West nile virus

Common Name(s)

West nile virus

West Nile Virus is an infectious disease spread by infected mosquitoes. Those infected typically have no symptoms or mild symptoms, whichcan include fever, headache, body aches, skin rash, and swollen lymph glands. These symptoms can last a few days to several weeks. West Nile Virus can be threatening, however, if the virus enters the brain, which can cause encephalitis or meningitis. Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain and meningitis is inflammation of the lining that covers the brain and spinal cord. Severe symptoms of West Nile virus include a severe headache, fever, disorientation, or sudden weakness.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "West nile virus" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "West nile virus" returned 776 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Regional variation of climatic influences on West Nile virus outbreaks in the United States.
 

Author(s): Michael C Wimberly, Aashis Lamsal, Paolla Giacomo, Ting-Wu Chuang

Journal: Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.. 2014 Oct;91(4):677-84.

 

The national resurgence of human West Nile virus (WNV) disease in 2012 raised questions about the factors responsible for WNV outbreaks. Interannual climatic variations may influence WNV amplification and transmission to humans through multiple pathways, including mosquito breeding ...

Last Updated: 2 Oct 2014

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Detection of West Nile Virus RNA in patients with meningitis in Podlaskie Province.
 

Author(s): Piotr Czupryna, Jowita Niczyporuk, Elzbieta Samorek-Salamonowicz, Anna Moniuszko, Justyna Dunaj, Joanna Zajkowska, SÅ‚awomir A Pancewicz

Journal: Przegl Epidemiol. 2014 ;68(1):17-20, 109-11.

 

The aim of the study was the detection of WNV RNA in cerebrospinal fluid of patients with lymphocytic meningitis.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2014

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West nile virus and other arboviral diseases - United States, 2013.
 

Author(s): Nicole P Lindsey, Jennifer A Lehman, J Erin Staples, Marc Fischer,

Journal: MMWR Morb. Mortal. Wkly. Rep.. 2014 Jun;63(24):521-6.

 

Arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) are transmitted to humans primarily through the bites of infected mosquitoes and ticks. West Nile virus (WNV) is the leading cause of domestically acquired arboviral disease in the United States. However, several other arboviruses also cause sporadic ...

Last Updated: 19 Jun 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "West nile virus" returned 67 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Mechanism of West Nile virus neuroinvasion: a critical appraisal.
 

Author(s): Willy W Suen, Natalie A Prow, Roy A Hall, Helle Bielefeldt-Ohmann

Journal:

 

West Nile virus (WNV) is an important emerging neurotropic virus, responsible for increasingly severe encephalitis outbreaks in humans and horses worldwide. However, the mechanism by which the virus gains entry to the brain (neuroinvasion) remains poorly understood. Hypotheses of ...

Last Updated: 22 Jul 2014

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A review of the vector management methods to prevent and control outbreaks of West Nile virus infection and the challenge for Europe.
 

Author(s): Romeo Bellini, Herve Zeller, Wim Van Bortel

Journal:

 

West Nile virus infection is a growing concern in Europe. Vector management is often the primary option to prevent and control outbreaks of the disease. Its implementation is, however, complex and needs to be supported by integrated multidisciplinary surveillance systems and to be ...

Last Updated: 22 Jul 2014

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Current trends in West Nile virus vaccine development.
 

Author(s): Ian J Amanna, Mark K Slifka

Journal: Expert Rev Vaccines. 2014 May;13(5):589-608.

 

West Nile virus (WNV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that has become endemic in the United States. From 1999-2012, there have been 37088 reported cases of WNV and 1549 deaths, resulting in a 4.2% case-fatality rate. Despite development of effective WNV vaccines for horses, there is ...

Last Updated: 11 Apr 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Phase 1 Trial of Inactivated West Nile Virus Vaccine
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: West Nile Viral Infection

 

Last Updated: 26 Mar 2015

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