Trachoma

Common Name(s)

Trachoma

Trachoma is one of the oldest infectious diseases known and is the world’s leading cause of preventable blindness of infectious origin. Trachoma is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis and is spread through direct personal contact, shared towels or clothes, flies, and other things that have come in contact with an infected person. Risk factors include water shortage, flies, poor hygiene conditions, and crowded households. When left untreated after years of repeated infections, the inside of the eyelid may be scarred so severely that the eyelid turns inward and the lashes rub on the eyeball, scarring the cornea. This can cause pain, permanent damage to the cornea, and irreversible blindness. Trachoma is prevalent in a majority of the poorest and most remote rural areas of Africa, Asia, Central and South America, Australia, and the Middle East, often affecting women and children.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Trachoma" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Trachoma" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Trachoma" returned 448 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Trachoma in Yunnan province of southwestern China: findings from trachoma rapid assessment.
 

Author(s): Min Wu, Zhu Lin Hu, Dan He, Wen Rong Xu, Yan Li

Journal:

 

To understand the situation of active trachoma among children aged 6 to 8 years old and scarring trachoma among those aged 15 and over in Yunnan Province, South-western China.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Elimination of trachoma as a public health problem in Ghana: Providing evidence through a pre-validation survey.
 

Author(s): Oscar Debrah, Ernest O Mensah, Laura Senyonjo, Dziedzom K de Souza, Tei E Hervie, David Agyemang, Didier Bakajika, Benjamin Marfo, Felix Ahorsu, Seth Wanye, Robin Bailey, Joseph B Koroma, Agatha Aboe, Nana-Kwadwo Biritwum

Journal:

 

In order to achieve elimination of trachoma, a country needs to demonstrate that the elimination prevalence thresholds have been achieved and then sustained for at least a two-year period. Ghana achieved the thresholds in 2008, and since 2011 has been implementing its trachoma surveillance ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
The "F" in SAFE: Reliability of assessing clean faces for trachoma control in the field.
 

Author(s): Sheila K West, Derick Ansah, Beatriz Munoz, Nicodemus Funga, Harran Mkocha

Journal:

 

Although facial cleanliness is part of the SAFE strategy for trachoma there is controversy over the reliability of measuring a clean face. A child's face with no ocular and nasal discharge is clean and the endpoint of interest, regardless of the number of times it must be washed to ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Trachoma" returned 32 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The Relationship between Active Trachoma and Ocular Chlamydia trachomatis Infection before and after Mass Antibiotic Treatment.
 

Author(s): Athumani M Ramadhani, Tamsyn Derrick, David Macleod, Martin J Holland, Matthew J Burton

Journal:

 

Trachoma is a blinding disease, initiated in early childhood by repeated conjunctival infection with the obligate intracellular bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. The population prevalence of the clinical signs of active trachoma; ''follicular conjunctivitis" (TF) and/or ''intense papillary ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Trachoma.
 

Author(s): Van Charles Lansingh

Journal:

 

Active trachoma is caused by chronic infection of the conjunctiva by Chlamydia trachomatis, and is the world's leading infectious cause of blindness. Infection can lead to: scarring of the tarsal conjunctiva; inversion of the eyelashes (trichiasis), so that they abrade the cornea; ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Historical Aspects of Endemic Trachoma in Peru: 1895-2000.
 

Author(s): Vicente Maco, Mayling Encalada, Carlos Wong, Luis A Marcos

Journal:

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Trachoma Elimination Study by Focused Antibiotic (TESFA)
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Trachoma

 

Last Updated: 1 May 2018

Go to URL
Sanitation, Water, and Instruction in Face-washing for Trachoma
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Trachoma

 

Last Updated: 13 Feb 2017

Go to URL
Kebele Elimination of Trachoma for Ocular Health
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Trachoma

 

Last Updated: 11 Apr 2018

Go to URL