Trachoma

Common Name(s)

Trachoma

Trachoma is one of the oldest infectious diseases known and is the world’s leading cause of preventable blindness of infectious origin. Trachoma is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis and is spread through direct personal contact, shared towels or clothes, flies, and other things that have come in contact with an infected person. Risk factors include water shortage, flies, poor hygiene conditions, and crowded households. When left untreated after years of repeated infections, the inside of the eyelid may be scarred so severely that the eyelid turns inward and the lashes rub on the eyeball, scarring the cornea. This can cause pain, permanent damage to the cornea, and irreversible blindness. Trachoma is prevalent in a majority of the poorest and most remote rural areas of Africa, Asia, Central and South America, Australia, and the Middle East, often affecting women and children.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Trachoma" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Trachoma" returned 403 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Preventing Long-Term Ocular Complications of Trachoma With Topical Azithromycin: A 3-Year Follow-up Study.
 

Author(s): Tayyab Afghani, Hassan Mansoor, Mohammad Nadeem

Journal: Asia Pac J Ophthalmol (Phila). ;6(1):8-12.

 

To determine the role of a single cycle of topical azithromycin in preventing long-term trachoma complications in children from an area with endemic trachoma.

Last Updated: 5 Feb 2017

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Rural children active trachoma risk factors and their interactions.
 

Author(s): Essey Kebede Muluneh, Temesgen Zewotir, Zerihun Bekele

Journal:

 

Trachoma is a serious public health problem in rural Ethiopia. The aim of this investigation was to provide in-depth statistical analysis of the risk factors associated with active trachoma among children of age 1-9 years of Kedida Gamela district, in Ethiopia.

Last Updated: 19 Sep 2016

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A Cross-Sectional Population-Based Survey of Trachoma among Migrant School Aged Children in Shanghai, China.
 

Author(s): Wenwen Xue, Lina Lu, Jianfeng Zhu, Xiangui He, Jiangnan He, Rong Zhao, Haidong Zou

Journal: Biomed Res Int. 2016 ;2016():8692685.

 

We investigated the prevalence of clinical trachoma in 154,265 children aged 6 to 16 years in 206 Shanghai migrant schools. Clean water availability in school, each child's facial cleanliness, eyelids, corneas, and the presenting distance visual acuities were examined. Trachoma was ...

Last Updated: 9 Sep 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Trachoma" returned 35 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Historical Aspects of Endemic Trachoma in Peru: 1895-2000.
 

Author(s): Vicente Maco, Mayling Encalada, Carlos Wong, Luis A Marcos

Journal:

 

Last Updated: 15 Jan 2016

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Trachoma and Yaws: Common Ground?
 

Author(s): Anthony W Solomon, Michael Marks, Diana L Martin, Alexei Mikhailov, Rebecca M Flueckiger, Oriol Mitjà, Kingsley Asiedu, Jean Jannin, Dirk Engels, David C W Mabey

Journal:

 

Last Updated: 4 Dec 2015

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Interventions for trachoma trichiasis.
 

Author(s): Matthew Burton, Esmael Habtamu, Derek Ho, Emily W Gower

Journal:

 

Trachoma is the leading infectious cause of blindness. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends eliminating trachomatous blindness through the SAFE strategy: Surgery for trichiasis, Antibiotic treatment, Facial cleanliness and Environmental hygiene. This is an update of a Cochrane ...

Last Updated: 15 Dec 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Sanitation, Water, and Instruction in Face-washing for Trachoma
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Trachoma

 

Last Updated: 13 Feb 2017

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Mortality Reduction After Oral Azithromycin: Morbidity Study
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Childhood Mortality

 

Last Updated: 14 Oct 2016

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