Stomach cancer

Common Name(s)

Stomach cancer, Gastric cancer, Stomach carcinoma

Stomach cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the lining of the stomach. Stomach cancer occurs when cells in the stomach develop mutations that result in the cells dividing rapidly and resisting death. Those cells form a tumor.

Early signs of stomach cancer include indigestion, bloating, heartburn, nausea, and loss of appetite. As the cancer develops, symptoms may include stomach pain, vomiting, weight loss, stomach swelling, difficulty swallowing, diarrhea, constipation, bloody stool, yellowing of the skin or eyes (jaundice), weakness, and exhaustion.

Risk factors for stomach cancer include having long-term iron deficiency (anemia), being infected with the bacteria H. pylori, Epstein-Barr virus infection, having stomach growths called polyps, having stomach surgery to remove ulcers, having type-A blood, smoking, obesity, being exposed to chemicals or asbestos, and eating foods that have been smoked or are high in sodium. Certain genes also increase one’s risk of developing stomach cancer.

There are several tests used to diagnose stomach cancer. In a procedure called an endoscopy, a doctor puts a narrow tube with a camera down the patient’s throat to view the stomach. Blood tests, X-ray imaging (upper GI series test), and computed tomography (CT) scans can also be used to diagnose stomach cancer. A procedure called a biopsy can be used to collect and analyze a tissue sample from the stomach to check for cancer cells. Additional tests may be performed to determine the stage of the disease.

Treatment for stomach cancer often involves surgical removal of parts of the stomach and surrounding tissues. Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or targeted drugs may also be used. If you have been diagnosed with stomach cancer, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options. Support groups are available for more resources and information.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stomach cancer" for support, advocacy or research.

4th Angel Mentoring Program

Learning that you have cancer can be an overwhelming experience – one that leaves you frightened, vulnerable and alone. The 4th Angel Mentoring Program offers free, one-on-one, confidential outreach and support from someone who has successfully made the same journey you are about to begin – the journey towards recovery. This specially trained volunteer and cancer survivor – your 4th Angel – is someone who will talk and listen in a supportive setting. The 4th Angel Mentoring Program is telephone based, so you can be connect with an angel anywhere in the country. 4th Angel Mentoring Program is part of The Scott Hamilton CARES Initiative, a national non-profit organizat

Last Updated: 12 Dec 2012

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Cancer Hope Network

To provide one-on-one support to people undergoing treatment for cancer and to their families. We provide this support by training individuals who have recovered from cancer and matching them with cancer patients currently undergoing a similar experience. Through this matching process, we strive to instill hope and to make a difference in their fight against cancer.

Last Updated: 29 Jul 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stomach cancer" for support, advocacy or research.

4th Angel Mentoring Program

Learning that you have cancer can be an overwhelming experience – one that leaves you frightened, vulnerable and alone. The 4th Angel Mentoring Program offers free, one-on-one, confidential outreach and support from someone who has successfully made the same journey you are about to begin – the journey towards recovery. This specially trained volunteer and cancer survivor – your 4th Angel – is someone who will talk and listen in a supportive setting. The 4th Angel Mentoring Program is telephone based, so you can be connect with an angel anywhere in the country. 4th Angel Mentoring Program is part of The Scott Hamilton CARES Initiative, a national non-profit organizat

http://www.4thangel.org

Last Updated: 12 Dec 2012

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Cancer Hope Network

To provide one-on-one support to people undergoing treatment for cancer and to their families. We provide this support by training individuals who have recovered from cancer and matching them with cancer patients currently undergoing a similar experience. Through this matching process, we strive to instill hope and to make a difference in their fight against cancer.

http://www.CancerHopeNetwork.org

Last Updated: 29 Jul 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Stomach cancer" returned 303 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Improving accuracy and completeness in the collaborative staging system for stomach cancer in South Korea.
 

Author(s): Hyun-Sook Lim, Young-Joo Won, Yoo-Kyung Boo

Journal: Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.. 2014 ;15(21):9529-34.

