needs to be supported by integrated multidisciplinary surveillance systems and to be ...

Last Updated: 22 Jul 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Phase 1 Trial of Inactivated West Nile Virus Vaccine
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: West Nile Viral Infection

 

Last Updated: 23 Jul 2015

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