Trachoma

Common Name(s)

Trachoma

Trachoma is one of the oldest infectious diseases known and is the world’s leading cause of preventable blindness of infectious origin. Trachoma is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis and is spread through direct personal contact, shared towels or clothes, flies, and other things that have come in contact with an infected person. Risk factors include water shortage, flies, poor hygiene conditions, and crowded households. When left untreated after years of repeated infections, the inside of the eyelid may be scarred so severely that the eyelid turns inward and the lashes rub on the eyeball, scarring the cornea. This can cause pain, permanent damage to the cornea, and irreversible blindness. Trachoma is prevalent in a majority of the poorest and most remote rural areas of Africa, Asia, Central and South America, Australia, and the Middle East, often affecting women and children.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Trachoma" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Trachoma" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Trachoma" returned 391 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Prevalence of Active Trachoma and Its Associated Factors among Rural and Urban Children in Dera Woreda, Northwest Ethiopia: A Comparative Cross-Sectional Study.
 

Author(s): Metadel Alemayehu, Digsu N Koye, Amare Tariku, Kedir Yimam

Journal: Biomed Res Int. 2015 ;2015():570898.

 

Trachoma is the most common infectious cause of blindness worldwide. Once an epidemic in most parts of the world, it has largely now disappeared from developed countries. However, it continues to be endemic in many developing countries like Ethiopia. Even if several studies were conducted ...

Last Updated: 8 May 2015

Go To URL
Costs of testing for ocular Chlamydia trachomatis infection compared to mass drug administration for trachoma in the Gambia: application of results from the PRET study.
 

Author(s): Emma Harding-Esch, Mireia Jofre-Bonet, Jaskiran K Dhanjal, Sarah Burr, Tansy Edwards, Martin Holland, Ansumana Sillah, Sheila West, Tom Lietman, Jeremy Keenan, David Mabey, Robin Bailey

Journal:

 

Mass drug administration (MDA) treatment of active trachoma with antibiotic is recommended to be initiated in any district where the prevalence of trachoma inflammation, follicular (TF) is ≥ 10% in children aged 1-9 years, and then to continue for at least three annual rounds before ...

Last Updated: 23 Apr 2015

Go To URL
Control of trachoma in Australia: a model based evaluation of current interventions.
 

Author(s): Andrew J Shattock, Manoj Gambhir, Hugh R Taylor, Carleigh S Cowling, John M Kaldor, David P Wilson

Journal:

 

Australia is the only high-income country in which endemic trachoma persists. In response, the Australian Government has recently invested heavily towards the nationwide control of the disease.

Last Updated: 11 Apr 2015

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Trachoma" returned 28 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Natural products for the treatment of trachoma and Chlamydia trachomatis.
 

Author(s): Michael G Potroz, Nam-Joon Cho

Journal:

 

The neglected tropical disease (NTD) trachoma is currently the leading cause of eye disease in the world, and the pathogenic bacteria causing this condition, Chlamydia trachomatis, is also the most common sexually transmitted pathogenic bacterium. Although the serovars of this bacterial ...

Last Updated: 10 Mar 2015

Go To URL
Effect of water, sanitation, and hygiene on the prevention of trachoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Meredith E Stocks, Stephanie Ogden, Danny Haddad, David G Addiss, Courtney McGuire, Matthew C Freeman

Journal:

 

Trachoma is the world's leading cause of infectious blindness. The World Health Organization (WHO) has endorsed the SAFE strategy in order to eliminate blindness due to trachoma by 2020 through "surgery," "antibiotics," "facial cleanliness," and "environmental improvement." While ...

Last Updated: 3 Mar 2014

Go To URL
The impact of climatic risk factors on the prevalence, distribution, and severity of acute and chronic trachoma.
 

Author(s): Anita Ramesh, Sari Kovats, Dominic Haslam, Elena Schmidt, Clare E Gilbert

Journal:

 

Trachoma is the most common cause of infectious blindness. Hot, dry climates, dust and water scarcity are thought to be associated with the distribution of trachoma but the evidence is unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the epidemiological evidence regarding the extent ...

Last Updated: 18 Nov 2013

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Fluorometholone as Ancillary Therapy for TT Surgery
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Trichiasis; Trachoma; Bilamellar Tarsal Rotation

 

Last Updated: 1 Dec 2014

Go to URL
Performance of a Photoscreener for Vision Screening in a Haitian Pediatric Population
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Amblyopia; Myopia; Hyperopia; Astigmatism; Cataract; Retinoblastoma; Trachoma; Xerophthalmia; Glaucoma; Retinopathy of Prematurity

 

Last Updated: 11 Jan 2016

Go to URL
Mortality Reduction After Oral Azithromycin: Morbidity Study
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Childhood Mortality

 

Last Updated: 10 Sep 2015

Go to URL