Meningitis

Common Name(s)

Meningitis

Meningitis is inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord (meninges) that is caused by an infection. The main symptoms of meningitis include headache, fever, and stiff neck, which can often be confused with the flu (influenza). Meningitis is typically caused by a viral infection. However, bacterial infections, fungal infections, chemical reactions, drug allergies, some types of cancer, and inflammatory diseases can also cause meningitis. The severity, outcome and, treatment plan depend on the cause of the infection. Viral meningitis is usually caused by a group of viruses known as enteroviruses, and it is contracted mostly during the late summer and early fall. Bacterial meningitis can be caused by any number of bacteria, but the most common include pneumococcus, meningococcus, haemophilus, and listeria.

In addition to headache, fever, and stiff neck, additional symptoms can include vomiting, trouble sleeping or staying awake, sensitivity to light and seizures. Risk factors for meningitis include living in crowded conditions, not receiving immunizations, being pregnant, and having a weak immune system. Meningitis is usually diagnosed through a variety of tests, including blood cultures (to see if bacteria is present in your blood), and imaging of the head (using x-rays and CT scans) to look for swelling or inflammation. Most cases of meningitis can be diagnosed by removing a small amount of spinal fluid (spinal tap or lumbar puncture) to look for evidence of an infection or inflammation. Treatment depends on the cause of the meningitis. Bacterial meningitis calls for immediate treatment with antibiotics to get rid of the infection and steroids to reduce the inflammation. Most cases of viral meningitis improve without treatment. Fungal meningitis is treated with antifungal medications. If you or someone you know have signs or symptoms of meningitis, talk to your physician immediately.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Meningitis" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Meningitis Foundation of America, Inc.

Our mission is to support sufferers of meningitis and their families through support groups, advocate for advanced research for the prevention and the long term effects of various meningitis strains as well as facilitating programs to educate the public

Last Updated: 8 Oct 2014

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Meningitis" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Meningitis Foundation of America, Inc.

Our mission is to support sufferers of meningitis and their families through support groups, advocate for advanced research for the prevention and the long term effects of various meningitis strains as well as facilitating programs to educate the public

http://www.musa.org

Last Updated: 8 Oct 2014

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Meningitis" returned 3298 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Meningitis control in countries of the African meningitis belt, 2015.
 

Author(s):

Journal: Wkly. Epidemiol. Rec.. 2016 Apr;91(16):209-16.

 

Last Updated: 22 Apr 2016

Go To URL

Last Updated: 11 Mar 2016

Go To URL
A Seroepidemiological Study of Serogroup A Meningococcal Infection in the African Meningitis Belt.
 

Author(s): Olivier Manigart, Caroline Trotter, Helen Findlow, Abraham Assefa, Wude Mihret, Tesfaye Moti Demisse, Biruk Yeshitela, Isaac Osei, Abraham Hodgson, Stephen Laryea Quaye, Samba Sow, Mamadou Coulibaly, Kanny Diallo, Awa Traore, Jean-Marc Collard, Rahamatou Moustapha Boukary, Oumarou Djermakoye, Ali Elhaji Mahamane, Jean-François Jusot, Cheikh Sokhna, Serge Alavo, Souleymane Doucoure, El Hadj Ba, Mariétou Dieng, Aldiouma Diallo, Doumagoum Moto Daugla, Babatunji Omotara, Daniel Chandramohan, Musa Hassan-King, Maria Nascimento, Arouna Woukeu, Ray Borrow, James M Stuart, Brian Greenwood

Journal:

 

The pattern of epidemic meningococcal disease in the African meningitis belt may be influenced by the background level of population immunity but this has been measured infrequently. A standardised enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for measuring meningococcal serogroup A IgG ...

Last Updated: 13 Feb 2016

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Meningitis" returned 209 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Corticosteroids for managing tuberculous meningitis.
 

Author(s): Kameshwar Prasad, Mamta B Singh, Hannah Ryan

Journal:

 

Tuberculous meningitis is a serious form of tuberculosis (TB) that affects the meninges that cover a person's brain and spinal cord. It is associated with high death rates and with disability in people who survive. Corticosteroids have been used as an adjunct to antituberculous drugs ...

Last Updated: 2 May 2016

Go To URL
Campylobacter Fetus Meningitis in Adults: Report of 2 Cases and Review of the Literature.
 

Author(s): Anusha van Samkar, Matthijs C Brouwer, Arie van der Ende, Diederik van de Beek

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Feb;95(8):e2858.

 

The zoonotic pathogen Campylobacter fetus is a rare cause of bacterial meningitis. Little is known about the clinical characteristics, predisposing factors and outcome of C fetus meningitis in adults.We report cases of C fetus meningitis in a nationwide cohort study of adult bacterial ...

Last Updated: 4 Mar 2016

Go To URL
Etiology of Acute Bacterial Meningitis in Iran: a Systematic Review.
 

Author(s): Reza Ghotaslou, Fatemeh Yeganeh-Sefidan, Behnaz Salahi-Eshlaqi, Hamed Ebrahimzadeh-Leylabadlo

Journal: Acta Med Iran. 2015 Aug;53(8):454-61.

 

Acute bacterial meningitis (ABM) is one of the most severe infectious diseases, causing neurologic sequel, and a case fatality rate of 20-30%. The aim of this paper was to summarize the main causes of ABM in Iran. We searched the data for relevant articles using meningitis, etiology, ...

Last Updated: 7 Nov 2015

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Adjunctive Sertraline for the Treatment of HIV-Associated Cryptococcal Meningitis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Cryptococcal Meningitis; Fungal Meningitis

 

Last Updated: 10 May 2016

Go to URL
High-Dose Fluconazole for the Treatment of Cryptococcal Meningitis in HIV-Infected Individuals
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Cryptococcal Meningitis; HIV Infections

 

Last Updated: 6 Jan 2016

Go to URL
Liposomal Amphotericin B for the Treatment of Cryptococcal Meningitis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Cryptococcal Meningitis

 

Last Updated: 8 May 2014

Go to URL