West nile virus

Common Name(s)

West nile virus

West Nile Virus is an infectious disease spread by infected mosquitoes. Those infected typically have no symptoms or mild symptoms, whichcan include fever, headache, body aches, skin rash, and swollen lymph glands. These symptoms can last a few days to several weeks. West Nile Virus can be threatening, however, if the virus enters the brain, which can cause encephalitis or meningitis. Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain and meningitis is inflammation of the lining that covers the brain and spinal cord. Severe symptoms of West Nile virus include a severe headache, fever, disorientation, or sudden weakness.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "West nile virus" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "West nile virus" returned 843 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Concurrent Outbreaks of St. Louis Encephalitis Virus and West Nile Virus Disease - Arizona, 2015.
 

Author(s): Heather Venkat, Elisabeth Krow-Lucal, Morgan Hennessey, Jefferson Jones, Laura Adams, Marc Fischer, Tammy Sylvester, Craig Levy, Kirk Smith, Lydia Plante, Kenneth Komatsu, J Erin Staples, Susan Hills

Journal:

 

St. Louis encephalitis virus (SLEV) and West Nile virus (WNV) are closely related mosquito-borne flaviviruses that can cause outbreaks of acute febrile illness and neurologic disease. Both viruses are endemic throughout much of the United States and have the same Culex species mosquito ...

Last Updated: 15 Dec 2015

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West Nile Virus and Other Nationally Notifiable Arboviral Diseases - United States, 2014.
 

Author(s): Nicole P Lindsey, Jennifer A Lehman, J Erin Staples, Marc Fischer

Journal:

 

Arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) are transmitted to humans primarily through the bites of infected mosquitoes and ticks. West Nile virus (WNV) is the leading cause of domestically acquired arboviral disease in the United States (1). However, several other arboviruses also cause ...

Last Updated: 4 Sep 2015

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Emergence of human West Nile Virus infection in Sri Lanka.
 

Author(s): Janarthani Lohitharajah, Gathsaurie Neelika Malavige, Anthony Jin Shun Chua, Mah Lee Ng, Carukshi Arambepola, Thashi Chang

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West Nile virus (WNV) has emerged as one of the most common causes of epidemic meningoencephalitis worldwide. Most human infections are asymptomatic. However, neuroinvasive disease characterized by meningitis, encephalitis and/or acute flaccid paralysis is associated with significant ...

Last Updated: 3 Aug 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "West nile virus" returned 78 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The challenge of West Nile virus in Europe: knowledge gaps and research priorities.
 

Author(s): A Rizzoli, M A Jimenez-Clavero, L Barzon, P Cordioli, J Figuerola, P Koraka, B Martina, A Moreno, N Nowotny, N Pardigon, N Sanders, S Ulbert, A Tenorio

Journal:

 

West Nile virus (WNV) is continuously spreading across Europe, and other continents, i.e. North and South America and many other regions of the world. Despite the overall sporadic nature of outbreaks with cases of West Nile neuroinvasive disease (WNND) in Europe, the spillover events ...

Last Updated: 1 Jun 2015

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The global ecology and epidemiology of West Nile virus.
 

Author(s): Caren Chancey, Andriyan Grinev, Evgeniya Volkova, Maria Rios

Journal: Biomed Res Int. 2015 ;2015():376230.

 

Since its initial isolation in Uganda in 1937 through the present, West Nile virus (WNV) has become an important cause of human and animal disease worldwide. WNV, an enveloped virus of the genus Flavivirus, is naturally maintained in an enzootic cycle between birds and mosquitoes, ...

Last Updated: 13 Apr 2015

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Climate change impacts on West Nile virus transmission in a global context.
 

Author(s): Shlomit Paz

Journal: Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond., B, Biol. Sci.. 2015 Apr;370(1665):.

 

West Nile virus (WNV), the most widely distributed virus of the encephalitic flaviviruses, is a vector-borne pathogen of global importance. The transmission cycle exists in rural and urban areas where the virus infects birds, humans, horses and other mammals. Multiple factors impact ...

Last Updated: 17 Feb 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

There are currently no open clinical trials for this condition.