Stomach cancer

Common Name(s)

Stomach cancer, Gastric cancer, Stomach carcinoma

Stomach cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the lining of the stomach. Stomach cancer occurs when cells in the stomach develop mutations that result in the cells dividing rapidly and resisting death. Those cells form a tumor.

Early signs of stomach cancer include indigestion, bloating, heartburn, nausea, and loss of appetite. As the cancer develops, symptoms may include stomach pain, vomiting, weight loss, stomach swelling, difficulty swallowing, diarrhea, constipation, bloody stool, yellowing of the skin or eyes (jaundice), weakness, and exhaustion.

Risk factors for stomach cancer include having long-term iron deficiency (anemia), being infected with the bacteria H. pylori, Epstein-Barr virus infection, having stomach growths called polyps, having stomach surgery to remove ulcers, having type-A blood, smoking, obesity, being exposed to chemicals or asbestos, and eating foods that have been smoked or are high in sodium. Certain genes also increase one’s risk of developing stomach cancer.

There are several tests used to diagnose stomach cancer. In a procedure called an endoscopy, a doctor puts a narrow tube with a camera down the patient’s throat to view the stomach. Blood tests, X-ray imaging (upper GI series test), and computed tomography (CT) scans can also be used to diagnose stomach cancer. A procedure called a biopsy can be used to collect and analyze a tissue sample from the stomach to check for cancer cells. Additional tests may be performed to determine the stage of the disease.

Treatment for stomach cancer often involves surgical removal of parts of the stomach and surrounding tissues. Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or targeted drugs may also be used. If you have been diagnosed with stomach cancer, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options. Support groups are available for more resources and information.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stomach cancer" for support, advocacy or research.

4th Angel Mentoring Program

Learning that you have cancer can be an overwhelming experience – one that leaves you frightened, vulnerable and alone. The 4th Angel Mentoring Program offers free, one-on-one, confidential outreach and support from someone who has successfully made the same journey you are about to begin – the journey towards recovery. This specially trained volunteer and cancer survivor – your 4th Angel – is someone who will talk and listen in a supportive setting. The 4th Angel Mentoring Program is telephone based, so you can be connect with an angel anywhere in the country. 4th Angel Mentoring Program is part of The Scott Hamilton CARES Initiative, a national non-profit organizat

Last Updated: 12 Dec 2012

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Cancer Hope Network

To provide one-on-one support to people undergoing treatment for cancer and to their families. We provide this support by training individuals who have recovered from cancer and matching them with cancer patients currently undergoing a similar experience. Through this matching process, we strive to instill hope and to make a difference in their fight against cancer.

Last Updated: 29 Jul 2015

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No Stomach For Cancer

Our mission is to support research and united the caring power of people worldwide affected by stomach cancer. We advance awareness and education about stomach cancer, including Hereditary Diffuse Gastric Cancer (HDGC), provide a support network for affected families, and support research for screening, early detection, treatment, and prevention of stomach cancer.

Last Updated: 7 Jan 2016

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stomach cancer" for support, advocacy or research.

4th Angel Mentoring Program

Learning that you have cancer can be an overwhelming experience – one that leaves you frightened, vulnerable and alone. The 4th Angel Mentoring Program offers free, one-on-one, confidential outreach and support from someone who has successfully made the same journey you are about to begin – the journey towards recovery. This specially trained volunteer and cancer survivor – your 4th Angel – is someone who will talk and listen in a supportive setting. The 4th Angel Mentoring Program is telephone based, so you can be connect with an angel anywhere in the country. 4th Angel Mentoring Program is part of The Scott Hamilton CARES Initiative, a national non-profit organizat

http://www.4thangel.org

Last Updated: 12 Dec 2012

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Cancer Hope Network

To provide one-on-one support to people undergoing treatment for cancer and to their families. We provide this support by training individuals who have recovered from cancer and matching them with cancer patients currently undergoing a similar experience. Through this matching process, we strive to instill hope and to make a difference in their fight against cancer.

http://www.CancerHopeNetwork.org

Last Updated: 29 Jul 2015

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No Stomach For Cancer

Our mission is to support research and united the caring power of people worldwide affected by stomach cancer. We advance awareness and education about stomach cancer, including Hereditary Diffuse Gastric Cancer (HDGC), provide a support network for affected families, and support research for screening, early detection, treatment, and prevention of stomach cancer.

http://www.nostomachforcancer.org

Last Updated: 7 Jan 2016

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Stomach cancer" returned 420 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Risk of stomach cancer in Aotearoa/New Zealand: A Māori population based case-control study.
 

