Uterine sarcoma

Common Name(s)

Uterine sarcoma

Uterine sarcoma is a type of cancer that affects the uterine muscle and the surrounding tissue. The uterus is a female organ in the lower abdomen where the development of a fetus occurs. The lower end of the uterus, called the cervix, leads to the vagina. The upper end is known as the body or corpus of the uterus and is made of three layers. Cancers form when a mutation in DNA causes certain cells to grow out of control, sometimes forming a lump or a tumor. Some of these cancerous cells can break off and spread to other parts of the body where they will continue to grow. This process is known as metastasis. Factors that increase the risk for uterine sarcoma are exposure to pelvic radiation, being of African American race, and having an abnormal copy of the Rb gene.

Endometrial stromal sarcomas are a type of uterine sarcoma that start in the connective tissue of the endometrium, the inner layer of the body of the uterus. These cancers grow slowly. Undifferentiated sarcomas are another type that are fast growing and more aggressive. Uterine leiomyosarcomas are another type that begin in the muscle layer of the body of the uterus known as the myometrium. Symptoms of uterine sarcoma are vaginal bleeding or spotting, pelvic pain, a feeling of pelvic heaviness, and abnormal vaginal discharge. However, these may also be symptoms of other, non-cancerous conditions.

Diagnosis of uterine sarcoma is made through a combination of a pelvic exam, taking a biopsy or tissue sample, and imaging techniques such as an ultrasound, PET, and MRI. Treatment for uterine sarcoma can include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and hormone therapy. If you have been diagnosed with uterine sarcoma, talk to your doctor or a gynecologic oncologist about the most current treatment options. Support groups are available for more information and to connect you to other women with uterine sarcoma.

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Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Uterine sarcoma" for support, advocacy or research.

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Uterine sarcoma" returned 54 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Uterine epithelioid leiomyosarcoma with c-kit expression and YWHAE gene rearrangement: a case report of a diagnostic pitfall of uterine sarcoma.
 

Author(s): Terufumi Kubo, Shintaro Sugita, Ryuichi Wada, Noriaki Kikuchi, Masahiro Iwasaki, Yumika Ito, Taro Sugawara, Hiromi Fujita, Makoto Emori, Ryoichi Tanaka, Hiroshi Hirano, Tsuyoshi Saito, Tadashi Hasegawa

Journal:

 

Uterine sarcoma is a rare tumor that is often difficult to classify based on morphological and immunohistochemical analysis alone. Limited access to molecular biological analysis in routine practice would hinder making a definitive diagnosis.

Last Updated: 14 Mar 2017

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Uterine Sarcoma: Clinical Presentation, Treatment and Survival Outcomes in Thailand.
 

Author(s): Chalermrat Potikul, Siriwan Tangjitgamol, Jakkapan Khunnarong, Sunamchok Srijaipracharoen, Thaovalai Thavaramara, Kamol Pataradool

Journal: Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.. 2016 ;17(4):1759-67.

 

Uterine sarcoma is a group of rare gynecologic tumors with various natures, and different lines of treatment. Most have a poor treatment outcome. This study targeted clinical characteristics, treatment, overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and prognostic factors ...

Last Updated: 25 May 2016

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Uterine malignant mixed Müllerian tumor camouflaging as pelvic sarcoma.
 

Author(s): Vidya Monappa, Ranjini Kudva, Roumina Hasan

Journal: J Cancer Res Ther. ;11(4):997-9.

 

Malignant mixed Müllerian tumors (MMMTs) of the uterus are rare, aggressive tumors that present at an advanced stage and are associated with poor prognosis. They arise as a result of divergent carcinomatous and mesenchymal differentiation of tumor stem cells. Rarely one of the components ...

Last Updated: 17 Feb 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Uterine sarcoma" returned 11 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Endometrial stromal sarcoma: An aggressive uterine malignancy.
 

Author(s): Chaitra P Adiga, Manju Gyanchandani, Lakshmikantha N Goolahally, Rishikesh M Itagi, Kiran V Kalenahalli

Journal:

 

Endometrial stromal sarcoma (ESS) is an aggressive uterine sarcoma. We report a case of a large endometrial stromal sarcoma in a 42 year nulliparous woman with chronic kidney disease presenting with acute urinary retention and irregular per vaginal bleeding. Ultrasound and Doppler ...

Last Updated: 20 Oct 2016

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Uterine sarcoma part III-Targeted therapy: The Taiwan Association of Gynecology (TAG) systematic review.
 

Author(s): Ming-Shyen Yen, Jen-Ruei Chen, Peng-Hui Wang, Kuo-Chang Wen, Yi-Jen Chen, Heung-Tat Ng,

Journal: Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol. 2016 Oct;55(5):625-634.

