Superior mesenteric artery syndrome

Common Name(s)

Superior mesenteric artery syndrome

Superior mesenteric artery syndrome (SMAS) is a digestive condition that occurs when the duodenum (the first part of the small intestine) is compressed between two arteries (the aorta and the superior mesenteric artery). This compression causes partial or complete blockage of the duodenum. Signs and symptoms may include abdominal fullness; bloating after meals; nausea and vomiting; and abdominal cramping that may be helped by lying in certain positions. A variety of factors may contribute to SMAS, including prolonged bed rest, weight loss, rapid growth, previous abdominal surgery, lordosis, use of body casts, and loss of tone in abdominal muscles. It may also occur with pancreatitis, peptic ulcers, and other inflammatory abdominal conditions. Treatment may include addressing the underlying cause and/or dietary modifications (small feedings or a liquid diet).
 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Superior mesenteric artery syndrome" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Superior mesenteric artery syndrome" returned 55 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Superior mesenteric artery syndrome: rare, but think about it].
 

Author(s): Anisse Tidjane, Benali Tabeti, Noureddine Benmaarouf, Nabil Boudjenan, Chaouky Bouziane, Nadia Kessai

Journal:

 

Last Updated: 14 Jul 2014

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Acute gastric dilatation due to a superior mesenteric artery syndrome: an autopsy case.
 

Author(s): Hiroaki Sato, Toshiko Tanaka

Journal:

 

Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome occurs when the third portion of duodenum becomes tightly compressed between the SMA and the abdominal aorta (AA). Several causes of the SMA syndrome have been postulated such as marked weight loss, external compression of the abdomen, anatomic ...

Last Updated: 10 Mar 2014

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Spontaneous isolated superior mesenteric artery dissection mimicking superior mesenteric artery syndrome.
 

Author(s): Wook Hyun Lee, Chul-Hyun Lim, Sang Woo Kim

Journal: Korean J Gastroenterol. 2013 Nov;62(5):310-2.

 

Last Updated: 9 Jan 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Superior mesenteric artery syndrome" returned 7 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Acute pancreatitis and superior mesenteric artery syndrome.
 

Author(s): Denisse Joan Sihuay-Diburga, Anna Accarino-Garaventa, Jaime Vilaseca-Montplet, Fernando Azpiroz-Vidaur

Journal: Rev Esp Enferm Dig. ;105(10):626-8.

 

Superior mesenteric artery syndrome (SMAS) has been proposed as a rare cause of proximal bowel obstruction resulting from compression of the third portion of the duodenum secondary to narrowing of the space between the aorta and superior mesenteric artery. The main risk factors associated ...

Last Updated: 19 Mar 2014

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[A case report of superior mesenteric artery syndrome after hand-assisted laparoscopic left nephrectomy].
 

Author(s): Toshiyuki Kanemitsu, Jun Saito, Mototaka Satoh, Naoki Mori, Kenichiro Sekii, Toshiaki Yoshioka, Hiroaki Itatani

Journal: Hinyokika Kiyo. 2009 Aug;55(8):487-90.

 

A 65-year-old man with left renal cell carcinoma RCC underwent hand-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy. He was discharged on the 8th hospital day, but 2 days later he was admitted to the hospital again because of vomiting and abdominal pain. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed ...

Last Updated: 21 Sep 2009

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Recalling superior mesenteric artery syndrome.
 

Author(s): Thilo Welsch, Markus W B├╝chler, Peter Kienle

Journal: Dig Surg. 2007 ;24(3):149-56.

 

Superior mesenteric artery syndrome is uncommon and characterized by postprandial epigastric pain, nausea, vomiting, anorexia and weight loss. The syndrome is caused by compression of the third part of the duodenum in the angle between the aorta and the superior mesenteric artery. ...

Last Updated: 27 Jun 2007

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

There are currently no open clinical trials for this condition.