Trachoma

Common Name(s)

Trachoma

Trachoma is one of the oldest infectious diseases known and is the world’s leading cause of preventable blindness of infectious origin. Trachoma is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis and is spread through direct personal contact, shared towels or clothes, flies, and other things that have come in contact with an infected person. Risk factors include water shortage, flies, poor hygiene conditions, and crowded households. When left untreated after years of repeated infections, the inside of the eyelid may be scarred so severely that the eyelid turns inward and the lashes rub on the eyeball, scarring the cornea. This can cause pain, permanent damage to the cornea, and irreversible blindness. Trachoma is prevalent in a majority of the poorest and most remote rural areas of Africa, Asia, Central and South America, Australia, and the Middle East, often affecting women and children.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Trachoma" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Trachoma" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Trachoma" returned 435 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The "F" in SAFE: Reliability of assessing clean faces for trachoma control in the field.
 

Author(s): Sheila K West, Derick Ansah, Beatriz Munoz, Nicodemus Funga, Harran Mkocha

Journal:

 

Although facial cleanliness is part of the SAFE strategy for trachoma there is controversy over the reliability of measuring a clean face. A child's face with no ocular and nasal discharge is clean and the endpoint of interest, regardless of the number of times it must be washed to ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Effect of water, sanitation and hygiene interventions on active trachoma in North and South Wollo zones of Amhara Region, Ethiopia: A Quasi-experimental study.
 

Author(s): Beselam Tadesse, Alemayehu Worku, Abera Kumie, Solomon Abebe Yimer

Journal:

 

Trachoma is chronic kerato conjunctivitis, which is caused by repeated infection with Chlamydia trachomatis bacterium. It is hyper endemic in many rural areas of Ethiopia. The objective of this study was to measure the effect of water, sanitation and hygiene interventions on active ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
The cost of mapping trachoma: Data from the Global Trachoma Mapping Project.
 

Author(s): Guillaume Trotignon, Ellen Jones, Thomas Engels, Elena Schmidt, Deborah A McFarland, Colin K Macleod, Khaled Amer, Amadou A Bio, Ana Bakhtiari, Sarah Bovill, Amy H Doherty, Asad Aslam Khan, Mariamo Mbofana, Siobhain McCullagh, Tom Millar, Consity Mwale, Lisa A Rotondo, Angela Weaver, Rebecca Willis, Anthony W Solomon

Journal:

 

The Global Trachoma Mapping Project (GTMP) was implemented with the aim of completing the baseline map of trachoma globally. Over 2.6 million people were examined in 1,546 districts across 29 countries between December 2012 and January 2016. The aim of the analysis was to estimate ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Trachoma" returned 31 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The Relationship between Active Trachoma and Ocular Chlamydia trachomatis Infection before and after Mass Antibiotic Treatment.
 

Author(s): Athumani M Ramadhani, Tamsyn Derrick, David Macleod, Martin J Holland, Matthew J Burton

Journal:

 

Trachoma is a blinding disease, initiated in early childhood by repeated conjunctival infection with the obligate intracellular bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. The population prevalence of the clinical signs of active trachoma; ''follicular conjunctivitis" (TF) and/or ''intense papillary ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Historical Aspects of Endemic Trachoma in Peru: 1895-2000.
 

Author(s): Vicente Maco, Mayling Encalada, Carlos Wong, Luis A Marcos

Journal:

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Trachoma and Yaws: Common Ground?
 

Author(s): Anthony W Solomon, Michael Marks, Diana L Martin, Alexei Mikhailov, Rebecca M Flueckiger, Oriol Mitjà, Kingsley Asiedu, Jean Jannin, Dirk Engels, David C W Mabey

Journal:

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Sanitation, Water, and Instruction in Face-washing for Trachoma
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Trachoma

 

Last Updated: 13 Feb 2017

Go to URL
Kebele Elimination of Trachoma for Ocular Health
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Trachoma

 

Last Updated: 7 Nov 2017

Go to URL
Mortality Reduction After Oral Azithromycin: Morbidity Study
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Childhood Mortality

 

Last Updated: 2 Nov 2017

Go to URL