Ventricular septal defects

Common Name(s)

Ventricular septal defects

Ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a heart condition present at birth (congenital) in which there is a hole in the wall (septum) that separates the ventricles (bottom two chambers of the heart). The septum separates oxygenated blood from deoxygenated blood. Normally, the holes in the septum close before the baby is born, but VSD is a common heart birth defect, affecting about 1 in 500 babies. There are several types of VSDs depending on where the hole in the septum is located. If the hole is very small, it may not alter how hard the heart has to work, and affected individuals may not have symptoms. Sometimes a VSD is not diagnosed until childhood or even adulthood.

Often, symptoms are present as soon as a few days after birth and may include poor eating, fast breathing, breathlessness, and getting tired easily. Ventricular septal defects often occur in families (hereditary) or occur with other genetic conditions, such as Down syndrome. Medical researchers believe most VSDs are caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

Doctors may hear a swishing sound in the heartbeat (a murmur) when listening with a stethoscope. Tests used to confirm a VSD may include a chest X-ray, electrocardiogram (EKG) (tests the electrical impulses), echocardiogram (used sound waves to create a picture), or cardiac MRI.

Treatment depends on location of the defect and the size as well as severity of symptoms. Many small VSDs close on their own. Surgical repair is the most common treatment but sometimes medication may be used temporarily to increase heart function. If your baby or child has been diagnosed with a VSD, talk to their pediatric cardiologist (a heart doctor for children) about the most current treatment options. Support organizations and genetic counselors are also a good source of information and can help connect you with others affected by VSDs.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Ventricular septal defects" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Ventricular septal defects" returned 162 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Minimally access via left anterior mini-thoracotomy for repair of adult subarterial ventricular septal defects.
 

Author(s): YunFei Liao, Xiang Long, ShuQiang Zhu, Jun Tu, Hua Wen, JianJun Xu, YongBing Wu

Journal:

 

Minimally invasive cardiac surgical techniques are increasingly applied in the treatment and management of a variety of adult ventricular septal defects (VSDs). However, repair of adult subarterial VSDs via left anterior mini-thoracotomy is rarely reported. The present study aimed ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Transcatheter Closure of Multiple Membranous Ventricular Septal Defects with Giant Aneurysms Using Double Occluders in Four Patients.
 

Author(s): Li-Jian Zhao, Bo Han, Jian-Jun Zhang, Ying-Chun Yi, Dian-Dong Jiang, Jian-Li Lyu, Chun-Yan Guo

Journal: Chin. Med. J.. 2017 01;130(1):108-110.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Prediction of spontaneous closure of isolated ventricular septal defects in utero and postnatal life.
 

Author(s): Xing Li, Gui-Xian Song, Li-Jie Wu, Yu-Mei Chen, Yi Fan, Yun Wu, Ya-Hui Shen, Li Cao, Ling-Mei Qian

Journal:

 

Ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a highly prevalent fetal congenital heart defect, which can become spontaneously closed during infancy. The current study aims to characterize fetal VSDs that were subsequently spontaneously closed in the first 2 years of life in eastern China.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Ventricular septal defects" returned 7 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Complex ventricular septal defects. Update on percutaneous closure.
 

Author(s): Eliza Elena Cinteză, Gianfranco Butera

Journal: Rom J Morphol Embryol. 2016 ;57(4):1195-1205.

 

Ventricular septal defects (VSDs) are the most common congenital heart diseases. Sometimes they can be complex because of anatomy, age of the patients or associated diseases. Surgery has been performed for many years and is considered as the gold standard for the treatment of VSD. ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Insights gained from three-dimensional imaging modalities for closure of ventricular septal defects.
 

Author(s): Marietta Charakida, Kuberan Pushparajah, David Anderson, John M Simpson

Journal: Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2014 Nov;7(6):954-61.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Paravalvular leaks and ventricular septal defects: endovascular approaches to treatment.
 

Author(s): Chad Kliger

Journal: Tex Heart Inst J. 2013 ;40(5):591-4.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Cardiac Function After Transcatheter VSD Closure
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Ventricular Septal Defect

 

Last Updated: 20 Apr 2017

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Last Updated: 4 Oct 2017

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Choice of Palliative Procedures for Pulmonary Atresia With Ventricular Septal Defect Patients
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Pulmonary Atresia With Ventricular Septal Defect; Tetralogy of Fallot With Pulmonary Atresia

 

Last Updated: 6 Aug 2016

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