West nile encephalitis

Common Name(s)

West nile encephalitis

West Nile encephalitis (WNE) is a disease which is caused by the West Nile virus (WNV). The West Nile virus is passed by mosquitoes. The virus is most common in the Middle East, Africa, and Asia, but has now spread worldwide. It first came to the United States in 2002 and was passed from person to person through bites from infected mosquitos. Most people with the viral infection do not develop symptoms. However, those who do may develop a fever, headache, bodyaches, fatigue, and back pain. Signs and symptoms only last a few days. In some rare cases, West Nile encephalitis can progress from a WNV infection. Encephalitis describes an inflamation or swelling of the brain, which can cause neurological problems. Symptoms of West Nile encephalitis may include high fever, severe headache, stupor or coma, tremors or muscle jerking, partial paralysis or muscle weakness, loss of coordination, and pain. These symptoms may last for weeks and may become permanent. Medical treatment is critical to a good outcome, so seek medical attention if you or a loved one has any of the symptoms listed above.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "West nile encephalitis" for support, advocacy or research.

Encephalitis Global Inc.

Encephalitis Global (E Global) is a U.S.A. 501(c)(3) public charity formed in 2005 as an alliance connecting encephalitis survivors and caregivers around the world. E Global strives to raise awareness, aiming to promote swift diagnosis, to alleviate unnecessary suffering and to prevent untimely death.

Last Updated: 19 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "West nile encephalitis" for support, advocacy or research.

Encephalitis Global Inc.

Encephalitis Global (E Global) is a U.S.A. 501(c)(3) public charity formed in 2005 as an alliance connecting encephalitis survivors and caregivers around the world. E Global strives to raise awareness, aiming to promote swift diagnosis, to alleviate unnecessary suffering and to prevent untimely death.

http://www.encephalitisglobal.org

Last Updated: 19 Feb 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "West nile encephalitis" returned 69 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Concurrent Outbreaks of St. Louis Encephalitis Virus and West Nile Virus Disease - Arizona, 2015.
 

Author(s): Heather Venkat, Elisabeth Krow-Lucal, Morgan Hennessey, Jefferson Jones, Laura Adams, Marc Fischer, Tammy Sylvester, Craig Levy, Kirk Smith, Lydia Plante, Kenneth Komatsu, J Erin Staples, Susan Hills

Journal:

 

St. Louis encephalitis virus (SLEV) and West Nile virus (WNV) are closely related mosquito-borne flaviviruses that can cause outbreaks of acute febrile illness and neurologic disease. Both viruses are endemic throughout much of the United States and have the same Culex species mosquito ...

Last Updated: 15 Dec 2015

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The first reported case of West Nile encephalitis in Korea.
 

Author(s): Jihye Hwang, Ho-Sung Ryu, Hyunjin Kim, Sang-Ahm Lee

Journal: J. Korean Med. Sci.. 2015 Mar;30(3):343-5.

 

West Nile encephalitis was first identified in 1937, but until now, it was never diagnosed in Korea. A 58-yr-old Korean man was admitted with headache and cognitive dysfunction. The patient had been on a business trip in Guinea. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) showed pleocytosis. The patient ...

Last Updated: 2 Mar 2015

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Anti-inflammatory activity of intravenous immunoglobulins protects against West Nile virus encephalitis.
 

Author(s): Ruchi Srivastava, Chandran Ramakrishna, Edouard Cantin

Journal: J. Gen. Virol.. 2015 Jun;96(Pt 6):1347-57.

 

West Nile virus (WNV), an important global human pathogen, targets neurons to cause lethal encephalitis, primarily in elderly and immunocompromised patients. Currently, there are no approved therapeutic agents or vaccines to treat WNV encephalitis. Recent studies have suggested that ...

Last Updated: 13 Jun 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "West nile encephalitis" returned 9 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Flaviviruses, an expanding threat in public health: focus on dengue, West Nile, and Japanese encephalitis virus.
 

Author(s): Carlo Amorin Daep, Jorge L Muñoz-Jordán, Eliseo Alberto Eugenin

Journal: J. Neurovirol.. 2014 Dec;20(6):539-60.

 

The flaviviruses dengue, West Nile, and Japanese encephalitis represent three major mosquito-borne viruses worldwide. These pathogens impact the lives of millions of individuals and potentially could affect non-endemic areas already colonized by mosquito vectors. Unintentional transport ...

Last Updated: 16 Dec 2014

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Role of γδ T cells in West Nile virus-induced encephalitis: friend or foe?
 

Author(s): Tian Wang

Journal: J. Neuroimmunol.. 2011 Dec;240-241():22-7.

 

West Nile virus (WNV)-induced encephalitis has been a public health concern in North America over the past decade. No therapeutics or vaccines are available for human use. Studies in animal models have provided important information for investigations of WNV pathogenesis and the host ...

Last Updated: 5 Dec 2011

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West nile virus (Kunjin subtype) disease in the northern territory of Australia--a case of encephalitis and review of all reported cases.
 

Author(s): Timothy J Gray, James N Burrow, Peter G Markey, Peter I Whelan, Justin Jackson, David W Smith, Bart J Currie

Journal: Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.. 2011 Nov;85(5):952-6.

 

West Nile virus Kunjin subtype (WNV/KUNV) is enzootic across the tropical north of Australia, with epizootic spread into other jurisdictions. The clinical spectrum of illness in humans is poorly described. We report a clinical case of WNV/KUNV encephalitis and performed a retrospective ...

Last Updated: 3 Nov 2011

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

There are currently no open clinical trials for this condition.