Meningitis

Common Name(s)

Meningitis

Meningitis is inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord (meninges) that is caused by an infection. The main symptoms of meningitis include headache, fever, and stiff neck, which can often be confused with the flu (influenza). Meningitis is typically caused by a viral infection. However, bacterial infections, fungal infections, chemical reactions, drug allergies, some types of cancer, and inflammatory diseases can also cause meningitis. The severity, outcome and, treatment plan depend on the cause of the infection. Viral meningitis is usually caused by a group of viruses known as enteroviruses, and it is contracted mostly during the late summer and early fall. Bacterial meningitis can be caused by any number of bacteria, but the most common include pneumococcus, meningococcus, haemophilus, and listeria.

In addition to headache, fever, and stiff neck, additional symptoms can include vomiting, trouble sleeping or staying awake, sensitivity to light and seizures. Risk factors for meningitis include living in crowded conditions, not receiving immunizations, being pregnant, and having a weak immune system. Meningitis is usually diagnosed through a variety of tests, including blood cultures (to see if bacteria is present in your blood), and imaging of the head (using x-rays and CT scans) to look for swelling or inflammation. Most cases of meningitis can be diagnosed by removing a small amount of spinal fluid (spinal tap or lumbar puncture) to look for evidence of an infection or inflammation. Treatment depends on the cause of the meningitis. Bacterial meningitis calls for immediate treatment with antibiotics to get rid of the infection and steroids to reduce the inflammation. Most cases of viral meningitis improve without treatment. Fungal meningitis is treated with antifungal medications. If you or someone you know have signs or symptoms of meningitis, talk to your physician immediately.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Meningitis" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Meningitis Foundation of America, Inc.

Our mission is to support sufferers of meningitis and their families through support groups, advocate for advanced research for the prevention and the long term effects of various meningitis strains as well as facilitating programs to educate the public

Last Updated: 8 Oct 2014

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Meningitis" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Meningitis Foundation of America, Inc.

Our mission is to support sufferers of meningitis and their families through support groups, advocate for advanced research for the prevention and the long term effects of various meningitis strains as well as facilitating programs to educate the public

http://www.musa.org

Last Updated: 8 Oct 2014

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Meningitis" returned 3276 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Meningitis control in countries of the African meningitis belt, 2015.
 

Author(s):

Journal: Wkly. Epidemiol. Rec.. 2016 Apr;91(16):209-16.

 

Last Updated: 22 Apr 2016

Go To URL
Etiologies and Management of Aseptic Meningitis in Patients Admitted to an Internal Medicine Department.
 

Author(s): Irène Jarrin, Pierre Sellier, Amanda Lopes, Marjolaine Morgand, Tamara Makovec, Veronique Delcey, Karine Champion, Guy Simoneau, Andrew Green, Stéphane Mouly, Jean-François Bergmann, Célia Lloret-Linares

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Jan;95(2):e2372.

 

Several studies have focused on the clinical and biological characteristics of meningitis in order to distinguish between bacterial and viral meningitis in the emergency setting. However, little is known about the etiologies and outcomes of aseptic meningitis in patients admitted ...

Last Updated: 15 Jan 2016

Go To URL
Chemotherapy for Tuberculous Meningitis.
 

Author(s): Peter R Donald

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2016 Jan;374(2):179-81.

 

Last Updated: 14 Jan 2016

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Meningitis" returned 207 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Etiology of Acute Bacterial Meningitis in Iran: a Systematic Review.
 

Author(s): Reza Ghotaslou, Fatemeh Yeganeh-Sefidan, Behnaz Salahi-Eshlaqi, Hamed Ebrahimzadeh-Leylabadlo

Journal: Acta Med Iran. 2015 Aug;53(8):454-61.

 

Acute bacterial meningitis (ABM) is one of the most severe infectious diseases, causing neurologic sequel, and a case fatality rate of 20-30%. The aim of this paper was to summarize the main causes of ABM in Iran. We searched the data for relevant articles using meningitis, etiology, ...

Last Updated: 7 Nov 2015

Go To URL
Streptococcus suis Meningitis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Anusha van Samkar, Matthijs C Brouwer, Constance Schultsz, Arie van der Ende, Diederik van de Beek

Journal:

 

Streptococcus suis is the most common cause of meningitis in pork consuming and pig rearing countries in South-East Asia. We performed a systematic review of studies on S. suis meningitis to define the clinical characteristics, predisposing factors and outcome.

Last Updated: 28 Oct 2015

Go To URL
LATERAL FLOW ASSAY FOR CRYPTOCOCCAL ANTIGEN: AN IMPORTANT ADVANCE TO IMPROVE THE CONTINUUM OF HIV CARE AND REDUCE CRYPTOCOCCAL MENINGITIS-RELATED MORTALITY.
 

Author(s): Jose E Vidal, David R Boulware

Journal: Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Sao Paulo. 2015 Sep;57 Suppl 19():38-45.

 

AIDS-related cryptococcal meningitis continues to cause a substantial burden of death in low and middle income countries. The diagnostic use for detection of cryptococcal capsular polysaccharide antigen (CrAg) in serum and cerebrospinal fluid by latex agglutination test (CrAg-latex) ...

Last Updated: 15 Oct 2015

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Adjunctive Sertraline for the Treatment of HIV-Associated Cryptococcal Meningitis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Cryptococcal Meningitis; Fungal Meningitis

 

Last Updated: 10 May 2016

Go to URL
High-Dose Fluconazole for the Treatment of Cryptococcal Meningitis in HIV-Infected Individuals
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Cryptococcal Meningitis; HIV Infections

 

Last Updated: 6 Jan 2016

Go to URL
Liposomal Amphotericin B for the Treatment of Cryptococcal Meningitis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Cryptococcal Meningitis

 

Last Updated: 8 May 2014

Go to URL