Trachoma

Common Name(s)

Trachoma

Trachoma is one of the oldest infectious diseases known and is the world’s leading cause of preventable blindness of infectious origin. Trachoma is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis and is spread through direct personal contact, shared towels or clothes, flies, and other things that have come in contact with an infected person. Risk factors include water shortage, flies, poor hygiene conditions, and crowded households. When left untreated after years of repeated infections, the inside of the eyelid may be scarred so severely that the eyelid turns inward and the lashes rub on the eyeball, scarring the cornea. This can cause pain, permanent damage to the cornea, and irreversible blindness. Trachoma is prevalent in a majority of the poorest and most remote rural areas of Africa, Asia, Central and South America, Australia, and the Middle East, often affecting women and children.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Trachoma" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Trachoma" returned 326 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The "Oriental" problem: trachoma and Asian immigrants in the United States, 1897-1910.
 

Author(s): Ji-Hye Shin

Journal: Uisahak. 2014 Dec;23(3):573-606.

 

This essay examines the period between 1897 and 1910, when trachoma, a contagious eye disease, became an "Oriental" problem that justified exclusionary immigration policy against Asians entering the United States. It also investigates the ways in which the public fear and alleged ...

Last Updated: 22 Jan 2015

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Last Updated: 26 Sep 2014

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Risk factors for active trachoma and ocular Chlamydia trachomatis infection in treatment-naïve trachoma-hyperendemic communities of the Bijagós Archipelago, Guinea Bissau.
 

Author(s): Anna R Last, Sarah E Burr, Helen A Weiss, Emma M Harding-Esch, Eunice Cassama, Meno Nabicassa, David C Mabey, Martin J Holland, Robin L Bailey

Journal:

 

Trachoma, caused by ocular infection with Chlamydia trachomatis, is hyperendemic on the Bijagós Archipelago of Guinea Bissau. An understanding of the risk factors associated with active trachoma and infection on these remote and isolated islands, which are atypical of trachoma-endemic ...

Last Updated: 27 Jun 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Trachoma" returned 24 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Effect of water, sanitation, and hygiene on the prevention of trachoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Meredith E Stocks, Stephanie Ogden, Danny Haddad, David G Addiss, Courtney McGuire, Matthew C Freeman

Journal:

 

Trachoma is the world's leading cause of infectious blindness. The World Health Organization (WHO) has endorsed the SAFE strategy in order to eliminate blindness due to trachoma by 2020 through "surgery," "antibiotics," "facial cleanliness," and "environmental improvement." While ...

Last Updated: 3 Mar 2014

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The impact of climatic risk factors on the prevalence, distribution, and severity of acute and chronic trachoma.
 

Author(s): Anita Ramesh, Sari Kovats, Dominic Haslam, Elena Schmidt, Clare E Gilbert

Journal:

 

Trachoma is the most common cause of infectious blindness. Hot, dry climates, dust and water scarcity are thought to be associated with the distribution of trachoma but the evidence is unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the epidemiological evidence regarding the extent ...

Last Updated: 18 Nov 2013

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The added value of water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions to mass drug administration for reducing the prevalence of trachoma: a systematic review examining.
 

Author(s): Anyess Travers, Sheryl Strasser, Stephanie L Palmer, Christine Stauber

Journal: J Environ Public Health. 2013 ;2013():682093.

 

Trachoma is the leading cause of infectious blindness worldwide. The SAFE strategy, the World Health Organization-recommended method to eliminate blinding trachoma, combines developments in water, sanitation, surgery, and antibiotic treatment. Current literature does not focus on ...

Last Updated: 30 Aug 2013

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Nepal Elimination of Trachoma Study
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Trachoma

 

Last Updated: 25 Jun 2014

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Fluorometholone as Ancillary Therapy for TT Surgery
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Trichiasis; Trachoma; Bilamellar Tarsal Rotation

 

Last Updated: 1 Dec 2014

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Last Updated: 10 Feb 2015

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