Tuberculosis (TB)

Common Name(s)

Tuberculosis (TB)

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious, airborne condition caused by different strains of bacteria, generally Mycobacteria tuberculosis (MTB), that primarily affects the lungs. TB is spread through the air when individuals with active TB cough or sneeze, and someone else inhales the infected air droplets.

The majority of people who are infected with TB have latent (inactive) TB, which is not contagious. An individual with latent TB has the condition, but does not show symptoms, and may not even know that they are infected. Although only 10% of individuals with latent TB will progress to have the active form of TB, treatment is still necessary to reduce the potential spread of the disease in the population.

Common symptoms of active TB include chronic (long term) coughing, bloody mucus, fever, night sweats, and weight loss. Diagnosis of latent TB is done through a skin test or blood tests. Active TB can be diagnosed through an x-ray, or testing certain body fluids such as blood or saliva. Treatment is available through multiple antibiotics over a long period of time. Treatment for latent TB is generally easier than for active TB, but most treatment plans will be completed within six months if all procedures are followed correctly. Individuals with weakened immune systems due to HIV/AIDS, IV drug users and hospital workers are most at risk.

Unfortunately, multiple drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a growing problem and is much harder to treat because the strains of the TB causing bacterium mutate and are not affected by the antibiotics that are currently available for treatment. MDR-TB is mostly caused by improper use of antibiotics that allows the bacteria to stay in the body and become resistant to the antibiotics. If you think you may have been exposed to active TB, contact your doctor to discuss the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Tuberculosis (TB)" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Tuberculosis (TB)" returned 1 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Berlin Declaration on Tuberculosis: High Level Follow-Up of High Priority Countries for TB Control in the WHO-EURO Region 'Double Trouble or Double Success? Bringing Together Diseases and Programs' - a symposium report].
 

Author(s): S Castell, B Hauer, D Manissero, T Ulrichs, R Zaleskis, R Loddenkemper

Journal: Pneumologie. 2010 Jul;64(7):422-9.

 

The global tuberculosis (TB) situation has deteriorated dramatically since the beginning of the 1990s. In 2007, the WHO identified 18 countries of the WHO European Region as 'high priority countries' and introduced a plan for these countries to improve the situation. To further promote ...

Last Updated: 15 Jul 2010

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Tuberculosis (TB)" returned 0 free, full-text review articles on human participants.

 
 
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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

An Exploratory Study of TMC207 in Japanese Participants With Pulmonary Multi-Drug Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Pulmonary Multi-Drug Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB)

 

Last Updated: 20 May 2015

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ENOSE in Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Yogyakarta
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Pulmonary Tuberculosis Suspected; Other Specified Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease; Pulmonary Tuberculosis TB (+) Histology, (-) Bacteriology

 

Last Updated: 15 Aug 2014

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Immune Reconstitution in Tuberculosis Disease
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Pulmonary Tuberculosis (TB)

 

Last Updated: 2 Oct 2012

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