 

Cancer staging enables planning for the best treatments, evaluation of prognosis, and predictions for survival. The Collaborative Stage (CS) system makes it possible to significantly reduce the proportion of patients labeled at an "unknown" stage as well as discrepancies among different ...

Last Updated: 25 Nov 2014

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Three cases of laparoscopic total gastrectomy with intracorporeal esophagojejunostomy for gastric cancer in remnant stomach.
 

Author(s): Yu Pan, Yi-Ping Mou, Ke Chen, Xiao-Wu Xu, Jia-Qin Cai, Di Wu, Yu-Cheng Zhou

Journal:

 

Gastric cancer in remnant stomach is a rare tumor but with poor prognosis. Compared with conventional open surgery, laparoscopic gastrectomy has potential benefits for these patients due to advantages resulting from its minimally invasive approach. Herein, we report on three patients ...

Last Updated: 21 Nov 2014

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A retrospective cohort study of patients with stomach and liver cancers: the impact of comorbidity and ethnicity on cancer care and outcomes.
 

Author(s): Diana Sarfati, Jason Gurney, James Stanley, Jonathan Koea

Journal:

 

Comorbidity has an adverse impact on cancer survival partly through its negative impact on receipt of curative treatment. Comorbidity is unevenly distributed within populations, with some ethnic and socioeconomic groups having considerably higher burden. The aim of this study was ...

Last Updated: 14 Nov 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Stomach cancer" returned 23 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The role of three-dimensional multidetector CT gastrography in the preoperative imaging of stomach cancer: emphasis on detection and localization of the tumor.
 

Author(s): Jin Woong Kim, Sang Soo Shin, Suk Hee Heo, Hyo Soon Lim, Nam Yeol Lim, Young Kyu Park, Yong Yeon Jeong, Heoung Keun Kang

Journal: Korean J Radiol. ;16(1):80-9.

 

Multidetector CT (MDCT) gastrography has been regarded as a promising technique for the preoperative imaging of gastric cancer. It has the ability to produce various three-dimensional (3D) images. Because 3D reconstruction images are more effective and intuitive for recognizing abnormal ...

Last Updated: 19 Jan 2015

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Gastric cancer arising from the remnant stomach after distal gastrectomy: a review.
 

Author(s): Shinsuke Takeno, Tatsuya Hashimoto, Kenji Maki, Ryosuke Shibata, Hironari Shiwaku, Ippei Yamana, Risako Yamashita, Yuichi Yamashita

Journal: World J. Gastroenterol.. 2014 Oct;20(38):13734-40.

 

Gastric stump carcinoma was initially reported by Balfore in 1922, and many reports of this disease have since been published. We herein review previous reports of gastric stump carcinoma with respect to epidemiology, carcinogenesis, Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection, Epstein-Barr ...

Last Updated: 16 Oct 2014

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Time characteristics of the effect of alcohol cessation on the risk of stomach cancer--a meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Johan Jarl, Gawain Heckley, Julie Brummer, Ulf-G Gerdtham

Journal:

 

In the Bagnardi et al. (2001) meta-analysis, it was found that alcohol consumption increases the risk of stomach cancer (OR = 1.32 for heavy drinkers). However, it is unknown if drinking cessation reverses this alcohol-elevated risk.

Last Updated: 1 Jul 2013

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

A Study Comparing Billroth II With Roux-en-Y Reconstruction for Gastric Cancer
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Gastric Cancer; Stomach Cancer; Gastrectomy

 

Last Updated: 13 Apr 2012

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Prognosis and Risk Factors of Gastric Cancer in Patients With Intestinal Metaplasia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stomach Cancer

 

Last Updated: 19 Dec 2014

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Endoscopic Ultrasonographic Staging and Conventional Endoscopic Staging for Depth of Invasion for Early Gastric Cancer
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Gastric Tumor; Early Gastric Cancer

 

Last Updated: 17 Nov 2014

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