Author(s): Lis Ellison-Loschmann, Andrew Sporle, Marine Corbin, Soo Cheng, Pauline Harawira, Michelle Gray, Tracey Whaanga, Parry Guilford, Jonathan Koea, Neil Pearce

Journal:

 

Māori, the indigenous people of New Zealand, experience disproportionate rates of stomach cancer, compared to non-Māori. The overall aim of the study was to better understand the reasons for the considerable excess of stomach cancer in Māori and to identify priorities for prevention. ...

Last Updated: 21 Jul 2017

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Concomitant stromal tumor and early cancer of the stomach: What should be done?
 

Author(s): Yan Xu, Liangfang Shen, Zhaoxia Lu, Xiaowei Liu, Wei Wu, Deyun Feng, Jaladanki N Rao, Lan Xiao, Miao Ouyang

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Jul;96(29):e7576.

 

Concomitant gastric stromal tumor (GST) and gastric cancer (GC) is uncommon; even more uncommon is a concomitant GST and early stage GC (EGC). Tumor resection by endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for concomitant GST and EGC has not been reported. We sought to define the clinical ...

Last Updated: 20 Jul 2017

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Intrathoracic stomach mimicking bone metastasis from thyroid cancer in whole-body iodine-131 scan diagnosed by SPECT/CT.
 

Author(s): Francisco Javier García-Gómez, Pablo Antonio de la Riva-Pérez, Cinta Calvo-Morón, Cristina Buján-Lloret, Teresa Cambil-Molina, Juan Castro-Montaño

Journal: Arch Endocrinol Metab. ;61(3):288-290.

 

The whole-body iodine-131 scintigraphy is an imaging technique in monitoring patients with a history of thyroid cancer. Although the rate of false positives is negligible, it is not nonexistent. We report the case of an intervened and treated patient for thyroid cancer with good clinical ...

Last Updated: 22 Feb 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Stomach cancer" returned 28 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Gastric-tube versus whole-stomach esophagectomy for esophageal cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Wenxiong Zhang, Dongliang Yu, Jinhua Peng, Jianjun Xu, Yiping Wei

Journal:

 

To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies comparing the gastric-tube vs. whole-stomach for esophageal cancer in order to determine the optimal surgical technique of esophagectomy.

Last Updated: 7 Mar 2017

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Local resection of the stomach for gastric cancer.
 

Author(s): Shinichi Kinami, Hiroshi Funaki, Hideto Fujita, Yasuharu Nakano, Nobuhiko Ueda, Takeo Kosaka

Journal: Surg. Today. 2017 Jun;47(6):651-659.

 

The local resection of the stomach is an ideal method for preventing postoperative symptoms. There are various procedures for performing local resection, such as the laparoscopic lesion lifting method, non-touch lesion lifting method, endoscopic full-thickness resection, and laparoscopic ...

Last Updated: 25 Jun 2016

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The role of three-dimensional multidetector CT gastrography in the preoperative imaging of stomach cancer: emphasis on detection and localization of the tumor.
 

Author(s): Jin Woong Kim, Sang Soo Shin, Suk Hee Heo, Hyo Soon Lim, Nam Yeol Lim, Young Kyu Park, Yong Yeon Jeong, Heoung Keun Kang

Journal: Korean J Radiol. ;16(1):80-9.

 

Multidetector CT (MDCT) gastrography has been regarded as a promising technique for the preoperative imaging of gastric cancer. It has the ability to produce various three-dimensional (3D) images. Because 3D reconstruction images are more effective and intuitive for recognizing abnormal ...

Last Updated: 19 Jan 2015

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Study Evaluating the Efficacy and Safety With CAR-T for Stomach Cancer
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stomach Neoplasms

 

Last Updated: 21 Mar 2017

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Prospective Evaluation and Molecular Profiling in People With Gastric Tumors
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stomach Neoplasms; Stomach Cancer

 

Last Updated: 19 Oct 2017

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S-1/Oxaliplatin for High Risk Patients Who Underwent Gastrectomy
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stomach Cancer

 

Last Updated: 29 Aug 2016

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