Typhus

Common Name(s)

Typhus

Typhus is a general term for a group of diseases passed on by lice, flea, tick, and other insect bites. Types of typhus include epidemic typhus, scrub typhus, murine typhus. Common symptoms of most typhus cases include fever, headache, muscle aches, rapid breathing, and rash. Typhus is uncommon in the United States and can be prevented by avoiding contact with rats and keeping pets treated for ticks and fleas. Usually typhus can be cured with antibiotics.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Typhus" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Typhus" returned 393 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Molecular detection of Orientia tsutsugamushi from suspected scrub typhus cases.
 

Author(s): Seethalakshmi Srinivasan, Thangam Menon

Journal: Indian J Pathol Microbiol. ;60(1):70-73.

 

Scrub typhus is an acute febrile illness caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi. The disease is under-diagnosed in India, because of low index of suspicion and also due to its nonspecific presentation, and lack of confirmatory diagnostic tests.

Last Updated: 14 Feb 2017

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Chest radiographic manifestations of scrub typhus.
 

Author(s): Kpp Abhilash, P R Mannam, K Rajendran, R A John, P Ramasami

Journal: J Postgrad Med. ;62(4):235-238.

 

Respiratory system involvement in scrub typhus is seen in 20-72% of patients. In endemic areas, good understanding and familiarity with the various radiologic findings of scrub typhus are essential in identifying pulmonary complications.

Last Updated: 20 Oct 2016

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An Overview of Epidemic Typhus in the World and Iran during the 19th and 20th Centuries.
 

Author(s): Mohammad Hossein Azizi, Moslem Bahadori, Farzaneh Azizi

Journal: Arch Iran Med. 2016 Oct;19(10):747-750.

 

The present article provides a concise historical review on classical epidemic typhus (exanthemata typhus) in the world as well its outbreaks in Iran mainly during the 19th and 20th centuries. Typhus is still a potential public health threat under certain conditions, despite the fact ...

Last Updated: 15 Oct 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Typhus" returned 19 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Successful Treatment of Scrub Typhus-Associated Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis With Chloramphenicol: Report of 3 Pediatric Cases and Literature Review.
 

Author(s): Yong-Hai Zhou, Fang-Qing Xia, Sven Van Poucke, Ming-Hua Zheng

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Feb;95(8):e2928.

 

Scrub typhus is caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi. Any delay in diagnosis can result in delayed treatment and severe complications, including secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, which is rare but potentially fatal.In this paper, the authors present 3 cases of secondary hemophagocytic ...

Last Updated: 4 Mar 2016

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A Spatiotemporal Database to Track Human Scrub Typhus Using the VectorMap Application.
 

Author(s): Daryl J Kelly, Desmond H Foley, Allen L Richards

Journal:

 

Scrub typhus is a potentially fatal mite-borne febrile illness, primarily of the Asia-Pacific Rim. With an endemic area greater than 13 million km2 and millions of people at risk, scrub typhus remains an underreported, often misdiagnosed febrile illness. A comprehensive, updatable ...

Last Updated: 18 Dec 2015

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A Systematic Review of Mortality from Untreated Scrub Typhus (Orientia tsutsugamushi).
 

Author(s): Andrew J Taylor, Daniel H Paris, Paul N Newton

Journal:

 

Scrub typhus, a bacterial infection caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi, is increasingly recognized as an important cause of fever in Asia, with an estimated one million infections occurring each year. Limited access to health care and the disease's non-specific symptoms mean that many ...

Last Updated: 15 Aug 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Scrub Typhus Antibiotic Resistance Trial
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Scrub Typhus

 

Last Updated: 20 Mar 2017

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Scrub Typhus Pediatric Immunology Study
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Scrub Typhus

 

Last Updated: 31 Aug 2016

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Eschar Investigations in Scrub Typhus
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Scrub Typhus

 

Last Updated: 22 Sep 2016

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