West nile encephalitis

Common Name(s)

West nile encephalitis

West Nile encephalitis (WNE) is a disease which is caused by the West Nile virus (WNV). The West Nile virus is passed by mosquitoes. The virus is most common in the Middle East, Africa, and Asia, but has now spread worldwide. It first came to the United States in 2002 and was passed from person to person through bites from infected mosquitos. Most people with the viral infection do not develop symptoms. However, those who do may develop a fever, headache, bodyaches, fatigue, and back pain. Signs and symptoms only last a few days. In some rare cases, West Nile encephalitis can progress from a WNV infection. Encephalitis describes an inflamation or swelling of the brain, which can cause neurological problems. Symptoms of West Nile encephalitis may include high fever, severe headache, stupor or coma, tremors or muscle jerking, partial paralysis or muscle weakness, loss of coordination, and pain. These symptoms may last for weeks and may become permanent. Medical treatment is critical to a good outcome, so seek medical attention if you or a loved one has any of the symptoms listed above.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "West nile encephalitis" for support, advocacy or research.

Encephalitis Global Inc.

Encephalitis Global (E Global) is a U.S.A. 501(c)(3) public charity formed in 2005 as an alliance connecting encephalitis survivors and caregivers around the world. E Global strives to raise awareness, aiming to promote swift diagnosis, to alleviate unnecessary suffering and to prevent untimely death.

Last Updated: 19 Feb 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "West nile encephalitis" for support, advocacy or research.

Encephalitis Global Inc.

Encephalitis Global (E Global) is a U.S.A. 501(c)(3) public charity formed in 2005 as an alliance connecting encephalitis survivors and caregivers around the world. E Global strives to raise awareness, aiming to promote swift diagnosis, to alleviate unnecessary suffering and to prevent untimely death.

http://www.encephalitisglobal.org

Last Updated: 19 Feb 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "West nile encephalitis" returned 75 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Bagaza virus inhibits Japanese encephalitis & West Nile virus replication in Culex tritaeniorhynchus & Cx. quinquefasciatus mosquitoes.
 

Author(s): A B Sudeep, V P Bondre, R George, Y S Ghodke, R V Aher, M D Gokhale

Journal: Indian J. Med. Res.. 2015 Dec;142 Suppl():S44-51.

 

Studies have shown that certain flaviviruses influence susceptibility of mosquitoes by inhibiting/enhancing replication of important flaviviruses. Hence, a study was designed to determine whether Bagaza virus (BAGV), a flavivirus isolated from Culex tritaeniorhynchus mosquitoes in ...

Last Updated: 24 Feb 2016

Go To URL
Surveillance for Western Equine Encephalitis, St. Louis Encephalitis, and West Nile Viruses Using Reverse Transcription Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification.
 

Author(s): Sarah S Wheeler, Cameron S Ball, Stanley A Langevin, Ying Fang, Lark L Coffey, Robert J Meagher

Journal:

 

Collection of mosquitoes and testing for vector-borne viruses is a key surveillance activity that directly influences the vector control efforts of public health agencies, including determining when and where to apply insecticides. Vector control districts in California routinely ...

Last Updated: 26 Jan 2016

Go To URL
Establishment of an Algorithm Using prM/E- and NS1-Specific IgM Antibody-Capture Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assays in Diagnosis of Japanese Encephalitis Virus and West Nile Virus Infections in Humans.
 

Author(s): Jedhan U Galula, Gwong-Jen J Chang, Shih-Te Chuang, Day-Yu Chao

Journal: J. Clin. Microbiol.. 2016 Feb;54(2):412-22.

 

The front-line assay for the presumptive serodiagnosis of acute Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) and West Nile virus (WNV) infections is the premembrane/envelope (prM/E)-specific IgM antibody-capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (MAC-ELISA). Due to antibody cross-reactivity, ...

Last Updated: 29 Jan 2016

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "West nile encephalitis" returned 9 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Flaviviruses, an expanding threat in public health: focus on dengue, West Nile, and Japanese encephalitis virus.
 

Author(s): Carlo Amorin Daep, Jorge L Muñoz-Jordán, Eliseo Alberto Eugenin

Journal: J. Neurovirol.. 2014 Dec;20(6):539-60.

 

The flaviviruses dengue, West Nile, and Japanese encephalitis represent three major mosquito-borne viruses worldwide. These pathogens impact the lives of millions of individuals and potentially could affect non-endemic areas already colonized by mosquito vectors. Unintentional transport ...

Last Updated: 16 Dec 2014

Go To URL
Role of γδ T cells in West Nile virus-induced encephalitis: friend or foe?
 

Author(s): Tian Wang

Journal: J. Neuroimmunol.. 2011 Dec;240-241():22-7.

 

West Nile virus (WNV)-induced encephalitis has been a public health concern in North America over the past decade. No therapeutics or vaccines are available for human use. Studies in animal models have provided important information for investigations of WNV pathogenesis and the host ...

Last Updated: 5 Dec 2011

Go To URL
West nile virus (Kunjin subtype) disease in the northern territory of Australia--a case of encephalitis and review of all reported cases.
 

Author(s): Timothy J Gray, James N Burrow, Peter G Markey, Peter I Whelan, Justin Jackson, David W Smith, Bart J Currie

Journal: Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.. 2011 Nov;85(5):952-6.

 

West Nile virus Kunjin subtype (WNV/KUNV) is enzootic across the tropical north of Australia, with epizootic spread into other jurisdictions. The clinical spectrum of illness in humans is poorly described. We report a clinical case of WNV/KUNV encephalitis and performed a retrospective ...

Last Updated: 3 Nov 2011

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

There are currently no open clinical trials for this condition.