Typhus

Common Name(s)

Typhus

Typhus is a general term for a group of diseases passed on by lice, flea, tick, and other insect bites. Types of typhus include epidemic typhus, scrub typhus, murine typhus. Common symptoms of most typhus cases include fever, headache, muscle aches, rapid breathing, and rash. Typhus is uncommon in the United States and can be prevented by avoiding contact with rats and keeping pets treated for ticks and fleas. Usually typhus can be cured with antibiotics.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Typhus" for support, advocacy or research.

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Typhus" returned 287 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Clinical and Epidemiological Characteristics of Scrub Typhus and Murine Typhus among Hospitalized Patients with Acute Undifferentiated Fever in Northern Vietnam.
 

Author(s): Sugihiro Hamaguchi, Ngo Chi Cuong, Doan Thu Tra, Yen Hai Doan, Kenta Shimizu, Nguyen Quang Tuan, Lay-Myint Yoshida, Le Quynh Mai, Dang Duc-Anh, Shuji Ando, Jiro Arikawa, Christopher M Parry, Koya Ariyoshi, Pham Thanh Thuy

Journal: Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.. 2015 May;92(5):972-8.

 

A descriptive study on rickettsiosis was conducted at the largest referral hospital in Hanoi, Vietnam, to identify epidemiological and clinical characteristics of specific rickettsiosis. Between March 2001 and February 2003, we enrolled 579 patients with acute undifferentiated fever ...

Last Updated: 7 May 2015

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Scrub typhus-an emerging entity: a study from a tertiary care hospital in North India.
 

Author(s): Aroma Oberoi, Shereen Rachel Varghese

Journal: Indian J Public Health. ;58(4):281-3.

 

Scrub typhus is a tropical febrile zoonotic disease caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi of the rickettsial family. These are obligate; intracellular Gram-negative coccobacilli transmitted by the bite of infected mites. It is usually under-diagnosed in India due to its varied and nonspecific ...

Last Updated: 10 Dec 2014

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Epidemiology of scrub typhus and the eschars patterns in South Korea from 2008 to 2012.
 

Author(s): Ji-Hyuk Park, Sun-Ja Kim, Seung-Ki Youn, Kisoo Park, Jin Gwack

Journal: Jpn. J. Infect. Dis.. 2014 ;67(6):458-63.

 

In South Korea, scrub typhus is the most common acute febrile illness in autumn. We analyzed scrub typhus cases reported from 2008 to 2012 to describe the epidemiology of scrub typhus as well as eschar patterns. A total of 30,478 cases were reported from 2008 to 2012; the incidence ...

Last Updated: 21 Nov 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Typhus" returned 16 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

A case report of scrub typhus-associated hemophagocytic syndrome and a review of literature.
 

Author(s): Yun-Ho Lin, Yu-Hui Lin, Zhi-Yuan Shi

Journal: Jpn. J. Infect. Dis.. 2014 ;67(2):115-7.

 

A 34-year-old woman presented with septic shock, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), and multiorgan dysfunction with a 1-week history of fever, abdominal pain in the right upper quadrant, and dull pain in the right flank. Physical and laboratory data showed cytopenia (thrombocytopenia ...

Last Updated: 20 Mar 2014

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Drought and epidemic typhus, central Mexico, 1655-1918.
 

Author(s): Jordan N Burns, Rudofo Acuna-Soto, David W Stahle

Journal: Emerging Infect. Dis.. 2014 Mar;20(3):442-7.

 

Epidemic typhus is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Rickettsia prowazekii and transmitted by body lice (Pediculus humanus corporis). This disease occurs where conditions are crowded and unsanitary. This disease accompanied war, famine, and poverty for centuries. Historical ...

Last Updated: 25 Feb 2014

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Scrub typhus in mainland China, 2006-2012: the need for targeted public health interventions.
 

Author(s): Wen-Yi Zhang, Li-Ya Wang, Fan Ding, Wen-Biao Hu, Ricardo J Soares Magalhaes, Hai-Long Sun, Yun-Xi Liu, Qi-Yong Liu, Liu-Yu Huang, Archie C A Clements, Shen-Long Li, Cheng-Yi Li

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Last Updated: 3 Jan 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Scrub Typhus Pediatric Immunology Study
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Scrub Typhus

 

Last Updated: 29 May 2015

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Last Updated: 11 Jul 2006

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Last Updated: 5 Dec 2007

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