Typhus

Common Name(s)

Typhus

Typhus is a general term for a group of diseases passed on by lice, flea, tick, and other insect bites. Types of typhus include epidemic typhus, scrub typhus, murine typhus. Common symptoms of most typhus cases include fever, headache, muscle aches, rapid breathing, and rash. Typhus is uncommon in the United States and can be prevented by avoiding contact with rats and keeping pets treated for ticks and fleas. Usually typhus can be cured with antibiotics.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Typhus" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Typhus" returned 391 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Endemic Scrub Typhus in South America.
 

Author(s): Thomas Weitzel, Sabine Dittrich, Javier López, Weerawat Phuklia, Constanza Martinez-Valdebenito, Katia Velásquez, Stuart D Blacksell, Daniel H Paris, Katia Abarca

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2016 Sep;375(10):954-61.

 

Scrub typhus is a life-threatening zoonosis caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi organisms that are transmitted by the larvae of trombiculid mites. Endemic scrub typhus was originally thought to be confined to the so called "tsutsugamushi triangle" within the Asia-Pacific region. In 2006, ...

Last Updated: 8 Sep 2016

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Scrub Typhus - Scientific Neglect, Ever-Widening Impact.
 

Author(s): David H Walker

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2016 Sep;375(10):913-5.

 

Last Updated: 8 Sep 2016

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[Typhus in Mexico City in 1915].
 

Author(s): Martha Eugenia Rodríguez

Journal: Gac Med Mex. ;152(2):253-8.

 

The year 1915 was particularly difficult; it was characterized by droughts, famines, and outbreaks of diseases including typhus.This text exposes its spread in Mexico City as well as the measures implemented to combat it, carried out before knowing the etiology of the illness, focused ...

Last Updated: 10 May 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Typhus" returned 22 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Successful Treatment of Scrub Typhus-Associated Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis With Chloramphenicol: Report of 3 Pediatric Cases and Literature Review.
 

Author(s): Yong-Hai Zhou, Fang-Qing Xia, Sven Van Poucke, Ming-Hua Zheng

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Feb;95(8):e2928.

 

Scrub typhus is caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi. Any delay in diagnosis can result in delayed treatment and severe complications, including secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, which is rare but potentially fatal.In this paper, the authors present 3 cases of secondary hemophagocytic ...

Last Updated: 4 Mar 2016

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A Spatiotemporal Database to Track Human Scrub Typhus Using the VectorMap Application.
 

Author(s): Daryl J Kelly, Desmond H Foley, Allen L Richards

Journal:

 

Scrub typhus is a potentially fatal mite-borne febrile illness, primarily of the Asia-Pacific Rim. With an endemic area greater than 13 million km2 and millions of people at risk, scrub typhus remains an underreported, often misdiagnosed febrile illness. A comprehensive, updatable ...

Last Updated: 18 Dec 2015

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A Systematic Review of Mortality from Untreated Scrub Typhus (Orientia tsutsugamushi).
 

Author(s): Andrew J Taylor, Daniel H Paris, Paul N Newton

Journal:

 

Scrub typhus, a bacterial infection caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi, is increasingly recognized as an important cause of fever in Asia, with an estimated one million infections occurring each year. Limited access to health care and the disease's non-specific symptoms mean that many ...

Last Updated: 15 Aug 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Scrub Typhus Pediatric Immunology Study
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Scrub Typhus

 

Last Updated: 31 Aug 2016

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Last Updated: 11 Jul 2006

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Last Updated: 5 Dec 2007

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