Ulcerative colitis

Common Name(s)

Ulcerative colitis

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a type of inflammatory bowel disease that affects the large intestine (colon) and rectum. The inner lining of the rectum and colon become red and swollen (inflamed). The condition also causes small sores (ulcers) to form inside the colon and rectum. UC is a long lasting condition, but affected individuals usually have periods with symptoms (flare ups) and periods without symptoms (remission). Symptoms include stomach pains, cramping, rectal bleeds, diarrhea or pain when passing stool. The cause of this condition is unknown, but some experts believe it is caused by an overreaction by the body’s immune system (autoimmune condition). Genetic and environmental factors are also involved. UC typically affects individuals between 15 and 30 years of age and, in the United States, 20% of UC cases occur under the age of 20 years.

Your doctor may suspect UC after ruling out other causes for your symptoms. To confirm the diagnosis, they may order blood tests to look for low blood count (anemia), x-rays and CT scans to image your colon, examine the inside of your colon using a camera (colonoscopy) or examine a stool sample. Although there is no cure, there are various treatment options to help manage the symptoms of this condition. Medications may be prescribed to reduce the inflammation or decrease the response from your immune system. Nutritional supplements may also help. If severe enough, surgery may be needed to remove part of your colon. If you have been diagnosed with UC, talk with your doctor to decide which treatment option is best for you. Support groups are also good resources for support and information.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Ulcerative colitis" for support, advocacy or research.

Association of Gastrointestinal Motility Disorders, Inc. (AGMD)

AGMD is a nonprofit international organization which serves as an integral educational resource concerning digestive motility diseases and disorders. It also functions as an important information base for members of the medical and scientific communities. In addition, it provides a forum for patients suffering from digestive motility diseases and disorders as well as their families and members of the medical community.

Last Updated: 28 Feb 2015

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Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America, Inc.

CCFA's mission is to cure Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis and to improve the quality of life of children and adults affected by these diseases.

Last Updated: 8 Apr 2014

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Digestive Disease National Coalition

The Digestive Disease National Coalition (DDNC) has provided national leadership on behalf of patient organizations, professional societies, and industry interested in the full spectrum of digestive disorders.

Last Updated: 29 Apr 2014

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Ulcerative colitis" for support, advocacy or research.

Association of Gastrointestinal Motility Disorders, Inc. (AGMD)

AGMD is a nonprofit international organization which serves as an integral educational resource concerning digestive motility diseases and disorders. It also functions as an important information base for members of the medical and scientific communities. In addition, it provides a forum for patients suffering from digestive motility diseases and disorders as well as their families and members of the medical community.

http://www.agmd-gimotility.org

Last Updated: 28 Feb 2015

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Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America, Inc.

CCFA's mission is to cure Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis and to improve the quality of life of children and adults affected by these diseases.

http://www.ccfa.org

Last Updated: 8 Apr 2014

View Details
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Digestive Disease National Coalition

The Digestive Disease National Coalition (DDNC) has provided national leadership on behalf of patient organizations, professional societies, and industry interested in the full spectrum of digestive disorders.

http://ddnc.org/

Last Updated: 29 Apr 2014

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Ulcerative colitis" returned 2459 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Ozanimod Treatment for Ulcerative Colitis.
 

Author(s): William J Sandborn, Brian G Feagan

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2016 Aug;375(8):e17.

 

Last Updated: 25 Aug 2016

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Food intolerance prevalence in active ulcerative colitis in southwest China.
 

Author(s): Xinling Ma, Yuke Chen, Fangyan Huang, Qianying Luo, Hui Lv, Hua Long

Journal: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2016 ;25(3):529-33.

 

Food intolerance is believed to be a source of frequent medical problems in ulcerative colitis (UC), which closely correlate with patients' dietary pattern. Living in an underdeveloped area of China, residents in southwestern region have diverse dietary habits. The objective of this ...

Last Updated: 21 Jul 2016

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Ozanimod Induction and Maintenance Treatment for Ulcerative Colitis.
 

Author(s): William J Sandborn, Brian G Feagan, Douglas C Wolf, Geert D'Haens, Severine Vermeire, Stephen B Hanauer, Subrata Ghosh, Heather Smith, Matthew Cravets, Paul A Frohna, Richard Aranda, Sheila Gujrathi, Allan Olson,

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2016 May;374(18):1754-62.

 

Ozanimod (RPC1063) is an oral agonist of the sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor subtypes 1 and 5 that induces peripheral lymphocyte sequestration, potentially decreasing the number of activated lymphocytes circulating to the gastrointestinal tract.

Last Updated: 5 May 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Ulcerative colitis" returned 230 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Onset of ulcerative colitis after thyrotoxicosis: a case report and review of the literature.
 

Author(s): L Laterza, A C Piscaglia, S Lecce, A Gasbarrini, M L Stefanelli

Journal: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2016 ;20(4):685-8.

 

Ulcerative colitis is a chronic disease that could be triggered by acute stressful events, such as gastrointestinal infections or emotional stress.

Last Updated: 9 Mar 2016

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Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 in Ulcerative Colitis Treatment: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Giuseppe Losurdo, Andrea Iannone, Antonella Contaldo, Enzo Ierardi, Alfredo Di Leo, Mariabeatrice Principi

Journal: J Gastrointestin Liver Dis. 2015 Dec;24(4):499-505.

 

Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 (EcN) has been recommended as a therapeutic tool for ulcerative colitis (UC) treatment. However, to date, no meta-analysis has been performed on this topic.

Last Updated: 23 Dec 2015

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Treatment and prevention of pouchitis after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for chronic ulcerative colitis.
 

Author(s): Siddharth Singh, Andrea M Stroud, Stefan D Holubar, William J Sandborn, Darrell S Pardi

Journal:

 

Pouchitis occurs in approximately 50% of patients following ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) for chronic ulcerative colitis.

Last Updated: 1 Dec 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 17 Oct 2016

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Optimising Infliximab Induction Therapy for Acute Severe Ulcerative Colitis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Ulcerative Colitis

 

Last Updated: 2 Jul 2016

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Efficacy of Treatment With Berberine to Maintain Remission in Ulcerative Colitis
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Ulcerative Colitis

 

Last Updated: 10 Nov 2016

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