 

Uterine sarcoma is a very aggressive and highly lethal disease. Even after a comprehensive staging surgery or en block cytoreduction surgery followed by multimodality therapy (often chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy), many patients relapse or present with distant metastases, and ...

Last Updated: 18 Oct 2016

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Uterine sarcoma Part II-Uterine endometrial stromal sarcoma: The TAG systematic review.
 

Author(s): Huann-Cheng Horng, Kuo-Chang Wen, Peng-Hui Wang, Yi-Jen Chen, Ming-Shyen Yen, Heung-Tat Ng,

Journal: Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol. 2016 Aug;55(4):472-9.

 

Endometrial stromal tumors are rare uterine tumors (<1%). Four main categories include endometrial stromal nodule, low-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma (LG-ESS), high-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma (HG-ESS), and uterine undifferentiated sarcoma (UUS). This review is a series of ...

Last Updated: 3 Sep 2016

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

IRCI Gynae Sarcomas, High Grade Uterine Sarcoma
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Uterine Sarcoma

 

Last Updated: 11 Oct 2016

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Last Updated: 2 May 2017

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Family Caregiver Palliative Care Intervention in Supporting Caregivers of Patients With Stage II-IV Gastrointestinal, Gynecologic, Urologic and Lung Cancers
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Healthy Subject; Localized Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter; Metastatic Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter; Psychosocial Effects of Cancer and Its Treatment; Recurrent Bladder Cancer; Recurrent Cervical Cancer; Recurrent Colon Cancer; Recurrent Gastric Cancer; Recurrent Ovarian Epithelial Cancer; Recurrent Ovarian Germ Cell Tumor; Recurrent Pancreatic Cancer; Recurrent Rectal Cancer; Recurrent Renal Cell Cancer; Recurrent Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter; Recurrent Urethral Cancer; Recurrent Uterine Sarcoma; Regional Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter; Stage II Bladder Cancer; Stage II Renal Cell Cancer; Stage II Urethral Cancer; Stage IIA Cervical Cancer; Stage IIA Colon Cancer; Stage IIA Gastric Cancer; Stage IIA Ovarian Epithelial Cancer; Stage IIA Ovarian Germ Cell Tumor; Stage IIA Pancreatic Cancer; Stage IIA Rectal Cancer; Stage IIA Uterine Sarcoma; Stage IIB Cervical Cancer; Stage IIB Colon Cancer; Stage IIB Gastric Cancer; Stage IIB Ovarian Epithelial Cancer; Stage IIB Ovarian Germ Cell Tumor; Stage IIB Pancreatic Cancer; Stage IIB Rectal Cancer; Stage IIB Uterine Sarcoma; Stage IIC Colon Cancer; Stage IIC Ovarian Epithelial Cancer; Stage IIC Ovarian Germ Cell Tumor; Stage IIC Rectal Cancer; Stage III Bladder Cancer; Stage III Pancreatic Cancer; Stage III Renal Cell Cancer; Stage III Urethral Cancer; Stage IIIA Cervical Cancer; Stage IIIA Colon Cancer; Stage IIIA Gastric Cancer; Stage IIIA Ovarian Epithelial Cancer; Stage IIIA Ovarian Germ Cell Tumor; Stage IIIA Rectal Cancer; Stage IIIA Uterine Sarcoma; Stage IIIB Cervical Cancer; Stage IIIB Colon Cancer; Stage IIIB Gastric Cancer; Stage IIIB Ovarian Epithelial Cancer; Stage IIIB Ovarian Germ Cell Tumor; Stage IIIB Rectal Cancer; Stage IIIB Uterine Sarcoma; Stage IIIC Colon Cancer; Stage IIIC Gastric Cancer; Stage IIIC Ovarian Epithelial Cancer; Stage IIIC Ovarian Germ Cell Tumor; Stage IIIC Rectal Cancer; Stage IIIC Uterine Sarcoma; Stage IV Bladder Cancer; Stage IV Gastric Cancer; Stage IV Ovarian Epithelial Cancer; Stage IV Ovarian Germ Cell Tumor; Stage IV Pancreatic Cancer; Stage IV Renal Cell Cancer; Stage IV Urethral Cancer; Stage IVA Cervical Cancer; Stage IVA Colon Cancer; Stage IVA Rectal Cancer; Stage IVA Uterine Sarcoma; Stage IVB Cervical Cancer; Stage IVB Colon Cancer; Stage IVB Rectal Cancer; Stage IVB Uterine Sarcoma; Ureter Cancer; Stage IIA Lung Carcinoma; Stage IIB Lung Carcinoma; Stage IIIA Lung Carcinoma; Stage IIIB Lung Carcinoma

 

Last Updated: 8 Feb 2017

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