West nile virus

Common Name(s)

West nile virus

West Nile Virus is an infectious disease spread by infected mosquitoes. Those infected typically have no symptoms or mild symptoms, whichcan include fever, headache, body aches, skin rash, and swollen lymph glands. These symptoms can last a few days to several weeks. West Nile Virus can be threatening, however, if the virus enters the brain, which can cause encephalitis or meningitis. Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain and meningitis is inflammation of the lining that covers the brain and spinal cord. Severe symptoms of West Nile virus include a severe headache, fever, disorientation, or sudden weakness.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "West nile virus" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "West nile virus" returned 824 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Co-circulation of West Nile virus and distinct insect-specific flaviviruses in Turkey.
 

Author(s): Koray Ergünay, Nadine Litzba, Annika Brinkmann, Filiz Günay, Yasemen Sarıkaya, Sırrı Kar, Serra Örsten, Kerem Öter, Cristina Domingo, Özge Erisoz Kasap, Aykut Özkul, Luke Mitchell, Andreas Nitsche, Bülent Alten, Yvonne-Marie Linton

Journal:

 

Active vector surveillance provides an efficient tool for monitoring the presence or spread of emerging or re-emerging vector-borne viruses. This study was undertaken to investigate the circulation of flaviviruses. Mosquitoes were collected from 58 locations in 10 provinces across ...

Last Updated: 21 Mar 2017

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Avian species diversity and transmission of West Nile virus in Atlanta, Georgia.
 

Author(s): Rebecca S Levine, David L Hedeen, Meghan W Hedeen, Gabriel L Hamer, Daniel G Mead, Uriel D Kitron

Journal:

 

The dilution effect is the reduction in vector-borne pathogen transmission associated with the presence of diverse potential host species, some of which are incompetent. It is popularized as the notion that increased biodiversity leads to decreased rates of disease. West Nile virus ...

Last Updated: 4 Feb 2017

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West Nile Virus and Other Nationally Notifiable Arboviral Diseases - United States, 2015.
 

Author(s): Elisabeth Krow-Lucal, Nicole P Lindsey, Jennifer Lehman, Marc Fischer, J Erin Staples

Journal:

 

Arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) are transmitted to humans primarily through the bites of infected mosquitoes and ticks. The leading cause of domestically acquired arboviral disease in the United States is West Nile virus (WNV) (1). Other arboviruses, including La Crosse, St. ...

Last Updated: 19 Jan 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "West nile virus" returned 76 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

West Nile virus infection in cats: ABCD guidelines on prevention and management.
 

Author(s): Herman Egberink, Diane D Addie, Corine Boucraut-Baralon, Tadeusz Frymus, Tim Gruffydd-Jones, Katrin Hartmann, Marian C Horzinek, Margaret J Hosie, Fulvio Marsilio, Albert Lloret, Hans Lutz, Maria Grazia Pennisi, Alan D Radford, Etienne Thiry, Uwe Truyen, Karin Möstl,

Journal: J. Feline Med. Surg.. 2015 Jul;17(7):617-9.

 

West Nile virus (WNV) is a zoonotic mosquito-borne virus with a broad host range that infects mainly birds and mosquitos, but also mammals (including humans), reptiles, amphibians and ticks. It is maintained in a bird-mosquito-bird transmission cycle. The most important vectors are ...

Last Updated: 23 Jun 2015

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The challenge of West Nile virus in Europe: knowledge gaps and research priorities.
 

Author(s): A Rizzoli, M A Jimenez-Clavero, L Barzon, P Cordioli, J Figuerola, P Koraka, B Martina, A Moreno, N Nowotny, N Pardigon, N Sanders, S Ulbert, A Tenorio

Journal:

 

West Nile virus (WNV) is continuously spreading across Europe, and other continents, i.e. North and South America and many other regions of the world. Despite the overall sporadic nature of outbreaks with cases of West Nile neuroinvasive disease (WNND) in Europe, the spillover events ...

Last Updated: 1 Jun 2015

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The global ecology and epidemiology of West Nile virus.
 

Author(s): Caren Chancey, Andriyan Grinev, Evgeniya Volkova, Maria Rios

Journal: Biomed Res Int. 2015 ;2015():376230.

 

Since its initial isolation in Uganda in 1937 through the present, West Nile virus (WNV) has become an important cause of human and animal disease worldwide. WNV, an enveloped virus of the genus Flavivirus, is naturally maintained in an enzootic cycle between birds and mosquitoes, ...

Last Updated: 13 Apr 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

There are currently no open clinical trials for this condition.