West nile virus

Common Name(s)

West nile virus

West Nile Virus is an infectious disease spread by infected mosquitoes. Those infected typically have no symptoms or mild symptoms, whichcan include fever, headache, body aches, skin rash, and swollen lymph glands. These symptoms can last a few days to several weeks. West Nile Virus can be threatening, however, if the virus enters the brain, which can cause encephalitis or meningitis. Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain and meningitis is inflammation of the lining that covers the brain and spinal cord. Severe symptoms of West Nile virus include a severe headache, fever, disorientation, or sudden weakness.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "West nile virus" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "West nile virus" returned 870 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

West Nile virus and USUTU--a threat to Poland.
 

Author(s): Anna Moniuszko-Malinowska, Piotr Czupryna, Justyna Dunaj, Joanna Zajkowska, Agnieszka Siemieniako, SÅ‚awomir Pancewicz

Journal: Przegl Epidemiol. 2016 ;70(1):7-10, 99-102.

 

In recent years emergence of new infectious diseases and the growing spread of pathogens to new areas is observed. Most of these pathogens are zoonotic viruses and their transmission route is from animals to humans and vice versa. These so called emerging and re-emerging pathogens ...

Last Updated: 27 Jun 2016

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Climate change projections of West Nile virus infections in Europe: implications for blood safety practices.
 

Author(s): Jan C Semenza, Annelise Tran, Laura Espinosa, Bertrand Sudre, Dragoslav Domanovic, Shlomit Paz

Journal:

 

West Nile virus (WNV) is transmitted by mosquitoes in both urban as well as in rural environments and can be pathogenic in birds, horses and humans. Extrinsic factors such as temperature and land use are determinants of WNV outbreaks in Europe, along with intrinsic factors of the vector and virus.

Last Updated: 10 Mar 2016

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Seroprevalence of West Nile Virus specific IgG and IgM antibodies in North-Western and Western provinces of Zambia.
 

Author(s): Idah Mweene-Ndumba, Seter Siziya, Mwaka Monze, Mazyanga L Mazaba, Freddie Masaninga, Peter Songolo, Peter Mwaba, Olusegun A Babaniyi

Journal: Afr Health Sci. 2015 Sep;15(3):803-9.

 

West Nile Virus (WNV) infection has been reported worldwide, including in Africa but its existence in Zambia is unknown. Symptoms for the virus include headache, myalgia, arthralgia and rash.

Last Updated: 9 Mar 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "West nile virus" returned 80 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The challenge of West Nile virus in Europe: knowledge gaps and research priorities.
 

Author(s): A Rizzoli, M A Jimenez-Clavero, L Barzon, P Cordioli, J Figuerola, P Koraka, B Martina, A Moreno, N Nowotny, N Pardigon, N Sanders, S Ulbert, A Tenorio

Journal:

 

West Nile virus (WNV) is continuously spreading across Europe, and other continents, i.e. North and South America and many other regions of the world. Despite the overall sporadic nature of outbreaks with cases of West Nile neuroinvasive disease (WNND) in Europe, the spillover events ...

Last Updated: 1 Jun 2015

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The global ecology and epidemiology of West Nile virus.
 

Author(s): Caren Chancey, Andriyan Grinev, Evgeniya Volkova, Maria Rios

Journal: Biomed Res Int. 2015 ;2015():376230.

 

Since its initial isolation in Uganda in 1937 through the present, West Nile virus (WNV) has become an important cause of human and animal disease worldwide. WNV, an enveloped virus of the genus Flavivirus, is naturally maintained in an enzootic cycle between birds and mosquitoes, ...

Last Updated: 13 Apr 2015

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Climate change impacts on West Nile virus transmission in a global context.
 

Author(s): Shlomit Paz

Journal: Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond., B, Biol. Sci.. 2015 Apr;370(1665):.

 

West Nile virus (WNV), the most widely distributed virus of the encephalitic flaviviruses, is a vector-borne pathogen of global importance. The transmission cycle exists in rural and urban areas where the virus infects birds, humans, horses and other mammals. Multiple factors impact ...

Last Updated: 17 Feb 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

There are currently no open clinical trials for this condition.